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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Bertozzi, William; Chai, Z.; Gao, J.; Gilad, Shalev; Higinbotham, D.; Rvachev, M.; Zheng, Xin; Zhu, L. (American Physical Society, 2012-04)
    Precise measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio R=μ[subscript p]G[subscript E][superscript p]/G[subscript M][superscript p] using the polarization transfer method at Jefferson Lab have revolutionized ...
  • Simsek, Alp (American Economic Association, 2013-05)
    I illustrate the effect of financial innovation on portfolio risks by using an example with risk-sharing needs and belief disagreements. I consider two types of innovation: product innovation, formalized as an expansion ...
  • Weber, Joseph P.; Beatty, Anne; Liao, Scott (American Accounting Association, 2010-06)
    A flourishing stream of research suggests that liquidity-constrained firms with low accounting quality have limited access to capital for investments. We extend this research by investigating whether these firms are more ...
  • Townsend, Robert (Annual Reviews, 2010-06)
    This review provides a common framework for researchers thinking about the next generation of micro-founded macro models of growth, inequality, and financial deepening, as well as direction for policy makers targeting ...
  • Fagnan, David Erik; Gromatzky, Austin A.; Stein, Roger Mark; Fernandez, Jose-Maria; Lo, Andrew W. (Elsevier B.V., 2014-05)
    Recently proposed ‘megafund’ financing methods for funding translational medicine and drug development require billions of dollars in capital per megafund to de-risk the drug discovery process enough to issue long-term ...
  • Van Kleek, Max G.; Styke, Wolfe B.; Karger, David R.; schraefel, mc (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-05)
    Mainstream PIM tools capture only a portion of the information that people need to manage. Many information scraps seem to exist that don't make their way into these tools, instead being relegated to sticky notes, text ...
  • Li, Ju; Lenosky, Thomas J.; Sarkar, Sanket; Cox, William T.; Bitzek, Erik; Wang, Yunzhi (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    The majority of solid-state deformation and transformation processes involve coupled displacive-diffusional mechanisms, of which a detailed atomic picture does not exist. We present here a complete atomistic description ...
  • Abel, Zachary Ryan; Demaine, Erik D.; Demaine, Martin L.; Eisenstat, Sarah Charmian; Lynch, Jayson R.; Schardl, Tao Benjamin (Information Processing Society of Japan, 2013-07)
    We prove the NP-completeness of finding a Hamiltonian path in an N × N × N cube graph with turns exactly at specified lengths along the path. This result establishes NP-completeness of Snake Cube puzzles: folding a chain ...
  • Huang, Albert S.; Moore, David; Antone, Matthew; Olson, Edwin B.; Teller, Seth (Springer Netherlands, 2009-03)
    This paper describes a system for detecting and estimating the properties of multiple travel lanes in an urban road network from calibrated video imagery and laser range data acquired by a moving vehicle. The system operates ...
  • Shah, Devavrat; Zaman, Tauhid (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012-06)
    We consider the problem of detecting the source of a rumor (information diffusion) in a network based on observations about which set of nodes possess the rumor. In a recent work [10], this question was introduced and ...
  • Schwartz, Thomas (eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd., 2014-05)
    The discovery of an ancient protein complex reveals the evolutionary relationships between the proteins that help to form vesicles.
  • Patsopoulos, Nikolaos A.; Barcellos, Lisa F.; Hintzen, Rogier Q.; Schaefer, Catherine; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Noble, Janelle A.; Raj, Towfique; Gourraud, Pierre-Antoine; Stranger, Barbara E.; Oksenberg, Jorge; Olsson, Tomas; Taylor, Bruce V.; Sawcer, Stephen; Hafler, David A.; Carrington, Mary; De Jager, Philip L.; de Bakker, Paul I. W. (Public Library of Science, 2013-11)
    The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region is strongly associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility. HLA-DRB1*15:01 has the strongest effect, and several other alleles have been reported at different levels ...
  • Hettiarachchi, Anuruddha; Nanayakkara, Suranga; Yeo, Kian Peen; Shilkrot, Roy; Maes, Patricia (Association for Computing Machinery, 2013-03)
    Research in cognitive science shows that engaging in visual arts has great benefits for children particularly when it allows them to bond with nature [7]. In this paper, we introduce FingerDraw, a novel drawing interface ...
  • Motz, Jason T.; Gardecki, Joseph A.; Bouma, Brett E.; Tearney, Guillermo J.; Chau, Alexandra H.; Waxman, Sergio (SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2008-01)
    Intracoronary Raman spectroscopy could open new avenues for the study and management of coronary artery disease due to its potential to measure the chemical and molecular composition of coronary atherosclerotic lesions. ...
  • Bertsimas, Dimitris J.; Caramanis, Constantine (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers / IEEE Control Systems Society, 2010-05)
    In multistage problems, decisions are implemented sequentially, and thus may depend on past realizations of the uncertainty. Examples of such problems abound in applications of stochastic control and operations research; ...
  • Sam, Steven V.; Woods, Kevin M. (Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 2010-04)
    A rational polytope is the convex hull of a finite set of points in R[superscript d] with rational coordinates. Given a rational polytope P⊆R[superscript d], Ehrhart proved that, for t∈Z≥[subscript 0[, the function ...
  • Kim, Do-Nyun; Sharifi Sedeh, Reza; Nguyen, Cong Tri; Bathe, Mark (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2010-02)
    Introducation: The conformational dynamics and mechanical properties of supramolecular protein assemblies play a central role in a broad array of cellular functions ranging from migration and division to transcription ...
  • Low, Guang Hao; Herskind, Peter F.; Chuang, Isaac L. (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-11)
    We model electric field noise from fluctuating patch potentials on conducting surfaces by taking into account the finite geometry of the ion trap electrodes to gain insight into the origin of anomalous heating in ion traps. ...
  • Kochman, Yuval; Wornell, Gregory W. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-04)
    Signals with sparse but otherwise unknown frequency content are well-represented by multi-coset samples, and efficient algorithms can be used to recover the underlying sparsity structure. While such sampling is usually ...
  • Lin, Meifeng; Vranas, Pavlos; Karsch, Frithjof; Hegde, Prasad; Renfrew, Dwight; Mawhinney, Robert D.; Li, Min; Christ, Norman H.; Cheng, Michael (American Physical Society, 2010-03)
    We study the region of the QCD phase transition using 2+1 flavors of domain wall fermions and a 16[superscript 3]×8 lattice volume with a fifth dimension of L[subscript s]=32. The disconnected light quark chiral susceptibility, ...
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