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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Wang, Pu; Liu, Like; Li, Xiamiao; Li, Guanliang; Gonzalez, Marta C. (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2014-01)
    Navigation problem in lattices with long-range connections has been widely studied to understand the design principles for optimal transport networks; however, the travel cost of long-range connections was not considered ...
  • Christia, Fotini; Beath, Andrew; Enikolopov, Ruben (Cambridge University Press, 2013-07)
    In societies with widespread gender discrimination, development programs with gender quotas are considered a way to improve women's economic, political, and social status. Using a randomized field experiment across 500 ...
  • Shapiro, Irina M.; Cheng, Albert W.; Flytzanis, Nicholas C.; Balsamo, Michele; Condeelis, John S.; Oktay, Maja H.; Burge, Christopher B.; Gertler, Frank (Public Library of Science, 2011-08)
    Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a mechanism important for embryonic development, plays a critical role during malignant transformation. While much is known about transcriptional regulation of EMT, alternative ...
  • Shapira, Ofer; Abouraddy, Ayman F.; Hu, Qichao; Shemuly, Dana; Joannopoulos, John D.; Fink, Yoel (Optical Society of America, 2010-06)
    The ability to precisely and selectively excite superpositions of specific fiber eigenmodes allows one in principle to control the three dimensional field distribution along the length of a fiber. Here we demonstrate the ...
  • Helmer, Karl G.; Ambite, Jose Luis; Ames, Joseph; Ananthakrishnan, Rachana; Burns, Gully; Chervenak, Ann L.; Foster, Ian; Liming, Lee; Keator, David; Macciardi, Fabio; Madduri, Ravi; Navarro, John-Paul; Potkin, Steven; Rosen, Bruce R.; Ruffins, Seth; Schuler, Robert; Turner, Jessica A.; Toga, Arthur; Williams, Christina; Kesselman, Carl; Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BMJ Publishing Group on behalf of the American Medical Informatics Association, 2011-04)
    Objective As biomedical technology becomes increasingly sophisticated, researchers can probe ever more subtle effects with the added requirement that the investigation of small effects often requires the acquisition of ...
  • Yeng, YiXiang; Ghebrebrhan, Michael; Bermel, Peter A.; Chan, Walker R.; Joannopoulos, John D.; Soljacic, Marin; Celanovic, Ivan (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-02)
    The nascent field of high-temperature nanophotonics could potentially enable many important solid-state energy conversion applications, such as thermophotovoltaic energy generation, selective solar absorption, and selective ...
  • Yeng, Yi Xiang; Lenert, Andrej; Rinnerbauer, Veronika; Celanovic, Ivan; Wang, Evelyn N.; Kim, Sang-Gook; Chou, Jeffrey Brian; Lee, Yoon Kyung; Soljacic, Marin; Fang, Nicholas Xuanlai (Wiley Blackwell, 2014-09)
    A metallic dielectric photonic crystal with solar broadband, omni-directional, and tunable selective absorption with high temperature stable (1000 °C, 24 hrs) properties is fabricated on a 6” silicon wafer. The broadband ...
  • Hardison, James; DeLong, Kimberly K.; Harward, V. Judson; del Alamo, Jesus A.; Shroff, R.; Oyabode, O. (American Society of Civil Engineers, 2010-03)
    The MIT iLab Project is dedicated to the goal of increasing laboratory experimentation opportunities for engineering students worldwide. Since its inception in 1998, the project has furthered this goal through the development ...
  • Bravo-Abad, Jorge; Joannopoulos, John D.; Soljacic, Marin (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2012-06)
    Many of graphene’s unique electronic properties emerge from its Dirac-like electronic energy spectrum. Similarly, it is expected that a nanophotonic system featuring Dirac dispersion (two conical bands touching at a single ...
  • Aisopos, Konstantinos; Chen, Chia-Hsin; Peh, Li-Shiuan (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-06)
    Process Variation (PV) is increasingly threatening the reliability of Networks-on-Chips. Thus, various resilient router designs have been recently proposed and evaluated. However, these evaluations assume random fault ...
