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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Ghaffari, Roozbeh; Page, Scott Lawrence; Farrahi, Shirin; Sellon, Jonathan Blake; Freeman, Dennis M. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-02)
    The tectorial membrane (TM) clearly plays a mechanical role in stimulating cochlear sensory receptors, but the presence of fixed charge in TM constituents suggests that electromechanical properties also may be important. ...
  • Santhanam, Parthiban; Huang, Duanni; Gray, Dodd J.; Ram, Rajeev J. (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), 2013-03)
    Experimental demonstration of net electro-luminescent cooling in a diode, or equivalently electroluminescence with wall-plug efficiency greater than unity, had eluded direct observation for more than five decades. We review ...
  • Kim, Hojong; Paramore, James; Allanore, Antoine; Sadoway, Donald Robert (Electrochemical Society, 2011-08)
    Molten oxide electrolysis (MOE) is a carbon-free, electrochemical technique to decompose a metal oxide directly into liquid metal and oxygen gas. From an environmental perspective what makes MOE attractive is its ability ...
  • Graham, Noah; Shpunt, Alexander Anatoly; Emig, Thorsten; Rahi, Sahand Jamal; Jaffe, Robert L.; Kardar, Mehran (American Physical Society, 2011-06)
    An exact calculation of electromagnetic scattering from a perfectly conducting parabolic cylinder is employed to compute Casimir forces in several configurations. These include interactions between a parabolic cylinder and ...
  • Zhang, Baile; Wu, Bae-Ian (American Physical Society, 2009-12)
    A perfect invisibility cloak is commonly believed to be undetectable from electromagnetic (EM) detection because it is equivalent to a curved but empty EM space created from coordinate transformation. Based on the intrinsic ...
  • Negele, John W; Alexandrou, Constantia; Korzec, Tomasz; Koutsou, Giannis; Proestos, Y. (American Physical Society, 2010-08)
    We present results on the omega baryon (Ω-) electromagnetic form factors using Nf=2+1 domain-wall fermion configurations for three pion masses in the range of about 350 to 300 MeV. We compare results obtained using domain-wall ...
  • Qiu, Cheng-Wei; Novitsky, Andrey; Ma, Hua; Qu, Shaobo (American Physical Society, 2009-07)
    An analytical method of electromagnetic wave interactions with a general radially anisotropic cloak is established. It is able to deal with arbitrary parameters [ε[subscript r](r), μ[subscript r](r), ε[subscript t](r), and ...
  • Woodfield, E. E.; Horne, R. B.; Glauert, S. A.; Menietti, J. D.; Shprits, Yuri (Copernicus GmbH, 2013-10)
    Jupiter has the most intense radiation belts of all the outer planets. It is not yet known how electrons can be accelerated to energies of 10 MeV or more. It has been suggested that cyclotron-resonant wave-particle ...
  • Becker, Ulrich J.; Behlmann, Matthew Daniel; Burger, Joseph D.; Cai, Xudong; Capell, Michael H.; Chen, Andrew I.; Chen, Hai; Choumilov, Evgueni; Choutko, Vitali; Eline, Alexandre; Eppling, Frederic J.; Fisher, Peter H.; Galaktionov, Y.; Goglov, Pavel; Heil, Melanie; Hsieh, Tsai-hsiu; Kounina, Olga; Kounine, Andrei; Koutsenko, Vladimir; Krafczyk, Matthew Scott; Lebedev, Alexei; Li, Q.; Plyaskin, Vasily; Rozhkov, Andrey B.; Shi, X. Y.; Sun, Wei; Sun, W. H.; Ting, Samuel C. C.; Ting, Susan Marks; Vaurynovich, Siarhei S.; Wang, Xiaozhen; Weng, Zhili; Xie, M.; Xu, Weiwei; Zuccon, Paolo (American Physical Society, 2014-09)
    Precision measurements by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station of the primary cosmic-ray electron flux in the range 0.5 to 700 GeV and the positron flux in the range 0.5 to 500 GeV are presented. ...
