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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Vahey, Michael D.; Voldman, Joel (Royal Society of Chemistry, The, 2011)
    Colloidal particles placed in an energy landscape interact with each other, giving rise to complex dynamic behavior that affects the ability to process and manipulate suspensions of these particles. Propagating across ...
  • Ouellette, Nicholas T.; Kelley, Douglas (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-01)
    Collective animal behaviour occurs at nearly every biological size scale, from single-celled organisms to the largest animals on earth. It has long been known that models with simple interaction rules can reproduce qualitative ...
  • Flint, Rebecca; Lee, Patrick A. (American Physical Society, 2013-11)
    We introduce the idea of emergent lattices, where a simple lattice decouples into two weakly coupled lattices as a way to stabilize spin liquids. In LiZn[subscript 2]Mo[subscript 3]O[subscript 8], the disappearance of 2/3 ...
  • Faulkner, Thomas; Liu, Hong; McGreevy, John; Vegh, David (American Physical Society, 2011-06)
    Gravity solutions dual to d-dimensional field theories at finite charge density have a near-horizon region, which is AdS2×Rd-1. The scale invariance of the AdS2 region implies that at low energies the dual field theory ...
  • Schnorr, Jan Markus; Swager, Timothy Manning (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010-11)
    On the basis of their unique electrical and mechanical properties, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have attracted great attention in recent years. A diverse array of methods has been developed to modify CNTs and to assemble them ...
  • Mahlstein, Irina; Hegerl, Gabriele; Solomon, Susan (American Geophysical Union, 2012-11)
    The global average temperature of the Earth has increased, but year-to-year variability in local climates impedes the identification of clear changes in observations and human experience. For a signal to become obvious in ...
  • Mellios, Nikolaos; Sur, Mriganka (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2012-04)
    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs conserved throughout evolution whose perceived importance for brain development and maturation is increasingly being understood. Although a plethora of new discoveries have ...
  • Laplante, Mathieu; Sabatini, David M. (Elsevier Ltd., 2009-12)
    Lipid biosynthesis is essential for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. The lipids produced by cells (glycerolipids, fatty acids, phospholipids, cholesterol, and sphingolipids) are used as an energy source/reserve, ...
  • Artemiadis, Panagiotis; Kyriakopoulos, Kostas J. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers / IEEE Robotics and Automation Society, 2010-01)
    As robots come closer to humans, an efficient human-robot-control interface is an utmost necessity. In this paper, electromyographic (EMG) signals from muscles of the human upper limb are used as the control interface ...
  • Cesqui, Benedetta; Tropea, Peppino; Micera, Silvestro; Krebs, Hermano Igo (BioMed Central Ltd, 2013-07)
    Background: Several studies investigating the use of electromyographic (EMG) signals in robot-based stroke neuro-rehabilitation to enhance functional recovery. Here we explored whether a classical EMG-based patterns ...
  • Artemiadis, Panagiotis; Kyriakopoulos, Kostas J. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-05)
    Human-robot control interfaces have received increased attention during the past decades. With the introduction of robots in everyday life, especially in providing services to people with special needs (i.e., elderly, ...
  • Artemiadis, Panagiotis; Kyriakopoulos, Kostas J. (2010-02)
    Human-robot control interfaces have received increased attention during the past decades. With the introduction of robots in everyday life, especially in providing services to people with special needs (i.e., elderly, ...
  • Picard, Rosalind W. (SAGE Publications, 2010-06)
    Emotion research will leap forward when its focus changes from comparing averaged statistics of self-report data across people experiencing emotion in laboratories to characterizing patterns of data from individuals and ...
  • Golub, Todd R.; Schreiber, Stuart L.; Gould, Robert; Schenone, Monica; Ong, Shao-En; Margolin, Adam A.; Carr, Steven A. (Public Library of Science, 2009-10)
    Background: Advances in mass spectrometry-based proteomics have enabled the incorporation of proteomic data into systems approaches to biology. However, development of analytical methods has lagged behind. Here we describe ...
  • Thies, William; Amarasinghe, Saman P. (Association for Computing Machinery, 2010-09)
    Stream programs represent an important class of high-performance computations. Defined by their regular processing of sequences of data, stream programs appear most commonly in the context of audio, video, and digital ...
  • Carter, Joshua Adam; Winn, Joshua Nathan (American Astronomical Society, 2010-02)
    We show that the gas giant exoplanet HD 189733b is less oblate than Saturn, based on Spitzer Space Telescope photometry of seven transits. The observablemanifestations of oblatenesswould have been slight anomalies during ...
  • Madhusudhan, Nikku; Winn, Joshua Nathan (American Astronomical Society, 2009-03)
    We present a search for Trojan companions to 25 transiting exoplanets. We use the technique of Ford & Gaudi, in which a difference is sought between the observed transit time and the transit time that is calculated by ...
  • Seneff, Stephanie; Davidson, Robert M.; Liu, Jingjing (MDPI AG, 2012-11)
    Autism is a condition characterized by impaired cognitive and social skills, associated with compromised immune function. The incidence is alarmingly on the rise, and environmental factors are increasingly suspected to ...
  • Mohtashemi, Mojdeh (Public Library of Science, 2010-01)
    The re-emergence of tuberculosis (TB) in the mid-1980s in many parts of the world, including the United States, is often attributed to the emergence and rapid spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired ...
  • Gayeski, Nicholas; Zakula, Tea; Armstrong, P. R.; Norford, Leslie Keith; Armstrong, P.R. (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), 2010-10)
    Inverter-driven variable-capacity air conditioners, heat pumps, and chillers can provide energy-efficient cooling, particularly at part-load capacity. Varying the capacity of vapor compression systems enables operation at ...
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