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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Schwartz, Thomas (eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd., 2014-05)
    The discovery of an ancient protein complex reveals the evolutionary relationships between the proteins that help to form vesicles.
  • Patsopoulos, Nikolaos A.; Barcellos, Lisa F.; Hintzen, Rogier Q.; Schaefer, Catherine; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Noble, Janelle A.; Raj, Towfique; Gourraud, Pierre-Antoine; Stranger, Barbara E.; Oksenberg, Jorge; Olsson, Tomas; Taylor, Bruce V.; Sawcer, Stephen; Hafler, David A.; Carrington, Mary; De Jager, Philip L.; de Bakker, Paul I. W. (Public Library of Science, 2013-11)
    The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region is strongly associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility. HLA-DRB1*15:01 has the strongest effect, and several other alleles have been reported at different levels ...
  • Lu, Ru-Sen; Fish, Vincent L.; Doeleman, Sheperd Samuel; Crew, Geoffrey B.; Cappallo, Roger J.; Titus, Michael A. (IOP Publishing, 2013-06)
    We report results from five day very long baseline interferometry observations of the well-known quasar 3C 279 at 1.3 mm (230 GHz) in 2011. The measured nonzero closure phases on triangles including stations in Arizona, ...
  • Hettiarachchi, Anuruddha; Nanayakkara, Suranga; Yeo, Kian Peen; Shilkrot, Roy; Maes, Patricia (Association for Computing Machinery, 2013-03)
    Research in cognitive science shows that engaging in visual arts has great benefits for children particularly when it allows them to bond with nature [7]. In this paper, we introduce FingerDraw, a novel drawing interface ...
  • Motz, Jason T.; Gardecki, Joseph A.; Bouma, Brett E.; Tearney, Guillermo J.; Chau, Alexandra H.; Waxman, Sergio (SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2008-01)
    Intracoronary Raman spectroscopy could open new avenues for the study and management of coronary artery disease due to its potential to measure the chemical and molecular composition of coronary atherosclerotic lesions. ...
  • Shilkrot, Roy; Maes, Patricia; Huber, Jochen; Wong, Meng Ee; Nanayakkara, Suranga (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-04)
    Accessing printed text in a mobile context is a major challenge for the blind. A preliminary study with blind people reveals numerous difficulties with existing state-of-the-art technologies including problems with alignment, ...
  • Shilkrot, Roy; Huber, Jochen; Nanayakkara, Suranga Chandima; Liu, Connie K.; Maes, Patricia (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2014-04)
    Visually impaired people report numerous difficulties with accessing printed text using existing technology, including problems with alignment, focus, accuracy, mobility and efficiency. We present a finger worn device that ...
  • Bertsimas, Dimitris J.; Caramanis, Constantine (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers / IEEE Control Systems Society, 2010-05)
    In multistage problems, decisions are implemented sequentially, and thus may depend on past realizations of the uncertainty. Examples of such problems abound in applications of stochastic control and operations research; ...
  • Sam, Steven V.; Woods, Kevin M. (Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 2010-04)
    A rational polytope is the convex hull of a finite set of points in R[superscript d] with rational coordinates. Given a rational polytope P⊆R[superscript d], Ehrhart proved that, for t∈Z≥[subscript 0[, the function ...
  • Kim, Do-Nyun; Sharifi Sedeh, Reza; Nguyen, Cong Tri; Bathe, Mark (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2010-02)
    Introducation: The conformational dynamics and mechanical properties of supramolecular protein assemblies play a central role in a broad array of cellular functions ranging from migration and division to transcription ...
  • Low, Guang Hao; Herskind, Peter F.; Chuang, Isaac L. (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-11)
    We model electric field noise from fluctuating patch potentials on conducting surfaces by taking into account the finite geometry of the ion trap electrodes to gain insight into the origin of anomalous heating in ion traps. ...
  • Kochman, Yuval; Wornell, Gregory W. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-04)
    Signals with sparse but otherwise unknown frequency content are well-represented by multi-coset samples, and efficient algorithms can be used to recover the underlying sparsity structure. While such sampling is usually ...
