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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Rigby, Matthew; Muhle, J.; Miller, B. R.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Krummel, P. B.; Steele, L. P.; Fraser, P. J.; Salameh, P. K.; Harth, C. M.; Weiss, R. F.; Greally, B. R.; O'Doherty, S.; Simmonds, P. G.; Vollmer, M. K.; Reimann, S.; Kim, J.; Kim, K.-R.; Wang, H. J.; Olivier, J. G. J.; Dlugokencky, E. J.; Dutton, G. S.; Hall, B. D.; Elkins, J. W. (European Geosciences Union / Copernicus, 2010-11)
    We present atmospheric sulfur hexafluoride (SF6)[SF subscript 6] mole fractions and emissions estimates from the 1970s to 2008. Measurements were made of archived air samples starting from 1973 in the Northern Hemisphere ...
  • Boyden, Edward Stuart (BioMed Central Ltd., 2011-05)
    Understanding how different kinds of neuron in the brain work together to implement sensations, feelings, thoughts, and movements, and how deficits in specific kinds of neuron result in brain diseases, has long been a ...
  • de Foy, B.; Krotkov, N. A.; Bei, Naifang; Herndon, S. C.; Huey, L. G.; Martinez, A.-P.; Ruiz-Suarez, L. G.; Wood, E. C.; Zavala, Miguel; Molina, Luisa Tan (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geophysical Society, 2009-12)
    Large sulfur dioxide plumes were measured in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) during the MILAGRO field campaign. This paper seeks to identify the sources of these plumes and the meteorological processes that affect ...
  • Jones, Benjamin F.; Olken, Benjamin A. (American Economic Association, 2009-07)
    Assassinations are a persistent feature of the political landscape. Using a new dataset of assassination attempts on all world leaders from 1875 to 2004, we exploit inherent randomness in the success or failure of assassination ...
  • Mallal, Simon; Heckerman, David; Harrigan, P. Richard; Haubrich, Richard; Riddler, Sharon A.; Haas, David W.; Kadie, Carl M.; Szeto, Sharon; Tao, Iris; Swenson, Luke C.; Chan, Dennison; Carlson, Jonathan M.; John, Mina; Walker, Bruce D.; Frahm, Nicole; Sela, Jennifer; Rosato, Pamela; Brockman, Mark A.; Brumme, Chanson J.; Brumme, Zabrina L.; Brander, Christian (Public Library of Science, 2009-08)
    Background: Despite the extensive genetic diversity of HIV-1, viral evolution in response to immune selective pressures follows broadly predictable mutational patterns. Sites and pathways of Human Leukocyte-Antigen ...
  • Kuehne, H.; Serre, T.; Jhuang, H.; Garrote, Estibaliz; Poggio, Tomaso A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012-01)
    With nearly one billion online videos viewed everyday, an emerging new frontier in computer vision research is recognition and search in video. While much effort has been devoted to the collection and annotation of large ...
  • Byrne, Alex (Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 2011-09)
    1 Pain perception Bodily sensations, for instance pains, are often thought to pose insuperable difficulties for representational theories of consciousness. Chris Hill is never one to dodge a problem, and chapter 6 of ...
  • Xia, Ling; Boos, J. Brad; Bennett, Brian R.; Ancona, Mario G.; del Alamo, Jesus A. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2011-02)
    The impact of 〈110〉 uniaxial strain on the characteristics of p-channel In[subscript 0.41]Ga[subscript 0.59]Sb quantum-well field-effect transistors (QW-FETs) is studied through chip-bending experiments. Uniaxial strain ...
  • Buonassisi, Tonio; Grossman, Jeffrey C.; Johlin, Eric Carl; Simmons, Christie B. (American Physical Society, 2014-09)
    Low hole mobility currently limits the efficiency of amorphous silicon photovoltaic devices. We explore three possible phenomena contributing to this low mobility: coordination defects, self-trapping ionization displacement ...
