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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Wong, Sze Yinn; Moskowitz, Joshua Seth; Veselinovic, Jovana; Rosario, Ryan A.; Timachova, Ksenia; Blaisse, Michael R.; Fuller, Renee C.; Klibanov, Alexander M.; Hammond, Paula T. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010-11)
    Here we present a new bifunctional layer-by-layer (LbL) construct made by combining a permanent microbicidal polyelectrolyte multilayered (PEM) base film with a hydrolytically degradable PEM top film that offers controlled ...
  • Duplantier, Bertrand; Sheffield, Scott Roger (American Physical Society, 2009-04)
    We present a (mathematically rigorous) probabilistic and geometrical proof of the Knizhnik-Polyakov-Zamolodchikov relation between scaling exponents in a Euclidean planar domain D and in Liouville quantum gravity. It uses ...
  • Sheffield, Scott Roger; Levine, Lionel; Stange, Katherine E. (American Mathematical Society (AMS), 2013-08)
    A dinner table seats k guests and holds n discrete morsels of food. Guests select morsels in turn until all are consumed. Each guest has a ranking of the morsels according to how much he would enjoy eating them; these ...
  • Sauer, Robert T.; Lima, Santiago; Guo, Monica S.; Chaba, Rachna; Gross, Carol A. (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013-05)
    In Gram-negative bacteria, outer-membrane integrity is essential for survival and is monitored by the σ[superscript E] stress-response system, which initiates damage-repair pathways. One activating signal is unassembled ...
  • Smith, Kyle S.; Graybiel, Ann M.; Smith, Kyle S.; Graybiel, Ann M. (Elsevier, 2013-06)
    Habits are notoriously difficult to break and, if broken, are usually replaced by new routines. To examine the neural basis of these characteristics, we recorded spike activity in cortical and striatal habit sites as rats ...
  • Stoeck, Christian T.; Kalinowska, Aleksandra; von Deuster, Constantin; Harmer, Jack; Chan, Rachel W.; Niemann, Markus; Manka, Robert; Atkinson, David; Sosnovik, David E.; Mekkaoui, Choukri; Kozerke, Sebastian (Public Library of Science, 2014-09)
    Purpose: In this work we present a dual-phase diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) technique that incorporates a correction scheme for the cardiac material strain, based on 3D myocardial tagging. Methods: In vivo dual-phase ...
  • Bendor, Daniel; Osmanski, Michael S.; Wang, Xiaoqin (Society for Neuroscience, 2012-11)
    Pitch, our perception of how high or low a sound is on a musical scale, is a fundamental perceptual attribute of sounds and is important for both music and speech. After more than a century of research, the exact mechanisms ...
  • Paradiso, Joseph A.; Lifton, Joshua (Springer-Verlag, 2009-07)
    This paper proposes the convergence of sensor networks and virtual worlds not only as a possible solution to their respective limitations, but also as the beginning of a new creative medium. In such a \dual reality," both ...
  • Singh, Namit; Basnet, Harihar; Wiltshire, Timothy D.; Mohammad, Duaa H.; Thompson, James R.; Heroux, Annie; Botuyan, Maria Victoria; Yaffe, Michael B.; Couch, Fergus J.; Rosenfeld, Michael G.; Mer, Georges (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2012-08)
    Tyr142, the C-terminal amino acid of histone variant H2A.X is phosphorylated by WSTF (Williams-Beuren syndrome transcription factor), a component of the WICH complex (WSTF-ISWI chromatin-remodeling complex), under basal ...
  • Singh, Namit; Basnet, Harihar; Wiltshire, Timothy D.; Mohammad, Duaa H.; Thompson, James R.; Heroux, Annie; Botuyan, Maria Victoria; Yaffe, Michael B.; Couch, Fergus J.; Rosenfeld, Michael G.; Mer, Georges (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2012-09)
    Tyr142, the C-terminal amino acid of histone variant H2A.X is phosphorylated by WSTF (Williams-Beuren syndrome transcription factor), a component of the WICH complex (WSTF-ISWI chromatin-remodeling complex), under basal ...
