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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Pindyck, Robert S.; Wang, Neng (American Economic Association, 2013-11)
    How likely is a catastrophic event that would substantially reduce the capital stock, GDP, and wealth? How much should society be willing to pay to reduce the probability or impact of a catastrophe? We answer these questions ...
  • Joskow, Paul L.; Parsons, John E. (American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2009-09)
    In the last several years we have seen what appears to be revived global interest in continuing operation of existing nuclear power plants and constructing a new generation of plants.1 A recent International Atomic Energy ...
  • Deschenes, Oliver; Greenstone, Michael (American Economic Association, 2012-12)
    Fisher et al. (2012) (hearafter, FHRS) have uncovered coding and data errors in our paper, Deschênes and Greenstone (2007), henceforth, DG. We acknowledge and are embarrassed by these mistakes. We are grateful to FHRS for ...
  • Mistry, Karan Hemant; Lienhard, John H. (MDPI AG, 2013-07)
    Second Law efficiency is a useful parameter for characterizing the energy requirements of a system in relation to the limits of performance prescribed by the Laws of Thermodynamics. However, since energy costs typically ...
  • Tucker, Catherine Elizabeth (Elsevier, 2012-01)
    One of the new realities of advertising is that personal information can be used to ensure that advertising is only shown and designed for a select group of consumers who stand to gain most from this information. However, ...
  • Acemoglu, Daron; Wolitzky, Alexander G. (Econometric Society, 2011-02)
    The majority of labor transactions throughout much of history and a significant fraction of such transactions in many developing countries today are “coercive,” in the sense that force or the threat of force plays a central ...
  • Marx, Benjamin; Stoker, Thomas Martin; Suri, Tavneet (American Economic Association, 2013-11)
    The global expansion of urban slums poses questions for economic research as well as problems for policymakers. We provide evidence that the type of poverty observed in contemporary slums of the developing world is ...
  • Broda, Christian; Parker, Jonathan A. (Elsevier, 2014-09)
    Households in the Nielsen Consumer Panel were surveyed about their 2008 Economic Stimulus Payment. In estimates identified by the randomized timing of disbursement, the average household׳s spending rose by 10 percent the ...
  • Acemoglu, Daron; Robinson, James A (American Economic Association, 2013-02)
    The standard approach to policy making and advice in economics implicitly or explicitly ignores politics and political economy and maintains that if possible, any market failure should be rapidly removed. This essay explains ...
  • Meredith, Laura Kelsey; Commane, R.; Munger, J. W.; Dunn, A.; Tang, J.; Wofsy, S. C.; Prinn, Ronald G. (Copernicus GmbH on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2014-09)
    Our understanding of biosphere–atmosphere exchange has been considerably enhanced by eddy covariance measurements. However, there remain many trace gases, such as molecular hydrogen (H[subscript 2]), that lack suitable ...
  • Gong, Zheng; Tran, Duong; Yi, Dong Hoon; Wu, Fan; Zorn, Alexander; Ratilal, Purnima; Jain, Ankita Deepak; Makris, Nicholas (Public Library of Science, 2014-10)
    We show that humpback-whale vocalization behavior is synchronous with peak annual Atlantic herring spawning processes in the Gulf of Maine. With a passive, wide-aperture, densely-sampled, coherent hydrophone array towed ...
  • Coleman, Maureen L.; Chisholm, Sallie (Penny) (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2010-10)
    Bacterial populations harbor vast genetic diversity that is continually shaped by abiotic and biotic selective pressures, as well as by neutral processes. Individuals coexisting in the same geographically defined population ...
  • Ferrari, Raffaele; Fox-Kemper, Baylor (American Meteorological Society, 2009-06)
    The time-mean effects of eddies are studied in a model based on the Parsons–Veronis–Huang–Flierl models of the wind-driven gyre. Much of the analysis used for the steady solutions carries over if the model is cast in terms ...
  • Min, K.-E.; Pusede, S. E.; Browne, Eleanor C.; LaFranchi, B. W.; Cohen, R. C. (Copernicus GmbH on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2014-06)
    Exchange of NO[subscript x] (NO+NO[subscript 2]) between the atmosphere and biosphere is important for air quality, climate change, and ecosystem nutrient dynamics. There are few direct ecosystem-scale measurements of the ...
  • Velasco, Erik; Pressley, S.; Grivicke, R.; Allwine, E.; Coons, T.; Foster, W.; Jobson, T.; Westberg, H.; Ramos, R.; Hernandez, F.; Molina, Luisa Tan; Lamb, B. K. (European Geosciences Union / Copernicus, 2009-10)
    Eddy covariance (EC) flux measurements of the atmosphere/surface exchange of gases over an urban area are a direct way to improve and evaluate emissions inventories, and, in turn, to better understand urban atmospheric ...
  • Waterman, Stephanie; Jayne, Steven R. (American Meteorological Society, 2012-03)
    The generation of time-mean recirculation gyres from the nonlinear rectification of an oscillatory, spatially localized vorticity forcing is examined analytically and numerically. Insights into the rectification mechanism ...
  • Waterman, Stephanie; Jayne, Steven R. (© 2011 American Meteorological Society, 2010-12)
    A theoretical study on the role of eddy-mean flow interactions in the time-mean dynamics of a zonally evolving, unstable, strongly inertial jet in a configuration and parameter regime that is relevant to oceanic western ...
  • Ferrari, Raffaele; Boccaletti, Giulio (The Oceanography Society, 2004-09)
    The oceanic surface mixed layer is where communication takes place between the oceanic reservoir of heat, freshwater, and carbon dioxide, and the overlying atmosphere in which we live. The exchange of properties and their ...
  • Mazloff, Matthew R.; Heimbach, Patrick; Wunsch, Carl (American Meteorological Society, 2010-05)
    An eddy-permitting general circulation model of the Southern Ocean is fit by constrained least squares to a large observational dataset during 2005–06. Data used include Argo float profiles, CTD synoptic sections, Southern ...
  • Ferrari, Raffaele; Garabato, Alberto C. Naveira; Polzin, K. L. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2011-09)
    There is an ongoing debate concerning the distribution of eddy stirring across the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) and the nature of its controlling processes. The problem is addressed here by estimating the isentropic ...
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