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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Treleaven, Kyle Ballantyne; Pavone, Marco; Frazzoli, Emilio (American Automatic Control Council, 2012-06)
    Demand-responsive transport (DRT) systems, where users generate requests for transportation from a pickup point to a delivery point, are expected to increase in usage dramatically as the inconvenience of privately-owned ...
  • Fast, Shannon M.; Markuzon, Natasha; Gonzalez, Marta C. (Public Library of Science, 2015-08)
    Background Studies of cost-effective disease prevention have typically focused on the tradeoff between the cost of disease transmission and the cost of applying control measures. We present a novel approach that also ...
  • Chen, Weitong; Liu, Chunhua; Shan, Zhiqiang; Lee, Ho Tin (MDPI AG, 2016-11)
    This paper presents a cost-effectiveness comparison of coupler designs for wireless power transfer (WPT), meant for electric vehicle (EV) dynamic charging. The design comparison of three common types of couplers is first ...
  • Zubair, Syed M.; McGovern, Ronan Killian; Lienhard, John H. (Elsevier, 2014-07)
    We provide a thermoeconomic assessment of electrodialysis indicating that the technology is most productive and efficient for the partial desalination of feed streams at the higher end of the brackish range of salinities. ...
  • Paradiso, Joseph A.; Vaucelle, Catherine Nicole; Ishii, Hiroshi (Association for Computing Machinery, 2009-04)
    In this paper we present the design of a cost-effective wearable sensor to detect and indicate the strength and other characteristics of the electric field emanating from a laptop display. Our Electromagnetic Field Detector ...
  • Guan, Kyle C.; Chan, Vincent W. S. (Optical Society of America, 2009-06)
    In this paper, we provide some analytical insights into physical architectures that can serve as benchmarks for designing a cost-efficient WDM metropolitan area network (MAN). For uniform all-to-all traffic and regular ...
  • Dwyer, Morgan; Szajnfarber, Zoe; Selva, Daniel; Crawley, Edward F. (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2014-08)
    Although joint programs are typically formed to reduce costs, recent studies have suggested that joint programs experience larger cost growth than non-joint programs. To explain this phenomenon, we present a model that ...
  • Ghaffari, Mohsen; Lynch, Nancy Ann; Newport, Calvin Charles (Association for Computing Machinery, 2013-07)
    We study upper and lower bounds for the global and local broadcast problems in the dual graph model combined with different strength adversaries. The dual graph model is a generalization of the standard graph-based radio ...
  • Talmadge, Elisabeth Rosem Caitlin; O'Neil, William D. (MIT Press, 2009-12)
    To the Editors (William D. O’Neil writes): Caitlin Talmadge’s analysis of the threat of Iranian action to close the Strait of Hormuz is not only timely but provides many valuable insights.1 Several aspects of this ...
  • Ryan, Stephen (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012-05)
    The typical cost analysis of an environmental regulation consists of an engineering estimate of the compliance costs. In industries where fixed costs are an important determinant of market structure, this static analysis ...
  • Peng, Guowen; Sibener, S. J.; Schatz, George C.; Mavrikakis, Manos; Ceyer, Sylvia (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2011-12)
    Periodic, self-consistent, density functional theory (DFT) calculations are employed to study CO[subscript 2] hydrogenation on Ni(111). CO[subscript 2] hydrogenation with H adsorbed on the surface and with H absorbed in ...
  • MacMinn, Christopher W.; Szulczewski, Michael Lawrence; Juanes, Ruben (Cambridge University Press, 2011-10)
    The large-scale injection of carbon dioxide (CO[subscript 2]) into saline aquifers is a promising tool for reducing atmospheric CO[subscript 2] emissions to mitigate climate change. An accurate assessment of the post-injection ...
  • MacMinn, Christopher W.; Szulczewski, Michael L.; Juanes, Ruben (Elsevier, 2011-04)
    We incorporate CO[subscript 2] dissolution due to convective mixing into a sharp-interface mathematical model for the post-injection migration of a plume of CO[subscript 2] in a saline aquifer. The model captures CO[subscript ...
  • Abanin, Dmitry A.; Song, Justin C. W.; Levitov, Leonid (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013-07)
    Recent measurements revealed an anomalous Coulomb drag in graphene, hinting at new physics at charge neutrality. The anomalous drag is explained by a new mechanism based on energy transport, which involves interlayer energy ...
  • Xie, Liang; Duncan, Michael B.; Pahler, Jessica; Sugimoto, Hikaru; Martino, Margot; Lively, Julie; Mundel, Thomas; Soubasakos, Mary; Takeda, Takaaki; Inoue, Masahiro; Lawler, Jack; Hanahan, Douglas; Rubin, Kristofer; Hynes, Richard O.; Kalluri, Raghu (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 2011-05)
    Whereas the roles of proangiogenic factors in carcinogenesis are well established, those of endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors (EAIs) remain to be fully elaborated. We investigated the roles of three EAIs during de novo ...
  • Wachinger, Christian; Sharp, Gregory C.; Golland, Polina (Springer-Verlag, 2013-09)
    We present a novel method for inferring tissue labels in atlas-based image segmentation using Gaussian process regression. Atlas-based segmentation results in probabilistic label maps that serve as input to our method. We ...
  • Pan, Qinxuan; Daskalakis, Konstantinos (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-10)
    Fictitious play is a natural dynamic for equilibrium play in zero-sum games, proposed by Brown [6], and shown to converge by Robinson [33]. Samuel Karlin conjectured in 1959 that fictitious play converges at rate O(t[superscript ...
  • Chandrasekaran, Venkat; Chertkov, Misha; Gamarnik, David; Shah, Devavrat; Shin, Jinwoo (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2010-07)
    We consider the #P-complete problem of counting the number of independent sets in a given graph. Our interest is in understanding the effectiveness of the popular belief propagation (BP) heuristic. BP is a simple iterative ...
  • Santos, Luiz; Nishida, Yusuke; Chamon, Claudio; Mudry, Christopher (American Physical Society, 2011-03)
    A counting formula for computing the number of (Majorana) zero modes bound to topological point defects is evaluated in a gradient expansion for systems with charge-conjugation symmetry. This semi-classical counting of ...
  • Zhou, Huaxing; Woo, Jiyeon; Cok, Alexandra M.; Wang, Muzhou; Olsen, Bradley D.; Johnson, Jeremiah A. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2012-11)
    Much of our fundamental knowledge related to polymer networks is built on an assumption of ideal end-linked network structure. Real networks invariably possess topological imperfections that negatively affect mechanical ...
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