  • Chopko Ahrens, Caroline; Lowden, Erika L.; Engler, Amanda C.; Griffith, Linda G.; Hammond, Paula T. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2012-06)
    The temperature- and pH-dependent solubility of poly(γ-propargyl l-glutamate) (PPLG) functionalized through a copper-catalyzed 1,3-cycloaddition reaction between an alkyne and an azide can be tuned with precision over a ...
  • Gorfu, Gezahegn; Cirelli, Kimberly; Melo, Mariane Bandeira; Mayer-Barber, Katrin; Crown, Devorah; Koller, Beverly H.; Masters, Seth; Sher, Alan; Leppla, Stephen H.; Moayeri, Mahtab; Saeij, Jeroen; Grigg, Michael E. (American Society for Microbiology, 2014-02)
    Induction of immunity that limits Toxoplasma gondii infection in mice is critically dependent on the activation of the innate immune response. In this study, we investigated the role of cytoplasmic nucleotide-binding domain ...
  • Seita, Matteo; Hanson, John Paul; Gradecak, Silvija; Demkowicz, Michael J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-02)
    Hydrogen embrittlement (HE) causes engineering alloys to fracture unexpectedly, often at considerable economic or environmental cost. Inaccurate predictions of component lifetimes arise from inadequate understanding of how ...
  • Vyas, Sejal Kamlesh; Chang, Paul (Elsevier, 2013-01)
    In this issue of Molecular Cell, Di Giammartino et al. (2012) identify a new function for PARP1 in the post-transcriptional regulation of mRNAs via ADP-ribosylation of poly(A) polymerase, a mRNA 3′ processing enzyme.
  • Sodini, Charles G.; Nausieda, Ivan A.; Ryu, Kevin K.; He, David Da; Akinwande, Akintunde Ibitayo; Bulovic, Vladimir (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-12)
    For the first time, we demonstrate control of organic thinfilm transistor's (OTFT) threshold voltage (V [subscript T]) by modifying the gate work function. We present a near-room-temperature, fully lithographic process to ...
  • Nausieda, Ivan A.; Ryu, Kevin K.; He, David Da; Akinwande, Akintunde Ibitayo; Bulovic, Vladimir; Sodini, Charles G. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-11)
    A fully photolithographic dual threshold voltage (VT) organic thin-film transistor (OTFT) process suitable for flexible large-area integrated circuits is presented. The nearroom-temperature (<; 95 °C) process produces ...
  • Brooks, JoAnn M.; Carroll, John Stephen; Beard, Jon W. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-04)
    Systems engineering projects that support government enterprises face substantial challenges due to demands from diverse stakeholders and rapidly changing technologies. In this paper, we present findings from the analysis ...
  • Chookajorn, Tongjai; Park, Mansoo; Schuh, Christopher A. (Cambridge University Press (Materials Research Society), 2015-01)
    Grain boundary (GB) segregation can markedly improve the stability of nanostructured alloys, where the fraction of GB sites is inherently large. Here, we explore the concept of entropically supported GB segregation in ...
  • Gomes, Joao; Kogan, Leonid; Yogo, Motohiro (University of Chicago Press, 2009-10)
    The demand for durable goods is more cyclical than that for nondurable goods and services. Consequently, the cash flows and stock returns of durable-good producers are exposed to higher systematic risk. Using the benchmark ...
  • Sojoudi, Hossein; Wang, M.; Boscher, Nicolas; McKinley, Gareth H.; Gleason, Karen K. (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016-02)
    Formation, adhesion, and accumulation of ice, snow, frost, glaze, rime, or their mixtures can cause severe problems for solar panels, wind turbines, aircrafts, heat pumps, power lines, telecommunication equipment, and ...
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