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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Forney, David C.; Rothman, Daniel H. (Royal Society, 2012-04)
    Carbon removed from the atmosphere by photosynthesis is released back by respiration. Although some organic carbon is degraded quickly, older carbon persists; consequently carbon stocks are much larger than predicted by ...
  • Aloupis, Greg; Bose, Prosenjit; Collette, Sebastien; Demaine, Erik D.; Demaine, Martin L.; Douieb, Karim; Dujmovic, Vida; Iacono, John; Langerman, Stefan; Morin, Pat (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2011-11)
    This paper studies common unfoldings of various classes of polycubes, as well as a new type of unfolding of polyominoes. Previously, Knuth and Miller found a common unfolding of all tree-like tetracubes. By contrast, we ...
  • Ernst, Jason; Kellis, Manolis (Public Library of Science, 2012-04)
    Optic nerve degeneration caused by glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Patients affected by the normal-pressure form of glaucoma are more likely to harbor risk alleles for glaucoma-related optic nerve ...
  • Peltonen, Leena; Timpson, Nicholas J.; Tobias, Jon H.; Richards, J. Brent; Soranzo, Nicole; Duncan, Emma L.; Sims, Anne-Marie; Whittaker, Pamela; Kumanduri, Vasudev; Zhai, Guangju; Glaser, Beate; Eisman, John; Jones, Graeme; Nicholson, Geoff; Prince, Richard; Seeman, Ego; Spector, Tim D.; Brown, Matthew A.; Davey-Smith, George; Deloukas, Panos; Evans, David M. (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2009-01)
    Peak bone mass achieved in adolescence is a determinant of bone mass in later life. In order to identify genetic variants affecting bone mineral density (BMD), we performed a genome-wide association study of BMD and related ...
  • Sterman, John (Springer-Verlag, 2011-08)
    The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has been extraordinarily successful in the task of knowledge synthesis and risk assessment. However, the strong scientific consensus on the detection, attribution, and ...
  • Kelly, Shawn K.; Shire, Douglas B.; Chen, Jinghua; Gingerich, Marcus D.; Cogan, Stuart F.; Drohan, William A.; Theogarajan, Luke S.; Wyatt, John L.; Rizzo, Joseph F.; Doyle, Patrick S. (Elsevier, 2011-06)
    A small, hermetic, wirelessly-controlled retinal prosthesis has been developed for pre-clinical studies in Yucatan minipigs. The device was attached conformally to the outside of the eye in the socket and received both ...
  • Blader, Ira J.; Saeij, Jeroen (Wiley Blackwell, 2009-04)
    Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite that can infect most warm-blooded animals and cause severe and life-threatening disease in developing fetuses and in immune-compromised patients. Although ...
  • Wohr, Markus; Roullet, Florence I.; Hung, Albert Y.; Sheng, Morgan Hwa-Tze; Crawley, Jacqueline N. (Public Library of Science, 2011-06)
    Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a strong genetic component. Core symptoms are abnormal reciprocal social interactions, qualitative impairments in communication, and repetitive and stereotyped patterns of ...
  • Pinto, Pedro C.; Win, Moe Z. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-07)
    In Part I of this paper, we presented a mathematical model for communication subject to both network interference and noise, where the interferers are scattered according to a spatial Poisson process, and are operating ...
  • Pinto, Pedro C.; Win, Moe Z. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers / IEEE Communications Society / IEEE signal Processing Society, 2010-07)
    We present a mathematical model for communication subject to both network interference and noise. We introduce a framework where the interferers are scattered according to a spatial Poisson process, and are operating ...
  • Van Lehn, Reid C.; Alexander-Katz, Alfredo (American Institute of Physics, 2011-10)
    Here, we present a new method to model lateral phase separation in mixed polymer brushes physisorbed to a planar surface with mobile grafting points. The model is based on a local mean field theory that combines a Flory-Huggins ...
  • Ruff, Susan; Carter, Michael (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-10)
    It is widely acknowledged that employers tend to be dissatisfied with the communication skills of new engineering graduates, yet research into employers' expectations has not provided a sufficient foundation for incorporating ...
  • Steeves, Adam H.; Park III, George Barratt; Bechtel, Hans Anthony; Baraban, Joshua Herschel; Field, Robert W (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2015-08)
    We report the observation of eigenstates that embody large-amplitude, local-bending vibrational motion in acetylene by stimulated emission pumping spectroscopy via vibrational levels of the S1 state involving excitation ...
  • Singh, Hanumant; Hover, Franz S.; Murphy, Christopher; Hollinger, Geoffrey A.; Choudhary, Sunav; Qarabaqi, Parastoo; Mitra, Urbashi; Sukhatm, Gaurav S.; Stojanovic, Milica (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-05-01)
    We examine the problem of collecting data from an underwater sensor network using an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). The sensors in the network are equipped with acoustic modems that provide noisy, range-limited ...
  • Wornell, Gregory W.; Chandar, Venkat B.; Tchamkerten, Aslan (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-10)
    A formulation of the problem of asynchronous point-to-point communication is developed. In the system model of interest, the message codeword is transmitted over a channel starting at a randomly chosen time within a ...
  • Piantadosi, Steven T.; Tily, Harry; Gibson, Edward A. (Elsevier, 2011-12)
    We present a general information-theoretic argument that all efficient communication systems will be ambiguous, assuming that context is informative about meaning. We also argue that ambiguity allows for greater ease of ...
  • Stewart, Frank J.; Sharma, Adrian; Bryant, Jessica A.; Eppley, John Marmaduke; DeLong, Edward (BioMed Central Ltd., 2011-03)
    Background Combined metagenomic and metatranscriptomic datasets make it possible to study the molecular evolution of diverse microbial species recovered from their native habitats. The link between gene expression level ...
  • Nguyen, Viet Anh; Teo, Kwong Meng; Kumar, Ashwani (Springer US, 2014-04)
    Peak-hour week-day traffic congestion is a common challenge in urban mobility. Promotion of commuter cycling can help in alleviating this problem in many cities. This paper takes a data analytics approach to propose policies ...
  • Lucea, Rafael; Lessard, Donald Roy (Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal, 2010-03)
    La creciente presencia de multinacionales de países emergentes (EMNEs) entre las empresas más importantes del mundo hace necesario entender cuáles son los factores que determinan la sostenibilidad de sus ventajas competitivas ...
  • Liu, Wenhao; Greytak, Thomas J.; Lee, Jungmin; Wong, Cliff; Park, Jongnam; Marshall, Lisa Faye; Jiang, Wen; Curtin, Peter N.; Ting, Alice Y.; Nocera, Daniel G.; Fukumura, Dai; Jain, Rakesh K.; Bawendi, Moungi G. (American Chemical Society, 2009-12)
    We present a new class of polymeric ligands for quantum dot (QD) water solubilization to yield biocompatible and derivatizable QDs with compact size (10−12 nm diameter), high quantum yields (>50%), excellent stability ...
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