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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Kelleher, Aidan Michael; Averett, T.; Dolph, P. A. M.; Mooney, K. E.; Nelyubin, V.; Singh, J.; Tobias, W. A. (American Physical Society, 2011-12)
    The dynamics of the movement of gas is discussed for two-chambered polarized 3He target cells of the sort that have been used successfully for many electron-scattering experiments. A detailed analysis is presented showing ...
  • Martoff, C. J.; Sciolla, Gabriella (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2009-10)
    Dark matter (DM) detectors with directional sensitivity have the potential of yielding an unambiguous positive observation of WIMPs as well as discriminating between galactic DM halo models. In this paper, we introduce the ...
  • Hadjiconstantinou, Nicolas; Manela, A. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2010-06)
    We study the flow-field generated in a one-dimensional wall-bounded gas layer due to an arbitrary small-amplitude time variation in the temperature of its boundaries. Using the Fourier transform technique, analytical results ...
  • Hollmann, E. M.; Whyte, D. G.; Antar, G. Y.; Bakhtiari, M.; Boedo, J. A.; Evans, T. E.; Hutchinson, Ian H.; Jernigan, T. C.; Gray, D. S.; Groth, M.; Humphreys, D. A.; Lasnier, C. J.; Moyer, R. A.; Parks, P. B; Rudakov, D. L.; Strait, E. J.; Wesley, J.; West, W. P.; Wurden, G.; Yu, J.; Granetz, Robert S.; Izzo, Viviana A.; Bader, Aaron Craig; Biewer, T.; Hutchinson, Ian H.; Reinke, Matthew Logan; Terry, James L. (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2007-08)
    High-pressure noble gas jet injection is a mitigation technique which potentially satisfies the requirements of fast response time and reliability, without degrading subsequent discharges. Previously reported gas jet ...
  • Clevenson, Hannah A.; Desjardins, Pierre; Gan, Xuetao; Englund, Dirk Robert (Optical Society of America, 2013-06)
    We present a high-sensitivity, multi-use optical gas sensor based on a one-dimensional polymer photonic crystal cavity. With an experimental Q exceeding 13100, we predict detection levels on the parts-per-billion range for ...
  • Lertpiriyapong, Kvin; Whary, Mark T.; Muthupalani, Sureshkumar; Lofgren, Jennifer L.; Gamazon, Eric R.; Feng, Yan; Ge, Zhongming; Wang, Timothy C.; Fox, James G. (BMJ Publishing Group, 2013-06)
    Objectives: Gastric colonisation with intestinal flora (IF) has been shown to promote Helicobacter pylori (Hp)-associated gastric cancer. However, it is unknown if the mechanism involves colonisation with specific or diverse ...
  • Hu, Yueh-Chiang; Okumura, Leah M.; Page, David C. (Public Library of Science, 2013-07)
    In mammals, both testis and ovary arise from a sexually undifferentiated precursor, the genital ridge, which first appears during mid-gestation as a thickening of the coelomic epithelium on the ventromedial surface of the ...
  • Gomez, Leonardo; Hashemi, Pouya; Hoyt, Judy L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-03)
    The effects of high-level uniaxial tensile strain on the performance of gate-all-around (GAA) Si n-MOSFETs are investigated for nanowire (NW) diameters down to 8 nm. Suspended strained-Si NWs with ~2-GPa uniaxial tension ...
  • Piner, Edwin L.; Chung, Jinwook; Saadat, Omair Irfan; Palacios, Tomas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-11)
    This letter describes a gate-first AlGaN/GaN high-electron mobility transistor (HEMT) with a W/high-k dielectric gate stack. In this new fabrication technology, the gate stack is deposited before the ohmic contacts, and ...
  • Guo, Shiping; Tirado, Jose M.; Gao, Xiang; Saadat, Omair Irfan; Chung, Jae W.; Palacios, Tomas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-08)
    We studied submicrometer (L[subscript G] = 0.15-0.25 à ¿m) gate-recessed InAlN/AlN/GaN high-electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) on SiC substrates with 25-nm Al[subscript 2]O[subscript 3] passivation. The combination of ...
