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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Cappellaro, Paola; Pham, L. M.; Bar-Gill, N.; Belthangady, C.; Sage, D. Le; Lukin, M. D.; Yacoby, A.; Walsworth, R. L. (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    We use multipulse dynamical decoupling to increase the coherence lifetime (T[subscript 2]) of large numbers of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) electronic spins in room temperature diamond, thus enabling scalable applications of ...
  • Woo, Seonghoon; Tan, Aik Jun; Mann, Maxwell S.; Caretta, Lucas Marcelo; Beach, Geoffrey Stephen (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2014-11)
    Spin-orbit torques (SOTs) are studied in perpendicularly magnetized ultrathin Co films sandwiched between two heavy metals, Pt and Ta. A significant enhancement of the Slonczewski-like torque is achieved by placing dissimilar ...
  • Zhao, Xiaoyong; Poon, Zhiyong; Engler, Amanda C.; Bonner, Daniel K.; Hammond, Paula T. (American Chemical Society, 2012-05)
    One of the major obstacles that delay the clinical translation of polymeric micelle drug delivery systems is whether these self-assembled micelles can retain their integrity in blood following intravenous (IV) injection. ...
  • Navarro-Moratalla, Efren Adolfo; Island, Joshua O.; Mañas-Valero, Samuel; Pinilla-Cienfuegos, Elena; Castellanos-Gomez, Andres; Quereda, Jorge; Rubio-Bollinger, Gabino; Chirolli, Luca; Silva-Guillén, Jose Angel; Agraït, Nicolás; Steele, Gary A.; Guinea, Francisco; van der Zant, Herre S. J.; Coronado, Eugenio; Navarro Moratalla, Efren Adolfo (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-03)
    The ability to exfoliate layered materials down to the single layer limit has presented the opportunity to understand how a gradual reduction in dimensionality affects the properties of bulk materials. Here we use this ...
  • Zuk, Jennifer; Ozernov-Palchik, Ola; Kim, Heesoo; Lakshminarayanan, Kala; Gabrieli, John D. E.; Tallal, Paula; Gaab, Nadine (Public Library of Science, 2013-12)
    Speech processing inherently relies on the perception of specific, rapidly changing spectral and temporal acoustic features. Advanced acoustic perception is also integral to musical expertise, and accordingly several studies ...
  • Cao, Feng; Kraemer, Daniel; Sun, Tianyi; Lan, Yucheng; Chen, Gang; Ren, Zhifeng (2014-09)
    Solar thermal technologies such as solar hot water and concentrated solar power trough systems rely on spectrally selective solar absorbers. These solar absorbers are designed to efficiently absorb the sunlight while ...
  • Panagiotou, Thomai; Fisher, Robert J. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2011-01)
    Emerging nanotechnologies have, and will continue to have, a major impact on the pharmaceutical industry. Their influence on a drug's life cycle, inception to delivery, is rapidly expanding. As the industry moves more ...
  • Vosoughi, Soroush; Zhou, Helen L.; Roy, Deb K. (Association for Computational Linguistics, 2015-09)
    The rise in popularity and ubiquity of Twitter has made sentiment analysis of tweets an important and well-covered area of research. However, the 140 character limit imposed on tweets makes it hard to use ...
  • Liu, Jonathan Jaoshin; Witkin, Andre J.; Adhi, Mehreen; Grulkowski, Ireneusz; Kraus, Martin Franz Georg; Dhalla, Al-Hafeez; Lu, Chen David; Hornegger, Joachim; Duker, Jay S.; Fujimoto, James G. (Public Library of Science, 2014-07)
    Purpose To describe enhanced vitreous imaging for visualization of anatomic features and microstructures within the posterior vitreous and vitreoretinal interface in healthy eyes using swept-source optical coherence ...
