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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Panagiotou, Thomai; Fisher, Robert J. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2011-01)
    Emerging nanotechnologies have, and will continue to have, a major impact on the pharmaceutical industry. Their influence on a drug's life cycle, inception to delivery, is rapidly expanding. As the industry moves more ...
  • Liu, Jonathan J.; Witkin, Andre J.; Adhi, Mehreen; Grulkowski, Ireneusz; Kraus, Martin F.; Dhalla, Al-Hafeez; Lu, Chen D.; Hornegger, Joachim; Duker, Jay S.; Fujimoto, James G. (Public Library of Science, 2014-07)
    Purpose To describe enhanced vitreous imaging for visualization of anatomic features and microstructures within the posterior vitreous and vitreoretinal interface in healthy eyes using swept-source optical coherence ...
  • Palacios, Tomas; Lu, Bin; Saadat, Omair Irfan; Piner, Edwin L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-12)
    Enhancement-mode (E-mode) AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) are highly desirable for power and digital electronic circuits. Several technologies have been demonstrated in the last few years to fabricate ...
  • Kurtuldu, Huseyin; Guasto, Jeffrey S.; Johnson, Karl A.; Gollub, J. P. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2011-06)
    Fluid mixing in active suspensions of microorganisms is important to ecological phenomena and presents a fascinating stochastic process. We investigate the mixing produced by swimming unicellular algal cells (Chlamydomonas) ...
  • Park, Sunho; Hamad-Schifferli, Kimberly (American Chemical Society, 2010-04)
    Gold nanoparticle (AuNP)−DNA conjugates can enhance in vitro translation of a protein. Enhancement occurs via a combination of nonspecific adsorption of translation-related molecules and the ribosome to the AuNP−DNA and ...
  • Marshall, John C.; Abernathey, Ryan Patrick; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Shuckburgh, Emily (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
    Meridional cross sections of effective diffusivity in the Southern Ocean are presented and discussed. The effective diffusivity, K[subscript eff], characterizes the rate at which mesoscale eddies stir properties on interior ...
  • Shulman, Maria; Cohen, Merav; Soto-Gutierrez, Alejandro; Yagi, Hiroshi; Wang, Hongyun; Goldwasser, Jonathan; Lee-Parsons, Carolyn; Benny-Ratsaby, Ofra; Yarmush, Martin L.; Nahmias, Yaakov (Public Library of Science, 2011-04)
    The abundant flavonoid aglycone, naringenin, which is responsible for the bitter taste in grapefruits, has been shown to possess hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory effects both in vitro and in vivo. Recently, our group ...
  • Catto, Peter J.; Kagan, Grigory (American Physical Society, 2010-07)
    The strong radial electric field in a subsonic tokamak pedestal modifies the neoclassical ion parallel flow velocity, as well as the radial ion heat flux. Existing experimental evidence of the resulting alteration in the ...
  • Zhang, Qinyong; Wang, Hui; Liu, Weishu; Wang, Hengzhi; Yu, Bo; Zhang, Qian; Tian, Zhiting; Lee, Sangyeop; Esfarjani, Keivan; Chen, Gang; Ren, Zhifeng; Ni, George Wei (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011-11)
    By adding aluminium (Al) into lead selenide (PbSe), we successfully prepared n-type PbSe thermoelectric materials with a figure-of-merit (ZT) of 1.3 at 850 K. Such a high ZT is achieved by a combination of high Seebeck ...
  • Yu, Bo; Zebarjadi, Mona; Wang, Hui; Lukas, Kevin; Wang, Hengzhi; Wang, Dezhi; Opeil, Cyril; Dresselhaus, Mildred; Chen, Gang; Ren, Zhifeng (American Chemical Society, 2012-04)
    Modulation-doping was theoretically proposed and experimentally proved to be effective in increasing the power factor of nanocomposites (Si[subscript 80]Ge[subscript 20])[subscript 70](Si[subscript 100]B[subscript 5])[subscript ...
  • Bernstein, Michael S.; Marcus, Adam; Karger, David R.; Miller, Robert C. (Association for Computing Machinery, 2010-04)
    To find interesting, personally relevant web content, people rely on friends and colleagues to pass links along as they encounter them. In this paper, we study and augment link-sharing via e-mail, the most popular means ...
  • Moon, James J.; Suh, Heikyung; Li, Adrienne Victoria; Ockenhouse, Christian F.; Yadava, Anjali; Irvine, Darrell J. (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-01)
    For subunit vaccines, adjuvants play a key role in shaping immunological memory. Nanoparticle (NP) delivery systems for antigens and/or molecular danger signals are promising adjuvants capable of promoting both cellular ...
  • Yu, Chen-Hsiang; Miller, Robert C. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-05)
    Although the web browser has become a standard interface for information access on the Web, the mobile web browser on the smartphone does not hold the same interest to mobile users. A survey with 11 mobile users shows that ...
  • Tian, Zhiting; Esfarjani, Keivan; Chen, Gang (American Physical Society, 2012-12)
    Knowledge on phonon transmittance as a function of phonon frequency and incidence angle at interfaces is vital for multiscale modeling of heat transport in nanostructured materials. Although thermal conductivity reduction ...
  • Chen, Chia-Hung; Sarkar, Aniruddh; Song, Yong-Ak; Miller, Miles Aaron; Kim, Sung Jae; Griffith, Linda G.; Lauffenburger, Douglas A.; Han, Jongyoon (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2011-06)
    We introduce an integrated microfluidic device consisting of a biomolecule concentrator and a microdroplet generator, which enhances the limited sensitivity of low-abundance enzyme assays by concentrating biomolecules ...
  • Navarrete-Benlloch, Carlos; Garcia-Patron, Raul; Shapiro, Jeffrey H.; Cerf, Nicolas J. (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    The non-Gaussian operations effected by adding or subtracting a photon on entangled optical beams emerging from a parametric down-conversion process have been suggested to enhance entanglement. Heralded photon addition or ...
  • Zhou, Kang; Zou, Ruiyang; Stephanopoulos, Gregory; Too, Heng-Phon (BioMed Central Ltd., 2012-11)
    Background: Recombinant proteins are routinely overexpressed in metabolic engineering. It is well known that some over-expressed heterologous recombinant enzymes are insoluble with little or no enzymatic activity. This ...
  • Wurtman, Richard Jay (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2010-11)
    The loss of hippocampal and cortical synapses, resulting from impaired synaptogenesis, accelerated synaptic degeneration, or both, is one of the earliest neuropathologic findings in Alzheimer’s Disease and is the finding ...
  • Copeland, Andrew D.; Mangoubi, Rami; Desai, Mukund N.; Mitter, Sanjoy K.; Malek, Adel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-05)
    A noise adaptive Cusum-based algorithm for determining the arrival times of contrast at each spatial location in a 2D time sequence of angiographic images is presented. We employ a new group-wise registration algorithm to ...
  • Zebarjadi, Mona; Liao, Bolin; Esfarjani, Keivan; Dresselhaus, Mildred; Chen, Gang (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2013-03)
    Nanoparticle dopants that are invisible to conduction electrons and have sharp dips in their electron scattering rate versus electron energy close to the Fermi level. Replacement of such dopants with traditional impurities ...
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