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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Austin-Breneman, Jesse; Yang, Maria (2013-08)
    Product design for emerging markets in the developing world is a rapidly growing field due to a steadily increasing market and an interest in profitably transforming consumer quality of life for this population. Economic ...
  • Kimerling, Lionel C.; Sun, Xiaochen; Hu, Juejun; Agarwal, Anuradha Murthy (Optical Society of America, 2009-04)
    In this paper, we propose a design tool for dielectric optical resonator-based biochemical refractometry sensors. Analogous to the widely accepted photodetector figure of merit, the detectivity D*, we introduce a new sensor ...
  • Nechayev, Sergey; Rotschild, Carmel; Reusswig, Philip David; Baldo, Marc A (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-12)
    High-quality micro-lasers are key ingredients in non-linear optics, communication, sensing and low-threshold solar-pumped lasers. However, such micro-lasers exhibit negligible absorption of free-space broadband pump light. ...
  • Vander Heiden, Matthew G. (Elsevier, 2015-12)
    Targeted therapies and the consequent adoption of “personalized” oncology have achieved notable successes in some cancers; however, significant problems remain with this approach. Many targeted therapies are highly toxic, ...
  • Ryan, Jason Christopher; Cummings, M. L.; Roy, Nicholas; Banerjee, Ashis; Schulte, Axel (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2011-03)
    In the near future, unmanned aerial vehicles will become part of the naval aircraft carrier operating environment. This will add significant complexity to an already highly constrained and dangerous environment. The move ...
  • Freidberg, Jeffrey P; Mangiarotti, Franco Julio; Minervini, Joseph V (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2015-07)
    This paper attempts to bridge the gap between tokamak reactor design and plasma physics. The analysis demonstrates that the overall design of a tokamak fusion reactor is determined almost entirely by the constraints imposed ...
  • Yoon, Susan; Anderson, Emma; Koehler-Yom, Jessica; Scheintaub, Hal; Oztok, Murat; Evans, Chad; Goh, Sao-Ee; Klopfer, Eric; Sheldon, Joshua; Schoenfeld, Ilana; Wendel, Daniel J (MDPI AG, 2016-12)
    We present a curriculum and instruction framework for computer-supported teaching and learning about complex systems in high school science classrooms. This work responds to a need in K-12 science education research and ...
  • Sojoudi, Hossein; Walsh, Matthew R.; Gleason, Karen K.; McKinley, Gareth H. (Wiley Blackwell, 2015-04)
    The formation and accumulation of clathrate hydrates inside oil and gas pipelines cause severe problems in deep-sea oil/gas operations. In the present work, durable and mechanically robust bilayer poly-divinyl benzene/po ...
  • da Costa, David Carvalho Teixeira; de Neufville, Richard (Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, 2012-11)
    This paper provides a practical procedure for designing efficient taxi pickup operations at airports. How to do this effectively is an open question. Solutions are not available, and practices vary. They reflect different ...
  • Yang, Tien-Ju; Chen, Yu-Hsin; Sze, Vivienne (IEEE Computer Society, 2017-07)
    Deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are indispensable to state-of-the-art computer vision algorithms. However, they are still rarely deployed on battery-powered mobile devices, such as smartphones and ...
  • Joshi, Ajay J.; Kim, Byungsub; Stojanovic, Vladimir Marko (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-09)
    In a power and area constrained multicore system, the on-chip communication network needs to be carefully designed to maximize the system performance and programmer productivity while minimizing energy and area. In this ...
  • Rodriguez-Wong, Alejandro; Woolf, David; Hui, Pui-Chuen; Iwase, Eiji; McCauley, Alexander Patrick; Capasso, Federico; Loncar, Marko; Johnson, Steven G. (American Institute of Physics, 2011-05)
    We propose an optomechanical structure consisting of a photonic-crystal (holey) membrane suspended above a layered silicon-on-insulator substrate in which resonant bonding/antibonding optical forces created by externally ...
  • Stojanovic, Vladimir Marko; Shamim, Imran; Batten, Christopher; Joshi, Ajay J.; Kwon, Yong-Jin; Beamer, Scott; Asanovic, Krste (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-12)
    We present a vertical integration approach for designing silicon photonic networks for communication in manycore systems. Using a top-down approach we project the photonic device requirements for a 64-tile system designed ...
  • Twu, Nancy; Li, Xin; Urban, Alexander; Balasubramanian, Mahalingam; Lee, Jinhyuk; Liu, Lei; Ceder, Gerbrand (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-12)
    Increasing lithium content is shown to be a successful strategy for designing new cathode materials. In layered Li[subscript x]N[subscript 2–4x/3]Sb[subscript x/3O[subscript 2] (x = 1.00–1.15), lithium excess improves both ...
  • Men, Han; Freund, Robert Michael; Nguyen, Ngoc Cuong; Saa-Seoane, Joel; Peraire, Jaime (American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2013-11)
    Designing phononic crystals by creating frequency bandgaps is of particular interest in the engineering of elastic and acoustic microstructured materials. Mathematically, the problem of optimizing the frequency bandgaps ...
  • Asatekin, Ayse; Barr, Miles C.; Baxamusa, Salmaan H.; Lau, Kenneth K.S.; Tenhaeff, Wyatt; Xu, Jingjing; Gleason, Karen K. (Elsevier, 2010-04)
    Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) methods significantly augment the capabilities of traditional surface modification techniques for designing polymeric surfaces. In CVD polymerization, the monomer(s) are delivered to the ...
  • Truong, Quoc T.; Sieber, Michael; Kleingartner, Justin Alan; Srinivasan, Siddarth; Cohen, Robert E; McKinley, Gareth H (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2015-12)
    Commercially available woven fabrics (e.g., nylon- or PET-based fabrics) possess inherently re-entrant textures in the form of cylindrical yarns and fibers. We analyze the liquid repellency of woven and nanotextured ...
  • Marbleston, Adam Henry; Boyden, Edward Stuart; Marblestone, Adam Henry (Elsevier, 2014-09)
    Can we develop technologies to systematically map classical mechanisms throughout the brain, while retaining the flexibility to investigate new mechanisms as they are discovered? We discuss principles of scalable, flexible ...
  • Brizzolara, Stefano; Grassi, Davide; Tincani, Emilio P. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012)
    The main theoretical and numerical aspects of a design method for optimum contrar-rotating (CR) propellers for fast marine crafts are presented. We propose a reformulated version of a well-known design theory for contra-rotating ...
  • Burkhart, Justin M.; Korsunsky, Roman; Perreault, David J. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-04)
    This paper introduces a design methodology for a resonant boost converter topology that is suitable for operation at very high frequencies. The topology we examine features a low parts count and fast transient response, ...
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