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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Umeton, Renato; Stracquadanio, Giovanni; Sorathiya, Anilkumar; Papini, Alessio; Nicosia, Giuseppe; Lio, Pietro (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-06)
    In this paper we investigate plant photosynthesis and microbial fuel cells. We report the following: 1) we introduce and validate a novel multi-objective optimization algorithm, PMO2; 2) in photosynthesis we increase the ...
  • Bresch-Pietri, Delphine; Del Vecchio, Domitilla (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-06)
    This paper addresses the design of a distributed safety controller for two agents, subject to communication delay. The control objective is to ensure safety, meaning that the state of the two-agent system does not enter ...
  • Roslaniec, Lukasz; Perreault, David J.; Jurkov, Alexander; Al Bastami, Anas Ibrahim (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-06)
    Single-Switch inverters such as the conventional Class-E inverter are often highly load sensitive, and maintain zero-voltage switching over only a narrow range of load resistances. This paper introduces a design methodology ...
  • Chookajorn, Tongjai; Murdoch, Heather Ann; Schuh, Christopher A. (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2012-08)
    Nanostructured metals are generally unstable; their grains grow rapidly even at low temperatures, rendering them difficult to process and often unsuitable for usage. Alloying has been found to improve stability, but only ...
  • Greco, Joseph Anthony, Jr. (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-08)
    The forward error correction (FEC) and interleaver realizations used in a 5.4 km horizontal-path link experiment incorporated several unique elements that were specifically tailored to address turbulence-induced fading. ...
  • Lazic, Predrag; Atodiresei, Nicolae; Brede, Jens; Caciuc, Vasile; Hoffmann, Germar; Wiesendanger, Roland; Blügel, Stefan (American Physical Society, 2010-08)
    By means of ab initio calculations and spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy experiments the creation of a complex energy dependent magnetic structure with a tailored spin-polarized interface is demonstrated. We ...
  • Kayser, Veysel; Voynov, Vladimir; Chennamsetty, Naresh; Trout, Bernhardt L.; Helk, Bernhard (United States National Academy of Sciences, 2009-05)
    Therapeutic proteins such as antibodies constitute the most rapidly growing class of pharmaceuticals for use in diverse clinical settings including cancer, chronic inflammatory diseases, kidney transplantation, cardiovascular ...
  • Gao, Hanhong; Zhang, Baile; Johnson, Steven G.; Barbastathis, George (Optical Society of America, 2012-01)
    We design an all–dielectric Luneburg lens as an adiabatic space–variant lattice explicitly accounting for finite film thickness. We describe an all–analytical approach to compensate for the finite height of subwavelength ...
  • Romano, J. J.; Hernley, Lauren R.; Bearrick, Elizabeth N.; Tanenbaum, Laura Melanie; Thomas, Marcel A.; Toussaint, Teddy Antoine; Hanumara, Nevan Clancy; Slocum, Alexander H.; Lopez, Sofia Alejandra (Copernicus GmbH, 2014-01)
    During interventional ultrasound-guided procedures, sterility is maintained by covering the transducer head and cord with a sterile sheath. The current sheathing technique is cumbersome, requires an assistant to complete, ...
  • Chang, Jae-Byum; Choi, Hong Kyoon; Hannon, Adam F.; Alexander-Katz, Alfredo; Ross, Caroline A.; Berggren, Karl K.; Alfredo-Katz, Alfredo (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-02)
    Directed self-assembly of block copolymers has been used for fabricating various nanoscale patterns, ranging from periodic lines to simple bends. However, assemblies of dense bends, junctions and line segments in a single ...
  • Ren, Ling; Yu, Xiangyao; Devadas, Srinivas; Fletcher, Christopher Wardlaw; Van Dijk, Marten (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013-06)
    Keeping user data private is a huge problem both in cloud computing and computation outsourcing. One paradigm to achieve data privacy is to use tamper-resistant processors, inside which users' private data is decrypted and ...
  • Stojanovic, Vladimir Marko; Joshi, Ajay J.; Batten, Christopher; Kwon, Yong-Jin; Beamer, Scott; Chen, Sun; Asanovic, Krste (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-05)
    Monolithically integrated dense WDM photonic network topologies optimized for loss and power footprint of optical components can achieve up to 4x better energy-efficiency and throughput than electrical interconnects in ...
  • Shim, Keun Sup; Lis, Mieszko; Cho, Myong Hyon; Devadas, Srinivas; Lebedev, Ilia A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-10)
    As transistor technology continues to scale, the architecture community has experienced exponential growth in design complexity and significantly increasing implementation and verification costs. Moreover, Moore's law has ...
  • Maiti, Panchanan; Lomakin, Aleksey; Benedek, George B.; Bitan, Gal (Wiley Blackwell, 2010-06)
    An important component of the pathologic process underlying Alzheimer’s disease is oxidative stress. Met[superscript 35] in amyloid β-protein (Aβ) is prone to participating in redox reactions promoting oxidative stress, ...
  • Limaye, Ajay B. S.; Aharonson, Oded; Perron, J. Taylor (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2012-06)
    The Mars polar layered deposits (PLD) likely hold an extensive record of recent climate during a period of high-amplitude orbit and obliquity cycles. Previous work has detected limited evidence for orbital signatures within ...
  • Mitschang, Arik W.; Schulz, Norbert S.; Huenemoerder, David P.; Nichols, Joy S.; Testa, Paola; Huenemoerder, David P. (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2011-06)
    We investigate X-ray emission properties of the peculiar X-ray source θ[superscript 2] Ori A in the Orion Trapezium region using more than 500 ks of HETGS spectral data in the quiescent state. The amount of exposure provides ...
  • Sharp, Phillip A.; Boutz, Paul; Bhutkar, Arjun (AJ) (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2015-01)
    Deep sequencing of embryonic stem cell RNA revealed many specific internal introns that are significantly more abundant than the other introns within polyadenylated transcripts; we classified these as “detained” introns ...
  • Carter, Joshua Adam; Winn, Joshua Nathan (Institute of Physics, 2010-05)
    Knowledge of an exoplanet's oblateness and obliquity would give clues about its formation and internal structure. In principle, a light curve of a transiting planet bears information about the planet's shape, but previous ...
  • Carbin, Michael James; Misailovic, Sasa; Kling, Michael W.; Rinard, Martin C. (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2011-07)
    Infinite loops can make applications unresponsive. Potential problems include lost work or output, denied access to application functionality, and a lack of responses to urgent events. We present Jolt, a novel system for ...
  • Tonzetich, Zachary J.; McQuade, Lindsey E.; Lippard, Stephen J. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010-07)
    We are pursuing a dual strategy for investigating the chemistry of nitric oxide as a biological signaling agent. In one approach, metal-based fluorescent sensors for the detection of NO in living cells are evaluated, and ...
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