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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Govern, Christopher C.; Chakraborty, Arup K. (Elsevier B.V., 2010-02)
    Does the affinity or half-life of peptide-MHC-T cell receptor (TCR) interactions determine T cell activation? In this issue of Immunity, Aleksic et al. (2010) propose a role for the on rate through multiple rebindings to ...
  • Bauer, Gerry P.; Bendavid, Joshua L.; Busza, Wit; Butz, Erik M.; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, M.; Dutta, V.; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Hahn, Kristian Allan; Kim, Y.; Klute, Markus; Krajczar, Krisztian F.; Li, Wei; Luckey, P. David, Jr.; Ma, Teng; Nahn, Steven; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Rudolph, M.; Stephans, George S. F.; Stockli, Fabian; Sumorok, Konstanty C.; Sung, Kevin Kai Hong; Velicanu, Dragos Alexandru; Wenger, Edward Allen; Wolf, R.; Wyslouch, Boleslaw; Xie, S.; Yang, M.; Yilmaz, Yetkin; Yoon, A. S.; Zanetti, Marco (Elsevier, 2012-11)
    A measurement of the forward–backward asymmetry (A[subscript FB]) of Drell–Yan lepton pairs in pp collisions at √s = 7 TeV is presented. The data sample, collected with the CMS detector, corresponds to an integrated ...
  • Taylor, Frank E.; ATLAS Collaboration (Springer-Verlag, 2012-07)
    Using inelastic proton-proton interactions at sqrt(s) = 900 GeV and 7 TeV, recorded by the ATLAS detector at the LHC, measurements have been made of the correlations between forward and backward charged-particle multiplicities ...
  • Neve, Rachael L.; Grueter, Brad A.; Robison, Alfred J.; Nestler, Eric J.; Malenka, Robert C. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-01)
    Synaptic modifications in nucleus accumbens (NAc) medium spiny neurons (MSNs) play a key role in adaptive and pathological reward-dependent learning, including maladaptive responses involved in drug addiction. NAc MSNs ...
  • Solomon, Susan; Shaman, Jeffrey; Colwell, Rita R.; Field, Christopher B. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-02)
    Climate science is a vast, multidisciplinary research field with foundations spanning physics, chemistry, biology, geology, mathematics, and more. Cutting-edge climate research often straddles one or more basic disciplines, ...
  • Moran, M. Susan; O'Neill, Peggy E.; Entekhabi, Dara (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-07)
    The NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission will provide global observations of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state from space. We outline how priority applications contributed to the SMAP mission measurement ...
  • Ashford, Nicholas A.; Kallis, Giorgos (EBR Media, 2013-04)
    Can working less lead to a healthier economy and better environmental conditions? Which factors should be taken into consideration when forming an answer to this question? In this article Nicholas Ashford and Giorgos Kallis ...
  • Barton, Taylor W.; Dawson, Joel L.; Perreault, David J. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-06)
    This work demonstrates a four-way outphasing and power combining system for microwave power amplification using a novel power combining network. The ideally lossles combining network is implemented using a combination of ...
  • Hsu, Allen Long; Hu, Qing; Williams, Benjamin (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-08)
    We demonstrate a novel four-well injectorless design with short wavelength (5.5 mum) and room temperature operation utilizing highly strained Ga[subscript 0.35] In[subscript 0.6] As/Al[subscript 0.70] In[subscript 0.30]As ...
  • Remscrim, Zachary N.; Paris, James; Leeb, Steven B.; Shaw, Steven R.; Neuman, Sabrina M.; Schantz, Christopher James; Muller, Sean P.; Page, Sarah L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-03)
    Smart Grid and Smart Meter initiatives seek to enable energy providers and consumers to intelligently manage their energy needs through real-time monitoring, analysis, and control. We have developed an inexpensive FPGA ...
  • Majzoobi, Mehrdad; Koushanfar, Farinaz; Devadas, Srinivas (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2011-09)
    The paper presents a novel and efficient method to generate true random numbers on FPGAs by inducing metastability in bi-stable circuit elements, e.g. flip-flops. Metastability is achieved by using precise programmable ...
  • Khosla, Aditya; Torralba, Antonio; Lim, Joseph Jaewhan (Springer-Verlag, 2014)
    We introduce a novel approach to the problem of localizing objects in an image and estimating their fine-pose. Given exact CAD models, and a few real training images with aligned models, we propose to leverage the geometric ...
  • Mittal, Shashi; Schulz, Andreas S. (Springer-Verlag, 2012-01)
    We present a fully polynomial time approximation scheme (FPTAS) for optimizing a very general class of non-linear functions of low rank over a polytope. Our approximation scheme relies on constructing an approximate ...
  • Wu, Guo-Qiang; Ding, Guang-Hong; Li, Cheng; Poon, Chi-Sang (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-11)
    A wide variety of methods based on fractal, entropic or chaotic approaches have been applied to the analysis of complex physiological time series. In this paper, we show that fractal and entropy measures are poor indicators ...
  • Mirny, Leonid A. (Springer-Verlag, 2011-01)
    The fractal globule is a compact polymer state that emerges during polymer condensation as a result of topological constraints which prevent one region of the chain from passing across another one. This long-lived intermediate ...
  • Stojanovic, Vladimir Marko; Song, Sanquan; Kim, Byungsub (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-08)
    Based on voltage-to-time conversion technique, a pseudo-differential two-way-interleaved adaptive linear receive equalizer with two 2x-oversampled feed-forward taps has been designed in a 90 nm CMOS process. It integrates ...
  • Levitov, Leonid; Abanin, Dmitry A.; Skachko, I.; Du, X.; Andrei, E. Y. (American Physical Society, 2010-03)
    Recently, fractional-quantized Hall effect was observed in suspended graphene (SG), a free-standing monolayer of carbon, where it was found to persist up to T=10 K. The best results in those experiments were obtained on ...
  • Sim, Min Sub; Wang, David T.; Zane, Grant M.; Wall, Judy D.; Bosak, Tanja; Ono, Shuhei (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013-06)
    The sulfur isotope effect produced by sulfate reducing microbes is commonly used to trace biogeochemical cycles of sulfur and carbon in aquatic and sedimentary environments. To test the contribution of intracellular coupling ...
  • Bakku, Sudhish Kumar; Fehler, Michael; Burns, Daniel R. (Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 2013-06)
    We tested two models, one for tube-wave generation and the other for tube-wave attenuation at a fracture intersecting a borehole that can be used to estimate fracture compliance, fracture aperture, and lateral extent. In ...
  • Yao, Haimin; Xie, Zhaoqian; He, Chong; Dao, Ming (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-01)
    The excellent mechanical properties of natural biomaterials have attracted intense attention from researchers with focus on the strengthening and toughening mechanisms. Nevertheless, no material is unconquerable under ...
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