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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Anderson, Eric T.; Simester, Duncan (American Marketing Association, 2013-08)
    Standard models of competition predict that firms will sell less when competitors target their customers with advertising. This is particularly true in mature markets with many competitors that sell relatively undifferentiated ...
  • Aaronson, Scott; Drucker, Andrew Donald (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2011-06)
    We study the power of classical and quantum algorithms equipped with nonuniform advice, in the form of a coin whose bias encodes useful information. This question takes on particular importance in the quantum case, due to ...
  • Friedel, R.; Whelan, P.; Madden, D.; Morley, S.; Su, Yi-Jiun; O’Brien, T. P.; Huston, S. L.; Johnston, W. R.; Guild, T. B.; Lindstrom, C. D.; Roth, C. J.; Quinn, R. A.; Ginet, Gregory P. (Springer Netherlands, 2013-03)
    The radiation belts and plasma in the Earth’s magnetosphere pose hazards to satellite systems which restrict design and orbit options with a resultant impact on mission performance and cost. For decades the standard space ...
  • Vander Heiden, Matthew G.; Lunt, Sophia Yunkyungkwon (Annual Reviews, 2011-11)
    Warburg's observation that cancer cells exhibit a high rate of glycolysis even in the presence of oxygen (aerobic glycolysis) sparked debate over the role of glycolysis in normal and cancer cells. Although it has been ...
  • Bush, John W. M. (Les Editions de l’Ecole Polytechnique, 2013)
    We consider the aerodynamics of football, specifically, the interaction between a ball in flight and the ambient air. Doing so allows one to account for the characteristic range and trajectories of balls in flight, as well ...
  • Liu, Harris; Kim, Yoojeong; Mello, Kerrianne; Lovaasen, John; Shah, Apoorva; Rice, Norman; Pappas, Daphne; Yim, Jacqueline H.; Klibanov, Alexander M (Springer US, 2013-10)
    The currently used multistep chemical synthesis for making surfaces antimicrobial by attaching to them hydrophobic polycations is replaced herein by an aerosol-assisted plasma deposition procedure. To this end, ...
  • Li, Guohui; Molina, Luisa Tan; Bei, Naifang; Tie, Xuexi (European Geosciences Union, 2011-06)
    In the present study, the impact of aerosols on the photochemistry in Mexico City is evaluated using the WRF-CHEM model for the period from 24 to 29 March during the MCMA-2006/MILAGRO campaign. An aerosol radiative module ...
  • Lacirignola, Joseph J.; Milstein, Adam B.; Aldridge, John; Richardson, Jonathan M. (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-05)
    An essential milestone in the development of lidar for biological aerosol detection is accurate characterization of agent, simulant, and interferent scattering signatures. MIT Lincoln Laboratory has developed the Standoff ...
  • Chattopadhyay, Saptarshi; Hatton, T. Alan; Rutledge, Gregory C. (Springer US, 2015-07)
    Aerosol filtration using electrospun cellulose acetate filters with different mean fiber diameters is reported, and the results are compared with those for two conventional filter media, a glass fiber filter and a cellulose ...
  • Joung, Young soo; Buie, Cullen (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-01)
    Aerosols are investigated because of their significant impact on the environment and human health. To date, windblown dust and sea salt from sea spray through bursting bubbles have been considered the chief mechanisms of ...
  • Ford, B.; Heald, Colette L. (Copernicus GmbH, 2013-09)
    We investigate the seasonality in aerosols over the Southeastern United States using observations from several satellite instruments (MODIS, MISR, CALIOP) and surface network sites (IMPROVE, SEARCH, AERONET). We find that ...
  • Friedman, Beth; Zelenyuk, A.; Beranek, Josef; Kulkarni, Gourihar; Pekour, M.; Gannet Hallar, A.; McCubbin, I. B.; Thornton, J. A.; Cziczo, Daniel James (Copernicus GmbH, 2013-12)
    Measurements of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentrations, single particle composition and size distributions at a high-elevation research site from March 2011 are presented. The temporal evolution of detailed single ...
  • Atkinson, D. B.; Radney, J. G.; Lum, J.; Kolesar, K. R.; Pekour, M. S.; Zhang, Q.; Setyan, A.; Zelenyuk, A.; Cappa, C. D.; Cziczo, Daniel James (Copernicus GmbH, 2015-04)
    Measurements of the effect of water uptake on particulate light extinction or scattering made at two locations during the 2010 Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES) study around Sacramento, CA are ...
  • de Foy, B.; Burton, S. P.; Ferrare, R. A.; Hostetler, C. A.; Hair, J. W.; Wiedinmyer, C.; Molina, Luisa Tan (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geophysical Society, 2011-04)
    The Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) experiences high loadings of atmospheric aerosols from anthropogenic sources, biomass burning and wind-blown dust. This paper uses a combination of measurements and numerical ...
  • Kodros, John K.; Cucinotta, Rachel; Wiedinmyer, Christine; Pierce, Jeffrey R.; Ridley, David Andrew (Copernicus GmbH, 2016-06)
    Open, uncontrolled combustion of domestic waste is a potentially significant source of aerosol; however, this aerosol source is not generally included in many global emissions inventories. To provide a first estimate of ...
  • Wattanawaraporn, Roongtiwa; Kim, Min Young; Adams, Jillian; Trudel, Laura J.; Woo, Leslie; Croy, Robert G.; Essigmann, John M.; Wogan, Gerald N. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012-08)
    Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a potent mutagen and an important risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in humans. Transgenic mouse strains and cells in culture have been used to detect different types of mutations caused ...
  • Spaulding, Samuel Lee; Breazeal, Cynthia L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015-03)
    In this paper, we present work to construct a robotic tutoring system that can assess student knowledge in real time during an educational interaction. Like a good human teacher, the robot draws on multimodal data sources ...
  • McDuff, Daniel Jonathan; el Kaliouby, Rana; Senechal, Thibaud; Amr, May; Cohn, Jeffrey F.; Picard, Rosalind W. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-06)
    Computer classification of facial expressions requires large amounts of data and this data needs to reflect the diversity of conditions seen in real applications. Public datasets help accelerate the progress of research ...
  • Ratti, Carlo; Di Lorenzo, Giusy; Pereira, Francisco; Biderman, Assaf; Pinelli, Fabio; Lee, Charles; Lee, Chuhee (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-01)
    The traditional relationship between the car, driver, and city can be described as waypoint navigation with additional traffic and maintenance information. The car can receive and store waypoint information, find the ...
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