  • Follows, Michael J.; Karsenti, Eric; Acinas, Silvia G.; Bork, Peer; Bowler, Chris; Vargas, Colomban De; Raes, Jeroen; Sullivan, Matthew; Arendt, Detlev; Benzoni, Francesca; Claverie, Jean-Michel; Gorsky, Gaby; Hingamp, Pascal; Iudicone, Daniele; Jaillon, Olivier; Kandels-Lewis, Stefanie; Krzic, Uros; Not, Fabrice; Ogata, Hiroyuki; Pesant, Stéphane; Reynaud, Emmanuel Georges; Sardet, Christian; Sieracki, Michael E.; Speich, Sabrina; Velayoudon, Didier; Weissenbach, Jean; Wincker, Patrick (Public Library of Science, 2011-10)
    With biology becoming quantitative, systems-level studies can now be performed at spatial scales ranging from molecules to ecosystems. Biological data generated consistently across scales can be integrated with physico-chemical ...
  • Pereira, Francisco; Oliveirinha, Joao; Gerber, Alexandre; Vaccari, Andrea; Liu, Liang; Biderman, Assaf; Ratti, Carlo (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-11)
    Pervasive systems produce massive amounts of data as by-products of their interaction with users. Cell phone calls can inform us on how many people are present in a given area and how many are entering or leaving it. ...
  • Lee, Won Gu; Ortmann, Daniel; Hancock, Matthew J.; Bae, Hojae; Khademhosseini, Ali (Mary Ann Liebert, 2010-04)
    In conventional hanging drop (HD) methods, embryonic stem cell aggregates or embryoid bodies (EBs) are often maintained in small inverted droplets. Gravity limits the volumes of these droplets to less than 50 μL [mu L], ...
  • McGreevy, John (Hindawi Publishing, 2010-01)
    These are notes based on a series of lectures given at the KITP workshop Quantum Criticality and the AdS/CFT Correspondence in July, 2009. The goal of the lectures was to introduce condensed matter physicists to the AdS/CFT ...
  • Faulkner, Tom; Iqbal, Nabil; Liu, Hong; McGreevy, John; Vegh, David (Royal Society, The, 2011-04)
    Techniques arising from string theory can be used to study assemblies of strongly interacting fermions. Via this ‘holographic duality’, various strongly coupled many-body systems are solved using an auxiliary theory of ...
  • Sonner, Julian (American Physical Society, 2013-11)
    We show that the recently proposed bulk dual of an entangled pair of a quark and an antiquark corresponds to the Lorentzian continuation of the tunneling instanton describing Schwinger pair creation in the dual field theory. ...
  • Adams, Allan; Chesler, Paul M.; Liu, Hong (American Physical Society, 2014-04)
    We construct turbulent black holes in asymptotically AdS[subscript 4] spacetime by numerically solving Einstein’s equations. Using the AdS/CFT correspondence we find that both the dual holographic fluid and bulk geometry ...
  • Chesler, Paul M.; Liu, Hong; Adams, Allan (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013-07)
    Superfluid turbulence is a fascinating phenomenon for which a satisfactory theoretical framework is lacking. Holographic duality provides a systematic approach to studying such quantum turbulence by mapping the dynamics ...
  • Chesler, Paul Michael; Yaffe, Laurence (American Physical Society, 2011-01)
    Using holography, we study the collision of planar shock waves in strongly coupled N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. This requires the numerical solution of a dual gravitational initial value problem in asymptotically ...
  • Iqbal, Nabil; Anninos, Dionysios; Hartnoll, Sean A. (American Physical Society, 2010-09)
    In 2+1 dimensions at finite temperature, spontaneous symmetry breaking of global symmetries is precluded by large thermal fluctuations of the order parameter. The holographic correspondence implies that analogous effects ...
  • Bobev, Nikolay; Elvang, Henriette; Freedman, Daniel Z.; Pufu, Silviu (Springer-Verlag, 2014-07)
    We find the gravity dual of N = 2[superscript *] super-Yang-Mills theory on S [superscript 4] and use holography to calculate the universal contribution to the corresponding S [superscript 4] free energy at large N and ...
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