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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Mirny, Leonid A. (Springer-Verlag, 2011-01)
    The fractal globule is a compact polymer state that emerges during polymer condensation as a result of topological constraints which prevent one region of the chain from passing across another one. This long-lived intermediate ...
  • Wang, Chong; Todadri, Senthil (American Physical Society, 2015-05)
    The standard theoretical approach to gapless spin liquid phases of two-dimensional frustrated quantum antiferromagnets invokes the concept of fermionic slave particles into which the spin fractionalizes. As an alternate ...
  • Jaishankar, Aditya; McKinley, Gareth H. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2014-09)
    The relaxation processes of a wide variety of soft materials frequently contain one or more broad regions of power-law like or stretched exponential relaxation in time and frequency. Fractional constitutive equations have ...
  • Stojanovic, Vladimir Marko; Song, Sanquan; Kim, Byungsub (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-08)
    Based on voltage-to-time conversion technique, a pseudo-differential two-way-interleaved adaptive linear receive equalizer with two 2x-oversampled feed-forward taps has been designed in a 90 nm CMOS process. It integrates ...
  • Levitov, Leonid; Abanin, Dmitry A.; Skachko, I.; Du, X.; Andrei, E. Y. (American Physical Society, 2010-03)
    Recently, fractional-quantized Hall effect was observed in suspended graphene (SG), a free-standing monolayer of carbon, where it was found to persist up to T=10 K. The best results in those experiments were obtained on ...
  • Sim, Min Sub; Wang, David T.; Zane, Grant M.; Wall, Judy D.; Bosak, Tanja; Ono, Shuhei (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013-06)
    The sulfur isotope effect produced by sulfate reducing microbes is commonly used to trace biogeochemical cycles of sulfur and carbon in aquatic and sedimentary environments. To test the contribution of intracellular coupling ...
  • Bakku, Sudhish Kumar; Fehler, Michael; Burns, Daniel R. (Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 2013-06)
    We tested two models, one for tube-wave generation and the other for tube-wave attenuation at a fracture intersecting a borehole that can be used to estimate fracture compliance, fracture aperture, and lateral extent. In ...
  • Yao, Haimin; Xie, Zhaoqian; He, Chong; Dao, Ming (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-01)
    The excellent mechanical properties of natural biomaterials have attracted intense attention from researchers with focus on the strengthening and toughening mechanisms. Nevertheless, no material is unconquerable under ...
  • Sidorov, Michael Samuel; Auerbach, Benjamin David; Bear, Mark (BioMed Central Ltd, 2013-04)
    Loss of the translational repressor FMRP causes Fragile X syndrome. In healthy neurons, FMRP modulates the local translation of numerous synaptic proteins. Synthesis of these proteins is required for the maintenance and ...
  • Procura, Massimiliano; Stewart, Iain (American Institute of Physics, 2010-08)
    Using Soft‐Collinear Effective Theory (SCET) we derive factorization formulae for semi‐inclusive processes where a light hadron h fragments from a jet whose invariant mass is measured. Our analysis yields a novel “fragmenting ...
  • Ho, Stephen S.; Sarma, Sanjay Emani (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-09)
    Warehouse operations typically aggregate identical stock keeping units (SKU) into the same storage bin for easier bookkeeping and organizing of goods. With the emergence of automatic identification and tracking technologies ...
  • Nguyen, Ha Q.; Goyal, Vivek K.; Varshney, Lav Raj (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-03)
    Frame permutation quantization (FPQ) is a new vector quantization technique using finite frames. In FPQ, a vector is encoded using a permutation source code to quantize its frame expansion. This means that the encoding is ...
  • Das, Dipanjan; Chen, Desai; Martins, André F. T.; Schneider, Nathan; Smith, Noah A. (MIT Press, 2014-03)
    Frame semantics is a linguistic theory that has been instantiated for English in the FrameNet lexicon. We solve the problem of frame-semantic parsing using a two-stage statistical model that takes lexical targets (i.e., ...
  • Klapacz, Joanna; Lingaraju, Gondichatnahalli M.; Guo, Haiwei H.; Shah, Dharini; Moar-Shoshani, Ayelet; Loeb, Lawrence A.; Samson, Leona D. (Elsevier, 2010-03)
    Human alkyladenine DNA glycosylase (hAAG) excises alkylated purines, hypoxanthine, and etheno bases from DNA to form abasic (AP) sites. Surprisingly, elevated expression of hAAG increases spontaneous frameshift mutagenesis. ...
  • Yoshida, Beni; Chuang, Isaac L. (American Physical Society, 2010-05)
    Entanglement, as studied in quantum information science, and nonlocal quantum correlations, as studied in condensed matter physics, are fundamentally akin to each other. However, their relationship is often hard to quantify ...
  • Friedman, Jonathan; Smillie, Chris Scott; Alm, Eric J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2012-06)
    A variety of microbial communities and their genes (the microbiome) exist throughout the human body, with fundamental roles in human health and disease. The National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Human Microbiome Project ...
  • Rogers, Leslie Anne; Seager, Sara (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2010-04)
    Several transiting super-Earths are expected to be discovered in the coming few years. While tools to model the interior structure of transiting planets exist, inferences about the composition are fraught with ambiguities. ...
  • Conrad, Shawn; Clarke-Midura, Jody; Klopfer, Eric (IGI Global, 2014-07)
    Educational games offer an opportunity to engage and inspire students to take interest in science, technology, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) subjects. Unobtrusive learning assessment techniques coupled with machine ...
  • Woon, Wei Lee; Henschel, Andreas; Madnick, Stuart E. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-04)
    This paper presents a novel framework for supporting the development of well-informed research policies and plans. The proposed methodology is based on the use of bibliometrics; i.e., analysis is conducted using information ...
  • Madnick, Stuart E.; Moulton, Allen; Siegel, Michael D.; Sabbouh, Marwan; Zhu, Hongwei; Gannon, Thomas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-01)
    Technological advances such as Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) have increased the feasibility and importance of effectively integrating information from an ever widening number of systems within and across enterprises. ...
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