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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Hewitt, Jacqueline N.; Barry, N.; Beardsley, A. P.; Bowman, Judd D.; Briggs, Frank H.; Carroll, P.; Greenhill, Lincoln J.; Hazelton, B. J.; Hernquist, L.; Hurley-Walker, N.; Jacobs, Daniel C.; Kim, H. S.; Kittiwisit, P.; Lenc, Emil; Line, J.; Loeb, Abraham; McKinley, B.; Mitchell, Daniel A.; Morales, Miguel F.; Offringa, A. R.; Paul, S.; Pindor, B.; Pober, J. C.; Procopio, P.; Riding, J.; Sethi, S.; Shankar, N. Udaya; Subrahmanyan, R.; Sullivan, I.; Thyagarajan, Nithyanandan; Tingay, S. J.; Trott, C.; Wayth, R. B.; Webster, R. L.; Wyithe, S.; Bernardi, G.; Cappallo, Roger J.; Deshpande, Ajay A.; Johnston-Hollitt, M.; Kaplan, David L.; Oberoi, Divya; Ord, S. M.; Prabu, T.; Srivani, K. S.; Williams, A.; Dillon, Joshua Shane; Neben, Abraham Richard; Tegmark, Max Erik; de Oliveira-Costa, Angelica; Ewall-Wice, Aaron Michael; Feng, Lu; Lonsdale, Colin John; McWhirter, Stephen R.; Morgan, Edward H.; Williams, Christopher Leigh (American Physical Society, 2015-06)
    The separation of the faint cosmological background signal from bright astrophysical foregrounds remains one of the most daunting challenges of mapping the high-redshift intergalactic medium with the redshifted 21 cm line ...
  • Seneff, Stephanie; Davidson, Robert M.; Liu, Jingjing (MDPI AG, 2012-11)
    Autism is a condition characterized by impaired cognitive and social skills, associated with compromised immune function. The incidence is alarmingly on the rise, and environmental factors are increasingly suspected to ...
  • Mohtashemi, Mojdeh (Public Library of Science, 2010-01)
    The re-emergence of tuberculosis (TB) in the mid-1980s in many parts of the world, including the United States, is often attributed to the emergence and rapid spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired ...
  • Beesemyer, J. Clark; Rhodes, Donna H.; Ross, Adam Michael (Elsevier, 2012-03)
    Maintaining system performance in the presence of uncertainties in design and operating environments is both challenging and increasingly essential as system lifetimes grow longer. In response to perturbations brought on ...
  • Grinberg, Victoria; Steiner, James F.; McClintock, Jeffrey E.; Pottschmidt, Katja; Rothschild, Richard E.; Garcia, Javier A. (IOP Publishing, 2016-02)
    We have developed a correction tool to improve the quality of Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) High Energy X-ray Timing Experiment (HEXTE) spectra by employing the same method we used earlier to improve the quality of ...
  • McClintock, Jeffrey E.; Steiner, James F.; Grinberg, Victoria; Garcia, Javier A.; Remillard, Ronald Alan (IOP Publishing, 2014-09)
    We fitted all of the several hundred RXTE PCA spectra of the Crab individually to a simple power-law model; the total number of counts in the composite spectrum is >10[superscript 9]. We then used the spectrum of residuals ...
  • Gayeski, Nicholas; Zakula, Tea; Armstrong, Peter R.; Norford, Leslie Keith (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), 2010-10)
    Inverter-driven variable-capacity air conditioners, heat pumps, and chillers can provide energy-efficient cooling, particularly at part-load capacity. Varying the capacity of vapor compression systems enables operation at ...
  • Rambeloarison, Muriel L.; Feizi-Khankandi, Soheil; Angelopoulos, Georgios; Medard, Muriel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012-11)
    In this paper, we present an empirical rate-distortion study of a communication scheme that uses compressive sensing (CS) as joint source-channel coding. We investigate the rate-distortion behavior of both point-to-point ...
  • Mandelbaum, Tal; Lee, Joon; Scott, Daniel J.; Mark, Roger Greenwood; Malhotra, Atul; Howell, Michael D.; Talmor, Daniel (Springer-Verlag, 2012-12)
    Purpose: The observation periods and thresholds of serum creatinine and urine output defined in the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria were not empirically derived. By continuously varying creatinine/urine output ...
