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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Nenad, Miljkovic; Rong, Xiao; Ryan, Enright; Ian, McKay; Preston, Daniel John; Wang, Evelyn N.; Miljkovic, Nenad; Xiao, Rong; Enright, Ryan; McKay, Ian (ASME International, 2013-07)
    Color images of steady state water vapor condensing on smooth and nanostructured hydrophobic surfaces are presented. Figure 1a shows a snapshot of classical filmwise condensation on hydrophilic copper. A thin liquid film ...
  • Enright, Ryan; Miljkovic, Nenad; Nam, Youngsuk; Wang, Evelyn N.; Dou, Nicholas G. (ASME International, 2012-03)
    Condensation is an important process in both emerging and traditional power generation and water desalination technologies. Superhydrophobic nanostructures promise enhanced condensation heat transfer by reducing the ...
  • Enright, Ryan; Miljkovic, Nenad; Thompson, Carl V.; Wang, Evelyn N.; Al-Obeidi, Ahmed F. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2012-08)
    Water condensation on surfaces is a ubiquitous phase-change process that plays a crucial role in nature and across a range of industrial applications, including energy production, desalination, and environmental control. ...
  • Wang, Xindan; Lajoie, Bryan R.; Dekker, Job; Laub, Michael T.; Rudner, David Z.; Le, Tung B. K. (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2015-08)
    SMC condensin complexes play a central role in compacting and resolving replicated chromosomes in virtually all organisms, yet how they accomplish this remains elusive. In Bacillus subtilis, condensin is loaded at centromeric ...
  • Shibata, Wataru; Takaishi, Shigeo; Muthupalani, Sureshkumar; Pritchard, D. Mark; Whary, Mark T.; Rogers, Arlin B.; Fox, James G.; Betz, Kelly S.; Kaestner, Klaus H.; Karin, Michael; Wang, Timothy C. (Elsevier B.V., 2009-12)
    Background & Aims: The nuclear factor κB (NF-κB)/IκB-kinase-β (IKKβ) pathway has been shown to represent a key link between inflammation and cancer, inducing pro-inflammatory cytokines in myeloid cells and anti-apoptotic ...
  • Liu, Yan; Carbonell, Jaime; Gopalakrishnan, Vanathi; Weigele, Peter (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2009-05)
    Determining protein structures is crucial to understanding the mechanisms of infection and designing drugs. However, the elucidation of protein folds by crystallographic experiments can be a bottleneck in the development ...
  • DuPage, Michel J.; Brauneis, Alison L.; Jacks, Tyler E. (Nature Publishing Group, 2009-06)
    The development of animal models of lung cancer is critical to our understanding and treatment of the human disease. Conditional mouse models provide new opportunities for testing novel chemopreventatives, therapeutics and ...
  • von Fintel, Kai (De Gruyter Mouton, 2011)
    This article introduces the classic accounts of the meaning of conditionals (material implication, strict implication, variably strict conditional) and discusses the difference between indicative and subjunctive/counterfactual ...
  • Chiou, Shin-Heng; Kim-Kiselak, Caroline; Risca, Viviana I.; Heimann, Megan; Chuang, Chen-Hua; Burds, Aurora A.; Greenleaf, William J.; Jacks, Tyler E.; Feldser, David M.; Winslow, Monte M. (Elsevier B.V., 2014-06)
    Conditional gene deletion in mice has contributed immensely to our understanding of many biological and biomedical processes. Despite an increasing awareness of nonprotein-coding functional elements within protein-coding ...
  • Baek, Hyoung Su; Demanet, Laurent (IOP Publishing, 2012-04)
    This paper revisits the problem of recovering a smooth, isotropic, layered wave speed profile from surface traveltime information. While it is classic knowledge that the diving (refracted) rays classically determine the ...
  • Holodnak, John T.; Ipsen, Ilse C. F.; Wentworth, Thomas (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2015-08)
    The leverage scores of a full-column rank matrix A are the squared row norms of any orthonormal basis for range (A). We show that corresponding leverage scores of two matrices A and A + ΔA are close in the relative sense ...
  • Entekhabi, Dara; Wojcik, Rafal; McLaughlin, Dennis; Konings, Alexandra G. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society, 2009-05)
    Temporally and spatially variable rainfall replicates are frequently required in hydrologic applications of ensemble forecasting and data assimilation. Ensemble methods can be expected to work better when the rainfall ...
  • Guerrero, R.; Aliev, F. G.; Villar, R.; Santos, Tiffany S.; Moodera, Jagadeesh; Dugaev, V. K.; Barnas, J. (American Physical Society, 2010-01)
    We report on dependence of conductance and tunnelling magnetoresistance on bias voltage at different temperatures down to 2 K in Co|Al[subscript 2]O[subscript 3](10 Å)|Si(δ)|Al[subscript 2]O[subscript 3](2 Å)|Permalloy ...
  • Mazzeo, G.; Yablonovitch, E.; Jiang, H. W.; Bai, Yu; Fitzgerald, Eugene A. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2010-05)
    Germanium rich heterostructures can constitute a valid alternative to Silicon for the confinement of single electron spins. The conduction band discontinuity in SiGe/Ge heterostructures grown on pure germanium substrate ...
  • Lecoanet, Daniel; Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G.; Oishi, Jeffrey S.; Vasil, Geoffrey M.; Burns, Keaton James (IOP Publishing, 2014-12)
    Thermal conduction is an important energy transfer and damping mechanism in astrophysical flows. Fourier's law, in which the heat flux is proportional to the negative temperature gradient, leading to temperature diffusion, ...
  • Brenner, Howard (American Physical Society, 2014-04)
    “Diffuse interface” theories for single-component fluids—dating back to van der Waals, Korteweg, Cahn-Hilliard, and many others—are currently based upon an ad hoc combination of thermodynamic principles (built largely upon ...
  • Liu, Sheng; Liu, Yang; Cebeci, Hulya Geyik; Guzman de Villoria, Roberto; Lin, Jun-Hong; Wardle, Brian L. (SPIE, 2010-04)
    Several generations of ionic polymer metal composite (IPMC) actuators have been developed since 1992. It has been discovered that the composite electrodes which are composed of electronic and ionic conductors, have great ...
  • Ruppel, Carolyn; Scandella, Benjamin; Varadharajan, Charuleka; Hemond, Harold F.; Juanes, Ruben (American Geophysical Union, 2011-03)
    Methane is a potent greenhouse gas, but its effects on Earth's climate remain poorly constrained, in part due to uncertainties in global methane fluxes to the atmosphere. An important source of atmospheric methane is the ...
  • Mancini, Stefano; Braunstein, Samuel L.; Pirandola, Stefano; Lloyd, Seth (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-03)
    We consider the problem of privacy in direct communications, showing how quantum mechanics can be useful to guarantee a certain level of confidentiality. In particular, we review a continuous variable approach recently ...
  • Bubis, Roy; Kantor, Yacov; Kardar, Mehran (IOP Publishing, 2009-11)
    We study polymers attached to spherical (circular) or paraboloidal (parabolic) probes in three (two) dimensions. Both self-avoiding and random walks are examined numerically. The behavior of a polymer of size R[subscript ...
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