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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Chakrabarti, Ayan; Zickler, Todd; Freeman, William T. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-08)
    Blur is caused by a pixel receiving light from multiple scene points, and in many cases, such as object motion, the induced blur varies spatially across the image plane. However, the seemingly straight-forward task of ...
  • Custo, Anna; Boas, David A.; Tsuzuki, Daisuke; Dan, Ippeita; Mesquita, Rickson; Fischl, Bruce; Grimson, W. Eric L.; Wells, William M. (Elsevier, 2009-07)
    We describe a neuroimaging protocol that utilizes an anatomical atlas of the human head to guide diffuse optical tomography of human brain activation. The protocol is demonstrated by imaging the hemodynamic response to ...
  • Koldewyn, Kami; Reynolds, Gretchen; Saygin, Zeynep M.; Osher, David E.; Gabrieli, John D. E.; Saxe, Rebecca R. (Nature Publishing Group, 2011-12)
    A fundamental assumption in neuroscience is that brain structure determines function. Accordingly, functionally distinct regions of cortex should be structurally distinct in their connections to other areas. We tested this ...
  • Coleman, Jason E.; Law, Karen; Bear, Mark (Elsevier B.V., 2009-03)
    Ocular dominance (OD) plasticity is a classic paradigm for studying the effect of experience and deprivation on cortical development, and is manifested as shifts in the relative strength of binocular inputs to primary ...
  • Yendiki, Anastasia; Stevens, Allison; Augustinack, Jean; Salat, David; Zollei, Lilla; Fischl, Bruce (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2009-08)
    We investigate the use of anatomical priors in a Bayesian framework for diffusion tractography. We compare priors that utilize different types of information on the white-matter pathways to be reconstructed. This information ...
  • McGee, Sasha; Mardirossian, Vartan; Elackattu, Alphi; Mirkovic, Jelena; Pistey, Robert; Gallagher, George; Kabani, Sadru; Yu, Chung-Chieh; Wang, Zimmern; Badizadegan, Kamran; Grillone, Gregory; Feld, Michael S. (Annals Publishing Company, 2009-11)
    OBJECTIVES: We used reflectance and fluorescence spectroscopy to noninvasively and quantitatively distinguish benign from dysplastic/malignant oral lesions. We designed diagnostic algorithms to account for differences in ...
  • Samson, Leona D.; Begley, Thomas J.; Lahue, Robert S.; Daee, Danielle L.; Fry, Rebecca C.; Erlich, Rachel L. (Public Library of Science, 2008-11)
  • Pickrell, Joseph K.; Patterson, Nick; Loh, Po-Ru; Lipson, Mark; Berger, Bonnie; Stoneking, Mark; Pakendorf, Brigitte; Reich, David (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-02)
    The history of southern Africa involved interactions between indigenous hunter–gatherers and a range of populations that moved into the region. Here we use genome-wide genetic data to show that there are at least two ...
  • Williams, Bret R.; Amon, Angelika B. (American Association for Cancer Research, 2009-07)
    Aneuploidy is a characteristic of cancer, with greater than 90% of all solid tumors in humans carrying an aberrant karyotype. Yet, whether or how this condition contributes to tumorigenesis is not understood. Here we ...
  • Sheltzer, Jason Meyer; Blank, Heidi Marie; Pfau, Sarah Jeanne; Tange, Yoshie; George, Benson M.; Humpton, Timothy J.; Brito, Ilana L.; Hiraoka, Yasushi; Niwa, Osami; Amon, Angelika B. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2011-08)
    Aneuploidy decreases cellular fitness, yet it is also associated with cancer, a disease of enhanced proliferative capacity. To investigate one mechanism by which aneuploidy could contribute to tumorigenesis, we examined ...
  • Thorburn, Rebecca Ruth; Gonzalez, Christian; Brar, Gloria A.; Christen, Stefan; Carlile, Thomas M.; Ingolia, Nicholas T.; Sauer, Uwe; Weissman, Jonathan S.; Amon, Angelika B. (American Society for Cell Biology, 2013-03)
    Aneuploidy, a chromosome content that is not a multiple of the haploid karyotype, is associated with reduced fitness in all organisms analyzed to date. In budding yeast aneuploidy causes cell proliferation defects, with ...
