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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Shattuck, M. D.; Ingale, R. A.; Reis, Pedro Miguel (American Institute of Physics, 2009-06)
    We present experimental evidence for a strong analogy between quasi-2D uniform non-equilibrium steady states (NESS) of excited granular materials and equilibrium thermodynamics. Under isochoric conditions we find that the ...
  • Beigi, Salman; Chuang, Isaac; Grassl, Markus; Zeng, Bei; Shor, Peter W. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2011-02)
    Graphs are closely related to quantum error-correcting codes: every stabilizer code is locally equivalent to a graph code and every codeword stabilized code can be described by a graph and a classical code. For the ...
  • Garaj, S.; Hubbard, W.; Branton, D.; Golovchenko, J. A.; Reina, Alfonso; Kong, Jing (Nature Publishing Group, 2010-08)
    Isolated, atomically thin conducting membranes of graphite, called graphene, have recently been the subject of intense research with the hope that practical applications in fields ranging from electronics to energy science ...
  • Wang, Han; Hsu, Allen Long; Wu, Justin; Kong, Jing; Palacios, Tomas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-08)
    The combination of the unique properties of graphene with new device concepts and nanotechnology can overcome some of the main limitations of traditional electronics in terms of maximum frequency, linearity, and power ...
  • Wang, Han; Nezich, Daniel A.; Kong, Jing; Palacios, Tomas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-04)
    In this letter, the ambipolar transport properties of graphene flakes have been used to fabricate full-wave signal rectifiers and frequency-doubling devices. By correctly biasing an ambipolar graphene field-effect transistor ...
  • Keast, Craig L.; Wyatt, Peter W.; Kong, Jing; Reina, Alfonso; Hsu, Pei-Lan; Healey, Paul D.; Kedzierski, Jakub T. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-06)
    Graphene transistors are made by transferring a thin graphene film grown on Ni onto an insulating SiO[subscript 2] substrate. The properties and integration of these graphene-on-insulator transistors are presented and ...
  • Swager, Timothy Manning; Schmois, Ezequiel; Collins, William R. (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011-07)
    The covalent, surface functionalization of graphene oxide with the malononitrile anion has been demonstrated. Once installed, these surface-bound “molecular lynchpins” can be chemically modified to increase the solubility ...
  • Mazumder, Rahul; Hastie, Trevor (Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2012)
    The graphical lasso [5] is an algorithm for learning the structure in an undirected Gaussian graphical model, using ℓ[subscript 1] regularization to control the number of zeros in the precision matrix Θ = Σ[superscript −1] ...
  • Vona, Marsette A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-04)
    This paper presents the design and implementation of algorithms for a new graphical operations interface system specifically adapted to operating modular reconfigurable articulated surface systems. Geometric models of ...
  • Kleindienst, Siân; Bodart, Magali; Andersen, Marilyne (Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, 2008-07)
    Many conventional daylighting design tools are limited in that each simulation represents only one time of year and time of day (or a single, theoretical overcast sky condition). Since daylight is so variable – due to the ...
  • Blanchard, R.; Menzel, S.; Pflugl, C.; Diehl, L.; Wang, Christine A.; Huang, Y.; Ryou, J.-H.; Dupuis, R. D.; Negro, L. Dal; Capasso, F. (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2011-11)
    We propose a new class of gratings having multiple spatial frequencies. Their design relies on the use of small aperiodic grating sequences as unit cells whose repetition forms a superlattice. The superlattice provides ...
  • Kaspi, Yohai; Hubbard, William B.; Showman, Adam P.; Flierl, Glenn Richard (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2010-01)
    Telescopic observations and space missions to Jupiter have provided vast information about Jupiter's cloud level winds, but the depth to which these winds penetrate has remained an ongoing mystery. Scheduled to be launched ...
  • Regimbau, T.; Hughes, Scott A. (American Physical Society, 2009-03)
    Increasing the sensitivity of a gravitational-wave (GW) detector improves our ability to measure the characteristics of detected sources. It also increases the number of weak signals that contribute to the data. Because ...
  • Hughes, Scott A. (Annual Reviews, 2009-09)
    Largely motivated by the development of highly sensitive gravitational-wave detectors, our understanding of merging compact binaries and the gravitational waves they generate has improved dramatically in recent years. ...
  • Yunes, Nicolas; Cornish, Neil; Sampson, Laura; Pretorius, Frans (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-09)
    Gravitational wave astronomy has tremendous potential for studying extreme astrophysical phenomena and exploring fundamental physics. The waves produced by binary black hole mergers will provide a pristine environment in ...
  • Diorio, James; Cho, Yeunwoo; Duncan, James H.; Akylas, Triantaphyllos R. (American Physical Society, 2009-09)
    The nonlinear wave pattern generated by a localized pressure source moving over a liquid free surface at speeds below the minimum phase speed (c [subscript min]) of linear gravity-capillary waves is investigated experimentally ...
  • Tanino, Yukie; Nepf, Heidi; Kulis, P. S. (American Geophysical Union, 2005-12)
    A lock exchange experiment is used to investigate the propagation of gravity currents through a random array of rigid, emergent cylinders which represents a canopy of aquatic plants. As canopy drag increases, the propagating ...
  • McGreevy, John; Balasubramanian, Koushik (American Physical Society, 2008-08)
    We attempt to generalize the anti–de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence to nonrelativistic conformal field theories which are invariant under Galilean transformations. Such systems govern ultracold atoms at ...
  • Temin, Peter (MIT Press, 2010-10)
    In the depths of the Great Depression, John Maynard Keynes wrote that “[p]racticalmen, who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influence, are usually the slaves of some defunct economist.”1 ...
  • Tian, Zhiting; Esfarjani, Keivan; Chen, Gang (American Physical Society, 2014-06)
    Understanding and manipulating coherent phonon transport in solids is of interest both for enhancing the fundamental understanding of thermal transport as well as for many practical applications, including thermoelectrics. ...
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