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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Chesler, Paul Michael; Yaffe, Laurence (American Physical Society, 2011-01)
    Using holography, we study the collision of planar shock waves in strongly coupled N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. This requires the numerical solution of a dual gravitational initial value problem in asymptotically ...
  • Iqbal, Nabil; Anninos, Dionysios; Hartnoll, Sean A. (American Physical Society, 2010-09)
    In 2+1 dimensions at finite temperature, spontaneous symmetry breaking of global symmetries is precluded by large thermal fluctuations of the order parameter. The holographic correspondence implies that analogous effects ...
  • Bobev, Nikolay; Elvang, Henriette; Freedman, Daniel Z.; Pufu, Silviu (Springer-Verlag, 2014-07)
    We find the gravity dual of N = 2[superscript *] super-Yang-Mills theory on S [superscript 4] and use holography to calculate the universal contribution to the corresponding S [superscript 4] free energy at large N and ...
  • Freedman, Daniel Z.; Pufu, Silviu S. (Springer-Verlag/International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), 2014-03)
    We find new supersymmetric backgrounds of N = 8 gauged supergravity in four Euclidean dimensions that are dual to deformations of ABJM theory on S 3. The deformations encode the most general choice of U(1) R symmetry used ...
  • Seidel, Paul (University Press Inc., 2010-01)
    We prove a form of Homological Mirror Symmetry for the genus two curve (on the symplectic or A-model side).
  • Liscombe, David K.; Usera, Aimee R.; O'Connor, Sarah Ellen (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2010-11)
    Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) is the sole source of the anticancer drugs vinblastine and vincristine, bisindole alkaloids derived from the dimerization of the terpenoid indole alkaloids vindoline and ...
  • Sam, Steven V; Weyman, Jerzy; Snowden, Andrew WIlson (Springer-Verlag, 2013-02)
    Let V be a symplectic vector space of dimension 2n. Given a partition λ with at most n parts, there is an associated irreducible representation S[subscript [λ]](V) of Sp(V). This representation admits a resolution by a ...
  • Alstott, Jeff; Madnick, Stuart E.; Velu, Chander (Public Library of Science, 2014-04)
    Large-scale mobilization of individuals across social networks is becoming increasingly prevalent in society. However, little is known about what affects the speed of social mobilization. Here we use a framed field experiment ...
  • Behrens, Mark Joseph; Davis, Daniel G. (American Mathematical Society, 2009-09)
    Let E be a k-local profinite G-Galois extension of an E1-ring spectrum A (in the sense of Rognes). We show that E may be regarded as producing a discrete G-spectrum. Also, we prove that if E is a profaithful k-local ...
  • Juels, Ari; Rivest, Ronald L. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013-11)
    We propose a simple method for improving the security of hashed passwords: the maintenance of additional ``honeywords'' (false passwords) associated with each user's account. An adversary who steals a file of hashed passwords ...
  • Ge, Xuecai; Frank, Christopher; Calderon de Anda, Froylan; Tsai, Li-Huei (Elsevier, 2010-01)
    Centrosome functions are important in many brain developmental processes. Proper functioning of the centrosome relies on assembly of protein components into the pericentriolar material. This dynamic assembly is mediated ...
  • Yazdani, Navid; List, Nancy B.; Hutchenson, Dwight K.; Royster, Thomas C., IV; Shoup, Ryan C. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-01)
  • Aingaran, Mythili; Zhang, Rou; Law, Sue KaYee; Peng, Zhangli; Undisz, Andreas; Meyer, Evan; Diez-Silva, Monica; Burke, Thomas A.; Spielmann, Tobias; Lim, Chwee Teck; Suresh, Subra; Dao, Ming; Marti, Matthias (Wiley-Blackwell Publishers, 2012-07)
    Gametocyte maturation in Plasmodium falciparum is a critical step in the transmission of malaria. While the majority of parasites proliferate asexually in red blood cells, a small fraction of parasites undergo sexual ...
  • Park, Woon Ik; Kim, YongJoo; Jeong, Jae Won; Kim, Kyungho; Yoo, Jung-Keun; Hur, Yoon Hyung; Kim, Jong Min; Thomas, Edwin L.; Alexander-Katz, Alfredo; Jung, Yeon Sik (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-11)
    Ultrafine, uniform nanostructures with excellent functionalities can be formed by self-assembly of block copolymer (BCP) thin films. However, extension of their geometric variability is not straightforward due to their ...
  • David, Lawrence A; Materna, Arne C; Friedman, Jonathan; Blackburn, Matthew C; Baptista, Maria Ines; Perrotta, Allison Rose; Erdman, Susan E.; Alm, Eric J. (Biomed Central Ltd., 2014-07)
    Background: Disturbance to human microbiota may underlie several pathologies. Yet, we lack a comprehensive understanding of how lifestyle affects the dynamics of human-associated microbial communities. Results: Here, ...
  • David, Lawrence A; Materna, Arne C; Friedman, Jonathan; Blackburn, Matthew C; Baptista, Maria Ines; Perrotta, Allison Rose; Erdman, Susan E.; Alm, Eric J. (BioMed Central Ltd, 2014-07)
    Background: Disturbance to human microbiota may underlie several pathologies. Yet, we lack a comprehensive understanding of how lifestyle affects the dynamics of human-associated microbial communities. Results: Here, ...
  • Penterman, Jon; Abo, Ryan P.; De Nisco, Nicole J.; Arnold, Markus F. F.; Walker, Graham C.; Longhi, Renato; Zanda, Matteo (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-02)
    The α-proteobacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti establishes a chronic intracellular infection during the symbiosis with its legume hosts. Within specialized host cells, S. meliloti differentiates into highly polyploid, enlarged ...
  • Gabor, Nathaniel M.; Song, Justin Chien Wen; Ma, Qiong; Nair, Nityan L.; Taychatanapat, Thiti; Levitov, Leonid; Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo; Watanabe, Kenji; Taniguchi, Takashi (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2011-10)
    We report on the intrinsic optoelectronic response of high-quality dual-gated monolayer and bilayer graphene p-n junction devices. Local laser excitation (of wavelength 850 nanometers) at the p-n interface leads to striking ...
  • Song, Justin Chien Wen; Rudner, Mark S.; Marcus, Charles M.; Levitov, Leonid (American Chemical Society, 2011-09)
    Strong electron–electron interactions in graphene are expected to result in multiple-excitation generation by the absorption of a single photon. We show that the impact of carrier multiplication on photocurrent response ...
  • Kloosterman, J. L.; Hayton, D. J.; Ren, Y.; Hovenier, J. N.; Gao, J. R.; Klapwijk, T. M.; Walker, C. K.; Reno, J. L.; Kao, Tsung-Yu; Hu, Qing (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013-01)
    We report on a heterodyne receiver designed to observe the astrophysically important neutral atomic oxygen [OI] line at 4.7448 THz. The local oscillator is a third-order distributed feedback quantum cascade laser operating ...
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