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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Sockolosky, Jonathan T.; Ho, Chia Chi M.; Almo, Steven C.; Garcia, K. Christopher; Dougan, Michael; Kauke, Monique Jacqueline; Ploegh, Hidde; Ingram, Jessica R. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2016-04)
    Therapeutic antitumor antibodies treat cancer by mobilizing both innate and adaptive immunity. CD47 is an antiphagocytic ligand exploited by tumor cells to blunt antibody effector functions by transmitting an inhibitory ...
  • McKinnon, Ryan; Torrey, Paul; Vogelsberger, Mark; McKinnon, Ryan Michael; Torrey, Paul A. (Oxford University Press, 2016-03)
    We introduce a dust model for cosmological simulations implemented in the moving-mesh code arepo and present a suite of cosmological hydrodynamical zoom-in simulations to study dust formation within galactic haloes. Our ...
  • Peek, J. E. G.; Corrales, Lia; Menard, Brice (IOP Publishing, 2015-10)
    Using spectroscopically selected galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey we present a detection of reddening effects from the circumgalactic medium of galaxies which we attribute to an extended distribution of dust. We ...
  • Wei, Fan; Dudley, Richard M. (Elsevier B.V., 2011-11)
    The Dvoretzky–Kiefer–Wolfowitz (DKW) inequality says that if Fn is an empirical distribution function for variables i.i.d. with a distribution function F, and Kn is the Kolmogorov statistic View the MathML source, then ...
  • Vogelsberger, Mark; Zavala, Jesus; Simpson, Christine; Jenkins, Adrian (Oxford University Press, 2014-09)
    We present the first cosmological simulations of dwarf galaxies, which include dark matter self-interactions and baryons. We study two dwarf galaxies within cold dark matter, and four different elastic self-interacting ...
  • Vinogradova, Nadya T.; Ponte, Rui M.; Quinn, Katherine J.; Tamisiea, Mark E.; Campin, Jean-Michel; Davis, James L. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-03)
    The oceanic response to surface loading, such as that related to atmospheric pressure, freshwater exchange, and changes in the gravity field, is essential to our understanding of sea level variability. In particular, ...
  • Thompson, Bijoy; Tkalich, Pavel; Fricot, Bastien; Mas, Juliette; Rizzoli, Paola M (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015-12)
    Spatial distribution of the South China Sea (SCS) surface temperature shows strong cold anomalies over the Sunda Shelf during the boreal winter season. The band of low sea surface temperature (SST) region located south/southeast ...
  • Pillar, Helen R.; Johnson, Helen L.; Marshall, David P.; Heimbach, Patrick (American Meteorological Society, 2016-05)
    Attributing observed variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) to past changes in surface forcing is challenging but essential for detecting any influence of anthropogenic forcing and reducing ...
  • Bylander, Jonas; Gustavsson, Simon; Oliver, William D.; Orlando, Terry Philip; Yan, Fei; Nakamura, Yasunobu; Yoshihara, Fumiki (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    We implement dynamical decoupling techniques to mitigate noise and enhance the lifetime of an entangled state that is formed in a superconducting flux qubit coupled to a microscopic two-level system. By rapidly changing ...
  • Chatterjee, Sourav; Kalogera, Vicky; Rasio, Frederic A.; Rodriguez, Carl (IOP Publishing, 2017-02)
    Using numerical models for star clusters spanning a wide range in ages and metallicities (Z) we study the masses of binary black holes (BBHs) produced dynamically and merging in the local universe (z lesssim 0.2). After ...
  • Farazmand, Mohammad M; Sapsis, Themistoklis P. (American Physical Society, 2016-09)
    Drawing upon the bursting mechanism in slow-fast systems, we propose indicators for the prediction of such rare extreme events which do not require a priori known slow and fast coordinates. The indicators are associated ...
  • Schulz, Norbert S.; Nowak, Michael A.; Chakrabarty, Deepto; Canizares, Claude R. (IOP Publishing, 2010-12)
    We observed the ultra-compact binary candidate 4U 0614+091 for a total of 200 ks with the high-energy transmission gratings on board the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The source is found at various intensity levels with ...
  • Byl, Katie; Tedrake, Russell Louis (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-05)
    In this video, we demonstrate the effectiveness of a kinodynamic planning strategy that allows a high-impedance quadruped to operate across a variety of rough terrain. At one extreme, the robot can achieve precise foothold ...
  • Hassan, Absar U.; Khajavikhan, Mercedeh; Christodoulides, Demetrios N.; Zhen, Bo; Soljacic, Marin (American Physical Society, 2017-03)
    We show that a two-level non-Hermitian Hamiltonian with constant off-diagonal exchange elements can be analyzed exactly when the underlying exceptional point is perfectly encircled in the complex plane. The state evolution ...
  • Pierce, J.; Keith, C.; Maxwell, James D (Springer US, 2014-01)
    Recently, two experiments were concluded in Hall A at Jefferson Lab which utilized a newly assembled, solid, polarized hydrogen target. The primary components of the target are a new, high cooling power [subscript 4]He ...
  • Zarzar, Lauren D.; Sresht, Vishnu; Sletten, Ellen M.; Blankschtein, Daniel; Kalow, Julia Ann; Swager, Timothy Manning (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-02)
    Emulsification is a powerful, well-known technique for mixing and dispersing immiscible components within a continuous liquid phase. Consequently, emulsions are central components of medicine, food and performance materials. ...
  • Mukovskiy, Albert; Slotine, Jean-Jacques E.; Giese, Martin A. (Elsevier, 2012-08)
    The synthesis of realistic complex body movements in real-time is a difficult problem in computer graphics and in robotics. High realism requires the accurate modeling of the details of the trajectories for a large number ...
  • Abdallah, Hussein M.; Qian, Yili; Del Vecchio, Domitilla (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016-07)
    In the past decade, researchers have been able to obtain pluripotent stem cells directly from an organism's differentiated cells through a process called cell reprogramming. This opens the way to potentially groundbreaking ...
  • Beauvalet, L.; Lainey, V.; Arlot, J.-E.; Binzel, Richard P. (EDP Sciences, 2012-03)
    Pluto is the multiple system that has been observed the longest. Yet, the masses of its smallest satellites, Nix and Hydra, which were discovered in 2005, are still imprecisely known, because of the short time span and ...
  • Jones, Benjamin James Poyner (American Physical Society, 2015-03)
    In this paper we consider the coherence properties of neutrinos produced by the decays of pions in conventional neutrino beams. Using a multiparticle density matrix formalism we derive the oscillation probability for ...
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