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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Berger, Bonnie; Adams, David J.; Harismendy, Olivier; Huttenhower, Curtis; Liu, X Shirley; Myers, Chad L.; Oshlack, Alicia; Rinn, John L.; Walhout, Albertha J. M. (Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.), 2011-12)
    As we come to the end of 2011, Genome Biology has asked some members of our Editorial Board for their views on the state of play in genomics. What was their favorite paper of 2011? What are the challenges in their particular ...
  • Kellis, Manolis (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-05)
    Genome-wide association studies have identified thousands of loci for common diseases, but, for the majority of these, the mechanisms underlying disease susceptibility remain unknown. Most associated variants are not ...
  • Felkner, John S.; Townsend, Robert (Oxford University Press, 2011)
    A nation's economic geography can have an enormous impact on its development. In Thailand, we show that a high concentration of enterprise in an area predicts high subsequent growth in and around that area. We also find ...
  • Onnela, Jukka-Pekka; Arbesman, Samuel; Gonzalez, Marta C.; Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo; Christakis, Nicholas A. (Public Library of Science, 2011-04)
    Social groups are fundamental building blocks of human societies. While our social interactions have always been constrained by geography, it has been impossible, due to practical difficulties, to evaluate the nature of ...
  • Efrat, Alon; Neumayer, Sebastian J.; Modiano, Eytan H. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012-03)
    Failures in fiber-optic networks may be caused by natural disasters, such as floods or earthquakes, as well as other events, such as an Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) attack. These events occur in specific geographical ...
  • Calabrese, Francesco; Pereira, Francisco C.; Lorenzo, Giusy Di; Liu, Liang; Ratti, Carlo (Springer-Verlag, 2010-05)
    This paper deals with the analysis of crowd mobility during special events. We analyze nearly 1 million cell-phone traces and associate their destinations with social events. We show that the origins of people attending ...
  • Autor, David H.; Dorn, David; Hanson, Gordon H. (American Economic Association, 2013-05)
    This paper explores the geographic overlap of trade and technology shocks across local labor markets in the United States. Regional exposure to technological change, as measured by specialization in routine task-intensive ...
  • Belloni, Alexandre; Freund, Robert Michael (Springer Berlin, 2008-01)
    For a conic linear system of the form Ax ∈ K, K a convex cone, several condition measures have been extensively studied in the last dozen years.Among these, Renegar’s condition number C(A) is arguably the most prominent ...
  • Modiano, Eytan H.; Chen, Li-Wei (Springer, 2009)
    In this chapter, we use an asymptotic analysis similar to the spherepacking argument in the proof of Shannon’s channel capacity theorem to derive optimal provisioning requirements for networks with both static and dynamic ...
  • Bertsimas, Dimitris J.; Goyal, Vineet; Sun, Xu Andy (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2011-02)
    In this paper, we show a significant role that geometric properties of uncertainty sets, such as symmetry, play in determining the power of robust and finitely adaptable solutions in multistage stochastic and adaptive ...
  • Anderson, Lara B.; Taylor, Washington (Springer-Verlag, 2014-08)
    We systematically analyze a broad class of dual heterotic and F-theory models that give four-dimensional supergravity theories, and compare the geometric constraints on the two sides of the duality. Specifically, we give ...
  • Lalley, Steven P.; Lawler, Gregory F.; Narayanan, Hariharan (Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2009-12)
    Schramm-Loewner Evolution describes the scaling limits of interfaces in certain statistical mechanical systems. These interfaces are geometric objects that are not equipped with a canonical parametrization. The standard ...
  • Bousso, Raphael; Leichenauer, Stefan; Rosenhaus, Vladimir; Freivogel, Benjamin W. (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-10)
    We show that the geometry of cutoffs on eternal inflation strongly constrains predictions for the time scales of vacuum domination, curvature domination, and observation. We consider three measure proposals: the causal ...
  • Swingle, Brian Gordon; Todadri, Senthil (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    The bulk-edge correspondence for topological quantum liquids states that the spectrum of the reduced density matrix of a large subregion reproduces the thermal state of a physical edge. This correspondence suggests an ...
  • Teo, Justin; How, Jonathan P. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-07)
    The gradient projection anti-windup (GPAW) scheme was recently proposed as an anti-windup method for nonlinear multi-input-multi-output systems/controllers, which was recognized as a largely open problem in a recent survey ...
  • Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Benjamin W.; Leichenauer, Stefan; Rosenhaus, Vladimir (American Physical Society, 2011-03)
    Weinberg’s seminal prediction of the cosmological constant relied on a provisional method for regulating eternal inflation which has since been put aside. We show that a modern regulator, the causal patch, improves agreement ...
  • Lauga, Eric; Peraud, Jean-Philippe Michel (American Physical Society, 2014-04)
    Capillary forces are involved in a variety of natural phenomena, ranging from droplet breakup to the physics of clouds. The forces from surface tension can also be exploited in industrial applications provided the length ...
  • Clem, John R.; Berggren, Karl K. (American Physical Society, 2011-11)
    In this paper, we calculate the critical currents in thin superconducting strips with sharp right-angle turns, 180∘ turnarounds, and more complicated geometries, where all the line widths are much smaller than the Pearl ...
  • Moser, H. O.; Jian, L. K.; Kalaiselvi, S. M. P.; Virasawmy, S.; Cheng, X. X.; Banas, A.; Banas, K.; Heussler, S. P.; Bahou, M.; Chen, H. S.; Wu, Bae-Ian; Hua, Wei; Yi, Zhu (SPIE, 2010-04)
    Meta-foils are all-metal free-standing electromagnetic metamaterials based on interconnected S-string architecture. They provide a versatile applications' platform. Lacking any substrate or embedding matrix, they feature ...
  • Rodriguez, Alejandro W.; Reid, M. T. Homer; Intravaia, Francesco; Woolf, Alexander; Dalvit, Diego A. R.; Capasso, Federico; Johnson, Steven G. (American Physical Society, 2013-10)
    We predict that a low-permittivity oblate body (disk-shaped object) above a thin metal substrate (plate with a hole) immersed in a fluid of intermediate permittivity will experience a metastable equilibrium (restoring ...
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