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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Day, Mitchell L.; Delgutte, Bertrand (Society for Neuroscience, 2013-10)
    The strategies by which the central nervous system decodes the properties of sensory stimuli, such as sound source location, from the responses of a population of neurons are a matter of debate. We show, using the average ...
  • Jayaraman, Akila; Chandrasekaran, Aarthi; Viswanathan, Karthik; Raman, Rahul; Fox, James G.; Sasisekharan, Ram (Public Library of Science, 2012-02)
    Ferrets are widely used as animal models for studying influenza A viral pathogenesis and transmissibility. Human-adapted influenza A viruses primarily target the upper respiratory tract in humans (infection of the lower ...
  • Kwee, Patrick; Miller, John; Isogai, Tomoki; Barsotti, Lisa; Evans, Matthew J. (American Physical Society, 2014-09)
    Squeezed states of light have been successfully employed in interferometric gravitational-wave detectors to reduce quantum noise, thus becoming one of the most promising options for extending the astrophysical reach of the ...
  • Pushin, Dmitry; Arif, M.; Cory, David G. (American Physical Society, 2009-05)
    Perfect single-crystal neutron interferometers are adversely sensitive to environmental disturbances, particularly mechanical vibrations. The sensitivity to vibrations results from the slow velocity of thermal neutrons and ...
  • Prokopec, Tomislav; Schmidt, Michael G.; Koksma, Jurjen Ferdinand (American Physical Society, 2011-04)
    We study the decoherence of a renormalized quantum field theoretical system. We consider our novel correlator approach to decoherence where entropy is generated by neglecting observationally inaccessible correlators. Using ...
  • Todadri, Senthil; Mross, David Fabian (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-10)
    We present a theoretical approach to describing the Mott transition of electrons on a two-dimensional lattice that begins with the low-energy effective theory of the Fermi liquid. The approach to the Mott transition must ...
  • Khabbazian, Majid; Kowalski, Dariusz R.; Kuhn, Fabian; Lynch, Nancy Ann (Association for Computing Machinery, 2010-09)
    In much of the theoretical literature on wireless algorithms, issues of message dissemination are considered together with issues of contention management. This combination leads to complicated algorithms and analysis, ...
  • Wu, Di; O'Toole, Matthew; Velten, Andreas; Agrawal, Amit; Raskar, Ramesh (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012-06)
    Global light transport is composed of direct and indirect components. In this paper, we take the first steps toward analyzing light transport using high temporal resolution information via time of flight (ToF) images. The ...
  • Maculan, Nelson; Vidal, Thibaut Victor Gaston; Jaillet, Patrick (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2016-06)
    We propose an exact polynomial algorithm for a resource allocation problem with convex costs and constraints on partial sums of resource consumptions, in the presence of either continuous or integer variables. No assumption ...
  • Marla, Lavanya; Barnhart, Cynthia; Biyani, Varun (Springer-Verlag, 2013-02)
    We consider a special class of large-scale, network-based, resource allocation problems under uncertainty, namely that of multi-commodity flows with time-windows under uncertainty. In this class, we focus on problems ...
  • Demaine, Erik D.; Hajiaghayi, Mohammad Taghi; Kawarabayashi, Ken-ichi (Association for Computing Machinery / Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2010-01)
    We prove two structural decomposition theorems about graphs excluding a fixed odd minor H, and show how these theorems can be used to obtain approximation algorithms for several algorithmic problems in such graphs. Our ...
  • Amaral, Sergio M.; Allaire, Douglas L.; Willcox, Karen E. (Wiley Blackwell, 2014-10)
    To support effective decision making, engineers should comprehend and manage various uncertainties throughout the design process. Unfortunately, in today's modern systems, uncertainty analysis can become cumbersome and ...
  • Vitale, Steven A.; Hadidi, Kamal; Cohn, Daniel R; Bromberg, Leslie (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 1998-08)
    An electron beam generated plasma reactor is used to decompose low concentrations (100–3000 ppm) of 1,1-dichloroethane and 1,1-dichloroethene in atmospheric pressure air streams. The energy requirements for 90% and 99% ...
  • Nahum, Adam; Chalker, J. T.; Serna, P.; Somoza, A. M.; Ortuno, M. (American Physical Society, 2015-12)
    Numerical studies of the transition between Néel and valence bond solid phases in two-dimensional quantum antiferromagnets give strong evidence for the remarkable scenario of deconfined criticality, but display strong ...
  • Kumar, Roshan M.; Cahan, Patrick; Shalek, Alex K.; Satija, Rahul; DaleyKeyser, AJay; Li, Hu; Zhang, Jin; Pardee, Keith; Gennert, David; Trombetta, John J.; Ferrante, Thomas C.; Regev, Aviv; Daley, George Q.; Collins, James J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-12)
    Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are capable of dynamic interconversion between distinct substates; however, the regulatory circuits specifying these states and enabling transitions between them are not well understood. Here ...
  • Dahleh, Munther A.; Adler, Gail K.; Klerman, Elizabeth B.; Brown, Emery N.; Faghih, Rose Taj (Public Library of Science, 2014-01)
    The pulsatile release of cortisol from the adrenal glands is controlled by a hierarchical system that involves corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) from the hypothalamus, adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) from the ...
  • Bittinger, Kyle Lee; Field, Robert W. (American Institute of Physics, 2010-04)
    The doorway-mediated mechanism for dynamical processes represents the first step beyond statistical dynamics toward an explicit mechanism. A bright state→doorway state→dark bath doorway-coupling model Hamiltonian characterizes ...
  • Tan, Rui Zhen; Ji, Ni; Mentink, Remco A.; Korswagen, Hendrik C.; van Oudenaarden, Alexander (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-01)
    Establishment of cell polarity is crucial for many biological processes including cell migration and asymmetric cell division. The establishment of cell polarity consists of two sequential processes: an external gradient ...
  • Burg, Brian R.; Tong, Jonathan K.; Hsu, Wei-Chun; Chen, Gang (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2012-10)
    Microfabricated cantilever beams have been used in microelectromechanical systems for a variety of sensor and actuator applications. Bimorph cantilevers accurately measure temperature change and heat flux with resolutions ...
  • Chen, Yu Fan; Cutler, Mark Johnson; How, Jonathan P (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015-05)
    This paper presents a multiagent path planning algorithm based on sequential convex programming (SCP) that finds locally optimal trajectories. Previous work using SCP efficiently computes motion plans in convex spaces with ...
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