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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Zhang, Yanxu; Friedman, Carey; Selin, Noelle Eckley (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013-11)
    We investigate effects of 2000–2050 emissions and climate changes on the atmospheric transport of three polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): phenanthrene (PHE), pyrene (PYR), and benzo[a]pyrene (BaP). We use the GEOS-Chem ...
  • Monier, Erwan; Gao, Xiang (Springer-Verlag, 2014-02)
    In this study, we analyze changes in extreme temperature and precipitation over the US in a 60-member ensemble simulation of the 21st century with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System ...
  • Jones, Russell; Travers, Constance; Rodgers, Charles; Lazar, Brian; English, Eric; Lipton, Joshua; Vogel, Jason; Martinich, Jeremy; Strzepek, Kenneth Marc (Springer-Verlag, 2012-05)
    We estimated the biological and economic impacts of climate change on freshwater fisheries in the United States (U.S.). Changes in stream temperatures, flows, and the spatial extent of suitable thermal habitats for fish ...
  • Cai, Yongxia; Thomson, Allison; Zhang, Xuesong; Jones, Russell; Crimmins, Allison; Martinich, Jeremy; Cole, Jefferson; Ohrel, Sara; DeAngelo, Benjamin; McFarland, James; Boehlert, Brent; Strzepek, Kenneth Marc; Beach, Robert H.; McCarl, Bruce A. (IOP Publishing, 2015-09)
    Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, higher temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and other climate change impacts have already begun to affect US agriculture and forestry, with impacts expected to become ...
  • Fant, Charles; Srinivasan, Raghavan; Rennels, Lisa; Chapra, Steven; Corona, Joel; Allen, Ashley; Martinich, Jeremy; Boehlert, Brent B.; Strzepek, Kenneth (MDPI AG, 2017-02)
    Climate change and freshwater quality are well-linked. Changes in climate result in changes in streamflow and rising water temperatures, which impact biochemical reaction rates and increase stratification in lakes and ...
  • Greenstone, Michael; Olivier, Deschênes (American Economic Association, 2011-10)
    Using random year-to-year variation in temperature, we document the relationship between daily temperatures and annual mortality rates and daily temperatures and annual residential energy consumption. Both relationships ...
  • Pindyck, Robert S. (American Economic Association, 2013-09)
    Very little. A plethora of integrated assessment models (IAMs) have been constructed and used to estimate the social cost of carbon (SCC) and evaluate alternative abatement policies. These models have crucial flaws that ...
  • Introne, Joshua E.; Laubacher, Robert J.; Olson, Gary; Malone, Thomas W. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-05)
    The Climate CoLab is a system to help thousands of people around the world collectively develop plans for what humans should do about global climate change. This paper shows how the system combines three design elements ...
  • Ferreira, David; Marshall, John C.; Rose, Brian Edward James (American Meteorological Society, 2010-10)
    Multiple equilibria in a coupled ocean–atmosphere–sea ice general circulation model (GCM) of an aquaplanet with many degrees of freedom are studied. Three different stable states are found for exactly the same set of ...
  • Jeong, Gill-Ran; Wang, Chien (Copernicus Publications, 2010-09)
    The climate impact of the seasonality of Biomass Burning emitted Carbonaceous Aerosols (BBCA) is studied using an aerosol-climate model coupled with a slab ocean model in a set of 60-year long simulations, driven by BBCA ...
  • Ekmekcioglu, Lerna (Cambridge University Press, 2013-06)
    This article explores a forcible, wartime transfer of women and minors from one ethnic group to another, and its partial reversal after the war. I analyze the historical conditions that enabled the original transfer, and ...
  • Hallgren, Willow; Monier, Erwan; Kicklighter, David; Melillo, Jerry M.; Schlosser, Adam; Sokolov, Andrei P. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2013-04)
    A global biofuels program will potentially lead to intense pressures on land supply and cause widespread transformations in land use. These transformations can alter the Earth climate system by increasing greenhouse gas ...
  • Edwards, Morgan Rae; Trancik, Jessika E. (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-04)
    Energy technologies emit greenhouse gases with differing radiative efficiencies and atmospheric lifetimes. Standard practice for evaluating technologies, which uses the global warming potential (GWP) to compare the integrated ...
  • Sterman, John; Fiddaman, Thomas; Franck, Travis Read; Jones, Andrew; McCauley, Stephanie; Rice, Philip; Sawin, Elizabeth; Siegel, Lori (Wiley Blackwell, 2012-07)
    In 1992 the nations of the world created the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to negotiate binding agreements to address the risks of climate change. Nearly every nation on Earth committed ...
  • Dale, Amy L.; Fant, Charles W; Strzepek, Kenneth; Lickley, Megan Jeramaz; Solomon, Susan (Wiley Blackwell, 2017-03)
    We present maize production in sub-Saharan Africa as a case study in the exploration of how uncertainties in global climate change, as reflected in projections from a range of climate model ensembles, influence climate ...
  • Pindyck, Robert S. (Oxford University Press on behalf of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 2013-05)
    Climate policy poses a dilemma for environmental economists. The economic argument for stringent greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement is far from clear. There is disagreement among both climate scientists and economists concerning ...
  • Olken, Benjamin A.; Jones, Benjamin F. (American Economic Association., 2010-05)
    This paper uses international trade data to examine the effects of climate shocks on economic activity. At the aggregate level, Melissa Dell, Benjamin F. Jones, and Benjamin A. Olken (2008) (hereafter, DJO) have ...
  • Cronin, Timothy W.; Emanuel, Kerry Andrew (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2013-10)
    In this paper, we discuss the importance of the surface boundary condition (fixed versus interactive surface temperature) for the long time scale of approach to Radiative-Convective Equilibrium (RCE). Using a simple ...
  • Leibensperger, Eric Michael; Mickley, L. J.; Jacob, Daniel J.; Chen, W. -T.; Seinfeld, J. H.; Seinfeld, J. H.; Adams, P. J.; Streets, D. G.; Kumar, N.; Rind, D. (Copernicus GmbH, 2012-04)
    We use the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model combined with the GISS general circulation model to calculate the aerosol direct and indirect (warm cloud) radiative forcings from US anthropogenic sources over the 1950–2050 ...
  • Leibensperger, Eric Michael; Mickley, L. J.; Chen, W. -T.; Seinfeld, J. H.; Nenes, A.; Adams, P. J.; Streets, D. G.; Kumar, N.; Rind, D. (Copernicus GmbH, 2012-04)
    We investigate the climate response to changing US anthropogenic aerosol sources over the 1950–2050 period by using the NASA GISS general circulation model (GCM) and comparing to observed US temperature trends. Time-dependent ...
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