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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Jayaraman, Akila; Koh, Xiaoying; Li, Jing; Raman, Rahul; Viswanathan, Karthik; Shriver, Zachary H.; Sasisekharan, Ram (Portland Press, 2012-05)
    The glycoprotein HA (haemagglutinin) on the surface of influenza A virus plays a central role in recognition and binding to specific host cell-surface glycan receptors and in fusion of viral membrane to the host nuclear ...
  • Samsel, Anthony; Seneff, Stephanie (MDPI AG, 2013-04)
    Glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup[superscript ®], is the most popular herbicide used worldwide. The industry asserts it is minimally toxic to humans, but here we argue otherwise. Residues are found in the main ...
  • Newey, Whitney K.; Windmeijer, Frank (Econometric Society, 2009-05)
    Using many moment conditions can improve efficiency but makes the usual generalized method of moments (GMM) inferences inaccurate. Two-step GMM is biased. Generalized empirical likelihood (GEL) has smaller bias, but the ...
  • Bliss, Daniel W., Jr.; Forsythe, Keith W.; Davis, Shakti K.; Fawcett, Glenn S.; Rabideau, Daniel J.; Horowitz, Larry L.; Kraut, Shawn (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-03)
    Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) extensions to radar systems enable a number of advantages compared to traditional approaches. These advantages include improved angle estimation and target detection. In this paper, ...
  • Chen, Anthony J. -W.; Britton, Michael; Turner, Gary R.; Vytlacil, Jason; Thompson, Todd Wesley; D’Esposito, Mark (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2012-06)
    Humans survive in environments that contain a vast quantity and variety of visual information. All items of perceived visual information must be represented within a limited number of brain networks. The human brain requires ...
  • Lieberman, Chad E.; Willcox, Karen E. (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2012-07)
    Inference of model parameters is one step in an engineering process often ending in predictions that support decision in the form of design or control. Incorporation of end goals into the inference process leads to more ...
  • McKinley, Gareth H.; Clasen, C.; Bico, J.; Entov, V. M. (Cambridge University Press, 2009-09)
    This paper discusses the breakup of capillary jets of dilute polymer solutions and the dynamics associated with the transition from dripping to jetting. High-speed digital video imaging reveals a new scenario of transition ...
  • O'Leary, Michael Boyer; Mortensen, Mark (INFORMS, 2009-06)
    Research regarding geographically dispersed teams (GDTs) is increasingly common and has yielded many insights regarding the effects of spatio-temporal and socio-demographic factors on GDT functioning and performance. Largely ...
  • Ritvo, Harriet (Oxford University Press, 2012-04)
    The nineteenth century saw numerous transfers and attempted transfers of animal populations, mostly as the result of the spread of European agriculture. The exchange of animal populations facilitated by the acclimatization ...
  • Goldstini 
    Cheung, Clifford; Nomura, Yasunori; Thaler, Jesse (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2010-03)
    Supersymmetric phenomenology has been largely bound to the hypothesis that supersymmetry breaking originates from a single source. In this paper, we relax this underlying assumption and consider a multiplicity of sectors ...
  • Thaler, Jesse; Thomas, Zachary Talbott (Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2011-07)
    Supersymmetric collider phenomenology depends crucially on whether the lightest observable-sector supersymmetric particle (LOSP) decays, and if so, what the LOSP decay products are. For instance, in SUSY models where the ...
  • Dunkel, Juliane; Schulz, Andreas S. (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2012-11)
    The question as to whether the Gomory-Chvátal closure of a nonrational polytope is a polytope has been a longstanding open problem in integer programming. In this paper, we answer this question in the affirmative by combining ...
  • Brynjolfsson, Erik; Hu, Yu (Jeffrey); Simester, Duncan (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2011-06)
    Many markets have historically been dominated by a small number of best-selling products. The Pareto principle, also known as the 80/20 rule, describes this common pattern of sales concentration. However, information ...
  • Van Maanen, John (Sage Publications, 2012-05)
    Book review: Jennifer C. Hunt, Seven Shots: An NYPD Raid on a Terrorist Cell and its Aftermath. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. 361pp. $29.00 cloth. ISBN: 9780226360904 This is one hell of a book. Sweeping, ...
  • Kedlaya, Kiran S. (American Mathematical Society, 2010-09)
    Given a flat meromorphic connection on an excellent scheme over a field of characteristic zero, we prove existence of good formal structures after blowing up; this extends a theorem of Mochizuki for algebraic varieties. ...
  • Polifroni, Joseph; Seneff, Stephanie; Branavan, Satchuthanan R.; Wang, Chao; Barzilay, Regina (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-12)
    In this paper, we introduce a new envisioned application for speech which allows users to enter restaurant reviews orally via their mobile device, and, at a later time, update a shared and growing database of consumer-provided ...
  • Behrens, Mark Joseph (Mathematical Sciences Publishers, 2011-09)
    We analyze the homological behavior of the attaching maps in the 2–local Goodwillie tower of the identity evaluated at S¹. We show that they exhibit the same homological behavior as the James–Hopf maps used by N Kuhn ...
  • Hausman, Jerry A.; Sidak, J. Gregory (Oxford University Press, 2009-08)
    We examine the consumer-welfare implications of Google's project to scan a large proportion of the world's books into digital form and to make these works accessible to consumers through Google Book Search (GBS). In response ...
  • Edmans, Alex; Manso, Gustavo (Oxford University Press for the Society for Financial Studies, 2010-12)
    Traditional theories argue that governance is strongest under a single large blockholder, as she has high incentives to undertake value-enhancing interventions. However, most firms are held by multiple small blockholders. ...
  • Huising, Ruthanne; Silbey, Susan S. (Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing), 2011-03)
    Designed to close the ubiquitous gap between law on the books and law in action, management systems locate the standard setting and implementation of regulation within the regulated organization itself. Despite efforts to ...
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