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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Prates, Renato A.; Burgwyn Fuchs, Beth; Mizuno, Kazue; Naqvi, Qurat; Kato, Ilka T.; Ribeiro, Martha S.; Mylonakis, Eleftherios; Tegos, George P.; Hamblin, Michael R. (Public Library of Science, 2013-01)
    Opportunistic fungal pathogens may cause an array of superficial infections or serious invasive infections, especially in immunocompromised patients. Cryptococcus neoformans is a pathogen causing cryptococcosis in HIV/AIDS ...
  • Chen, Aaron Chih-Hao; Huang, Ying-Ying; Sharma, Sulbha K.; Hamblin, Michael R. (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2011-06)
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to Investigate the effect of 810-nm low level laser therapy (LLLT) on dendritic cells (DC) in vitro. Background data: LLLT can enhance wound healing and increase cell proliferation ...
  • Rominger, Jeffrey Tsaros; Lightbody, Anne F.; Nepf, Heidi (American Society of Civil Engineers, 2010-02)
    Vegetation was added to a fully developed sandy point bar in the meander of a constructed stream. Significant changes in the flow structure and bed topography were observed. As expected, the addition of vegetative resistance ...
  • Boselli, Monica; Rock, Jeremy Michael; Unal, Elcin; Levine, Stuart S.; Amon, Angelika B. (Elsevier, 2009-06)
    In humans, the frequency with which meiotic chromosome mis-segregation occurs increases with age. Whether age-dependent meiotic defects occur in other organisms is unknown. Here, we examine the effects of replicative aging ...
  • Sung, Kyung Rim; Wollstein, Gadi; Bilonick, Richard A.; Townsend, Kelly A.; Ishikawa, Hiroshi; Kagemann, Larry; Noecker, Robert J.; Fujimoto, James G.; Schuman, Joel S. (Elsevier, 2009-06)
    Purpose—To determine the effects of age on global and sectoral peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), macular thicknesses and optic nerve head (ONH) parameters in healthy subjects using optical coherence tomography ...
  • Tammela, Tuomas; Holopainen, Tanja; Saharinen, Pipsa; D’Amico, Gabriela; Lampinen, Anita; Eklund, Lauri; Sormunen, Raija; Anisimov, Andrey; Zarkada, Georgia; Lohela, Marja; Heloterä, Hanna; Benjamin, Laura E.; Ylä-Herttuala, Seppo; Leow, Ching Ching; Koh, Gou Young; Alitalo, Kari (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2012-02)
    Background: Angiopoietin-2 (Ang2), a ligand for endothelial TEK (Tie2) tyrosine kinase receptor, is induced in hypoxic endothelial cells of tumors, where it promotes tumor angiogenesis and growth. However, the effects of ...
  • Vosoughi, Soroush; Roy, Brandon Cain; Frank, Michael C.; Roy, Deb K. (Speech Prosody Special Interest Group (SProSIG) of the International Speech Communication Association (ISCA), 2010-05)
    This paper investigates the role of prosody in one child’s lexical acquisition using an ecologically valid, high-density, longitudinal corpus. The corpus consists of high fidelity recordings collected from microphones ...
  • Cheng, Wai K.; Wildman, Craig B. (SAE International, 2010-04)
    The effects of charge motion and laminar flame speeds on combustion and exhaust temperature have been studied by using an air jet in the intake flow to produce an adjustable swirl or tumble motion, and by replacing the ...
  • Sanglimsuwan, Apiradee; Seeponkai, Narumon; Wootthikanokkhan, Jatuphorn (SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research, 2011-04)
    Electrolyte nanocomposite membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells and direct methanol fuel cells were prepared by carrying out a sulfonation of poly(vinyl alcohol) with sulfosuccinic acid and adding a type of ...
  • Hong, Hyun-Gue; Seo, Wontaek; Lee, Moonjoo; Song, Younghoon; Choi, Wonshik; Fang-Yen, Chris; Dasari, Ramachandra Rao; Feld, Michael S.; Lee, Jai-Hyung; An, Kyungwon (American Physical Society, 2009-03)
    In the observation of multiple thresholds in the cavity-quantum electrodynamics microlaser there was deviation from the result predicted by uniform atom-cavity coupling theory, notably a frequency-pushing behavior. We ...
  • Brown, Emery N.; Sarma, Sridevi V.; Cheng, Ming L.; Eden, Uri T.; Williams, Ziv; Eskandar, Emad (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2012-07)
    Visual cues open a unique window to the understanding of Parkinson's disease (PD). These cues can temporarily but dramatically improve PD motor symptoms. Although details are unclear, cues are believed to suppress pathological ...
  • Florine, Emily Marie; Miller, Rachel E.; Porter, Ryan M.; Evans, Christopher H.; Kurz, Bodo; Grodzinsky, Alan J. (Sage Publications, 2012-08)
    Objective: Dexamethasone (Dex) is a synthetic glucocorticoid that has pro-anabolic and anticatabolic effects in cartilage tissue engineering systems, though the mechanisms by which these effects are mediated are not well ...
  • Alexander, T; Back, H O; Pordes, S; Jones, Benjamin James Poyner; Collin, Gabriel Lewis; Conrad, Janet; Greene, A.; Katori, T.; Toups, Matthew (IOP Publishing, 2013-12)
    In this paper we report on measurements of the effects of dissolved methane upon argon scintillation light. We monitor the light yield from an alpha source held 20 cm from a cryogenic photomultiplier tube (PMT) assembly ...
  • Lemaire, Nune; Ledia, F. Hernandez; Hu, Dan; Kubota, Yasuo; Howe, Mark William; Graybiel, Ann M. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2012-10)
    A major physiologic sign in Parkinson disease is the occurrence of abnormal oscillations in cortico-basal ganglia circuits, which can be normalized by l-DOPA therapy. Under normal circumstances, oscillatory activity in ...
  • Lemaire, Nune; F. Hernandez, Ledia; Hu, Dan; Kubota, Yasuo; Howe, Mark William; Graybiel, Ann M. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2012-10)
    A major physiologic sign in Parkinson disease is the occurrence of abnormal oscillations in cortico-basal ganglia circuits, which can be normalized by l-DOPA therapy. Under normal circumstances, oscillatory activity in ...
  • Storey, Brian D.; Bazant, Martin Z. (American Physical Society, 2012-11)
    The classical theory of electrokinetic phenomena is based on the mean-field approximation that the electric field acting on an individual ion is self-consistently determined by the local mean charge density. This paper ...
  • Li, Chikang; Petrasso, Richard D. (American Physical Society, 2009-10)
    An analytic model is developed for energetic electrons interacting with plasmas. This model rigorously treats the effects of energy loss upon Coulomb interactions and reveals several important features, including the ...
  • Cheng, Wai K.; Kar, Kenneth; Ishii, Kaoru (SAE International, 2009-06)
    The NOx emission and knock characteristics of a PFI engine operating on ethanol/gasoline mixtures were assessed at 1500 and 2000 rpm with λ =1 under Wide-Open-Throttle condition. There was no significant charge cooling due ...
  • Kozinsky, Boris; Wee, Daehyun; Fornari, Marco; Marzari, Nicola (American Physical Society, 2010-01)
    We use ab initio computations to investigate the effect of filler ions on the properties of CoSb3 skutterudites. We analyze global and local structural effects of filling, using the Ba-filled system as an example. We show ...
  • Perreault, David J.; Kassakian, John G. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 1995-05)
    Firing angle or source imbalances between 6-pulse bridges comprising a 12-pulse rectifier lead to current imbalance, due to the finite magnetizing inductance of the interphase transformer. The magnitude of the imbalance ...
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