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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Levitov, Leonid; Abanin, Dmitry A.; Skachko, I.; Du, X.; Andrei, E. Y. (American Physical Society, 2010-03)
    Recently, fractional-quantized Hall effect was observed in suspended graphene (SG), a free-standing monolayer of carbon, where it was found to persist up to T=10 K. The best results in those experiments were obtained on ...
  • Sim, Min Sub; Wang, David T.; Zane, Grant M.; Wall, Judy D.; Bosak, Tanja; Ono, Shuhei (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013-06)
    The sulfur isotope effect produced by sulfate reducing microbes is commonly used to trace biogeochemical cycles of sulfur and carbon in aquatic and sedimentary environments. To test the contribution of intracellular coupling ...
  • Bakku, Sudhish Kumar; Fehler, Michael; Burns, Daniel R. (Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 2013-06)
    We tested two models, one for tube-wave generation and the other for tube-wave attenuation at a fracture intersecting a borehole that can be used to estimate fracture compliance, fracture aperture, and lateral extent. In ...
  • Sidorov, Michael Samuel; Auerbach, Benjamin David; Bear, Mark (BioMed Central Ltd, 2013-04)
    Loss of the translational repressor FMRP causes Fragile X syndrome. In healthy neurons, FMRP modulates the local translation of numerous synaptic proteins. Synthesis of these proteins is required for the maintenance and ...
  • Procura, Massimiliano; Stewart, Iain (American Institute of Physics, 2010-08)
    Using Soft‐Collinear Effective Theory (SCET) we derive factorization formulae for semi‐inclusive processes where a light hadron h fragments from a jet whose invariant mass is measured. Our analysis yields a novel “fragmenting ...
  • Ho, Stephen S.; Sarma, Sanjay Emani (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-09)
    Warehouse operations typically aggregate identical stock keeping units (SKU) into the same storage bin for easier bookkeeping and organizing of goods. With the emergence of automatic identification and tracking technologies ...
  • Nguyen, Ha Q.; Goyal, Vivek K.; Varshney, Lav Raj (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-03)
    Frame permutation quantization (FPQ) is a new vector quantization technique using finite frames. In FPQ, a vector is encoded using a permutation source code to quantize its frame expansion. This means that the encoding is ...
  • Das, Dipanjan; Chen, Desai; Martins, André F. T.; Schneider, Nathan; Smith, Noah A. (MIT Press, 2014-03)
    Frame semantics is a linguistic theory that has been instantiated for English in the FrameNet lexicon. We solve the problem of frame-semantic parsing using a two-stage statistical model that takes lexical targets (i.e., ...
  • Yoshida, Beni; Chuang, Isaac L. (American Physical Society, 2010-05)
    Entanglement, as studied in quantum information science, and nonlocal quantum correlations, as studied in condensed matter physics, are fundamentally akin to each other. However, their relationship is often hard to quantify ...
  • Friedman, Jonathan; Smillie, Chris Scott; Alm, Eric J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2012-06)
    A variety of microbial communities and their genes (the microbiome) exist throughout the human body, with fundamental roles in human health and disease. The National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Human Microbiome Project ...
  • Rogers, Leslie Anne; Seager, Sara (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2010-04)
    Several transiting super-Earths are expected to be discovered in the coming few years. While tools to model the interior structure of transiting planets exist, inferences about the composition are fraught with ambiguities. ...
  • Woon, Wei Lee; Henschel, Andreas; Madnick, Stuart E. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-04)
    This paper presents a novel framework for supporting the development of well-informed research policies and plans. The proposed methodology is based on the use of bibliometrics; i.e., analysis is conducted using information ...
  • Madnick, Stuart E.; Moulton, Allen; Siegel, Michael D.; Sabbouh, Marwan; Zhu, Hongwei; Gannon, Thomas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-01)
    Technological advances such as Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) have increased the feasibility and importance of effectively integrating information from an ever widening number of systems within and across enterprises. ...
  • Albin, Pierre; Melrose, Richard B. (Clay Mathematics Institute, 2010-01)
    We consider two calculi of pseudodifferential operators on manifolds with fibered boundary: Mazzeo’s edge calculus, which has as local model the operators associated to products of closed manifolds with asymptotically ...
  • Paradiso, Joseph; Zoran, Amit Shlomo; Paradiso, Joseph A. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012-10)
    We present an approach to combine digital fabrication and craft that is focused on a new fabrication experience. The FreeD is a hand-held, digitally controlled, milling device. It is guided and monitored by a computer while ...
  • Kumar, Vijay; Taylor, Washington (IOP Publishing, 2009-05)
    We consider ``magnetized brane'' compactifications of the type I/heterotic string on K3 with U(1) background fluxes. The gauge group and matter content of the resulting six-dimensional vacua are parameterized by a matrix ...
  • Chan, Michael; Song, Yong-Ak; Celio, Chris; Tannenbaum, Steven Robert; Wishnok, John S.; Han, Jongyoon (American Chemical Society, 2010-02)
    In this paper, we are evaluating the strategy of sorting peptides/proteins based on the charge to mass without resorting to ampholytes and/or isoelectric focusing, using a single- and two-step free-flow zone electrophoresis. ...
  • Irvine, Darrell J.; Cohen, Robert E.; Rubner, Michael F.; Gilbert, Jonathan Brian; Swiston, Albert J., Jr. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010-06)
    Cellular “backpacks” are a new type of anisotropic, nanoscale thickness microparticle that may be attached to the surface of living cells creating a “bio-hybrid” material. Previous work has shown that these backpacks do ...
  • Sun, Xiaoli; Skillman, David R.; Hoffman, Evan D.; Mao, Dandan; McGarry, Jan F.; McIntire, Leva; Zellar, Ronald S.; Davidson, Frederic M.; Fong, Wai H.; Krainak, Michael A.; Neumann, Gregory A.; Zuber, Maria; Smith, David Edmund (2013-01)
    Laser communication and ranging experiments were successfully conducted from the satellite laser ranging (SLR) station at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) to the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) in lunar orbit. ...
  • Crucioli, David A.; Wilcox, William E., Jr.; Volpicelli, Alicia M.; Walther, Frederick G.; Murphy, Robert J.; Williams, Timothy H. (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-08)
    This paper describes a lasercom terminal using spatial diversity to mitigate fading caused by atmospheric scintillation. Multiple receive apertures are separated sufficiently to capture statistically independent samples ...
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