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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Acemoglu, Daron; Gruber, Jonathan; Chaloupka, Frank J.; Warner, Kenneth E.; Laux, Fritz; Max, Wendy; Newhouse, Joseph; Schelling, Thomas; Sindeclair, Jody (BMJ Publishing Group, 2014-12)
    The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009 gave the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory authority over cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products and authorised it to assert jurisdiction over ...
  • Kugelman, Jeffrey R.; Sanchez-Lockhart, Mariano; Andersen, Kristian G.; Gire, Stephen; Park, Daniel J.; Lin, Aaron E.; Wohl, Shirlee; Sabeti, Pardis C.; Kuhn, Jens H.; Palacios, Gustavo F.; Sealfon, Rachel Sima (American Society for Microbiology, 2015-01)
    Until recently, Ebola virus (EBOV) was a rarely encountered human pathogen that caused disease among small populations with extraordinarily high lethality. At the end of 2013, EBOV initiated an unprecedented disease outbreak ...
  • Tsimpidi, A. P.; Karydis, V. A.; Zavala-Perez, Miguel Angel; Lei, Wenfang; Molina, Luisa Tan; Ulbrich, I. M.; Jimenez, J. L.; Pandis, S. N. (European Geosciences Union / Copernicus, 2010-01)
    New primary and secondary organic aerosol modules have been added to PMCAMx, a three dimensional chemical transport model (CTM), for use with the SAPRC99 chemistry mechanism based on recent smog chamber studies. The new ...
  • de Foy, B.; Zavala-Perez, Miguel Angel; Bei, Naifang; Molina, Luisa Tan (European Geosciences Union / Copernicus, 2009-07)
    Accurate numerical simulations of the complex wind flows in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) can be an invaluable tool for interpreting the MILAGRO field campaign results. This paper uses three methods to evaluate ...
  • Ahn, Donghwan; Kimerling, Lionel C.; Michel, Jurgen (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-12)
    We have fabricated vertical p-i-n silicon photodetectors that are monolithically integrated with compact silicon-oxynitride channel waveguides. By comparing the evanescent coupling from low index-contrast waveguides and ...
  • Karnik, Rohit N.; Duan, Chuanhua; Lu, Ming-Chang; Majumdar, Arun (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-03)
    Cavitation, known as the formation of vapor bubbles when liquids are under tension, is of great interest both in condensed matter science as well as in diverse applications such as botany, hydraulic engineering, and medicine. ...
  • Bauer, Gerry P.; Busza, Wit; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, M.; Di Matteo, Leonardo; Dutta, Valentina; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Gulhan, Doga Can; Klute, Markus; Lai, Yue Shi; Levin, Andrew Michael; Luckey, P. David; Ma, Teng; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Stephans, George S. F.; Stoeckli, Fabian; Sumorok, Konstanty C.; Velicanu, Dragos Alexandru; Veverka, Jan; Wyslouch, Boleslaw; Yang, M.; Yoon, Andrew; Zanetti, Marco; Zhukova, Victoria; CMS Collaboration; Apyan, Aram (Springer-Verlag/International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), 2014-04)
    The production of Y (1S), Y (2S), and Y (3S) is investigated in pPb and pp collisions at centre-of-mass energies per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV and 2.76 TeV, respectively. The datasets correspond to integrated luminosities ...
  • Busza, Wit; Alver, Burak Han; Ballintijn, Maarten; Decowski, Michael P.; Gulbrandsen, K.; Henderson, C.; Kane, J. L.; Kulinich, Piotr; Li, W.; Loizides, Constantin; Reed, C.; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Stephans, George S. F.; Vale, C.; van Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit Jan; Vaurynovich, Siarhei S.; Verdier, Robin; Veres, Gabor; Wenger, Edward Allen; Wyslouch, Boleslaw (American Physical Society, 2010-04)
    This Letter presents the first measurement of event-by-event fluctuations of the elliptic flow parameter v2 in Au+Au collisions at [sqrt]sNN=200  GeV as a function of collision centrality. The relative nonstatistical ...
  • Benson, Edward Oscar; Haghighi, Aria; Barzilay, Regina (Association for Computational Linguistics, 2011-06)
    We present a novel method for record extraction from social streams such as Twitter. Unlike typical extraction setups, these environments are characterized by short, one sentence messages with heavily colloquial speech. ...
  • Bugel, Leonard G.; Conrad, Janet; Karagiorgi, Georgia Stelios; Katori, Teppei; Nguyen, V. (American Physical Society, 2010-10)
    The MiniBooNE experiment at Fermilab reports results from a search for ν̅ μ→ν̅ e [nu overscore subscript mu→nu overscore subscript e] oscillations, using a data sample corresponding to 5.66×10 20 [suprscript 20] protons ...