  • Huang, Yi; Zhou, Jiawei; Chiloyan, Vazrik; Chen, Gang; Boriskina, Svetlana V.; Tong, Jonathan K. (MDPI AG, 2015-06)
    The properties of thermal radiation exchange between hot and cold objects can be strongly modified if they interact in the near field where electromagnetic coupling occurs across gaps narrower than the dominant wavelength ...
  • Palacios, Tomas; Lu, Bin; Saadat, Omair Irfan; Piner, Edwin L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-12)
    Enhancement-mode (E-mode) AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) are highly desirable for power and digital electronic circuits. Several technologies have been demonstrated in the last few years to fabricate ...
  • Kurtuldu, Hüseyin; Guasto, Jeffrey S.; Johnson, Karl A.; Gollub, J. P. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2011-06)
    Fluid mixing in active suspensions of microorganisms is important to ecological phenomena and presents a fascinating stochastic process. We investigate the mixing produced by swimming unicellular algal cells (Chlamydomonas) ...
  • Siegle, Joshua Handman; Wilson, Matthew A. (2014-07)
    Assessing the behavioral relevance of the hippocampal theta rhythm has proven difficult, due to a shortage of experiments that selectively manipulate phase-specific information processing. Using closed-loop stimulation, ...
  • Park, Sunho; Hamad-Schifferli, Kimberly (American Chemical Society, 2010-04)
    Gold nanoparticle (AuNP)−DNA conjugates can enhance in vitro translation of a protein. Enhancement occurs via a combination of nonspecific adsorption of translation-related molecules and the ribosome to the AuNP−DNA and ...
  • Slutsky, Inna; Abumaria, Nashat; Wu, Long-Jun; Huang, Chao; Zhang, Ling; Li, Bo; Zhao, Xiang; Govindarajan, Arvind; Zhao, Ming-Gao; Zhuo, Min; Tonegawa, Susumu; Liu, Guosong (Elsevier, 2010-01)
    Learning and memory are fundamental brain functions affected by dietary and environmental factors. Here, we show that increasing brain magnesium using a newly developed magnesium compound (magnesium-L-threonate, MgT) leads ...
  • Marshall, John C.; Abernathey, Ryan Patrick; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Shuckburgh, Emily (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
    Meridional cross sections of effective diffusivity in the Southern Ocean are presented and discussed. The effective diffusivity, K[subscript eff], characterizes the rate at which mesoscale eddies stir properties on interior ...
  • Shulman, Maria; Cohen, Merav; Soto-Gutierrez, Alejandro; Yagi, Hiroshi; Wang, Hongyun; Goldwasser, Jonathan; Lee-Parsons, Carolyn; Benny-Ratsaby, Ofra; Yarmush, Martin L.; Nahmias, Yaakov (Public Library of Science, 2011-04)
    The abundant flavonoid aglycone, naringenin, which is responsible for the bitter taste in grapefruits, has been shown to possess hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory effects both in vitro and in vivo. Recently, our group ...
  • Goodman, Aaron Jacob; Tisdale, William A. (American Physical Society, 2015-05)
    Second-order nonlinear optical interactions such as sum- and difference-frequency generation are widely used for bioimaging and as selective probes of interfacial environments. However, inefficient nonlinear optical ...
  • Catto, Peter J.; Kagan, Grigory Alexandrovich (American Physical Society, 2010-07)
    The strong radial electric field in a subsonic tokamak pedestal modifies the neoclassical ion parallel flow velocity, as well as the radial ion heat flux. Existing experimental evidence of the resulting alteration in the ...
  • Zhang, Qinyong; Wang, Hui; Liu, Weishu; Wang, Hengzhi; Yu, Bo; Zhang, Qian; Tian, Zhiting; Lee, Sangyeop; Esfarjani, Keivan; Chen, Gang; Ren, Zhifeng; Ni, George Wei (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011-11)
    By adding aluminium (Al) into lead selenide (PbSe), we successfully prepared n-type PbSe thermoelectric materials with a figure-of-merit (ZT) of 1.3 at 850 K. Such a high ZT is achieved by a combination of high Seebeck ...
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