  • Hull, Chris; Zwiebach, Barton (IOP Publishing, 2009-09)
    We investigate the symmetry algebra of the recently proposed field theory on a doubled torus that describes closed string modes on a torus with both momentum and winding. The gauge parameters are constrained fields on the ...
  • Chetverikov, Denis; Kato, Kengo; Chernozhukov, Victor V. (Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2013-12)
    We derive a Gaussian approximation result for the maximum of a sum of high-dimensional random vectors. Specifically, we establish conditions under which the distribution of the maximum is approximated by that of the maximum ...
  • Choi, Myung Jin; Chandrasekaran, Venkat; Willsky, Alan S. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-02)
    In this paper, we consider the problem of learning Gaussian multiresolution (MR) models in which data are only available at the finest scale, and the coarser, hidden variables serve to capture long-distance dependencies. ...
  • Weedbrook, Christian; Pirandola, Stefano; Garcia-Patron Sanchez, Raul; Cerf, Nicolas J.; Ralph, Timothy C.; Shapiro, Jeffrey H.; Lloyd, Seth (American Physical Society, 2012-05)
    The science of quantum information has arisen over the last two decades centered on the manipulation of individual quanta of information, known as quantum bits or qubits. Quantum computers, quantum cryptography, and quantum ...
  • Mendenhall, Eric M.; Koche, Richard Patrick; Truong, Thanh; Zhou, Vicky W.; Issac, Biju; Chi, Andrew S.; Ku, Manching; Bernstein, Bradley E. (Public Library of Science, 2010-12)
    Polycomb proteins are epigenetic regulators that localize to developmental loci in the early embryo where they mediate lineage-specific gene repression. In Drosophila, these repressors are recruited to sequence elements ...
  • Searle, S.; Frankish, A.; Bignell, A.; Aken, B.; Derrien, T.; Diekhans, M.; Harte, R.; Howald, C.; Kokocinski, F.; Lin, M.; Tress, M.; Van Baren, M.; Barnes, I.; Hunt, T.; Carvalho-Silva, D.; Davidson, C.; Donaldson, S.; Gilbert, J.; Kay, M.; Lloyd, D.; Loveland, J.; Mudge, J.; Snow, C.; Vamathevan, J.; Wilming, L.; Brent, M.; Gerstein, M.; Guigo, R.; Kellis, Manolis; Reymond, A.; Zadissa, A.; Valencia, A.; Harrow, J.; Hubbard, T. (BioMed Central Ltd., 2010-10)
    The GENCODE consortium is a sub group of the ENCODE consortium. Its aim is to provide complete annotation of genes in the human genome including protein-coding loci, non-coding loci and pseudogenes, based on experimental ...
  • Lin, Michael; Kellis, Manolis (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2012-09)
    The GENCODE Consortium aims to identify all gene features in the human genome using a combination of computational analysis, manual annotation, and experimental validation. Since the first public release of this annotation ...
  • Ellison, Glenn; Swanson, Ashley Terese (American Economic Association, 2010)
    This paper uses a new data source, American Mathematics Competitions, to examine the gender gap among high school students at very high achievement levels. The data bring out several new facts. There is a large gender gap ...
  • Fernandez, Roberto; Friedrich, Colette (Regents of the University of California, 2011-03)
    We document gender sorting of candidates into gender-typed jobs at the point of initial application to a company. At this step of the hiring process, the firm has implemented a policy whereby organizational screeners’ ...
  • Regev, Aviv; Wapinski, Ilan; Pfiffner, Jenna; French, Courtney; Socha, Amanda; Thompson, Dawn Anne (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2010-03)
    Coexpression of genes within a functional module can be conserved at great evolutionary distances, whereas the associated regulatory mechanisms can substantially diverge. For example, ribosomal protein (RP) genes are tightly ...
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