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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Yamauchi, Toyohiko; Choi, Wonshik; Feld, Michael S.; Park, YongKeun; Yaqoob, Zahid; Hillman, Timothy Robert; Dasari, Ramachandra Rao (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-05)
    Optical transmission through complex media such as biological tissue is fundamentally limited by multiple light scattering. Precise control of the optical wavefield potentially holds the key to advancing a broad range of ...
  • Nguyen, Khoa M.; Accardi, Anthony J.; Kim, Helen H.; Wornell, Gregory W.; Sodini, Charles G. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-11)
    A new technique called digital phase tightening reduces phase noise from receiver front-end circuits to allow precise phase estimation for digital beamforming in millimeter-wave (MMW) imaging applications. This is achieved ...
  • Brown, Matthew G.; Baker, Justin J.; Colonero, Curtis B.; Costa, Joseph S.; Gardner, Thomas D.; Kelly, Michael W.; Schultz, Kenneth I.; Tyrrell, Brian M.; Wey, James R. (Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2010-01)
    Since 2006, MIT Lincoln Laboratory has been developing Digital-pixel Focal Plane Array (DFPA) readout integrated circuits (ROICs). To date, four 256 × 256 30 µm pitch DFPA designs with in-pixel analog to digital conversion ...
  • Das, Jayajit; Ho, Mary; Zikherman, Julie; Govern, Christopher; Yang, Ming; Weiss, Arthur; Chakraborty, Arup K.; Roose, Jeroen P. (Elsevier, 2009-01)
    Activation of Ras proteins underlies functional decisions in diverse cell types. Two molecules, RasGRP and SOS, catalyze Ras activation in lymphocytes. Binding of active Ras to SOS' allosteric pocket markedly increases ...
  • Ozsolak, Fatih; Goren, Alon; Gymrek, Melissa; Guttman, Mitchell; Regev, Aviv; Bernstein, Bradley E.; Milos, Patrice M. (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2010-02)
    Accurate profiling of minute quantities of RNA in a global manner can enable key advances in many scientific and clinical disciplines. Here, we present low-quantity RNA sequencing (LQ-RNAseq), a high-throughput sequencing-based ...
  • Chai, Xiaoqian; Jacobs, Lucia F. (Public Library of Science, 2012-02)
    The relative length of the second-to-fourth digits (2D:4D) has been linked with prenatal androgen in humans. The 2D:4D is sexually dimorphic, with lower values in males than females, and appears to correlate with diverse ...
  • Wang, Weixue; Lippard, Stephen J. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-01)
    The regulatory component (MMOB) of soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) has a unique N-terminal tail not found in regulatory proteins of other bacterial multicomponent monooxygenases. This N-terminal tail is indispensable ...
  • Webb, Damien; Jamison, Timothy F. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2011-12)
    A continuous flow system for the multiparameter (flow rate, temperature, residence time, stoichiometry) optimization of the DIBALH reduction of esters to aldehydes is described. Incorporating an in-line quench (MeOH), these ...
  • Alver, Burak Han; Bauer, Gerry P.; Bendavid, Joshua L.; Busza, Wit; Butz, Erik M.; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, Matthew Hans; Dutta, Valentina; Everaerts, Pieter Bruno Bart; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Hahn, Kristian Allan; Harris, Philip Coleman; Kim, Yongsun; Klute, Markus; Lee, Yen-Jie; Li, Wei; Loizides, Constantin; Luckey, P. David, Jr.; Ma, Teng; Nahn, Steven; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Rudolph, Matthew Scott; Stephans, George S. F.; Sumorok, Konstanty C.; Sung, Kevin Kai Hong; Wenger, Edward Allen; Xie, Si; Yang, Mingming; Yilmaz, Yetkin; Yoon, Andre S.; Zanetti, Marco (American Physical Society, 2011-03)
    Measurements of dijet azimuthal decorrelations in pp collisions at √s=7  [square root of s=7] TeV using the CMS detector at the CERN LHC are presented. The analysis is based on an inclusive dijet event sample corresponding ...
