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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Soummer, Rémi; Valenti, Jeff; Brown, Robert A.; Tumlinson, Jason; Postman, Marc; Mountain, Matt; Seager, Sara; Cash, Webster; Jordan, Ian; Glassman, Tiffany; Pueyo, Laurent; Roberge, Aki (Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2010-06)
    A starshade with the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is the only possible path forward in the next decade to obtain images and spectra of a planet similar to the Earth, to study its habitability, and search for signs of ...
  • Stark, C.; Defrere, D.; Cahoy, Kerri; Beerer, Ingrid Mary (SPIE, 2012-09)
    The inner solar system, where the terrestrial planets formed and evolve, is populated by small grains of dust produced by collisions of asteroids and outgassing comets. At visible and infrared wavelengths, this dust cloud ...
  • Barnum, Sam; Barsotti, Lisa; Blackburn, Lindy L.; Bodiya, Timothy Paul; Corbitt, Thomas R.; Donovan, Frederick J.; Evans, Matthew J.; Foley, Stephany; Fritschel, Peter K.; Harry, G. M.; Hughey, Barbara J.; Katsavounidis, Erotokritos; MacInnis, Myron E.; Mason, Kenneth R.; Matichard, Fabrice; Mavalvala, Nergis; Mittleman, Richard K.; Shapiro, B.; Shoemaker, David H.; Smith, N. D.; Stein, Andrew J.; Stein, Leo Chaim; Waldman, Samuel J.; Weiss, R.; Wipf, Christopher C.; Zucker, Michael E. (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-12)
    The gravitational-wave (GW) sky may include nearby pointlike sources as well as stochastic backgrounds. We perform two directional searches for persistent GWs using data from the LIGO S5 science run: one optimized for ...
  • Luo, Tengfei; Bajpayee, Anurag; Chen, Gang (American Institute of Physics, 2011-09)
    Development of desalination technologies has been identified as vital to fulfilling future water demand. In this paper, we use molecular simulation to demonstrate that decanoic acid can dissolve water but reject salt, and ...
  • Kamisli, Fatih; Lim, Jae S. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-02)
    Various directional transforms have been developed recently to improve image compression. In video compression, however, prediction residuals of image intensities, such as the motion compensation residual or the resolution ...
  • Scott, Jeremy; Guo, Philip J.; Davis, Randall (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-07)
    Instructors typically explain algorithms in computer science by tracing their behavior, often on blackboards, sometimes with algorithm visualizations. Using blackboards can be tedious because they do not facilitate ...
  • Conrad, Janet; Jones, C. L.; Spitz, Joshua B.; Terao, Yasuaki; Winslow, L. (American Physical Society, 2013-01)
    Double Chooz is unique among modern reactor-based neutrino experiments studying ν¯e disappearance in that data can be collected with all reactors off. In this paper, we present data from 7.53 days of reactor-off running. ...
  • Johnson, Jeremiah A.; Maznev, Alexei; Eliason, Jeffrey Kristian; Nelson, Keith Adam; Cuffe, John; Minnich, Austin J.; Kehoe, Timothy; Torres, Clivia M. Sotomayor; Chen, Gang (American Physical Society, 2013-01)
    The “textbook” phonon mean free path of heat carrying phonons in silicon at room temperature is ∼40  nm. However, a large contribution to the thermal conductivity comes from low-frequency phonons with much longer mean free ...
  • Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Paus, Christoph M. E. (American Physical Society, 2013-11)
    We present a measurement of the total decay width of the top quark using events with top-antitop quark pair candidates reconstructed in the final state with one charged lepton and four or more hadronic jets. We use the ...
  • Paus, Christoph M. E.; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Henderson, C.; Choudalakis, Georgios; Knuteson, Bruce O.; Hahn, Kristian Allan; Goncharov, Maxim; Makhoul, K.; Xie, Si; Bauer, Gerry P. (American Physical Society, 2009-03)
    We present the first direct measurement of the W production charge asymmetry as a function of the W boson rapidity yW in p(p)over-bar collisions at √s=1.96  TeV. We use a sample of W→eν events in data from 1  fb[superscript ...