  • Oromendia, Ana Belen; Amon, Angelika B. (Company of Biologists, 2014-01)
    It has long been appreciated that aneuploidy – in which cells possess a karyotype that is not a multiple of the haploid complement – has a substantial impact on human health, but its effects at the subcellular level have ...
  • Ploegh, Hidde; Maehr, Rene; Greer, Paul L.; Hanayama, Rikinari; Bloodgood, Brenda L.; Mardinly, Alan R.; Lipton, David M.; Flavell, Steven W.; Kim, Tae-Kyung; Griffith, Eric C.; Waldon, Zachary; Chowdhury, Shoaib; Worley, Paul F.; Steen, Judith; Greenberg, Michael E. (Elsevier, 2010-03)
    Angelman Syndrome is a debilitating neurological disorder caused by mutation of the E3 ubiquitin ligase Ube3A, a gene whose mutation has also recently been associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The function of ...
  • Chauhan, Vikash P.; Liu, Hao; Lacorre, Delphine A.; Jain, Saloni R.; Kozin, Sergey V.; Stylianopoulos, Triantafyllos; Mousa, Ahmed S.; Han, Xiaoxing; Adstamongkonkul, Pichet; Huang, Peigen; Bawendi, Moungi G.; Boucher, Yves; Jain, Rakesh K.; Martin, John Daniel; Popovic, Zoran (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-10)
    Cancer and stromal cells actively exert physical forces (solid stress) to compress tumour blood vessels, thus reducing vascular perfusion. Tumour interstitial matrix also contributes to solid stress, with hyaluronan ...
  • Chan, M. K.; Li, Y.; Xia, D. D.; Yu, G.; Zhao, X.; Lee, W. S.; Meevasana, W.; Devereaux, T. P.; Greven, M.; Shen, Z.-X.; Vishik, Inna; Barisic, N. (American Physical Society, 2014-05)
    HgBa[subscript 2]CuO[subscript 4+δ]. (Hg1201) has been shown to be a model cuprate for scattering, optical, and transport experiments, but angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) data are still lacking owing to ...
  • Counts, Ian Thomas Hunt; Ilten, Philip James; Williams, Michael (Springer-Verlag, 2014-05)
    The angular distributions of the rare decays B [superscript +] → K [superscript +] μ [superscript +] μ [superscript −] and B[superscript 0] → K[0 over S]μ[superscript +]μ[superscript −] are studied with data corresponding ...
  • Dooley, Katherine L.; Barsotti, Lisa; Adhikari, Rana X.; Fricke, Tobin T.; Frolov, Valera; Kawabe, Keita; Evans, Matthew J.; Fritschel, Peter K.; Smith-Lefebvre, Nicolas (Optical Society of America, 2013-11)
    We describe the angular sensing and control (ASC) of 4 km detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO). Enhanced LIGO, the culmination of the first generation LIGO detectors, operated between ...
  • Simo, I. Ruiz; Albertus, C.; Amaro, J. E.; Barbaro, M. B.; Caballero, J. A.; Donnelly, T. William (American Physical Society, 2014-09)
    The angular distribution of the phase space arising in two-particle emission reactions induced by electrons and neutrinos is computed in the laboratory (Lab) system by boosting the isotropic distribution in the center of ...
  • Zhao, M.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Taylor, Frank E.; Spitznagel, M.; Sciolla, Gabriella; Koeneke, K.; Cowan, Ray Franklin; Dujmic, Denis; Fisher, Peter H. (American Physical Society, 2009-02)
    We use a sample of 384×10[superscript 6] BB[over-bar] events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e+e- collider to study angular distributions in the rare decays B-->K*ℓ+ℓ-, where ℓ+ℓ- is either e+e- or μ+μ-. ...
  • Liu, Hong; Ooguri, Hirosi; Stoica, Bogdan (American Physical Society, 2014-05)
    We generalize our holographic derivation of spontaneous angular momentum generation in 2 + 1 dimensions in several directions. We consider cases when a parity-violating perturbation responsible for the angular momentum ...
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