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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Bonocora, Richard P.; Abel, Ethan V.; Shub, David A.; Zeng, Qinglu (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 2011-09)
    Since its initial description more than two decades ago, the ribosome bypass (or “hop”) sequence of phage T4 stands out as a uniquely extreme example of programmed translational frameshifting. The gene for a DNA topoisomerase ...
  • Speed, Nicole; Saunders, Christine; Davis, Adeola R.; Owens, W. Anthony; Matthies, Heinrich J. G.; Saadat, Sanaz; Kennedy, Jack P.; Vaughan, Roxanne A.; Neve, Rachael L.; Lindsley, Craig W.; Russo, Scott J.; Daws, Lynette C.; Niswender, Kevin D.; Galli, Aurelio (Public Library of Science, 2011-09)
    The prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically worldwide. The obesity epidemic begs for novel concepts and therapeutic targets that cohesively address “food-abuse” disorders. We demonstrate a molecular link between ...
  • Hartzell, Samantha R.; Seneff, Stephanie (MDPI AG, 2012-10)
    Autism is a brain disorder involving social, memory, and learning deficits, that normally develops prenatally or early in childhood. Frustratingly, many research dollars have as yet failed to identify the cause of autism. ...
  • Moran, Joseph M.; Young, Liane L.; Saxe, Rebecca R.; Lee, Su Mei; O'Young, Daniel; Mavros, Penelope L.; Gabrieli, John D. E. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 2011-02)
    High-functioning autism (ASD) is characterized by real-life difficulties in social interaction; however, these individuals often succeed on laboratory tests that require an understanding of another person's beliefs and ...
  • Li, C. K.; Seguin, Fredrick Hampton; Frenje, Johan A.; Rosenberg, Michael Jonathan; Rinderknecht, Hans George; Zylstra, Alex Bennett; Petrasso, Richard D.; Amendt, P. A.; Landen, O. L.; Mackinnon, A. J.; Town, R. P. J.; Wilks, S. C.; Betti, R.; Meyerhofer, D. D.; Soures, J. M. (American Physical Society, 2012-01)
    This Letter reports the first time-gated proton radiography of the spatial structure and temporal evolution of how the fill gas compresses the wall blowoff, inhibits plasma jet formation, and impedes plasma stagnation in ...
  • Near, Joseph Paul; Jackson, Daniel (Springer, 2010-02)
    We extend the Alloy language with the standard imperative constructs; we show the mix of declarative and imperative constructs to be useful in modeling dynamic systems. We present a translation from our extended language ...
  • Park, Soonae; Kim, Byung-Yeon; Jang, Wonchang; Nam, Kyung-min (Springer-Verlag, 2014-03)
    We examine the labor market’s bias against small and medium-sized enterprises focusing on the Seoul Digital Industrial Complex case. We adopt Heckman’s approach to control selection bias, and use primary data from questionnaire ...
  • Elman, Noel; Ho Duc, Hong Linh; Cima, Michael J. (Springer Netherlands, 2009-01)
    We introduce the first implantable drug delivery system based on MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems) technology specifically designed as a platform for treatment in ambulatory emergency care. The device is named ...
  • Lee, Jungwoo; Li, Matthew; Milwid, Jack; Dunham, Joshua; Vinegoni, Claudio; Gorbatov, Rostic; Iwamoto, Yoshiko; Wang, Fangjing; Shen, Keyue; Hatfield, Kimberley; Enger, Marianne; Shafiee, Sahba; McCormack, Emmet; Ebert, Benjamin L.; Weissleder, Ralph; Yarmush, Martin L.; Parekkadan, Biju (Public Library of Science, 2012-11)
    The environments that harbor hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells are critical to explore for a better understanding of hematopoiesis during health and disease. These compartments often are inaccessible for controlled ...
  • Vydrov, Oleg A.; Van Voorhis, Troy (American Institute of Physics, 2010-04)
    Recently we developed a nonlocal van der Waals density functional (VV09) that has a simple and well-behaved analytic form. In this article, we report a self-consistent implementation of VV09 with an atom-centered basis ...
  • Van Kleek, Max G.; Perttunen, Mikko; Lassila, Ora; Riekki, Jukka (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-06)
    Auditory contexts are recognized from mixtures of sounds from mobile userspsila everyday environments. We describe our implementation of auditory context recognition for mobile devices. In our system we use a set of support ...
  • Vuletic, Vladan; Schleier-Smith, Monika Helene; Leroux, Ian Daniel (American Physical Society, 2010-02)
    We squeeze unconditionally the collective spin of a dilute ensemble of laser-cooled superscript 87]Rb atoms using their interaction with a driven optical resonator. The shape and size of the resulting spin uncertainty ...
  • Vijayaraghavan, Muralidaran; Ng, Man Cheuk; King, Myron D.; Khan, Asif Imtiaz; Fleming, Kermin Elliott; Dave, Nirav H.; Agarwal, Abhinav (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-08)
    The 2009 MEMOCODE Hardware/Software Co-Design Contest assignment was the implementation of a cartesian-to-polar matrix interpolator. We discuss our hardware and software design submissions.
  • Hillger, Jason J.; Timmerman, Chayil S.; Ramakrishnan, Balasubramanian; Laffely, Andrew; Yao, Huan (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-01)
    For ease of implementation, communications systems have been steadily converted to digital implementations. FPGA technologies and high-quality, high-speed DACs have enabled this trend. While this is commonly done for modern ...
  • Teich, Malvin Carl; Abouraddy, Ayman F.; Giuseppe, G. Di; Yarnall, Timothy M.; Saleh, B. E. A. (American Physical Society, 2012-11)
    Increasing the information-carrying capacity of a single photon may be achieved by utilizing multiple degrees of freedom. We describe here an approach that utilizes two degrees of freedom to encode three qubits per photon: ...
  • Strigari, L.; Billard, Julien; Figueroa-Feliciano, Enectali (American Physical Society, 2014-01)
    As direct dark matter experiments continue to increase in size, they will become sensitive to neutrinos from astrophysical sources. For experiments that do not have directional sensitivity, coherent neutrino scattering ...
  • Niu, Sidi; Golowich, Steven E.; Ingle, Vinay K.; Manolakis, Dimitris G. (SPIE, 2013-02)
    Most chemical gas detection algorithms for long-wave infrared hyperspectral images assume a gas with a perfectly known spectral signature. In practice, the chemical signature is either imperfectly measured and/or exhibits ...
  • Park, Jun-geun; Curtis, Dorothy; Teller, Seth; Ledlie, Jonathan (IEEE Communications Society, 2011-04)
    Many indoor localization methods are based on the association of 802.11 wireless RF signals from wireless access points (WAPs) with location labels. An “organic” RF positioning system relies on regular users, not dedicated ...
  • Abravanel, Ronen; Faghfoor Maghrebi, Mohammad; Jaffe, Robert L. (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-09)
    We formulate the Babinet Principle (BP) as a relation between scattering amplitudes and combine it with multiple scattering techniques to derive new properties of electromagnetic Casimir forces. We show that the Casimir ...
  • Ji, L.; Schulz, Norbert S.; Nowak, Michael A. (IOP Publishing, 2010-07)
    4U 1822–371 is one of the prototype accretion disk coronal sources with an orbital period of about 5.6 hr. The binary is viewed almost edge-on at a high inclination angle of 83°, which makes it a unique candidate to study ...
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