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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Aggarwal, Gagan; Fiat, Amos; Goldberg, Andrew V.; Hartline, Jason D.; Immorlica, Nicole; Sudan, Madhu (Elsevier, 2010-08)
    We study the role of randomization in seller optimal (i.e., profit maximization) auctions. Bayesian optimal auctions (e.g., Myerson, 1981) assume that the valuations of the agents are random draws from a distribution and ...
  • Hyun, Jason C.; Kunjapur, Aditya Mohan; Prather, Kristala L. Jones (BioMed Central, 2016-04)
    Background Vanillin is an industrially valuable molecule that can be produced from simple carbon sources in engineered microorganisms such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Escherichia coli. In E. coli, de novo production ...
  • Ford Versypt, Ashlee N.; Arendt, Paul D.; Pack, Daniel W.; Braatz, Richard D. (Public Library of Science, 2015-08)
    A mathematical reaction-diffusion model is defined to describe the gradual decomposition of polymer microspheres composed of poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) that are used for pharmaceutical drug delivery over ...
  • Lengner, Christopher J.; Gimelbrant, Alexander A.; Erwin, Jennifer A.; Cheng, Albert W.; Guenther, Matthew G.; Welstead, G. Grant; Alagappan, Raaji; Frampton, Garrett M.; Xu, Ping; Muffat, Julien; Santagata, Sandro; Powers, Doug; Barrett, C. Brent; Young, Richard A.; Lee, Jeannie T.; Jaenisch, Rudolf; Mitalipova, Maisam (Elsevier B.V., 2010-05)
    The presence of two active X chromosomes (XaXa) is a hallmark of the ground state of pluripotency specific to murine embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Human ESCs (hESCs) invariably exhibit signs of X chromosome inactivation ...
  • Kirkpatrick, Kay; Schlein, Benjamin; Staffilani, Gigliola (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011-02)
    We derive rigorously, for both ${\Bbb R}^2$ and $[{-}L,L]^{\times 2}$, the cubic nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation in a suitable scaling limit from the two-dimensional many-body Bose systems with short-scale repulsive pair ...
  • Rigby, Matthew; Ganesan, Anita Lakshmi; Prinn, Ronald G. (American Geophysical Union, 2011-04)
    A growth-based Bayesian inverse method is presented for deriving emissions of atmospheric trace species from temporally sparse measurements of their mole fractions. This work is motivated by many recent studies that have ...
  • Shi, Jiancheng; Chen, K. S.; Tsang, L.; Jackson, Thomas J.; Njoku, Eni G.; Van Zyl, J.; O'Neill, Peggy E.; Entekhabi, Dara; Johnson, J.; Moghaddam, Mahta (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-12)
    In this study, we develop a combined active/passive technique to estimate surface soil moisture with the focus on the short vegetated surfaces. We first simulated a database for both active and passive signals under SMAP's ...
  • Frebel, Anna L.; Casey, Andrew R.; Jacobson, Heather; Yu, Qinsi (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2013-05)
    It is well established that stellar effective temperatures determined from photometry and spectroscopy yield systematically different results. We describe a new, simple method to correct spectroscopically derived temperatures ...
  • Lopez-Serra, Paula; Marcilla, Miguel; Villanueva, Alberto; Ramos-Fernandez, Antonio; Palau, Anna; Wahi, Jessica E.; Setien-Baranda, Fernando; Szczesna, Karolina; Moutinho, Catia; Martinez-Cardus, Anna; Heyn, Holger; Sandoval, Juan; Puertas, Sara; Vidal, August; Sanjuan, Xavier; Martinez-Balibrea, Eva; Viñals, Francesc; Perales, Jose C.; Bramsem, Jesper B.; Andersen, Claus L.; Tabernero, Josep; McDermott, Ultan; Boxer, Matthew B.; Albar, Juan Pablo; Esteller, Manel; Vander Heiden, Matthew G.; Leal, Lucia; Orntoft, Torben F. (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-04)
    Cancer cells possess aberrant proteomes that can arise by the disruption of genes involved in physiological protein degradation. Here we demonstrate the presence of promoter CpG island hypermethylation-linked inactivation ...