  • Pan, Yulin; Yue, Dick K. P.; Yue, Dick K. P. (American Physical Society, 2014-08)
    We consider the inertial range spectrum of capillary wave turbulence. Under the assumptions of weak turbulence, the theoretical surface elevation spectrum scales with wave number k as I[subscript η] ∼ k[superscript α], ...
  • Pham, Van Sang; Li, Zirui; Lim, Kian Meng; White, Jacob K.; Han, Jongyoon (American Physical Society, 2012-10)
    We present a systematic, multiscale, fully detailed numerical modeling for dynamics of fluid flow and ion transport covering Ohmic, limiting, and overlimiting current regimes in conductance of ion-selective membrane. By ...
  • Haberer, D.; Petaccia, L.; Farjam, M.; Taioli, S.; Jafari, S. A.; Nefedov, A.; Zhang, W.; Calliari, L.; Scarduelli, G.; Dora, B.; Vyalikh, D. V.; Pichler, T.; Woll, Ch.; Alfe, D.; Simonucci, S.; Dresselhaus, Mildred; Knupfer, M.; Buchner, B.; Gruneis, A. (American Physical Society, 2011-04)
    We show with angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy that a new energy band appears in the electronic structure of electron-doped hydrogenated monolayer graphene (H-graphene). Its occupation can be controlled with the ...
  • Elborai, Shihab; He, Xiaowei; Zahn, Markus; Mao, Leidong; Koser, Hur (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-09)
    Ferrofluid-based liquid manipulation schemes typically actuate an immiscible liquid via a ferrofluid plug, using high magnetic flux (∼1 T) densities and strong field gradients created with bulky permanent magnets. They ...
  • Peng, Chunte Sam; Biaz, Carlos R.; Tokmakoff, Andrei (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-05)
    We provide a systematic characterization of the nanosecond ground-state lactam-lactim tautomerization of pyridine derivatives in aqueous solution under ambient conditions using temperature-jump transient 2D IR spectroscopy. ...
  • Son, Sungmin; Tzur, Amit; Weng, Yaochung; Jorgensen, Paul; Kim, Jisoo; Kirschner, Marc W; Manalis, Scott R. (Nature Publishing Group, 2012-08)
    We introduce a microfluidic system for simultaneously measuring single-cell mass and cell cycle progression over multiple generations. We use this system to obtain over 1,000 h of growth data from mouse lymphoblast and ...
  • Marshall, Lisa F.; Cui, Jian; Brokmann, Xavier; Bawendi, Moungi G.; Beyler, Andrew Paul (American Physical Society, 2013-10)
    We measure the anomalous spectral diffusion of single colloidal quantum dots over eight temporal decades simultaneously by combining single-molecule spectroscopy and photon-correlation Fourier spectroscopy. Our technique ...
  • Hsieh, David; Wray, L.; Qian, D.; Xia, Y.; Dil, J. H.; Meier, F.; Patthey, L.; Osterwalder, J.; Bihlmayer, G.; Hor, Y. S.; Cava, R. J.; Hasan, M. Z. (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2010-12)
    We report high-resolution spin-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (spin-ARPES) measurements on the parent compound Sb of the recently discovered three-dimensional topological insulator Bi1−xSbx (Hsieh et al 2008 Nature ...
  • Lis, Mieszko; Shim, Keun Sup; Cho, Myong Hyon; Khan, Omer; Devadas, Srinivas (ACTA Press, 2011-12)
    We introduce the concept of deadlock-free migration-based coherent shared memory to the NUCA family of architectures. Migration-based architectures move threads among cores to guarantee sequential semantics in large ...
  • Jackson, Daniel (Association for Computing Machinery, 2009)
    What would it take to make software more dependable? Until now, most approaches have been indirect: some practices – processes, tools or techniques – are used that are believed to yield dependable software, and the argument ...
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