  • Psaltis, Dimitrios; Narayan, Ramesh; Fish, Vincent L.; Broderick, Avery E.; Loeb, Abraham; Doeleman, Sheperd Samuel (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2014-12)
    Observations of the black hole in the center of the Milky Way with the Event Horizon Telescope at 1.3 mm have revealed a size of the emitting region that is smaller than the size of the black-hole shadow. This can be ...
  • Balewski, Jan T.; Betancourt, Michael Joseph; Corliss, Ross; Hays-Wehle, J. P.; Leight, W.; Milner, Richard G.; Redwine, Robert P.; Sakuma, T.; Seele, J.; Steadman, Stephen G.; Surrow, Bernd; van Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit Jan; Walker, M. (American Physical Society, 2014-04)
    STAR measurements of dihadron azimuthal correlations (Δϕ) are reported in midcentral (20–60%) Au + Au collisions at √s[subscript NN] = 200 GeV as a function of the trigger particle's azimuthal angle relative to the event ...
  • Holmes, David W.; Williams, John R.; Tilke, Peter (Elsevier ScienceDirect, 2009-10)
    In this paper, a programming model is presented which enables scalable parallel performance on multi-core shared memory architectures. The model has been developed for application to a wide range of numerical simulation ...
  • Johansson, Karl H.; Dimarogonas, Dimos V. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-01)
    Event-driven strategies for multi-agent systems are motivated by the future use of embedded microprocessors with limited resources that will gather information and actuate the individual agent controller updates. The control ...
  • Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Paus, Christoph M. E. (American Physical Society, 2013-10)
    Using data from proton-antiproton collisions at s√ = 1.96  TeV recorded by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, evidence for the excited resonance state Λ[*0 over b] is presented in its Λ[0 over b]π[superscript ...
  • Hubbard, B. P.; Gomes, A. P.; Dai, H.; Li, J.; Case, A. W.; Considine, T.; Riera, T. V.; Lee, J. E.; E, S. Y.; Lamming, D. W.; Schuman, E. R.; Stevens, L. A.; Ling, A. J. Y.; Armour, S. M.; Michan, S.; Zhao, H.; Jiang, Y.; Sweitzer, S. M.; Blum, C. A.; Disch, J. S.; Ng, P. Y.; Howitz, K. T.; Rolo, A. P.; Hamuro, Y.; Moss, J.; Perni, R. B.; Ellis, J. L.; Vlasuk, G. P.; Sinclair, D. A.; Pentelute, Bradley L. (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013-03)
    A molecule that treats multiple age-related diseases would have a major impact on global health and economics. The SIRT1 deacetylase has drawn attention in this regard as a target for drug design. Yet controversy exists ...
  • Bauer, Gerry P.; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Makhoul, K.; Paus, Christoph M. E. (American Physical Society, 2011-06)
    We present a new measurement of the inclusive forward-backward tt[over-bar] production asymmetry and its rapidity and mass dependence. The measurements are performed with data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of ...
  • Vander Heiden, Matthew G.; Locasale, Jason W.; Swanson, Kenneth D.; Sharfi, Hadar; Heffron, Greg J.; Amador-Noguez, Daniel; Christofk, Heather R.; Wagner, Gerhard; Rabinowitz, Joshua D.; Asara, John M.; Cantley, Lewis C. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2010-09)
    Proliferating cells, including cancer cells, require altered metabolism to efficiently incorporate nutrients such as glucose into biomass. The M2 isoform of pyruvate kinase (PKM2) promotes the metabolism of glucose by ...
  • Xie, Si; Henderson, C.; Hahn, Kristian Allan; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Knuteson, Bruce O.; Choudalakis, Georgios; Makhoul, K.; Bauer, Gerry P.; Paus, Christoph M. E. (American Physical Society, 2009-06)
    Evidence is reported for a narrow structure near the J/ψϕ threshold in exclusive B+→J/ψϕK+ decays produced in (p)over-bar p collisions at √s=1.96  TeV. A signal of 14±5 events, with statistical significance in excess of ...
  • Cowan, Ray Franklin; Dujmic, Denis; Sciolla, Gabriella (American Physical Society, 2012-09)
    Based on the full BABAR data sample, we report improved measurements of the ratios R(D[superscript(*)])=B(B̅→D[superscript (*)][bar over τ]ν̅[subscript τ])/B(B̅→D[superscript (*)]ℓ[subscript bar over ℓ]ν̅[subscript ℓ]), ...
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