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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Roland, Gunther M.; Alver, Burak Han (American Physical Society, 2010-05)
    We introduce the concepts of participant triangularity and triangular flow in heavy-ion collisions, analogous to the definitions of participant eccentricity and elliptic flow. The participant triangularity characterizes ...
  • Medard, Muriel; Parandehgheibi, Ali; Sundararajan, Jay-Kumar (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-07)
    Current medium access control mechanisms are based on collision avoidance and collided packets are discarded. The recent work on ZigZag decoding departs from this approach by recovering the original packets from multiple ...
  • Bhamre, T.; Kominis, I. K.; McGuyer, B. H.; Happer, W.; Marsland, Robert Alvin (American Physical Society, 2013-04)
    We experimentally demonstrate how magnetic depolarization of velocity-selective optical pumping can be used to single out the collisional cusp kernel best describing spin- and velocity-relaxing collisions between potassium ...
  • Buehler, Markus J.; Keten, Sinan (American Physical Society, 2010-05)
    Materials fail by recurring rupture and shearing of interatomic bonds at microscopic, molecular scales, leading to disintegration of matter at macroscale and a loss of function. In this Colloquium, the state-of-the-art of ...
  • Chen, Jing; Micali, Silvio (Elsevier, 2012-01)
    We show that collusion and wrong beliefs may cause a dramatic efficiency loss in the Vickrey mechanism for auctioning a single good in limited supply. We thus put forward a new mechanism guaranteeing efficiency in a very ...
  • Cho, Jeonghee; Bass, Adam J.; Lawrence, Michael S.; Cibulskis, Kristian; Cho, Ahye; Lee, Shi-Nai; Yamauchi, Mai; Wagle, Nikhil; Pochanard, Panisa; Kim, Nayoung; Park, Angela K. J.; Won, Jonghwa; Hur, Hyung-Suk; Greulich, Heidi; Ogino, Shuji; Sougnez, Carrie; Voet, Douglas; Tabernero, Josep; Jimenez, Jose; Baselga, Jose; Gabriel, Stacey B.; Lander, Eric S.; Getz, Gad; Eck, Michael J.; Park, Woong-Yang; Meyerson, Matthew L. (BioMed Central Ltd, 2014-06)
    Background: Inhibition of the activated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with either enzymatic kinase inhibitors or anti-EGFR antibodies such as cetuximab, is an effective modality of treatment for multiple human ...
  • Acemoglu, Daron; Johnson, Simon; Robinson, James A (American Economic Association, 2012-10)
    Acemoglu, Johnson, and Robinson (2001) established that economic institutions today are correlated with expected mortality of European colonialists. David Albouy argues this relationship is not robust. He drops all data ...
  • Zubieta-O’Farrill, Gregorio; Gonzalez-Sanchez, Carlos; Villanueva-Saenz, Eduardo; Donoghue, Jacob Alexander; Castillo-Calcaneo, Juan de Dios del (Elsevier, 2013-02)
    INTRODUCTION: One-third of the world's population is infected with tuberculosis (TB), with intestinal TB representing the sixth most common presentation of extrapulmonary TB. The diagnosis of intestinal TB is a challenge ...
  • Vasilescu, Iuliu; Detweiler, Carrick; Rus, Daniela L. (Springer-Verlag, 2011-08)
    Capturing color in water is challenging due to the heavy non-uniform attenuation of light in water across the visible spectrum, which results in dramatic hue shifts toward blue. Yet observing color in water is important ...
  • Lafer-Sousa, Rosa; Conway, Bevil; Kanwisher, Nancy (Society for Neuroscience, 2016-02)
    The existence of color-processing regions in the human ventral visual pathway (VVP) has long been known from patient and imaging studies, but their location in the cortex relative to other regions, their selectivity for ...
  • Golovko, Daniel; Kedrin, Dmitriy; Yilmaz, Omer; Roper, Jatin (Informa Healthcare, 2015-08)
    Introduction: Despite increased screening rates and advances in targeted therapy, colorectal cancer (CRC) remains the third leading cause of cancer-related mortality. CRC models that recapitulate key features of human ...
  • Vogel, Nicolas; Utech, Stefanie; England, Grant T.; Shirman, Tanya; Phillips, Katherine R.; Koay, Natalie; Burgess, Ian B.; Kolle, Mathias; Weitz, David A.; Aizenberg, Joanna (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2015-09)
    Materials in nature are characterized by structural order over multiple length scales have evolved for maximum performance and multifunctionality, and are often produced by self-assembly processes. A striking example of ...
  • Kats, Yevgeny; McCullough, Matthew; Perez, Gilad; Soreq, Yotam; Thaler, Jesse (Springer-Verlag/SISSA, 2017-06)
    In scenarios that stabilize the electroweak scale, the top quark is typically accompanied by partner particles. In this work, we demonstrate how extended stabilizing symmetries can yield scalar or fermionic top partners ...
  • Belger, Christian; Weis, Jonathan Garrett; Swager, Timothy M; Ahmed, Eilaf (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2015-10)
    The threat of chemical warfare agents (CWAs) necessitates the development of functional materials that not only quickly detect the presence of CWAs but also actively protect against their toxicity. We have synthesized ...
  • Suk, Andrew (Springer-Verlag, 2014-06)
    A class of graphs G is χ-bounded if the chromatic number of the graphs in G is bounded by some function of their clique number. We show that the class of intersection graphs of simple families of x-monotone curves in the ...
  • Ratnasingam, Sivalogeswaran; Piantadosi, Steven T.; Conway, Bevil R.; Gibson, Edward A; Futrell, Richard Landy Jones; Jara-Ettinger, Julian; Mahowald, Kyle Adam; Bergen, Leon; Gibson, Mitchell (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2017-10)
    What determines how languages categorize colors? We analyzed results of the World Color Survey (WCS) of 110 languages to show that despite gross differences across languages, communication of chromatic chips is always ...
  • Byrne, Alex; Hilbert, David R. (Cambridge University Press, 2003-02)
    The target article is an attempt to make some progress on the problem of color realism. Are objects colored? And what is the nature of the color properties? We defend the view that physical objects (for instance, tomatoes, ...
  • Byrne, Alex; Hilbert, David R. (Cambridge University Press, 2003-02)
    Our reply is in three parts. The first part concerns some foundational issues in the debate about color realism. The second part addresses the many objections to the version of physicalism about color (“productance ...
  • Hilbert, David R.; Byrne, Alex (Cambridge University Press, 2003-12)
    Our reply is in four parts. The first part, R1, addresses objections to our claim that there might be “unknowable” color facts. The second part, R2, discusses the use we make of opponent process theory. The third part, R3, ...
  • Hilbert, David R.; Byrne, Alexander (Wiley Blackwell, 2017-01)
    This paper critically examines color relationalism and color relativism, two theories of color that are allegedly supported by variation in normal human color vision. We mostly discuss color relationalism, defended at ...
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