  • Lin, Meifeng; Vranas, Pavlos; Karsch, Frithjof; Hegde, Prasad; Renfrew, Dwight; Mawhinney, Robert D.; Li, Min; Christ, Norman H.; Cheng, Michael (American Physical Society, 2010-03)
    We study the region of the QCD phase transition using 2+1 flavors of domain wall fermions and a 16[superscript 3]×8 lattice volume with a fifth dimension of L[subscript s]=32. The disconnected light quark chiral susceptibility, ...
  • Simcoe, Robert A.; Bochanski, John J.; Schechter, Paul L.; Fishner, Jason; Bernstein, Rebecca A.; Bigelow, Bruce C.; Pipher, Judith L.; Forrest, William; McMurtry, Craig; Smith, Matthew J.; Burgasser, Adam J. (SPIE, 2010-07)
    We describe the construction and commissioning of FIRE, a new 0.8-2.5μm echelle spectrometer for the Magellan/ Baade 6.5 meter telescope. FIRE delivers continuous spectra over its full bandpass with nominal spectral ...
  • Caballero, Ricardo J.; Simsek, Alp (American Finance Association/Wiley, 2013-11)
    We present a model of financial crises that stem from endogenous complexity. We conceptualize complexity as banks' uncertainty about the financial network of cross exposures. As conditions deteriorate, cross exposures ...
  • Burgasser, Adam; Simcoe, Robert A.; Cushing, Michael C.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Gelino, Christopher R.; Griffith, Roger L.; Looper, Dagny L.; Tinney, Christopher; Bochanski, John J.; Skrutskie, Michael F.; Mainzer, A.; Thompson, Maggie A.; Marsh, Kenneth A.; Bauer, James M.; Wright, Edward L. (IOP Publishing, 2011-06)
    We present the discovery of five late-type T dwarfs identified with the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). Low-resolution near-infrared spectroscopy obtained with the Magellan Folded-port InfraRed Echellette reveal ...
  • Bochanski, John J.; Burgasser, Adam J.; Simcoe, Robert A.; West, Andrew A. (IOP Publishing, 2011-10)
    We present λ/Δλ ~ 6000 near-infrared spectroscopy of the nearby T9 dwarf, UGPS J072227.51–054031.2, obtained during the commissioning of the Folded-Port Infrared Echellette Spectrograph on the Baade Magellan telescope at ...
  • Kogan, Leonid; Papanikolaou, Dimitris (Oxford University Press, 2013-05)
    Average return differences among firms sorted on valuation ratios, past investment, profitability, market beta, or idiosyncratic volatility are largely driven by differences in exposures of firms to the same systematic ...
  • Miller-Jones, J. C. A.; Jonker, P. G.; Dhawan, V.; Brisken, W.; Rupen, M. P.; Nelemans, G.; Gallo, Elena (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2009-12)
    Using astrometric VLBI observations, we have determined the parallax of the black hole X-ray binary V404 Cyg to be 0.418 [plus or minus sign] 0.024 mas, corresponding to a distance of 2.39 [plus or minus sign] 0.14 kpc, ...
  • Aggarwal, Nancy; Barsotti, Lisa; Biscans, Sebastien; Bodiya, Timothy Paul; Donovan, Frederick J.; Essick, Reed Clasey; Evans, M.; Fritschel, Peter K.; Gras, Slawek; Isogai, Tomoki; Katsavounidis, Erotokritos; Kwee, P.; Lee, J.; Libson, Adam; Lynch, Ryan Christopher; MacInnis, Myron E.; Mason, Kenneth R.; Matichard, Fabrice; Mavalvala, Nergis; Miller, John; Mittleman, Richard K.; Oelker, Eric Glenn; Shoemaker, David H.; Tse, Maggie; Vaulin, Ruslan; Vitale, Salvatore; Weiss, Rainer; Wipf, C. C.; Zhang, Fan; Zucker, Michael E. (American Physical Society, 2014-09)
    We present the first results of an all-sky search for continuous gravitational waves from unknown spinning neutron stars in binary systems using LIGO and Virgo data. Using a specially developed analysis program, the TwoSpect ...
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