  • Santambrogio, Marco Domenico; Hoffmann, Henry Christian; Eastep, Jonathan Michael; Agarwal, Anant (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-06)
    Self-aware computer systems will be capable of adapting their behavior and resources thousands of times a second to automatically find the best way to accomplish a given goal despite changing environmental conditions and ...
  • Lou, Sha; Fu, Gregory C. (American Chemical Society, 2010-03)
    A new family of organometallic compounds, organozirconium reagents, are shown to serve as suitable partners in cross-coupling reactions of (activated) secondary alkyl electrophiles. Thus, the first catalytic method for ...
  • Fujiwara, Yuji; Sun, Jianwei; Fu, Gregory C. (Royal Society of Chemistry, The, 2011-08)
    An effective phosphine-catalyzed method was developed for the enantioselective addition of aryl thiols to the γ position of allenoates, thereby providing ready access to aryl alkyl sulfides in very good ee. The array of ...
  • Shen, Xiaoqiang; Jones, Gavin O.; Watson, Donald A.; Bhayana, Brijesh; Buchwald, Stephen Leffler (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010-07)
    We report efficient syntheses of axially chiral biaryl amides in yields ranging from 80−92%, and with enantioselectivity in the range 88−94% ee employing an asymmetric Suzuki−Miyaura process with Pd(OAc)[subscript 2] and ...
  • Movassaghi, Mohammad; Piersanti, Giovanni; Piizzi, Grazia; Siegel, Dustin Scott (American Chemical Society, 2009-11)
    We report our full account of the enantioselective total synthesis of (−)-acylfulvene (1) and (−)-irofulven (2), which features metathesis reactions for the rapid assembly of the molecular framework of these antitumor ...
  • Kwiatkowski, Adam V.; Rubinson, Douglas A.; Dent, Erik W.; Edward van Veen, J.; Leslie, Jonathan D.; Zhang, Jiangyang; Mebane, Leslie M.; Philippar, Ulrike; Pinheiro, Elaine M.; Burds, Aurora A.; Bronson, Roderick T.; Mori, Susumu; Gertler, Frank; Fassler, Reinhard (Elsevier, 2007-11)
    Mammalian cortical development involves neuronal migration and neuritogenesis; this latter process forms the structural precursors to axons and dendrites. Elucidating the pathways that regulate the cytoskeleton to drive ...
  • Goh, Keow Lin; Cai, Li; Cepko, Constance L.; Gertler, Frank (Elsevier, 2002-04)
    Development of the multilayered cerebral cortex involves extensive regulated migration of neurons arising from the deeper germinative layers of the mammalian brain [1]. The anatomy and formation of the cortical layers has ...
  • Mobine, Hector R.; Engelmayr, George C.; Moussazadeh, Nelson; Anwar, Tayyba R.; Freed, Lisa E.; Edelman, Elazer R. (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2009-07)
    Pheochromocytomas are widely believed to induce cardiomyopathy via hypersecretion of catecholamines, including norepinephrine (NE). NE can have direct cardiomyocyte toxicity and/or can stimulate myocardial remodeling ...
  • Yarnall, Timothy M.; Abouraddy, Ayman F.; Di Giuseppe, Giovanni; Saleh, Bahaa E. A.; Teich, Malvin C. (American Physical Society, 2012-06)
    Advancing quantum information processing is predicated on the preparation of ever-larger multiqubit states. Photonic realizations of such states may be achieved by increasing the number of photons populating the state or ...
  • Khan, Sheraz; Lefevre, Julien; Baillet, Sylvain; Michmizos, Konstantinos; Ganesan, Santosh; Kitzbichler, Manfred G.; Zetino, Manuel; Hamalainen, Matti S.; Papadelis, Christos; Kenet, Tal (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2014-05)
    Distributed cortical solutions of magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) exhibit complex spatial and temporal dynamics. The extraction of patterns of interest and dynamic features from these cortical ...
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