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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Nguyen, Cuong Q.; Lee, Byung Ha; Lavoie, Tegan N. (Hindawi Pub. Corp., 2010-11)
    Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) is a complex chronic autoimmune disease of unknown etiology which primarily targets the exocrine glands, resulting in eventual loss of secretory function. The disease can present as either primary ...
  • Madhavacheril, Mathew S.; Sehgal, Neelima; Slatyer, Tracy Robyn (American Physical Society, 2014-05)
    Updated constraints on the dark matter cross section and mass are presented combining cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectrum measurements from Planck, WMAP9, ACT, and SPT as well as several low-redshift data sets ...
  • Sollins, Karen R.; Benzel, Terry; Braden, Bob; Faber, Ted; Mirkovic, Jelena; Schwab, Steve; Wroclawski, John (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-03)
    From its inception in 2004, the DETER testbed facility has provided effective, dedicated experimental resources and expertise to a broad range of academic, industrial and government researchers. Now, building on knowledge ...
  • Jang, Youngman; Mascaro, Mark D.; Beach, Geoffrey Stephen; Ross, Caroline A. (American Institute of Physics, 2012-03)
    Micromagnetic modeling shows that the placement of non-magnetic conductive pads on a ferromagnetic wire affects the current-induced velocity of a domain wall (DW) in the wire and can act as a DW chirality filter. The pads ...
  • Emori, Satoru; Bauer, Uwe; Ahn, Sung-Min; Martinez, Eduardo; Beach, Geoffrey Stephen (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-06)
    In most ferromagnets the magnetization rotates from one domain to the next with no preferred handedness. However, broken inversion symmetry can lift the chiral degeneracy, leading to topologically rich spin textures such ...
  • Martinez, Eduardo; Emori, Satoru; Perez, Noel; Torres, Luis; Beach, Geoffrey Stephen (American Institute of Physics, 2014-06)
    Current-induced domain wall motion along high perpendicular magnetocrystalline anisotropy multilayers is studied by means of full micromagnetic simulations and a one-dimensional model in the presence of in-plane fields. ...
  • Andersen, M. B.; van Soestbergen, M.; Mani, A.; Bruus, H.; Biesheuvel, P. M.; Biesheuvel, P. M. (American Physical Society, 2012-09)
    Possible mechanisms for overlimiting current (OLC) through aqueous ion-exchange membranes (exceeding diffusion limitation) have been debated for half a century. Flows consistent with electro-osmotic instability have recently ...
  • Jancar, J.; Douglas, J.F.; Starr, F.W.; Kumar, S.K.; Cassagnau, P.; Lesser, A.J.; Sternstein, S.S.; Buehler, Markus J. (Elsevier, 2010-05)
    The understanding of the basic physical relationships between nano-scale structural variables and the macroscale properties of polymer nanocomposites remains in its infancy. The primary objective of this article is to ...
  • Mak, Terrence S. T.; Lam, K. P.; Ng, H. S.; Rachmuth, Guy; Poon, Chi-Sang (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2007-06)
    Reinforcement learning is important for machine-intelligence and neurophysiological modelling applications to provide time-critical decision making. Analog circuit implementation has been demonstrated as a powerful ...
  • Feng, Y.; Lee, K.; Farhat, Hootan; Kong, Jing (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2009-11)
    This work examines the enhancement of current on/off ratio in field effect transistordevices with bundled single-walled carbon nanotubes(CNTs) by incorporating a substrate etching step before the electrical cutting for ...
  • Barth, Rolf F; Vicente, M Graca H; Harling, Otto K; Kiger, W S III; Riley, Kent J; Binns, Peter J; Wagner, Franz M; Suzuki, Minoru; Aihara, Teruhito; Kato, Itsuro; Kawabata, Shinji (Springer/BioMed Central Ltd, 2012-08)
    Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is a biochemically targeted radiotherapy based on the nuclear capture and fission reactions that occur when non-radioactive boron-10, which is a constituent of natural elemental boron, ...
  • Yu, Winston; Yang, Yi-Chen; Savitsky, Andre; Alford, Donald; Brown, Casey; Wescoat, James; Debowicz, Dario; Robinson, Sherman (The World Bank, 2013-04)
    Surveys the current policy environment for addressing water and agricultural issues in a changing climate, which is shaped by economic development plans at the national and provincial levels, sector plans for water and ...
  • Montfort, Nick (Association for Computing Machinery, 2011-06)
    Curveship, a Python framework for developing interactive fiction (IF) with narrative style, is described. The system simulates a world with locations, characters, and objects, providing the typical facilities of an IF ...
  • Poonen, Bjorn (Springer-Verlag, 2010-05)
    There is an algorithm that takes as input a global field k and produces a curve over k violating the local-global principle. Also, given a global field k and a nonnegative integer n, one can effectively construct a curve ...
  • Qiu, Yihui; Perreault, David J.; Kassakian, John G.; Keim, Thomas A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-07)
    Research has shown that variable valve timing (VVT) can improve significantly the performance of internal combustion (IC) engines, including higher fuel efficiencies, lower emissions, and larger torque outputs at each point ...
  • Kassakian, John G.; Keim, Thomas A.; Perreault, David J.; Qiu, Yihui (Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2010-04)
    Research has shown that variable valve timing (VVT) can improve significantly the performance of internal combustion (IC) engines, including higher fuel efficiencies, lower emissions, and larger torque outputs at each point ...
  • Zuckerman, Ethan (MIT Press, 2014-04)
    Participatory media technologies like weblogs and Facebook provide a new space for political discourse, which leads some governments to seek controls over online speech. Activists who use the Internet for dissenting speech ...
  • Olberding, Simon; Gong, Nan-Wei; Tiab, John; Paradiso, Joseph A.; Steimle, Jürgen; Gong, Nan-wei (Association for Computing Machinery, 2013-10)
    We propose cutting as a novel paradigm for ad-hoc customization of printed electronic components. As a first instantiation, we contribute a printed capacitive multi-touch sensor, which can be cut by the end-user to modify ...
  • Higham, Eileen M.; Shen, Ching-Hung; Wittrup, Karl Dane; Chen, Jianzhu (The American Association of Immunologists, 2010-04)
    The tumor environment exerts a powerful suppressive influence on infiltrating tumor-reactive T cells. It induces tolerance of adoptively transferred effector T cells as they enter tumors and maintains the tolerance of ...
  • Qureshi, Asfandyar; Weber, Rick; Balakrishnan, Hari; Guttag, John V.; Maggs, Bruce (Association for Computing Machinery / ACM Special Interest Group on Data Communications, 2009-08)
    Energy expenses are becoming an increasingly important fraction of data center operating costs. At the same time, the energy expense per unit of computation can vary significantly between two different locations. In this ...
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