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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Nickel, Marcel Dominik Johannes (American Physical Society, 2009-04)
    We explore the phase diagram of Nambu—Jona-Lasinio-type models near the chiral critical point allowing for phases with spatially inhomogeneous chiral condensates. In the chiral limit it turns out that the region in the ...
  • Leeb, Steven B.; Kirtley, James L., Jr.; Wichakool, Warit; Remscrim, Zachary N.; Tidd, Chad N.; Goshorn, J. Andrew; Thomas, Kevin; Cox, Robert W.; Chaney, Rachel (American Society of Naval Engineers (ASNE), 2010-06)
    Many proposals for future power systems for warships are extant. Anticipated improvements in capability, operating economy, and signature reduction may not be uniquely associated with these power systems. Alternatives are ...
  • Gnanadesikan, Anand; Emanuel, Kerry Andrew; Vecchi, Gabriel A.; Anderson, Whit G.; Hallberg, Robert (American Geophysical Union, 2010-09)
    Because ocean color alters the absorption of sunlight, it can produce changes in sea surface temperatures with further impacts on atmospheric circulation. These changes can project onto fields previously recognized to alter ...
  • Buehler, Markus J.; Yung, Yu Ching (American Institute of Physics, 2010-01)
    Proteins form the basis of a wide range of biological materials such as hair, skin, bone, spider silk, or cells, which play an important role in providing key functions to biological systems. The focus of this article is ...
  • Huskamp, Haiden A.; O'Malley, A. James; Horvitz-Lennon, Marcela; Taub, Anna Levine; Berndt, Ernst R.; Donohue, Julie M. (American Psychiatric Association, 2013-04)
    Objective The authors examined physician adoption of second-generation antipsychotic medications and identified physician-level factors associated with early adoption. Methods The authors estimated Cox proportional-hazards ...
  • Anderson, Eric T.; Fong, Nathan Minsheng; Simester, Duncan; Tucker, Catherine Elizabeth (American Marketing Association, 2010-04)
    When a multichannel retailer opens its first retail store in a state, the firm is obligated to collect sales taxes on all Internet and catalog orders shipped to that state. This article assesses how opening a store affects ...
  • Gruber, Jonathan; Chan, David Chimin (American Economic Association, 2010-05)
    As health care reform moves forward in the United States, one common feature of virtually all proposals is to expand coverage for low income populations not through a traditional public insurance model, but rather ...
  • Vitale, Salvatore; Del Pozzo, Walter (American Physical Society, 2014-01)
    The upcoming direct detection of gravitational waves will open a window to probing the strong-field regime of general relativity. As a consequence, waveforms that include the presence of deviations from general relativity ...
  • Doshi, Peter (BMJ Publishing Group, Ltd., 2009-09)
    WHO has revised its definition of pandemic flu in response to current experience with A/H1N1. Peter Doshi argues that our plans for pandemics need to take into account more than the worst case scenarios The current flu ...
  • Longstaff, Francis A.; Pan, Jun; Pederson, Lasse H.; Singleton, Kenneth J. (American Economic Association, 2011-04)
    We study the nature of sovereign credit risk using an extensive set of sovereign CDS data. We find that the majority of sovereign credit risk can be linked to global factors. A single principal component accounts for 64 ...
  • Pham, Quang-Cuong; Tabareau, Nicolas; Slotine, Jean-Jacques E. (Public Library of Science, 2009-01)
    The functional role of synchronization has attracted much interest and debate: in particular, synchronization may allow distant sites in the brain to communicate and cooperate with each other, and therefore may play a ...
  • Skow, Bradford (Taylor & Francis, 2011-06)
    It is better when people get what they deserve. So we need an axiology according to which the intrinsic value of a possible world is a function of both how well-off and how deserving the people in that world are. But how ...
  • Allais, Andrea; McGreevy, John (American Physical Society, 2013-09)
    Motivated by the holographic study of Fermi surfaces, we develop methods to solve Einstein gravity coupled to fermions and gauge fields, with anti–de Sitter boundary conditions and a chemical potential.
  • Benneke, Björn; Seager, Sara (IOP Publishing, 2013-12)
    One of the most profound questions about the newly discovered class of low-density super-Earths is whether these exoplanets are predominately H2-dominated mini-Neptunes or volatile-rich worlds with gas envelopes dominated ...
  • Chen, Zhongzhou; Gladding, Gary (American Physical Society, 2014-04)
    Visual representations play a critical role in teaching physics. However, since we do not have a satisfactory understanding of how visual perception impacts the construction of abstract knowledge, most visual representations ...
  • Silvestri, Alessandra; Pogosian, Levon; Koyama, Kazuya; Zhao, Gong-Bo (American Physical Society, 2010-05)
    The next generation of weak lensing surveys will trace the growth of large scale perturbations through a sequence of epochs, offering an opportunity to test general relativity on cosmological scales. We review in detail ...
  • Bowers, Kevin D.; van Dijk, Marten; Juels, Ari; Oprea, Alina; Rivest, Ronald L. (Association for Computing Machinery, 2011-10)
    This paper presents a new challenge--verifying that a remote server is storing a file in a fault-tolerant manner, i.e., such that it can survive hard-drive failures. We describe an approach called the Remote Assessment of ...
  • Tegmark, Max Erik (American Physical Society, 2012-06)
    We analyze cosmology assuming unitary quantum mechanics, using a tripartite partition into system, observer, and environment degrees of freedom. This generalizes the second law of thermodynamics to ‘‘The system’s entropy ...
  • Bruneau, Emile Gabriel; Dufour, Nicholas Paul; Saxe, Rebecca R. (Public Library of Science, 2013-04)
    People are often called upon to witness, and to empathize with, the pain and suffering of others. In the current study, we directly compared neural responses to others' physical pain and emotional suffering by presenting ...
  • Liu, Adrian Chi-Yan; Tegmark, Max Erik (Wiley Blackwell, 2011-11)
    Before it becomes a sensitive probe of the epoch of reionization, the dark ages and fundamental physics, 21-cm tomography must successfully contend with the issue of foreground contamination. Broad-band foreground sources ...
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