  • Ploegh, Hidde; Kim, Jun; Dougan, Stephanie K.; Hu, Chih-Chi Andrew; Paquet, Marie-Eve; Greenblatt, Matthew B.; Lilley, Brendan N.; Watson, Nicki (American Society for Microbiology, 2011-01)
    Protein quality control is a balance between chaperone-assisted folding and removal of misfolded proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Cell-based assays have been used to identify key players of the dislocation ...
  • Cuthbert, Michael Scott (Music Library Association, 2009-06)
    A new facsimile of a half-millennium-old manuscript needs to know who its audience will be. Reproductions of stunningly beautiful sources, such as the Squarcialupi Codex or the newly available Chansonnier Cordiforme, ...
  • Lee, Jongho; Karnik, Rohit (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2010-08)
    We propose a new approach to desalination of water whereby a pressure difference across a vapor-trapping nanopore induces selective transport of water by isothermal evaporation and condensation across the pore. Transport ...
  • Etingof, Pavel I.; Gelaki, Shlomo (Oxford University Press, 2011-07)
    We develop a theory of descent and forms of tensor categories over arbitrary fields. We describe the general scheme of classification of such forms using algebraic and homotopical language, and give examples of explicit ...
  • Dimitriou, Christopher J.; Ewoldt, Randy H.; McKinley, Gareth H. (Society of Rheology, 2012-10)
    Large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) is used as a tool to probe the nonlinear rheological response of a model elasto-viscoplastic material (a Carbopol microgel). In contrast to most recent studies, these large amplitude ...
  • Chen, Ru; Flierl, Glenn Richard; Wunsch, Carl (American Meteorological Society, 2014-09)
    The assumption that local baroclinic instability dominates eddy–mean flow interactions is tested on a global scale using a dynamically consistent eddy-permitting state estimate. Interactions are divided into local and ...
  • Silbey, Robert (Elsevier, 2011-09)
    Recent experiments on light harvesting complexes have shown clear indication of coherent transport of excitations in these aggregates. We review the theoretical models that have been used to study energy transfer in molecular ...
  • Goosse, H.; Brovkin, V.; Fichefet, T.; Haarsma, R.; Huybrechts, P.; Jongma, J.; Mouchet, A.; Selton, F.; Barriat, P.-Y.; Campin, Jean-Michel; Deleersnijder, E.; Driesschaert, E.; Goelzer, H.; Janssens, I.; Loutre, M.-F.; Morales Maqueda, M. A.; Opsteegh, T.; Mathieu, P.-P.; Munhoven, G.; Pettersson, E. J.; Renssen, H.; Roche, D. M.; Schaeffer, M.; Tartinville, B.; Timmermann, A.; Weber, S. L. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2010-11)
    The main characteristics of the new version 1.2 of the three-dimensional Earth system model of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM are briefly described. LOVECLIM 1.2 includes representations of the atmosphere, the ocean and ...
  • Lobovsky, Maxim B.; Keating, Steven John; Setapen, Adam M.; Gero, Katy I.; Hosoi, Anette E.; Iagnemma, Karl; Cheng, Nadia Gen San (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012-05)
    Hyper-redundant manipulators can be fragile, expensive, and limited in their flexibility due to the distributed and bulky actuators that are typically used to achieve the precision and degrees of freedom (DOFs) required. ...
  • Chen, Hao; Hansen, Malik; Playter, Robert; Cheng, Nadia Gen San; Ishigami, Genya; Hawthorne, Stephan A.; Telleria, Maria J.; Iagnemma, Karl (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-05)
    Soft robotic systems have applications in industrial, medical, and security applications. Many applications require these robots to be small and lightweight. One challenge in developing a soft robotic system is to drive ...
  • McCarthy, Matthew; Peters, Teresa Baker; Allison, Jon; Dominguez Espinosa, Alonso; Jenicek, David P.; Kariya, Harumichi Arthur; Koveal, Catherine; Brisson, John G., II; Lang, Jeffrey H.; Wang, Evelyn N. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-07)
    We report the design and analysis of a high-power air-cooled heat exchanger capable of dissipating over 1000 W with 33 W of input electrical power and an overall thermal resistance of less than 0.05 K/W. The novelty of the ...
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