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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Linnebo, Oystein (Oxford University Press, )
    Godel claimed that Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory is `what becomes of the theory of types if certain superfluous restrictions are removed'. The aim of this paper is to develop a clearer understanding of Godel's remark, and ...
  • Mohayaee, Roya; Afshordi, Niayesh; Bertschinger, Edmund (American Physical Society, 2010-05)
    We develop a theoretical framework for describing the hierarchical structure of the phase space of cold dark matter haloes, due to gravitationally bound substructures. Because it includes the full hierarchy of the cold ...
  • Bertsimas, Dimitris J.; Iancu, Dan Andrei; Parrilo, Pablo A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-08)
    In this paper, we propose a new tractable framework for dealing with linear dynamical systems affected by uncertainty, applicable to multistage robust optimization and stochastic programming. We introduce a hierarchy of ...
  • Rinard, Martin C.; Grigoras, Gheorghe; Andrei, Stefan; Yap, Roland Hock Chuan (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-05)
    Finding subclasses of formulae for which the SAT problem can be solved in polynomial time has been an important problem in computer science. We present a new hierarchy of propositional formulae subclasses for which the SAT ...
  • Jacks, Tyler E.; Mazumdar, Jolly; Hickey, Michele M.; Pant, Dhruv K.; Durham, Amy C.; Sweet-Cordero, Alejandro; Vachani, Anil; Chodosh, Lewis A.; Kissil, Joseph L.; Simon, M. Celeste; Keith, Brian (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2010-08)
    Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The oxygen-sensitive hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) transcriptional regulators HIF-1α and HIF-2α are overexpressed in many human NSCLCs, ...
  • Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Paus, Christoph M. E. (American Physical Society, 2013-09)
    We combine searches by the CDF and D0 Collaborations for the standard model Higgs boson with mass in the range 90–200  GeV/c[superscript 2] produced in the gluon-gluon fusion, WH, ZH, t[¯ over t]H, and vector boson fusion ...
  • Berger, Carola F.; Marcantonini, Claudio; Stewart, Iain; Tackmann, Frank; Waalewijn, Wouter J. (Springer-Verlag, 2011-04)
    A major ingredient in Higgs searches at the Tevatron and LHC is the elimination of backgrounds with jets. In current H → WW → lνlν searches, jet algorithms are used to veto central jets to obtain a 0-jet sample, which ...
  • Cai, Yan; Bessette, Jonathan T.; Kimerling, Lionel C.; Michel, Jurgen; Camacho-Aguilera, Rodolfo Ernesto (Optical Society of America, 2012-09)
    We demonstrate CVD in situ doping of Ge by utilizing phosphorus delta-doping for the creation of a high dopant diffusion source. Multiple monolayer delta doping creates source phosphorous concentrations above 1 × 10[superscript ...
  • Gai, Annie; Wittrup, Karl Dane; Pancer, Zeev; Mariuzza, Roy A.; Flajnik, Martin F.; Xu, Gang; Velikovsky, C. Alejandro; Tasumi, Satoshi (United States National Academy of Sciences, 2009-06)
    Lamprey are members of the ancestral vertebrate taxon (jawless fish), which evolved rearranging antigen receptors convergently with the jawed vertebrates. But instead of Ig superfamily domains, lamprey variable lymphocyte ...
  • Hayden, Joshua A.; Brophy, Megan Brunjes; Nolan, Elizabeth M.; Cunden, Lisa Stephanie (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2012-12)
    Calprotectin (CP) is a transition metal-chelating antimicrobial protein of the calcium-binding S100 family that is produced and released by neutrophils. It inhibits the growth of various pathogenic microorganisms by ...
  • Demory, Brice-Olivier; Seager, Sara (IOP Publishing, 2011-06)
    Hot Jupiters are expected to be dark from both observations (albedo upper limits) and theory (alkali metals and/or TiO and VO absorption). However, only a handful of hot Jupiters have been observed with high enough photometric ...
  • Gopinath, Juliet; Hong, Kyung-Han; Siddiqui, Aleem M.; Moses, Jeffrey; Lai, Chien-Jen; Hybl, John D.; Fan, Tso Yee (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-08)
    We report on a 300-W-level picosecond laser based on a cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber CPA system. High-average-power picosecond second harmonic generation is also presented.
  • Foley, Maria Hottelet; Forcier, Talitha; McAndrew, Elizabeth; Gonzalez, Michael; Chen, Huabiao; Juelg, Boris; Walker, Bruce D.; Irvine, Darrell J. (Public Library of Science, 2014-02)
    The dissemination of HIV from an initial site of infection is facilitated by motile HIV-infected CD4+ T-cells. However, the impact of infected target cell migration on antigen recognition by HIV-specific CD8+ T-cells is ...
  • Lu, Bin; Palacios, Tomas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-07)
    In this letter, we present a new technology to increase the breakdown voltage of AlGaN/GaN high-electron-mobility transistors (HEMTs) grown on Si substrates. This new technology is based on the removal of the original Si ...
  • Razavipour, S. G.; Dupont, E.; Chan, Chun Wang Ivan; Xu, C.; Wasilewski, Z. R.; Laframboise, S. R.; Hu, Qing; Ban, D. (American Institute of Physics, 2014-01)
    A Terahertz quantum cascade laser with a rather high injection coupling strength based on an indirectly pumped scheme is designed and experimentally implemented. To effectively suppress leakage current, the chosen quantum ...
  • Narayan, Tarun Chandru; Miyakai, Tomoyo; Seki, Shu; Dinca, Mircea (American Chemical Society, 2012-08)
    The tetratopic ligand tetrathiafulvalene-tetrabenzoate (H[subscript 4]TTFTB) is used to synthesize Zn[subscript 2](TTFTB), a new metal–organic framework that contains columnar stacks of tetrathiafulvalene and benzoate-lined ...
  • Wu, Chaohong; Hong, Pengyu; Schulte, Joost; Sepp, Katharine J.; Littleton, J. Troy (Public Library of Science, 2011-08)
    To identify Huntington's Disease therapeutics, we conducted high-content small molecule and RNAi suppressor screens using a Drosophila primary neural culture Huntingtin model. Drosophila primary neurons offer a sensitive ...
  • Nieland, Thomas J.; Logan, David J.; Saulnier, Jessica; Lam, Daniel; Johnson, Caroline; Root, David E.; Carpenter, Anne E.; Sabatini, Bernardo L. (Public Library of Science, 2014-03)
    The formation of synapses, the specialized points of chemical communication between neurons, is a highly regulated developmental process fundamental to establishing normal brain circuitry. Perturbations of synapse formation ...
  • Gire, Stephen; Ellis, Crystal; Calderwood, Stephen; Qadri, Firdausi; Hensley, Lisa; Kellis, Manolis; Ryan, Edward T; LaRocque, Regina C; Harris, Jason B; Sabeti, Pardis C; Sealfon, Rachel Sima (BioMed Central Ltd, 2012-09)
    AbstractBackgroundWhole-genome sequencing is an important tool for understanding microbial evolution and identifying the emergence of functionally important variants over the course of epidemics. In October 2010, a severe ...
  • Willsky, Alan S.; Tan, Vincent Yan Fu; Anandkumar, Animashree (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012-03)
    We consider the problem of high-dimensional Gaussian graphical model selection. We identify a set of graphs for which an efficient estimation algorithm exists, and this algorithm is based on thresholding of empirical ...
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