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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Fox, James G. (Springer Science+Business Media/Humana Press, 2012)
    Animal models of microbial diseases in humans are an essential component for determining fulfillment of Koch’s postulates and determining how the organism causes disease, host response(s), disease prevention, and treatment. ...
  • Condry, Ian (Sage Publications, 2009-03)
    This article examines ethnographically the production of anime (Japanese animated films and TV shows) by focusing on how professional animators use characters and dramatic premises to organize their collaborative creativity. ...
  • Shen, Chen; Xu, Jun; Jing, Yun; Fang, Nicholas Xuanlai (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    In this paper, we investigate a type of anisotropic, acoustic complementary metamaterial (CMM) and its application in restoring acoustic fields distorted by aberrating layers. The proposed quasi two-dimensional (2D), ...
  • Wang, Lifeng; Song, Juha; Ortiz, Christine; Boyce, Mary Cunningham (Cambridge University Press/Materials Research Society, 2009-12)
    Biological materials have developed hierarchical and heterogeneous material microstructures and nanostructures to provide protection against environmental threats that, in turn, provide bioinspired clues to improve human ...
  • Bazant, Martin Z.; Bahga, Supreet S.; Vinogradova, Olga I. (Cambridge University Press, 2010-02)
    Patterned surfaces with large effective slip lengths, such as super-hydrophobic surfaces containing trapped gas bubbles, have the potential to greatly enhance electrokinetic phenomena. Existing theories assume either ...
  • Campos, Leonardo; Manfrinato, Vitor Riseti; Sanchez-Yamagishi, Javier D.; Kong, Jing; Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo (American Chemical Society, 2009-07)
    We demonstrate anisotropic etching of single-layer graphene by thermally activated nickel nanoparticles. Using this technique, we obtain sub-10-nm nanoribbons and other graphene nanostructures with edges aligned along a ...
  • Kim, Youngchan; Higgins, John M.; Dasari, Ramachandra Rao; Suresh, Subra; Park, YongKeun (SPIE, 2012-04)
    We present the anisotropic light scattering of individual red blood cells (RBCs) from a patient with sickle cell disease (SCD). To measure light scattering spectra along two independent axes of elongated-shaped sickle RBCs ...
  • Leussis, Melanie P; Madison, Jon M; Petryshen, Tracey (BioMed Central Ltd, 2012-10)
    Bipolar disorder (BD) is a multi-factorial disorder caused by genetic and environmental influences. It has a large genetic component, with heritability estimated between 59-93%. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) ...
  • Boos, William R.; Emanuel, Kerry Andrew (Royal Meteorological Society, 2009-02)
    The annual intensification of the Somali jet, which accompanies the onset of the Indian summer monsoon, is rapid compared to the evolution of the seasonal insolation forcing. Using observationally-based data sets, the ...
  • Safdi, Benjamin R.; Lisanti, Mariangela; Formaggio, Joseph A.; Spitz, Joshua B. (American Physical Society, 2014-08)
    The cosmic neutrino background (CνB), produced about one second after the big bang, permeates the Universe today. New technological advancements make neutrino capture on beta-decaying nuclei (NCB) a clear path forward ...
  • Balewski, Jan T.; Betancourt, Michael Joseph; Corliss, Ross; Leight, William Axel; Milner, Richard G.; Redwine, Robert P.; Seele, Joseph Patrick; Steadman, Stephen G.; Surrow, Bernd; Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit van; Walker, M. (American Physical Society, 2012-12)
    We present two-dimensional (2D) two-particle angular correlations measured with the STAR detector on relative pseudorapidity η and azimuth ϕ for charged particles from Au-Au collisions at [√ over s[subscript NN]]=62 and ...
  • Kuru, Y.; Chen, D.; Marrocchelli, Dario; Bishop, Sean; Yildiz, Bilge; Tuller, Harry L. (The Electrochemical Society, 2012-09)
    The chemomechanical and electrical properties of (Pr,Ce)O[subscript 2-δ] thin films were studied between 30 and 875°C in air by in situ X-ray diffraction and complex impedance spectroscopy measurements. Reduction/oxidation ...
  • Pufu, Silviu S. (American Physical Society, 2014-03)
    The space of local operators in three-dimensional quantum electrodynamics contains monopole operators that create n units of gauge flux emanating from the insertion point. This paper uses the state-operator correspondence ...
  • Henry, Asegun; Chen, Gang (American Physical Society, 2009-04)
    In 1955 Fermi, Pasta, and Ulam showed that a simple model for a nonlinear one-dimensional chain of particles can be nonergodic, which implied infinite thermal conductivity. A more recent investigation of a realistic model ...
  • Rodriguez-Wong, Alejandro; Reid, M. T. Homer; Varela, Jaime; Joannopoulos, John D.; Capasso, Federico; Johnson, Steven G. (American Physical Society, 2013-01)
    We predict that the near-field radiative heat-transfer rate between a cylinder and a perforated surface depends nonmonotonically on their separation. This anomalous behavior, which arises due to evanescent-wave effects, ...
  • Nicolaides, Christos; Cueto-Felgueroso, Luis; Juanes, Ruben (American Physical Society, 2010-11)
    The emergence of scaling in transport through interconnected systems is a consequence of the topological structure of the network and the physical mechanisms underlying the transport dynamics. We study transport by advection ...
  • Dial, Oliver E.; Ashoori, Raymond; Pfeiffer, L. N.; West, K. W. (Nature Publishing Group, 2010-03)
    The two-dimensional electron system is a powerful laboratory for investigating the physics of interacting particles. Application of a large magnetic field produces massively degenerate quantum levels known as Landau levels; ...
  • Potter, Andrew C.; Fu, Liang (American Physical Society, 2013-09)
    We propose a Josephson junction setup based on a topological insulator (TI) thin film to detect Majorana states that exploits the unique helical and extended nature of the TI surface state. When the magnetic flux through ...
  • Blackwell, William J.; Aumann, Hartmut H.; Manning, Evan; Barnet, Chris; Maddy, Eric (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-08)
    With the availability of very accurate six hour forecasts, the metric of accuracy alone for the evaluation of the performance of a retrieval system can produce misleading results: the retrievals may be statistically accurate, ...
  • Bear, James E.; Svitkina, Tatyana M.; Krause, Matthias; Schafer, Dorothy A.; Loureiro, Joseph J.; Strasser, Geraldine A.; Maly, Ivan V.; Chaga, Oleg Y.; Cooper, John A.; Borisy, Gary G.; Gertler, Frank (Elsevier, 2002-05)
    Cell motility requires lamellipodial protrusion, a process driven by actin polymerization. Ena/VASP proteins accumulate in protruding lamellipodia and promote the rapid actin-driven motility of the pathogen Listeria. In ...
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