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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Perlman, Eric S.; Georganopoulos, Markos; Schwartz, Daniel A.; Padgett, C. A.; Gelbord, Jonathan; Lovell, J. E. J.; Worrall, Diana M.; Birkinshaw, M.; Murphy, David W.; Jauncey, D. L.; Marshall, Herman Lee (IOP Publishing, 2011-09)
    We present deep Hubble Space Telescope, Chandra, Very Large Array, and Australia Telescope Compact Array images of the jets of PKS 0208-512 and PKS 1202-262, which were found in a Chandra survey of a flux-limited sample ...
  • Cadieu, Charles; Hong, Ha; Yamins, Daniel L. K.; Pinto, Nicolas; Ardila, Diego; Solomon, Ethan A.; Majaj, Najib J.; DiCarlo, James (Public Library of Science, 2014-12)
    The primate visual system achieves remarkable visual object recognition performance even in brief presentations, and under changes to object exemplar, geometric transformations, and background variation (a.k.a. core visual ...
  • Ghosh, Debadyuti; Bagley, Alexander F.; Na, Young Jeong; Birrer, Michael J.; Bhatia, Sangeeta N.; Belcher, Angela M. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-09)
    Highly sensitive detection of small, deep tumors for early diagnosis and surgical interventions remains a challenge for conventional imaging modalities. Second-window near-infrared light (NIR2, 950–1,400 nm) is promising ...
  • Zhang, Chiyuan; Evangelopoulos, Georgios; Voinea, Stephen Constantin; Rosasco, Lorenzo Andrea; Poggio, Tomaso A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-05)
    Representations in the auditory cortex might be based on mechanisms similar to the visual ventral stream; modules for building invariance to transformations and multiple layers for compositionality and selectivity. In this ...
  • Sariyer, Ozan S.; Kabakcioglu, Alkan; Berker, A. Nihat (American Physical Society, 2012-10)
    We investigate the dissipative loss in the ±J Ising spin glass in three dimensions through the scaling of the hysteresis area, for a maximum magnetic field that is equal to the saturation field. We perform a systematic ...
  • Geboff, Adam B.; Model, Joshua; Siegel, Andrew M.; Shaw, Gary A.; Sandvik, Peter; Vert, Alexey; Soloviev, Stanislav (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-04)
    Photon counting detectors are used in many diverse applications and are well-suited to situations in which a weak signal is present in a relatively benign background. Examples of successful system applications of photon-counting ...
  • Shapiro, Jeffrey H. (American Physical Society, 2009-08)
    A two-way protocol for defeating passive eavesdropping is proposed. For each information bit, Alice sends Bob T sec of signal-beam output from a spontaneous parametric down-converter over a pure-loss channel while retaining ...
  • Iutzi, Ryan (Ryan Michael); Fitzgerald, Eugene A. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2015-09)
    We assess the origin of the reported temperature dependence of subthreshold slope in many published tunnel field effect transistors (TFETs) by examining the temperature dependence of the intrinsic tunneling at InAs/GaSb ...
  • Chesler, Paul M.; Liu, Hong; Garcia-Garcia, Antonio M. (American Physical Society, 2015-05)
    We study the dynamic after a smooth quench across a continuous transition from the disordered phase to the ordered phase. Based on scaling ideas, linear response, and the spectrum of unstable modes, we develop a theoretical ...
  • Sheen, Joon-Ho; Zoncu, Roberto; Kim, Dohoon; Sabatini, David M.; Sabatini, David M. (Elsevier, 2011-05)
    Autophagy is of increasing interest as a target for cancer therapy. We find that leucine deprivation causes the caspase-dependent apoptotic death of melanoma cells because it fails to appropriately activate autophagy. ...
  • Boechler, Nicholas (American Physical Society, 2012-03)
    We study the vibrational spectra of one-dimensional statically compressed granular crystals (arrays of elastic particles in contact) containing light-mass defects. We focus on the prototypical settings of one or two spherical ...
  • Eusner, Thor; Saka, Nannaji; Chun, Jung-Hoon (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-10)
    The chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP) of Cu is a critical step in the manufacture of ultra-large-scale integrated (ULSl) semiconductor devices. During this process, undesirable scratches are formed on the surface being ...
  • Tongay, Sefaattin; Suh, Joonki; Ataca, Can; Fan, Wen; Luce, Alexander; Kang, Jeong Seuk; Liu, Jonathan; Ko, Changhyun; Raghunathanan, Rajamani; Zhou, Jian; Ogletree, Frank; Li, Jingbo; Grossman, Jeffrey C.; Wu, Junqiao (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-09)
    Point defects in semiconductors can trap free charge carriers and localize excitons. The interaction between these defects and charge carriers becomes stronger at reduced dimensionalities, and is expected to greatly influence ...
  • Terrones, Mauricio; Araujo, Paulo Antonio Trinidade; Dresselhaus, Mildred (Elsevier, 2012-03)
    Graphene-like materials could be used in the fabrication of electronic and optoelectronic devices, gas sensors, biosensors, and batteries for energy storage. Since it is almost impossible to work with defect-free or ...
  • Pang, Bo; McFaline, Jose Luis; Burgis, Nicholas E.; Dong, Min; Taghizadeh, Koli; Sullivan, Matthew R.; Elmquist, C. Eric; Cunningham, Richard P.; Dedon, Peter C. (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-02)
    Deamination of nucleobases in DNA and RNA results in the formation of xanthine (X), hypoxanthine (I), oxanine, and uracil, all of which are miscoding and mutagenic in DNA and can interfere with RNA editing and function. ...
  • Lee, Kwang Hong; Bao, Shuyu; Chong, Gang Yih; Tan, Yew Heng; Fitzgerald, Eugene A.; Tan, Chuan Seng (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2015-01)
    A method to remove the misfit dislocations and reduce the threading dislocations density (TDD) in the germanium (Ge) epilayer growth on a silicon (Si) substrate is presented. The Ge epitaxial film is grown directly on the ...
  • Bowers, Kevin D.; van Dijk, Marten; Griffin, Robert; Juels, Ari; Oprea, Alina; Rivest, Ronald L.; Triandopoulos, Nikos (Springer Science+Business Media, 2012)
    Most cryptographic systems carry the basic assumption that entities are able to preserve the secrecy of their keys. With attacks today showing ever increasing sophistication, however, this tenet is eroding. “Advanced ...
  • Materassi, Donatello; Bolognani, Saverio; Roozbehani, Mardavij; Dahleh, Munther A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-06)
    We consider a scenario where price-responsive energy consumers are allowed to optimize their individual utilities via mechanisms of load-shifting in a distribution network subject to capacity constraints. The uncoordinated ...
  • Poterba, James M.; Rao, Nirupama; Seidman, Jeri (National Tax Association-Tax Institute of America, 2010-02)
    A firm's deferred tax position can affect its incentives to lobby for or against tax reform, as well as how the firm is affected by a transition from one tax regime to another. We compile disaggregated deferred tax ...
  • Ploegh, Hidde; Sun, Jiusong; Hartvigsen, Karsten; Chou, Meng-Yun; Zhang, Yadong; Sukhova, Galina K.; Zhang, Jie; Lopez-Ilasaca, Marco; Diehl, Cody J.; Yakov, Niva; Harats, Dror; George, Jacob; Witztum, Joseph L.; Libby, Peter; Shi, Guo-Ping (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer) -American Heart Association, 2010-08)
    Background: Adaptive immunity and innate immunity play important roles in atherogenesis. Invariant chain (CD74) mediates antigen-presenting cell antigen presentation and T-cell activation. This study tested the hypothesis ...
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