  • Shaevitz, M. H.; Conrad, Janet (American Physical Society, 2014-03)
    The IsoDAR antineutrino source, which produces a flux from [superscript 8]Li isotope decay at rest, when paired with the proposed Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory detector, has unprecedented sensitivity to [bar ...
  • Fedynyshyn, Theodore H.; Kingsborough, Richard P.; Goodman, Russell B.; Astolfi, David K. (SPIE, 2010-04)
    We have developed a processing method that employs direct surface imaging of a surface-modified silicon wafer to define a chemical nanopattern that directs material assembly, eliminating most of the traditional processing ...
  • van Oven, J. C.; Berwald, F.; Berggren, K. K.; Kruit, P.; Hagen, C. W. (American Vacuum Society (AVS), 2011-09)
    This paper demonstrates electron-beam-induced deposition of few-nm-width dense features on bulk samples by using a scanning electron-beam lithography system. To optimize the resultant features, three steps were taken: (1) ...
  • Shtyk, A.; Feigelman, M.; Levitov, Leonid (American Physical Society, 2013-12)
    Plasmons in two-dimensional electron systems with nonparabolic bands, such as graphene, feature strong dependence on electron-electron interactions. We use a many-body approach to relate plasmon dispersion at long wavelengths ...
  • Shim, Sang-Heon Dan; Bengtson, Amelia; Morgan, Dane; Sturhahn, Wolfgang; Catalli, Krystle C.; Zhao, Jiyong; Lerche, Michael; Prakapenka, Vitali (National Academy of Sciences, 2009-03)
    Recent studies have shown that high pressure (P) induces the metallization of the Fe[superscript 2+]–O bonding, the destruction of magnetic ordering in Fe, and the high-spin (HS) to low-spin (LS) transition of Fe in silicate ...
  • Tucker, Catherine Elizabeth; Miller, Amalia R. (Oxford University Press, 2012-11)
    After firms adopt electronic information and communication technologies, their decision-making leaves a trail of electronic information that may be more extensive and accessible than a paper trail. We ask how the expected ...
  • Yang, Fan; Zhai, Hui; Wang, Fa; Lee, Dung-Hai (American Physical Society, 2011-04)
    We report a variational Monte Carlo (VMC) study of the iron-based superconductors. We use realistic band structures, and the ordering instabilities/variational ansatz are suggested by previous functional renormalization ...
  • Szolovits, Peter; Liao, Katherine P.; Cai, Tianxi; Gainer, Vivian; Goryachev, Sergey; Zeng-Treitler, Qing; Raychaudhuri, Soumya; Churchill, Susanne; Murphy, Shawn; Kohane, Isaac; Karlson, Elizabeth W.; Plenge, Robert M. (Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons), 2010-03)
    Objective: Electronic medical records (EMRs) are a rich data source for discovery research but are underutilized due to the difficulty of extracting highly accurate clinical data. We assessed whether a classification ...
  • Tang, Shuang; Dresselhaus, Mildred (American Physical Society, 2014-01)
    We have developed an iterative one-dimensional model to study the narrow band gap and the associated nonparabolic dispersion relations for bismuth antimony nanowires. An analytical approximation has also been developed. ...
  • Difley, Seth; Wang, Lee-Ping; Yeganeh, Sina; Yost, Shane Robert; Van Voorhis, Troy (American Chemical Society, 2010-05)
    Organic semiconductors (OSCs) have recently received significant attention for their potential use in photovoltaic, light emitting diode, and field effect transistor devices. Part of the appeal of OSCs is the disordered, ...
  • Hasdeo, Eddwi H.; Nugraha, Ahmad R. T.; Sato, Kentaro; Dresselhaus, Mildred; Saito, Riichiro (American Physical Society, 2013-09)
    The Fano resonance spectra for the G band in metallic carbon nanotubes are calculated as a function of laser excitation energy, in which the origin of the resonance is given by an interference between the continuous ...
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