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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Qi, Yang; Fu, Liang (American Physical Society, 2015-03)
    In quantum spin liquid states, the fractionalized spinon excitations can carry fractional crystal symmetry quantum numbers, and this symmetry fractionalization distinguishes different symmetry-enriched spin liquid states ...
  • Saracco, Fabio; Gabrielli, Andrea; Squartini, Tiziano; Di Clemente, Riccardo (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-07)
    Since 2007, several contributions have tried to identify early-warning signals of the financial crisis. However, the vast majority of analyses has focused on financial systems and little theoretical work has been done on ...
  • Sweet, Andrew; Venkataraman, Archana; Stufflebeam, Steven M.; Liu, Hesheng; Tanaka, Naoro; Madsen, Joseph R.; Golland, Polina (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2013)
    We present a method to detect epileptic regions based on functional connectivity differences between individual epilepsy patients and a healthy population. Our model assumes that the global functional characteristics of ...
  • Doeleman, Sheperd Samuel; Fish, Vincent L.; Broderick, Avery E.; Loeb, Abraham; Rogers, Alan E. E. (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2009-04)
    The super-massive black hole candidate, Sagittarius A*, exhibits variability from radio to X-ray wavelengths on timescales that correspond to <10 Schwarzschild radii. We survey the potential of millimeter wavelength very ...
  • Bansal, Mukul S.; Banay, Guy; Gogarten, J. Peter; Shamir, Ron (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2011-09)
    In a horizontal gene transfer (HGT) event, a gene is transferred between two species that do not have an ancestor-descendant relationship. Typically, no more than a few genes are horizontally transferred between any two ...
  • Cheow, Lih Feng; Sarkar, Aniruddh; Kolitz, Sarah; Han, Jongyoon; Lauffenburger, Douglas A. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-07)
    Electrokinetic preconcentration coupled with mobility shift assays can give rise to very high detection sensitivities. We describe a microfluidic device that utilizes this principle to detect cellular kinase activities by ...
  • Wyble, Brad; Potter, Mary C; Hagmann, Carl; McCourt, Emily Sarah (Springer US, 2013-12)
    The visual system is exquisitely adapted to the task of extracting conceptual information from visual input with every new eye fixation, three or four times a second. Here we assess the minimum viewing time needed for ...
  • Wang, Feng; Kaplan, Jess L.; Gold, Benjamin D.; Bhasin, Manoj K.; Ward, Naomi L.; Kellermayer, Richard; Kirschner, Barbara S.; Heyman, Melvin B.; Dowd, Scot E.; Cox, Stephen B.; Dogan, Haluk; Steven, Blaire; Ferry, George D.; Cohen, Stanley A.; Baldassano, Robert N.; Moran, Christopher J.; Garnett, Elizabeth A.; Drake, Lauren; Otu, Hasan H.; Mirny, Leonid A.; Libermann, Towia A.; Winter, Harland S.; Korolev, Kirill S. (Elsevier, 2016-01)
    The relationship between the host and its microbiota is challenging to understand because both microbial communities and their environments are highly variable. We have developed a set of techniques based on population ...
  • Savoie, Troy B.; Frey, Daniel (Springer-Verlag, 2011-11)
    This paper presents the results of an experiment with human subjects investigating their ability to discover a mistake in a model used for engineering design. For the purpose of this study, a known mistake was intentionally ...
  • Schneider, Matthias; Dyroff, Christoph; Christner, Emanuel; García, Omaira Elena; Cuevas, Emilio; Bustos, Juan Jose; Ramos, Ramon; Guirado-Fuentes, Carmen; Barthlott, Sabine; Wiegele, Andreas; Sepúlveda, Eliezer; Gonzalez Ramos, Yenny; Rodriguez, Sergio (Copernicus GmbH, 2016-04)
    We present two years of in situ measurements of water vapour (H[subscript 2]O) and its isotopologue ratio (δD, the standardized ratio between H[subscript 2][superscript 16]O and HD[superscript 16]O), made at two remote ...
  • Reshef, David N.; Reshef, Yakir; Grossman, Sharon Rachel; Lander, Eric S.; Finucane, Hilary Kiyo; McVean, Gilean; Turnbaugh, Peter J.; Mitzenmacher, Michael; Sabeti, Pardis C. (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2011-12)
    Identifying interesting relationships between pairs of variables in large data sets is increasingly important. Here, we present a measure of dependence for two-variable relationships: the maximal information coefficient ...
  • Chaturvedi, Iti; Rajapakse, Jagath (BioMed Central Ltd, 2009-12)
    Background: Time delays are often found in gene regulation though most techniques of building gene regulatory networks are not capable of capturing such phenomena. Here we look at the delays in the DNA repair system of ...
  • Shah, Devavrat; Zaman, Tauhid R. (Association for Computing Machinery, 2010-06)
    We provide a systematic study of the problem of finding the source of a computer virus in a network. We model virus spreading in a network with a variant of the popular SIR model and then construct an estimator for the ...
  • Langs, Georg; Menze, Bjoern H.; Lashkari, Danial; Golland, Polina (Elsevier, 2010-08)
    The relationship between spatially distributed fMRI patterns and experimental stimuli or tasks offers insights into cognitive processes beyond those traceable from individual local activations. The multivariate properties ...
  • Kovash, Michael A.; Daub, Brian; French, Jennifer Erin; Hanzl, Vladimir; Shoniyozov, Khayrullo; Matthews, June L.; Miller, Zachary; Yang, Hongwei (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2011-06)
    We report on recent efforts to design a solid plastic scintillation hodoscope to measure neutron production cross sections at low energies. Our program includes not only the development of the detector itself, but also a ...
  • Rosen, Jacob; Warner, Geoff; Wijesinghe, Sanith; Hemberg, Erik; O'Reilly, Una-May (Springer Netherlands, 2016-04)
    We present an algorithm that can anticipate tax evasion by modeling the co-evolution of tax schemes with auditing policies. Malicious tax non-compliance, or evasion, accounts for billions of lost revenue each year. ...
  • Medina, Antonio (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015-08)
    Dear Editor, The Letter to the Editor “Refractive correction and myopia progression” [1] (“the Letter”) makes some good points about the article “The progression of corrected myopia” [2] that the article had already ...
  • Bai, Xue; Li, Baowen; Zhang, Xiang; Sklan, Sophia Robin (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-09)
    Recent research on the development of a thermal cloak has concentrated on engineering an inhomogeneous thermal conductivity and an approximate, homogeneous volumetric heat capacity. While the perfect cloak of inhomogeneous ...
  • Gorbachev, R. V.; Yu, G. L.; Kretinin, A. V.; Withers, F.; Cao, Y.; Mishchenko, A.; Grigorieva, I. V.; Novoselov, Kostya S.; Geim, A. K.; Song, Justin Chien Wen; Levitov, Leonid (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2014-09)
    Topological materials may exhibit Hall-like currents flowing transversely to the applied electric field even in the absence of a magnetic field. In graphene superlattices, which have broken inversion symmetry, topological ...
  • Liu, Xiong-Jun; Law, Kam Tuen; Ng, Tai-Kai; Lee, Patrick A. (American Physical Society, 2013-09)
    Chern insulators are band insulators which exhibit a gap in the bulk and gapless excitations in the edge. Detection of Chern insulators is a serious challenge in cold atoms since the Hall transport measurements are technically ...
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