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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Love, J. Christopher; Gierahn, Todd Michael; Loginov, Denis; Love, J. Christopher (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-02)
    Biological assays formatted as microarrays have become a critical tool for the generation of the comprehensive data sets required for systems-level understanding of biological processes. Manual annotation of data extracted ...
  • Arpa, Aydin; Ballan, Luca; Sukthankar, Rahul; Taubin, Gabriel; Pollefeys, Marc; Raskar, Ramesh (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-06)
    We present a near real-time algorithm for interactively exploring a collectively captured moment without explicit 3D reconstruction. Our system favors immediacy and local coherency to global consistency. It is common to ...
  • Feng, Amber; Franklin, Michael J.; Kossmann, Donald; Kraska, Tim; Madden, Samuel R.; Ramesh, Sukriti; Wang, Andrew; Xin, Reynold (VLDB Endowment, 2011-08)
    Databases often give incorrect answers when data are missing or semantic understanding of the data is required. Processing such queries requires human input for providing the missing information, for performing computationally ...
  • Agrawal, Ajay; Catalini, Christian; Goldfarb, Avi (Wiley Blackwell, 2015-06)
    We examine a crowdfunding platform that connects artists with funders. Although the Internet reduces many distance-related frictions, local and distant funders exhibit different funding patterns. Local funders appear less ...
  • Morris, Robert Randall; Picard, Rosalind W. (Taylor & Francis, 2014-05)
    Recent advances in crowdsourcing have led to new forms of assistive technologies, commonly referred to as crowd-powered devices. To best serve the user, these technologies crowdsource human intelligence as needed, when ...
  • Bernstein, Michael S.; Brandt, Joel; Miller, Robert C.; Karger, David R. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-10)
    Interactive systems must respond to user input within seconds. Therefore, to create realtime crowd-powered interfaces, we need to dramatically lower crowd latency. In this paper, we introduce the use of synchronous crowds ...
  • Azar, Pablo Daniel; Chen, Jing; Micali, Silvio (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012)
    We investigate the problem of optimal mechanism design, where an auctioneer wants to sell a set of goods to buyers, in order to maximize revenue. In a Bayesian setting the buyers' valuations for the goods are drawn from a ...
  • Marcus, Adam; Wu, Eugene; Karger, David R.; Madden, Samuel R.; Miller, Robert C. (CIDR, 2011-01)
    Amazon's Mechanical Turk (\MTurk") service allows users to post short tasks (\HITs") that other users can receive a small amount of money for completing. Common tasks on the system include labelling a collection of ...
  • el Kaliouby, Rana; McDuff, Daniel Jonathan; Picard, Rosalind W. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-11)
    In the past, collecting data to train facial expression and affect recognition systems has been time consuming and often led to data that do not include spontaneous expressions. We present the first crowdsourced data ...
  • Bernstein, Michael S.; Hartmann, Bjorn; Chi, Ed H.; Kittur, Aniket; Chilton, Lydia B.; Miller, Robert C. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011)
    Crowdsourcing and human computation are transforming human-computer interaction, and CHI has led the way. The seminal publication in human computation was initially published in CHI in 2004 [1], and the first paper ...
  • Kamel Boulos, Maged N.; Resch, Bernd; Crowley, David N.; Breslin, John G.; Sohn, Gunho; Burtner, Russ; Pike, William A.; Jezierski, Eduardo; Chuang, Kuo-Yu S. (BioMed Central Ltd, 2011-12)
    'Wikification of GIS by the masses' is a phrase-term first coined by Kamel Boulos in 2005, two years earlier than Goodchild's term 'Volunteered Geographic Information'. Six years later (2005-2011), OpenStreetMap and Google ...
  • el Kaliouby, Rana; McDuff, Daniel; Picard, Rosalind W. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015-12)
    Traditional observational research methods required an experimenter's presence in order to record videos of participants, and limited the scalability of data collection to typically less than a few hundred people in a ...
  • Chernova, Sonia; DePalma, Nicholas Brian; Breazeal, Cynthia L. (Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, 2011)
    We present an innovative approach for large-scale data collection in human-robot interaction research through the use of online multi-player games. By casting a robotic task as a collaborative game, we gather thousands of ...
  • Nguyen, Phu Tran; Weir, Sarah; Guo, Philip J.; Miller, Robert C.; Gajos, Krzysztof Z.; Kim, Ju Ho (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2014-04)
    Millions of learners today use how-to videos to master new skills in a variety of domains. But browsing such videos is often tedious and inefficient because video player interfaces are not optimized for the unique step-by-step ...
  • Overeem, A.; Leijnse, H.; Steeneveld, G. J.; Uijlenhoet, R.; Horn, Berthold Klaus Paul; Robinson, J. C. R. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2013-08)
    Accurate air temperature observations in urban areas are important for meteorology and energy demand planning. They are indispensable to study the urban heat island effect and the adverse effects of high temperatures on ...
  • Kanduč, Matej; Li, Lunna; Frenkel, Daan; Dobnikar, Jure; Del Gado, Emanuela; Ioannidou, Aikaterini (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-07)
    Gelation and densification of calcium–silicate–hydrate take place during cement hydration. Both processes are crucial for the development of cement strength, and for the long-term evolution of concrete structures. However, ...
  • Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua; Priebe, Miranda L. (MIT Press, 2011-07)
    The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...
  • Mason, Frank M.; Martin, Adam C.; Mason, Frank M; Martin, Adam C (Elsevier, 2015-04)
    In order for an organism to maintain its form, it must be able to withstand physical perturbation, including the pull of gravity. A recent study in Nature from Porazinski and colleagues (2015) suggests that mechanisms ...
  • Krasovec, Mary; Martin, Randolph J.; Sun, Youshun; Toksoz, M. Nafi; Yu, Diming; Liu, Qingyun; Liu, Jun (Seismological Society of China, 2012-12)
    A 3-D P-wave velocity model is developed for the crust and uppermost mantle of Caucasus and the surrounding area by applying the tomographic method of Zhao et al. using 300 000 high-quality P-wave first arrivals from 43 ...
  • Zheng, Yong; Xiong, Xiong; Sun, Youshun; Ge, Can; Toksoz, M. Nafi; Zheng, Yingcai; Yu, Diming (Seismological Society of China, 2012-12)
    Based on teleseismic data obtained from 225 stations from two networks in the central Tibetan plateau, we have generated detailed crustal structure images using P-wave receiver function techniques with more accurate ...
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