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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Murphy, Craig N.; Yates, JoAnne (Cambridge University Press, 2010-09)
    This volume of the History of Technology series focuses on standardization, a subject of increasing interest across a range of disciplines. Editors Graeme Gooday and James Sumner have selected a diverse set of articles on ...
  • Rupert, Timothy J.; Trelewicz, Jason R.; Schuh, Christopher A. (Cambridge University Press (Materials Research Society), 2012-03)
    The hardening effect caused by the relaxation of nonequilibrium grain boundary structure has been explored in nanocrystalline Ni–W alloys. First, the kinetics of relaxation hardening are studied, showing that higher annealing ...
  • Trelewicz, Jason R.; Schuh, Christopher A. (American Physical Society, 2009-03)
    A free-energy function for binary polycrystalline solid solutions is developed based on pairwise nearest-neighbor interactions. The model permits intergranular regions to exhibit unique energetics and compositions from ...
  • Almoammer, Alhanouf; Sullivan, Jessica; Donlan, Chris; Marusic, Franc; Zaucer, Rok; O'Donnell, Timothy John; Barner, David (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-11)
    How does cross-linguistic variation in linguistic structure affect children’s acquisition of early number word meanings? We tested this question by investigating number word learning in two unrelated languages that feature ...
  • Hamrahi, Victoria; Hamblin, Michael R.; Jung, Walter; Benjamin, John B.; Paul, Kasie W.; Fischman, Alan J.; Tompkins, Ronald G.; Carter, Edward A. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012-04)
    Sepsis remains the major cause of death in patients with major burn injuries. In the present investigation we evaluated the interaction between burn injuries of varying severity and preexisting distant infection. We used ...
  • Ferng, Jennifer H. (MIT Press, 2009-04)
    The spectacular display of industrial products showcased at the Great Exhibition of 1851 in the Crystal Palace is familiar to most enthusiasts of 19thcentury Victorian culture. Using the Great Exhibition as a backdrop ...
  • Kim, Sanggyun; Putrino, David; Ghosh, Soumya; Brown, Emery N. (Public Library of Science, 2011-03)
    The ability to identify directional interactions that occur among multiple neurons in the brain is crucial to an understanding of how groups of neurons cooperate in order to generate specific brain functions. However, an ...
  • Shattuck, M. D.; Ingale, R. A.; Reis, Pedro Miguel (American Institute of Physics, 2009-06)
    We present experimental evidence for a strong analogy between quasi-2D uniform non-equilibrium steady states (NESS) of excited granular materials and equilibrium thermodynamics. Under isochoric conditions we find that the ...
  • Park, Boyoun; Buti, Ludovico; Lee, Sungwook; Matsuwaki, Takashi; Spooner, Eric; Brinkmann, Melanie M.; Nishihara, Masugi; Ploegh, Hidde (Elsevier, 2011-04)
    Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling plays a critical role in innate and adaptive immune responses and must be tightly controlled. TLR4 uses LPS binding protein, MD-2, and CD14 as accessories to respond to LPS. We therefore ...
  • Beigi, Salman; Chuang, Isaac; Grassl, Markus; Zeng, Bei; Shor, Peter W. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2011-02)
    Graphs are closely related to quantum error-correcting codes: every stabilizer code is locally equivalent to a graph code and every codeword stabilized code can be described by a graph and a classical code. For the ...
  • Garaj, S.; Hubbard, W.; Branton, D.; Golovchenko, J. A.; Reina, Alfonso; Kong, Jing (Nature Publishing Group, 2010-08)
    Isolated, atomically thin conducting membranes of graphite, called graphene, have recently been the subject of intense research with the hope that practical applications in fields ranging from electronics to energy science ...
  • Wang, Han; Hsu, Allen Long; Wu, Justin; Kong, Jing; Palacios, Tomas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-08)
    The combination of the unique properties of graphene with new device concepts and nanotechnology can overcome some of the main limitations of traditional electronics in terms of maximum frequency, linearity, and power ...
  • Wang, Han; Nezich, Daniel A.; Kong, Jing; Palacios, Tomas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-04)
    In this letter, the ambipolar transport properties of graphene flakes have been used to fabricate full-wave signal rectifiers and frequency-doubling devices. By correctly biasing an ambipolar graphene field-effect transistor ...
  • Hong, Jinkee; Shah, Nisarg J.; DeMuth, Peter C.; Lee, Jong Bum; Chen, Jianzhu; Hammond, Paula T.; Drake, Adam (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2011-12)
    The ability to control the timing and order of release of different therapeutic drugs will play a pivotal role in improving patient care and simplifying treatment regimes in the clinic. The controlled sequential release ...
  • Keast, Craig L.; Wyatt, Peter W.; Kong, Jing; Reina, Alfonso; Hsu, Pei-Lan; Healey, Paul D.; Kedzierski, Jakub T. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-06)
    Graphene transistors are made by transferring a thin graphene film grown on Ni onto an insulating SiO[subscript 2] substrate. The properties and integration of these graphene-on-insulator transistors are presented and ...
  • Swager, Timothy Manning; Schmois, Ezequiel; Collins, William R. (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011-07)
    The covalent, surface functionalization of graphene oxide with the malononitrile anion has been demonstrated. Once installed, these surface-bound “molecular lynchpins” can be chemically modified to increase the solubility ...
  • Oh, Dahyun; Dang, Xiangnan; Yi, Hyunjung; Allen, Mark A.; Xu, Kang; Lee, Yun Jung; Belcher, Angela M. (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co., 2012-04)
    Utilization of the material-specific peptide–substrate interactions of M13 virus broadens colloidal stability window of graphene. The homogeneous distribution of graphene is maintained in weak acids and increased ionic ...
  • Mazumder, Rahul; Hastie, Trevor (Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2012)
    The graphical lasso [5] is an algorithm for learning the structure in an undirected Gaussian graphical model, using ℓ[subscript 1] regularization to control the number of zeros in the precision matrix Θ = Σ[superscript −1] ...
  • Vona, Marsette A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-04)
    This paper presents the design and implementation of algorithms for a new graphical operations interface system specifically adapted to operating modular reconfigurable articulated surface systems. Geometric models of ...
  • Kleindienst, Siân; Bodart, Magali; Andersen, Marilyne (Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, 2008-07)
    Many conventional daylighting design tools are limited in that each simulation represents only one time of year and time of day (or a single, theoretical overcast sky condition). Since daylight is so variable – due to the ...
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