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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Hori, Yuki; Stern, Patrick; Hynes, Richard O.; Irvine, Darrell J. (Elsevier B.V., 2009-12)
    Local immunotherapies are under investigation for the treatment of unresectable tumors and sites of solid tumor resection to prevent local recurrence. Successful local therapy could also theoretically elicit systemic immune ...
  • Stolyarov, Alexander Mark; Gumennik, Alexander; McDaniel, William; Shapira, Ofer; Schell, Brent; Sorin, Fabien; Kuriki, Ken; Benoit, Giles; Rose, Aimee; Joannopoulos, John D.; Fink, Yoel (Optical Society of America, 2012-05)
    We demonstrate an in-fiber gas phase chemical detection architecture in which a chemiluminescent (CL) reaction is spatially and spectrally matched to the core modes of hollow photonic bandgap (PBG) fibers in order to enhance ...
  • Emori, Satoru; Beach, Geoffrey Stephen (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2011-03)
    The effect of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) on current-induced domain wall (DW) motion is investigated by micromagnetic simulations. The critical current density J[subscript C] to drive DWs into periodic ...
  • Sen, Yi-Heng; Jain, Tarun Kumar; Aguilar, Carlos A.; Karnik, Rohit N. (Royal Society of Chemistry, The, 2012-02)
    Nanofluidic sensing elements have been the focus of recent experiments for numerous applications ranging from nucleic acid fragment sizing to single-molecule DNA sequencing. These applications critically rely on high ...
  • Stocker, Roman; King, King Yeung; Peacock, Thomas; Torres, Carlos R. (Cambridge University Press, 2009-07)
    We present a combined experimental and numerical investigation of a sphere settling in a linearly stratified fluid at small Reynolds numbers. Using time-lapse photography and numerical modelling, we observed and quantified ...
  • Reusswig, Philip David; Congreve, Daniel Norbert; Thompson, Nicholas J.; Baldo, Marc A. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2012-09)
    We demonstrate bilayer organic photovoltaic cells that incorporate a singlet exciton fission sensitizer layer to increase the external quantum efficiency (EQE). This solar cell architecture is realized by pairing the singlet ...
  • Chléirigh, C. Ni; Gomez, Leonardo; Hashemi, Pouya; Hoyt, Judy L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-06)
    The hole mobility characteristics of 〈110〉 /(100)-oriented asymmetrically strained-SiGe p-MOSFETs are studied. Uniaxial mechanical strain is applied to biaxial compressive strained devices and the relative change in ...
  • Gomez, Leonardo; Hashemi, Pouya; Hoyt, Judy L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-10)
    Hole mobility and velocity are extracted from scaled strained-Si[subscript 0.4]5Ge[subscript 0.55]channel p-MOSFETs on insulator. Devices have been fabricated with sub-100-nm gate lengths, demonstrating hole mobility and ...
  • Carr, Peter A., Sr.; Wang, Harris H.; Sterling, Bram Henry; Isaacs, Farren J.; Lajoie, Marc J.; Xu, George Jing; Church, George M.; Jacobson, Joseph (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2012-05)
    Genome-scale engineering of living organisms requires precise and economical methods to efficiently modify many loci within chromosomes. One such example is the directed integration of chemically synthesized single-stranded ...
  • Shiue, Ren-Jye; Gan, Xuetao; Gao, Yuanda; Li, Luozhou; Yao, Xinwen; Szep, Attila; Walker, Dennis; Hone, James; Englund, Dirk Robert (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013-12)
    We demonstrate the controlled enhancement of photoresponsivity in a graphene photodetector by coupling to slow light modes in a long photonic crystal linear defect cavity. Near the Brillouin zone (BZ) boundary, spectral ...
  • Lloyd, Seth; Lupo, Cosmo; Giovannetti, Vittorio; Pirandola, Stefano; Mancini, Stefano (American Physical Society, 2011-07)
    We consider the problem of quantum communication mediated by a passive optical refocusing system. The model captures the basic features of all those situations in which a signal is either refocused by a repeater for ...
  • Cappellaro, Paola; Pham, L. M.; Bar-Gill, N.; Belthangady, C.; Sage, D. Le; Lukin, M. D.; Yacoby, A.; Walsworth, R. L. (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    We use multipulse dynamical decoupling to increase the coherence lifetime (T[subscript 2]) of large numbers of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) electronic spins in room temperature diamond, thus enabling scalable applications of ...
  • Zhao, Xiaoyong; Poon, Zhiyong; Engler, Amanda C.; Bonner, Daniel K.; Hammond, Paula T. (American Chemical Society, 2012-05)
    One of the major obstacles that delay the clinical translation of polymeric micelle drug delivery systems is whether these self-assembled micelles can retain their integrity in blood following intravenous (IV) injection. ...
  • Zuk, Jennifer; Ozernov-Palchik, Ola; Kim, Heesoo; Lakshminarayanan, Kala; Gabrieli, John D. E.; Tallal, Paula; Gaab, Nadine (Public Library of Science, 2013-12)
    Speech processing inherently relies on the perception of specific, rapidly changing spectral and temporal acoustic features. Advanced acoustic perception is also integral to musical expertise, and accordingly several studies ...
  • Panagiotou, Thomai; Fisher, Robert J. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2011-01)
    Emerging nanotechnologies have, and will continue to have, a major impact on the pharmaceutical industry. Their influence on a drug's life cycle, inception to delivery, is rapidly expanding. As the industry moves more ...
  • Palacios, Tomas; Lu, Bin; Saadat, Omair Irfan; Piner, Edwin L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-12)
    Enhancement-mode (E-mode) AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) are highly desirable for power and digital electronic circuits. Several technologies have been demonstrated in the last few years to fabricate ...
  • Kurtuldu, Huseyin; Guasto, Jeffrey S.; Johnson, Karl A.; Gollub, J. P. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2011-06)
    Fluid mixing in active suspensions of microorganisms is important to ecological phenomena and presents a fascinating stochastic process. We investigate the mixing produced by swimming unicellular algal cells (Chlamydomonas) ...
  • Park, Sunho; Hamad-Schifferli, Kimberly (American Chemical Society, 2010-04)
    Gold nanoparticle (AuNP)−DNA conjugates can enhance in vitro translation of a protein. Enhancement occurs via a combination of nonspecific adsorption of translation-related molecules and the ribosome to the AuNP−DNA and ...
  • Marshall, John C.; Abernathey, Ryan Patrick; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Shuckburgh, Emily (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
    Meridional cross sections of effective diffusivity in the Southern Ocean are presented and discussed. The effective diffusivity, K[subscript eff], characterizes the rate at which mesoscale eddies stir properties on interior ...
  • Shulman, Maria; Cohen, Merav; Soto-Gutierrez, Alejandro; Yagi, Hiroshi; Wang, Hongyun; Goldwasser, Jonathan; Lee-Parsons, Carolyn; Benny-Ratsaby, Ofra; Yarmush, Martin L.; Nahmias, Yaakov (Public Library of Science, 2011-04)
    The abundant flavonoid aglycone, naringenin, which is responsible for the bitter taste in grapefruits, has been shown to possess hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory effects both in vitro and in vivo. Recently, our group ...
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