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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Huang, Yi; Zhou, Jiawei; Chiloyan, Vazrik; Chen, Gang; Boriskina, Svetlana V.; Tong, Jonathan K. (MDPI AG, 2015-06)
    The properties of thermal radiation exchange between hot and cold objects can be strongly modified if they interact in the near field where electromagnetic coupling occurs across gaps narrower than the dominant wavelength ...
  • Palacios, Tomas; Lu, Bin; Saadat, Omair Irfan; Piner, Edwin L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-12)
    Enhancement-mode (E-mode) AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) are highly desirable for power and digital electronic circuits. Several technologies have been demonstrated in the last few years to fabricate ...
  • Kurtuldu, Hüseyin; Guasto, Jeffrey S.; Johnson, Karl A.; Gollub, J. P. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2011-06)
    Fluid mixing in active suspensions of microorganisms is important to ecological phenomena and presents a fascinating stochastic process. We investigate the mixing produced by swimming unicellular algal cells (Chlamydomonas) ...
  • Park, Sunho; Hamad-Schifferli, Kimberly (American Chemical Society, 2010-04)
    Gold nanoparticle (AuNP)−DNA conjugates can enhance in vitro translation of a protein. Enhancement occurs via a combination of nonspecific adsorption of translation-related molecules and the ribosome to the AuNP−DNA and ...
  • Slutsky, Inna; Abumaria, Nashat; Wu, Long-Jun; Huang, Chao; Zhang, Ling; Li, Bo; Zhao, Xiang; Govindarajan, Arvind; Zhao, Ming-Gao; Zhuo, Min; Tonegawa, Susumu; Liu, Guosong (Elsevier, 2010-01)
    Learning and memory are fundamental brain functions affected by dietary and environmental factors. Here, we show that increasing brain magnesium using a newly developed magnesium compound (magnesium-L-threonate, MgT) leads ...
  • Marshall, John C.; Abernathey, Ryan Patrick; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Shuckburgh, Emily (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
    Meridional cross sections of effective diffusivity in the Southern Ocean are presented and discussed. The effective diffusivity, K[subscript eff], characterizes the rate at which mesoscale eddies stir properties on interior ...
  • Shulman, Maria; Cohen, Merav; Soto-Gutierrez, Alejandro; Yagi, Hiroshi; Wang, Hongyun; Goldwasser, Jonathan; Lee-Parsons, Carolyn; Benny-Ratsaby, Ofra; Yarmush, Martin L.; Nahmias, Yaakov (Public Library of Science, 2011-04)
    The abundant flavonoid aglycone, naringenin, which is responsible for the bitter taste in grapefruits, has been shown to possess hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory effects both in vitro and in vivo. Recently, our group ...
  • Goodman, Aaron Jacob; Tisdale, William A. (American Physical Society, 2015-05)
    Second-order nonlinear optical interactions such as sum- and difference-frequency generation are widely used for bioimaging and as selective probes of interfacial environments. However, inefficient nonlinear optical ...
  • Catto, Peter J.; Kagan, Grigory Alexandrovich (American Physical Society, 2010-07)
    The strong radial electric field in a subsonic tokamak pedestal modifies the neoclassical ion parallel flow velocity, as well as the radial ion heat flux. Existing experimental evidence of the resulting alteration in the ...
  • Zhang, Qinyong; Wang, Hui; Liu, Weishu; Wang, Hengzhi; Yu, Bo; Zhang, Qian; Tian, Zhiting; Lee, Sangyeop; Esfarjani, Keivan; Chen, Gang; Ren, Zhifeng; Ni, George Wei (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011-11)
    By adding aluminium (Al) into lead selenide (PbSe), we successfully prepared n-type PbSe thermoelectric materials with a figure-of-merit (ZT) of 1.3 at 850 K. Such a high ZT is achieved by a combination of high Seebeck ...
  • Zhang, Qian; Chere, Eyob Kebede; McEnaney, Kenneth; Yao, Mengliang; Cao, Feng; Ni, Yizhou; Chen, Shuo; Opeil, Cyril; Chen, Gang; Ren, Zhifeng (Wiley Blackwell, 2015-01)
    Ti, V, Cr, Nb, and Mo are found to be effective at increasing the Seebeck coefficient and power factor of n-type PbSe at temperatures below 600 K. It is found that the higher Seebeck coefficients and power factors are due ...
  • Yu, Bo; Zebarjadi, Mona; Wang, Hui; Lukas, Kevin; Wang, Hengzhi; Wang, Dezhi; Opeil, Cyril; Dresselhaus, Mildred; Chen, Gang; Ren, Zhifeng (American Chemical Society, 2012-04)
    Modulation-doping was theoretically proposed and experimentally proved to be effective in increasing the power factor of nanocomposites (Si[subscript 80]Ge[subscript 20])[subscript 70](Si[subscript 100]B[subscript 5])[subscript ...
  • Stephan, Matthias T.; Irvine, Darrell J. (Elsevier, 2011-05)
    Therapeutic treatments based on the injection of living cells are in clinical use and preclinical development for diseases ranging from cancer to cardiovascular disease to diabetes. To enhance the function of therapeutic ...
  • Bernstein, Michael S.; Marcus, Adam; Karger, David R.; Miller, Robert C. (Association for Computing Machinery, 2010-04)
    To find interesting, personally relevant web content, people rely on friends and colleagues to pass links along as they encounter them. In this paper, we study and augment link-sharing via e-mail, the most popular means ...
  • Moon, James J.; Suh, Heikyung; Li, Adrienne Victoria; Ockenhouse, Christian F.; Yadava, Anjali; Irvine, Darrell J. (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-01)
    For subunit vaccines, adjuvants play a key role in shaping immunological memory. Nanoparticle (NP) delivery systems for antigens and/or molecular danger signals are promising adjuvants capable of promoting both cellular ...
  • Fook Kong, Tian; Ye, Weijian; Peng, Weng Kung; Wei Hou, Han; Marcos, Han; Preiser, Peter Rainer; Nguyen, Nam-Trung; Han, Jongyoon (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-06)
    Despite significant advancements over the years, there remains an urgent need for low cost diagnostic approaches that allow for rapid, reliable and sensitive detection of malaria parasites in clinical samples. Our previous ...
  • Yu, Chen-Hsiang; Miller, Robert C. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-05)
    Although the web browser has become a standard interface for information access on the Web, the mobile web browser on the smartphone does not hold the same interest to mobile users. A survey with 11 mobile users shows that ...
  • Tian, Zhiting; Esfarjani, Keivan; Chen, Gang (American Physical Society, 2012-12)
    Knowledge on phonon transmittance as a function of phonon frequency and incidence angle at interfaces is vital for multiscale modeling of heat transport in nanostructured materials. Although thermal conductivity reduction ...
  • Chen, Chia-Hung; Sarkar, Aniruddh; Song, Yong-Ak; Miller, Miles Aaron; Kim, Sung Jae; Griffith, Linda G.; Lauffenburger, Douglas A.; Han, Jongyoon (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2011-06)
    We introduce an integrated microfluidic device consisting of a biomolecule concentrator and a microdroplet generator, which enhances the limited sensitivity of low-abundance enzyme assays by concentrating biomolecules ...
  • Navarrete-Benlloch, Carlos; Garcia-Patron Sanchez, Raul; Shapiro, Jeffrey H.; Cerf, Nicolas J. (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    The non-Gaussian operations effected by adding or subtracting a photon on entangled optical beams emerging from a parametric down-conversion process have been suggested to enhance entanglement. Heralded photon addition or ...
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