  • Wang, Pu; Liu, Like; Li, Xiamiao; Li, Guanliang; Gonzalez, Marta C. (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2014-01)
    Navigation problem in lattices with long-range connections has been widely studied to understand the design principles for optimal transport networks; however, the travel cost of long-range connections was not considered ...
  • Tackmann, Frank J.; Waalewijn, Wouter J.; Moult, Ian James; Stewart, Iain (American Physical Society, 2016-05)
    Many state-of-the-art QCD calculations for multileg processes use helicity amplitudes as their fundamental ingredients. We construct a simple and easy-to-use helicity operator basis in soft-collinear effective theory (SCET), ...
  • Christia, Fotini; Beath, Andrew; Enikolopov, Ruben (Cambridge University Press, 2013-07)
    In societies with widespread gender discrimination, development programs with gender quotas are considered a way to improve women's economic, political, and social status. Using a randomized field experiment across 500 ...
  • Shapiro, Irina M.; Cheng, Albert W.; Flytzanis, Nicholas C.; Balsamo, Michele; Condeelis, John S.; Oktay, Maja H.; Burge, Christopher B.; Gertler, Frank (Public Library of Science, 2011-08)
    Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a mechanism important for embryonic development, plays a critical role during malignant transformation. While much is known about transcriptional regulation of EMT, alternative ...
  • Shapira, Ofer; Abouraddy, Ayman F.; Hu, Qichao; Shemuly, Dana; Joannopoulos, John D.; Fink, Yoel (Optical Society of America, 2010-06)
    The ability to precisely and selectively excite superpositions of specific fiber eigenmodes allows one in principle to control the three dimensional field distribution along the length of a fiber. Here we demonstrate the ...
  • Helmer, Karl G.; Ambite, Jose Luis; Ames, Joseph; Ananthakrishnan, Rachana; Burns, Gully; Chervenak, Ann L.; Foster, Ian; Liming, Lee; Keator, David; Macciardi, Fabio; Madduri, Ravi; Navarro, John-Paul; Potkin, Steven; Rosen, Bruce R.; Ruffins, Seth; Schuler, Robert; Turner, Jessica A.; Toga, Arthur; Williams, Christina; Kesselman, Carl; Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BMJ Publishing Group on behalf of the American Medical Informatics Association, 2011-04)
    Objective As biomedical technology becomes increasingly sophisticated, researchers can probe ever more subtle effects with the added requirement that the investigation of small effects often requires the acquisition of ...
  • Chuah, Meng Yee; Kim, Sangbae (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-03)
    This paper presents a new force sensor design approach that maps the local sampling of pressure inside a composite polymeric footpad to forces in three axes, designed for running robots. Conventional multiaxis force sensors ...
  • Oseledets, Ivan V.; Karniadakis, George E.; Daniel, Luca; Zhang, Zheng; Yang, Xiu (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-11)
    Hierarchical uncertainty quantification can reduce the computational cost of stochastic circuit simulation by employing spectral methods at different levels. This paper presents an efficient framework to simulate hierarchically ...
  • Yeng, YiXiang; Ghebrebrhan, Michael; Bermel, Peter A.; Chan, Walker R.; Joannopoulos, John D.; Soljacic, Marin; Celanovic, Ivan (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-02)
    The nascent field of high-temperature nanophotonics could potentially enable many important solid-state energy conversion applications, such as thermophotovoltaic energy generation, selective solar absorption, and selective ...
  • de Montjoye, Yves-Alexandre; Kendall, Jake; Kerry, Cameron (Brookings Center for Technology Innovation, 2014-11)
    The prevalence of mobile communication in the developing world is ever increasing, with now 89 active subscriptions per 100 inhabitants. With this access comes the potential for unprecedented insights into individuals and ...
  • Yeng, Yi Xiang; Lenert, Andrej; Rinnerbauer, Veronika; Celanovic, Ivan; Wang, Evelyn N.; Kim, Sang-Gook; Chou, Jeffrey Brian; Lee, Yoon Kyung; Soljacic, Marin; Fang, Nicholas Xuanlai (Wiley Blackwell, 2014-09)
    A metallic dielectric photonic crystal with solar broadband, omni-directional, and tunable selective absorption with high temperature stable (1000 °C, 24 hrs) properties is fabricated on a 6” silicon wafer. The broadband ...
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