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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Maison, Ste´phane F.; Liu, Xiao-Ping; Eatock, Ruth Anne; Sibley, David R.; Grandy, David K.; Liberman, M. Charles (Society for Neuroscience, 2012-01)
    Pharmacological studies suggest that dopamine release from lateral olivocochlear efferent neurons suppresses spontaneous and sound-evoked activity in cochlear nerve fibers and helps control noise-induced excitotoxicity; ...
  • Omura, Daniel T.; Clark, Damon A.; Samuel, Aravinthan D. T.; Horvitz, H. Robert (Public Library of Science, 2012-06)
    Dopamine is an important neuromodulator in both vertebrates and invertebrates. We have found that reduced dopamine signaling can cause a distinct abnormality in the behavior of the nematode C. elegans, which has only eight ...
  • Hong, Yeonjun Simon (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013-12)
    There are a growing number of roles that midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons assume, such as, reward, aversion, alerting and vigor. Here I propose a theory that may be able to explain why the suggested functions of DA came ...
  • Ko, Wing Ho; Lee, Patrick A.; Wen, Xiao-Gang (American Physical Society, 2009-06)
    A Chern-Simons theory for the doped spin-1/2 kagome system is constructed, from which it is shown that the system is an exotic superconductor that breaks time-reversal symmetry. It is also shown that the system carries ...
  • Dublon, Gershon; Swartz, Noah; Joliat, Nicholas; Paradiso, Joseph A.; Pardue, Laurel Smith; Mayton, Brian Dean; Hurst, Patrick M. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-10)
    We present DoppelLab, an immersive sensor data browser built on a 3-d game engine. DoppelLab unifies independent sensor networks and data sources within the spatial framework of a building. Animated visualizations and ...
  • Hong, Stanley S.; Freeman, Dennis M. (SPIE, 2006-10)
    The possibility of measuring subnanometer motions with micron scale spatial resolution in the intact mammalian cochlea using Doppler optical coherence microscopy (DOCM) is demonstrated. A novel DOCM system is described ...
  • Showman, Adam P.; Fortney, Jonathan J.; Lewis, Nikole K.; Shabram, Megan (IOP Publishing, 2012-12)
    The meteorology of hot Jupiters has been characterized primarily with thermal measurements, but recent observations suggest the possibility of directly detecting the winds by observing the Doppler shift of spectral lines ...
  • Drexler, Alejandro; Schoar, Antoinette (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2014-08)
    We show that the cost of employee turnover in firms that rely on decentralized knowledge and personal relationships depends on the firms' planning horizons and the departing employees' incentives to transfer information. ...
  • Mukherjee, Sayan; Yurkovetsky, Zoya; Clyde, Merlise; Marks, Jeffrey R.; Lokshin, Anna E.; Lo, Joseph Y.; Jesneck, Jonathan Lee (Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.), 2009-05)
    Background Because screening mammography for breast cancer is less effective for premenopausal women, we investigated the feasibility of a diagnostic blood test using serum proteins. Methods This study used a set ...
  • Groß, Andrea; Kremling, Michael; Marr, Isabella; Kubinski, David; Visser, Jacobus; Moos, Ralf; Tuller, Harry L. (MDPI AG, 2013-04)
    An impedimetric NO[subscript x] dosimeter based on the NO[subscript x] sorption material KMnO[subscript 4] is proposed. In addition to its application as a low level NO[subscript x] dosimeter, KMnO[subscript 4] shows ...
  • Edrissi, Bahar; Taghizadeh, Koli; Moeller, Benjamin C.; Kracko, Dean; Doyle-Eisele, Melanie; Swenberg, James A.; Dedon, Peter C. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013-10)
    With formaldehyde as the major source of endogenous N[superscript 6]-formyllysine protein adducts, we quantified endogenous and exogenous N[superscript 6]-formyllysine in the nasal epithelium of rats exposed by inhalation ...
  • Gruber, Jonathan; Kleiner, Samuel A. (American Economic Association, 2012-02)
    Hospitals now represent one of the largest union sectors of the US economy, and there is particular concern about the impact of strikes on patient welfare. We analyze the effects of nurses' strikes in hospitals on patient ...
  • Olken, Benjamin A. (American Economic Association, 2009-10)
    This paper investigates the impact of television and radio on social capital in Indonesia. I use two sources of variation in signal reception -- one based on Indonesia's mountainous terrain, and a second based on the ...
  • Autor, David H.; Houseman, Susan N. (American Economic Association, 2010-07)
    Temporary-help jobs offer rapid entry into paid employment, but they are typically brief and it is unknown whether they foster longer term employment. We utilize the unique structure of Detroit's welfare-to- work program ...
  • Blundell, Katherine M.; Schechter, Paul L.; Morgan, N. D.; Jarvis, Matt J.; Rawlings, Steve; Tonry, John L. (IOP Publishing, 2010-10)
    We present an analysis of observations of the doubly lensed double hot spot in the giant radio galaxy J0816+5003 from MERLIN, MDM, WIYN, WHT, UKIRT, and the VLA. The images of the two hot spot components span a factor of ...
  • Radko, T.; Bulters, A.; Flanagan, J. D.; Campin, Jean-Michel (American Meteorological Society, 2014-05)
    Three-dimensional dynamics of thermohaline staircases are investigated using a series of basin-scale staircase-resolving numerical simulations. The computational domain and forcing fields are chosen to reflect the size and ...
  • Hohm, Olaf; Siegel, Warren; Zwiebach, Barton (Springer-Verlag, 2014-02)
    We develop doubled-coordinate field theory to determine the α ′ corrections to the massless sector of oriented bosonic closed string theory. Our key tool is a string current algebra of free left-handed bosons that makes ...
  • Bonawitz, Elizabeth; Shafto, Patrick; Gweon, Hyowon; Schulz, Laura E.; Goodman, Noah D.; Spelke, Elizabeth (Elsevier B.V., 2011-01)
    Motivated by computational analyses, we look at how teaching affects exploration and discovery. In Experiment 1, we investigated children’s exploratory play after an adult pedagogically demonstrated a function of a toy, ...
  • Schulz, Laura E.; Bonawitz, Elizabeth; Shafto, Patrick; Gweon, Hyowon; Chang, Isabel Y.; Katz, Sydney (Cognitive Science Society, Inc., 2009-07)
    How does explicit instruction affect exploratory play and learning? We present a model that captures pedagogical assumptions (adapted from Shafto and Goodman, 2008) and test the model with a novel experiment looking at ...
  • Hull, Chris; Zwiebach, Barton (IOP Publishing, 2009-09)
    The zero modes of closed strings on a torus — the torus coordinates plus dual coordinates conjugate to winding number — parameterize a doubled torus. In closed string field theory, the string field depends on all zero-modes ...
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