  • Yilmaz, Yetkin (Elsevier, 2013-08)
    Dijets in PbPb collisions at a nucleon–nucleon center-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV are studied with the CMS detector at the LHC. It is shown that the fragmentation functions of jets into charged particle tracks with transverse ...
  • Bimonte, Giuseppe; Emig, Thorsten; Kruger, Matthias; Kardar, Mehran (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-10)
    In equilibrium, forces induced by fluctuations of the electromagnetic field between electrically polarizable objects (microscopic or macroscopic) in vacuum are generically attractive. The force may, however, become repulsive ...
  • Boal, Amie K.; Cotruvo, Joseph A.; Stubbe, JoAnne; Rosenzweig, Amy C. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2012-03)
    Class Ib ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) use a dimanganese-tyrosyl radical cofactor, Mn[III over 2]-Y[superscript •], in their homodimeric NrdF (β2) subunit to initiate reduction of ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides. ...
  • Marzouk, Youssef M.; Najm, Habib N. (Elsevier, 2008-12)
    We consider a Bayesian approach to nonlinear inverse problems in which the unknown quantity is a spatial or temporal field, endowed with a hierarchical Gaussian process prior. Computational challenges in this construction ...
  • Ohlberger, Mario; Smetana, Kathrin (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2014-04)
    In this article we introduce a new dimensional reduction approach which is based on the application of reduced basis (RB) techniques in the hierarchical model reduction (HMR) framework. Considering problems that exhibit a ...
  • Ondrus, Alison E.; Kaniskan, Husnu Umit; Movassaghi, Mohammad (Elsevier B.V., 2010-04)
    The union of functionalized pyrroloindolizines for the synthesis of heterodimeric products relevant to myrmicarin alkaloids is described. Design and synthesis of tricyclic substrates and new methods for their union enable ...
  • Gomez-Uribe, Phillip M.; Mueller, Melissa A.; Gleichman, Julia S.; Kramer, Matthew D.; Wang, Qi; Sibrian-Vazquez, Martha; Strongin, Robert M.; Steyger, Peter S.; Cotanche, Douglas Allen; Matsui, Jonathan I. (Public Library of Science, 2013-02)
    Inner ear sensory hair cells die following exposure to aminoglycoside antibiotics or chemotherapeutics like cisplatin, leading to permanent auditory and/or balance deficits in humans. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are used to ...
  • Jarosz, Daniel F.; Cohen, Susan E.; Delaney, James C.; Essigmann, John M.; Walker, Graham C. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2009-12)
    The only Y-family DNA polymerase conserved among all domains of life, DinB and its mammalian ortholog pol κ, catalyzes proficient bypass of damaged DNA in translesion synthesis (TLS). Y-family DNA polymerases, including ...
  • Walker, Graham C.; Jarosz, Daniel F.; Cohen, Susan E.; Delaney, James C.; Essigmann, John M. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2009-11)
    The only Y-family DNA polymerase conserved among all domains of life, DinB and its mammalian ortholog pol κ, catalyzes proficient bypass of damaged DNA in translesion synthesis (TLS). Y-family DNA polymerases, including ...
  • San Antonio, James D.; Schweitzer, Mary H.; Jensen, Shane T.; Kalluri, Raghu; Buckley, Michael; Orgel, Joseph P. R. O. (Public Library of Science, 2011-06)
    Eleven collagen peptide sequences recovered from chemical extracts of dinosaur bones were mapped onto molecular models of the vertebrate collagen fibril derived from extant taxa. The dinosaur peptides localized to fibril ...
  • Zapata, Luis E.; Miller, Daniel E.; Ripin, Daniel J.; Fan, Tso Yee (SPIE, 2010-03)
    A cryogenically cooled Yb:YLF laser with 224-W output power at 995 nm, linearly polarized along the c-axis, has been demonstrated, and laser oscillation has also been obtained polarized along the a-axis. The beam quality ...
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