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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Rutishauser, Ueli; Slotine, Jean-Jacques E.; Douglas, Rodney J. (MIT Press, 2012-06)
    Models of cortical neuronal circuits commonly depend on inhibitory feedback to control gain, provide signal normalization, and selectively amplify signals using winner-take-all (WTA) dynamics. Such models generally assume ...
  • Zuhl, Andrea M.; Mohr, Justin T.; Bachovchin, Daniel A.; Niessen, Sherry; Hsu, Ku-Lung; Berlin, Jacob M.; Dochnahl, Maximilian; Fu, Gregory C.; Cravatt, Benjamin F.; Lopez-Alberca, Maria P. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2012-03)
    Serine hydrolases are one of the largest and most diverse enzyme classes in Nature. Most serine hydrolases lack selective inhibitors, which are valuable probes for assigning functions to these enzymes. We recently discovered ...
  • Liberali, Guilherme; Urban, Glen L; Hauser, John R (Elsevier, 2012-10)
    Two field experiments examine whether providing information to consumers regarding competitive products builds trust. Established theory suggests that (1) competitive information leads to trust because it demonstrates the ...
  • Aich, Udayanath; Shriver, Zachary H.; Tharakaraman, Kannan; Raman, Rahul; Sasisekharan, Ram (American Chemical Society, 2011-08)
    Heparin and the low molecular weight heparins are extensively used as medicinal products to prevent and treat the formation of venous and arterial thrombi. In early 2008, administration of some heparin lots was associated ...
  • Parrilo, Pablo A.; Candogan, Utku Ozan; Menache, Ishai; Ozdaglar, Asuman E. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-06)
    We consider a wireless collision channel, shared by a finite number of mobile users who transmit to a common base station. Each user wishes to optimize its individual network utility that incorporates a natural tradeoff ...
  • Bimpikis, Kostas; Yildiz, Ercan; Koksal, Asuman E. (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2016-02)
    Recent advances in information technology have allowed firms to gather vast amounts of data regarding consumers’ preferences and the structure and intensity of their social interactions. This paper examines a game-theoretic ...
  • Gibson, Michael A.; Schuh, Christopher A. (Elsevier, 2015-12)
    Segregation-induced changes in interfacial cohesion often control the mechanical properties of metals. The change in the work of separation of an interface upon segregation of a solute to the interface, termed the embrittling ...
  • Wang, Peng; Cuellar, Santiago; Chlipala, Adam (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2014-10)
    Many real programs are written in multiple different programming languages, and supporting this pattern creates challenges for formal compiler verification. We describe our Coq verification of a compiler for a high-level ...
  • Schneider, Ben Ross; Karcher, Sebastian (Oxford University Press and the Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics, 2010-10)
    In a comparative institutional or ‘variety of capitalism’ perspective, the distinctive traits of labour markets in Latin America differ in most respects from labour markets in developed countries. Moreover, there are strong ...
  • Ruppin, F.; Strigari, L.; Billard, Julien; Figueroa-Feliciano, Enectali (American Physical Society, 2014-10)
    Direct detection dark matter experiments looking for WIMP-nucleus elastic scattering will soon be sensitive to an irreducible background from neutrinos which will drastically affect their discovery potential. Here we explore ...
  • Lander, Eric S. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-12)
    Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone tumor, yet there have been no substantial advances in treatment or survival in three decades. We examined 59 tumor/normal pairs by whole-exome, whole-genome, and RNA-sequencing. ...
  • Calcagno, Claudia; Ramachandran, Sarayu; Mani, Venkatesh; Millon, Antoine; Rosenbaum, David; Tawakol, Ahmed; Woodward, Mark; Bucerius, Jan; Moshier, Erin; Godbold, James; Kallend, David; Farkouh, Michael E; Fuster, Valentin; Rudd, James H F; Fayad, Zahi A; Farkouh, Michael E.; Rudd, James H. F.; Fayad, Zahi A.; Izquierdo-Garcia, David (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013-08)
    Inflammation and neovascularization in vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques are key features for severe clinical events. Dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI and FDG PET are two noninvasive imaging techniques capable of ...
  • Jaeger, T. Florian; Tily, Harry J. (Walter de Gruyter, 2011-11)
    Two main classes of theory have been advanced to explain correlations between linguistic features like those observed by Greenberg (1963). arbitrary constraint theories argue that certain sets of features patterm together ...
  • MacGregor, Meredith A.; Matrà, Luca; Kalas, Paul; Wilner, David J.; Kennedy, Grant M.; Wyatt, Mark C.; Duchene, Gaspard; Hughes, A. Meredith; Rieke, George H.; Clampin, Mark; Fitzgerald, Michael P.; Graham, James R.; Holland, Wayne S.; Panić, Olja; Shannon, Andrew; Su, Kate; Pan, Margaret (IOP Publishing, 2017-06)
    We present ALMA mosaic observations at 1.3 mm (223 GHz) of the Fomalhaut system with a sensitivity of 14 μJy/beam. These observations provide the first millimeter map of the continuum dust emission from the complete outer ...
  • Feige, Ilya; Moult, Ian; Kolodrubetz, Daniel Walter; Stewart, Iain W (Springer International Publishing AG, 2017-11)
    Factorization theorems underly our ability to make predictions for many processes involving the strong interaction. Although typically formulated at leading power, the study of factorization at subleading power is of ...
  • Ahmadi, Amir Ali; Parrilo, Pablo A. (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2013-05)
    Our first contribution in this paper is to prove that three natural sum of squares (sos) based sufficient conditions for convexity of polynomials, via the definition of convexity, its first order characterization, and its ...
  • Chen, Xie; Gu, Zheng-Cheng; Wen, Xiao-Gang (American Physical Society, 2011-12)
    Quantum phases with different orders exist with or without breaking the symmetry of the system. Recently, a classification of gapped quantum phases which do not break time reversal, parity, or on-site unitary symmetry has ...
  • Bronson, Roderick T.; Haigis, Kevin M.; Cheung, Ann; Carter, Alia; Kostova, Kamena K.; Woodruff, Joe; Crowley, Denise G.; Jacks, Tyler E. (Nature Publishing Group, 2009-12)
    The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene product is mutated in the vast majority of human colorectal cancers. APC negatively regulates the WNT pathway by aiding in the degradation of β-catenin, which is the transcription ...
  • Simon, Joshua D.; Ji, Alexander Pung; Frebel, Anna L.; Chiti, Anirudh (IOP Publishing, 2016-10)
    We present chemical abundances derived from high-resolution Magellan/Magellan Inamori Kyocera Echelle spectra of the nine brightest known red giant members of the ultra-faint dwarf galaxy Reticulum II (Ret II). These stars ...
  • Johnson, Christopher M.; Grossman, Alan D. (American Society for Microbiology, 2016-04)
    The Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis is used as a model organism to study cellular and molecular processes. Here, we announce the complete genomic sequence of B. subtilis strain CU1050, derived from B. subtilis ...
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