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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Thaler, Jesse; Thomas, Zachary Talbott (Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2011-07)
    Supersymmetric collider phenomenology depends crucially on whether the lightest observable-sector supersymmetric particle (LOSP) decays, and if so, what the LOSP decay products are. For instance, in SUSY models where the ...
  • Dunkel, Juliane; Schulz, Andreas S. (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2012-11)
    The question as to whether the Gomory-Chvátal closure of a nonrational polytope is a polytope has been a longstanding open problem in integer programming. In this paper, we answer this question in the affirmative by combining ...
  • Brynjolfsson, Erik; Hu, Yu (Jeffrey); Simester, Duncan (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2011-06)
    Many markets have historically been dominated by a small number of best-selling products. The Pareto principle, also known as the 80/20 rule, describes this common pattern of sales concentration. However, information ...
  • Van Maanen, John (Sage Publications, 2012-05)
    Book review: Jennifer C. Hunt, Seven Shots: An NYPD Raid on a Terrorist Cell and its Aftermath. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. 361pp. $29.00 cloth. ISBN: 9780226360904 This is one hell of a book. Sweeping, ...
  • Kedlaya, Kiran S. (American Mathematical Society, 2010-09)
    Given a flat meromorphic connection on an excellent scheme over a field of characteristic zero, we prove existence of good formal structures after blowing up; this extends a theorem of Mochizuki for algebraic varieties. ...
  • Polifroni, Joseph; Seneff, Stephanie; Branavan, Satchuthanan R.; Wang, Chao; Barzilay, Regina (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-12)
    In this paper, we introduce a new envisioned application for speech which allows users to enter restaurant reviews orally via their mobile device, and, at a later time, update a shared and growing database of consumer-provided ...
  • Behrens, Mark Joseph (Mathematical Sciences Publishers, 2011-09)
    We analyze the homological behavior of the attaching maps in the 2–local Goodwillie tower of the identity evaluated at S¹. We show that they exhibit the same homological behavior as the James–Hopf maps used by N Kuhn ...
  • Hausman, Jerry A.; Sidak, J. Gregory (Oxford University Press, 2009-08)
    We examine the consumer-welfare implications of Google's project to scan a large proportion of the world's books into digital form and to make these works accessible to consumers through Google Book Search (GBS). In response ...
  • Edmans, Alex; Manso, Gustavo (Oxford University Press for the Society for Financial Studies, 2010-12)
    Traditional theories argue that governance is strongest under a single large blockholder, as she has high incentives to undertake value-enhancing interventions. However, most firms are held by multiple small blockholders. ...
  • Huising, Ruthanne; Silbey, Susan S. (Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing), 2011-03)
    Designed to close the ubiquitous gap between law on the books and law in action, management systems locate the standard setting and implementation of regulation within the regulated organization itself. Despite efforts to ...
  • Xu, Lei; Begum, Shahinoor; Barry, Marc; Crowley, Denise G.; Yang, Liquan; Bronson, Roderick T.; Hynes, Richard O. (Springer-Verlag, 2010-03)
    GPR56, a non-classical adhesion receptor, was previously reported to suppress tumor growth and metastasis in xenograft models using human melanoma cell lines. To understand whether GPR56 plays similar roles in the development ...
  • Yang, Liquan; Chen, Guangchun; Mohanty, Sonali; Scott, Glynis; Fazal, Fabeha; Rahman, Arshad; Begum, Shahinoor; Hynes, Richard O.; Xu, Lei (American Association for Cancer Research, 2011-07)
    Angiogenesis is a critical step during cancer progression. The VEGF is a major stimulator for angiogenesis and is predominantly contributed by cancer cells in tumors. Inhibition of the VEGF signaling pathway has shown ...
  • Prikryl, P.; Ghoddousi-Fard, R.; Kunduri, B. S. R.; Thomas, E. G.; Jayachandran, P. T.; Spanswick, E.; Danskin, D. W.; Coster, Anthea J. (Copernicus GmbH, 2013-05)
    The amplitude and phase scintillation indices are customarily obtained by specialised GPS Ionospheric Scintillation and TEC Monitors (GISTMs) from L1 signal recorded at the rate of 50 Hz. The scintillation indices S[subscript ...
  • Yang, Daiqin; Zhao, Fang; Liu, Kai; Lim, Hock Beng; Frazzoli, Emilio; Rus, Daniela L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012-05)
    Accurate vehicular localization is important for various cooperative vehicle safety (CVS) applications such as collision avoidance, turning assistant, etc. In this paper, we propose a cooperative vehicular distance measurement ...
  • Zubovich, Alexander V.; Wang, Xiao-qiang; Scherba, Yuri G.; Schelochkov, Gennady G.; Reilinger, Robert; Reigber, Christoph; Mosienko, Olga I.; Molnar, Peter; Michajljow, Wasili; Makarov, Vladimir I.; Li, Jie; Kuzikov, Sergey I.; Herring, Thomas A.; Hamburger, Michael W.; Hager, Bradford H.; Dang, Ya-min; Bragin, Vitaly D.; Beisenbaev, Rinat T. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2010-12)
    Measurements at ∼400 campaign-style GPS points and another 14 continuously recording stations in central Asia define variations in their velocities both along and across the Kyrgyz and neighboring parts of Tien Shan. They ...
  • Maggioni, Marco; Santambrogio, Marco Domenico; Liang, Jie (Elsevier B.V., 2011)
    The assessment of chemical similarity between molecules is a basic operation in chemoinformatics, a computational area concerning with the manipulation of chemical structural information. Comparing molecules is the basis ...
  • Reis, Pedro Miguel; Hure, Jeremy; Jung, Sungwan; Bush, John W. M.; Clanet, Christophe (Royal Society of Chemistry, The, 2010-10)
    We introduce a novel technique for grabbing water with a flexible solid. This new passive pipetting mechanism was inspired by floating flowers and relies purely on the coupling of the elasticity of thin plates and the ...
  • Nave, Jean-Christophe; Rosales, Rodolfo R.; Seibold, Benjamin (Elsevier, 2010-02)
    The level set approach represents surfaces implicitly, and advects them by evolving a level set function, which is numerically defined on an Eulerian grid. Here we present an approach that augments the level set function ...
  • De Silva, Daniela; Jerison, David S. (Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons), 2010-12)
    We prove an analogue for a one-phase free boundary problem of the classical gradient bound for solutions to the minimal surface equation. It follows, in particular, that every energy-minimizing free boundary that is a graph ...
  • Gershman, Samuel J.; Jones, Carolyn E.; Norman, Kenneth A.; Monfils, Marie-H.; Niv, Yael (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013-11)
    Fear memories are notoriously difficult to erase, often recovering over time. The longstanding explanation for this finding is that, in extinction training, a new memory is formed that competes with the old one for expression ...
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