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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Beltran, B.; Bichsel, H.; Cai, B.; Cox, G. A.; Deng, H.; Detwiler, J.; Formaggio, Joseph A.; Habib, S.; Hallin, A. L.; Hime, A.; Huang, M.; Kraus, C.; Leslie, H. R.; Loach, J. C.; Martin, R.; McGee, S.; Peeters, S. J. M.; Poon, A. W. P.; Prior, G.; Rielage, K.; Robertson, R. G. H.; Smith, M. W. E.; Stonehill, L. C.; Tolich, N.; Van Wechel, T.; Tseung, H. Wan Chan; Wendland, J.; Wilkerson, J. F.; Wright, A. (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2011-07)
    The third phase of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) experiment added an array of [superscript 3]He proportional counters to the detector. The purpose of this neutral-current detection (NCD) array was to observe ...
  • Song, Fuxian; Toksoz, M. Nafi (Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 2011-12)
    Downhole microseismic monitoring is a valuable tool in understanding the efficacy of hydraulic fracturing. Inverting for the moment tensor has gained increasing popularity in recent years as a way to understand the fracturing ...
  • Klainerman, Sergiu; Luk, Jonathan; Rodnianski, Igor (Springer-Verlag, 2014-01)
    We present a new, fully anisotropic, criterion for formation of trapped surfaces in vacuum. More precisely we provide local conditions on null data, concentrated in a neighborhood of a short null geodesic segment (possibly ...
  • Chang, Tsung-Yao; Pardo-Martin, Carlos; Allalou, Amin Mohamed; Yanik, Mehmet Fatih; Wahlby, Carolina (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011-12)
    The zebrafish larva is an optically-transparent vertebrate model with complex organs that is widely used to study genetics, developmental biology, and to model various human diseases. In this article, we present a set of ...
  • Go, Jamison; Fan, Aaron; Lu, Coby; Kodandaramaiah, Suhasa Bangalo; Holst, Gregory L.; Stoy, William; Kolb, Ilya; Boyden, Edward Stuart; Forest, Craig R. (American Society for Precision Engineering, 2013-10)
    In this work, we report progress in developing a device that allows fully autonomous sequential patch clamp experimentation. The machine works by integrating a storage magazine of pre-filled pipettes that can be accessed, ...
  • Bileschi, Stanley M. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-05)
    This work describes a fully automatic technique to calibrate a geometric mapping between lidar and video feeds on a mobile ground-based platform. This data association is a crucial first step for any multi-modal scene ...
  • Mosk-Aoyama, Damon; Roughgarden, Tim; Shah, Devavrat (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), 2010-10)
    We design and analyze a fully distributed algorithm for convex constrained optimization in networks without any consistent naming infrastructure. The algorithm produces an approximately feasible and near-optimal solution ...
  • Chen, Jing; Wang, Jiaping; Yu, Hui; Gumaste, Ashwin; Zheng, S. Q. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-12)
    Light-trail is proposed as a candidate to carry IP traffic over wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) optical networks given its capability of accommodating multi-granularity traffic by time-division multiplexing (TDM). ...
  • Bernstein, Aaron (2009-10)
    For any fixed 1 > [epsilon] > 0 we present a fully dynamic algorithm for maintaining (2 + [epsilon])-approximate all-pairs shortest paths in undirected graphs with positive edge weights. We use a randomized (Las Vegas) ...
  • Moses, Jeffrey; Suchowski, Haim; Kaertner, Franz X. (Optical Society of America, 2012-05)
    By adiabatic difference-frequency generation in an aperiodically poled nonlinear crystal—a nonlinear optical analog of rapid adiabatic passage in a two-level atomic system—we demonstrate the conversion of a 110 nm band ...
  • Schmidt, Daniel; Tillberg, Paul W.; Chen, Fei; Boyden, Edward Stuart (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-01)
    Ion channels are among the most important proteins in biology, regulating the activity of excitable cells and changing in diseases. Ideally it would be possible to actuate endogenous ion channels, in a temporally precise ...
  • Chen, Xiangyu; Akinwande, Deji; Lee, Kyeong-Jae; Close, Gael F.; Yasuda, Shinichi; Paul, Bipul C.; Fujita, Shinobu; Kong, Jing; Wong, H. -S. Philip (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-09)
    Carbon-based nanomaterials such as metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes, multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and graphene have been considered as some of the most promising candidates for future interconnect technology ...
  • Ramadass, Yogesh Kumar; Fayed, Ayman A.; Chandrakasan, Anantha P. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-12)
    Implementing efficient and cost-effective power regulation schemes for battery-powered mixed-signal SoCs is a key focus in integrated circuit design. This paper presents a fully-integrated switched-capacitor DC-DC converter ...
  • Boneh, Dan; Gentry, Craig; Gorbunov, Sergey; Halevi, Shai; Nikolaenko, Valeria; Segev, Gil; Vaikuntanathan, Vinod; Vinayagamurthy, Dhinakaran (Springer-Verlag, 2014)
    We construct the first (key-policy) attribute-based encryption (ABE) system with short secret keys: the size of keys in our system depends only on the depth of the policy circuit, not its size. Our constructions extend ...
  • Sun, Jian; Giuliano, David Michael; Devarajan, Siddharth; Lu, Jian-Qiang; Chow, T. Paul; Gutmann, Ronald J. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-02)
    A fully monolithic interleaved buck dc-dc point-of-load (PoL) converter has been designed and fabricated in a 0.18-mm SiGe BiCMOS process. Target application of the design is 3-D power delivery for future microprocessors, ...
  • Hutchinson, Ian H.; Patacchini, Leonardo (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-08)
    We carry out 3D particle-in-cell simulations accounting for the full ion distribution function, Boltzmann electrons, and the self-consistent potential profiles in the neighborhood of a sphere in a flowing magnetized plasma. ...
  • Sheng, Morgan Hwa-Tze; Knapska, Ewelina; Macias, Matylda; Mikosz, Marta; Nowak, Aleksandra; Owczarek, Dorota; Wawrzyniak, Marcin; Pieprzyk, Marcelina; Cymerman, Iwona A.; Werka, Tomasz; Maren, Stephen; Jaworski, Jacek; Kaczmarek, Leszek (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2012-10)
    The memory of fear extinction is context dependent: fear that is suppressed in one context readily renews in another. Understanding of the underlying neuronal circuits is, therefore, of considerable clinical relevance for ...
  • Bajaj, Vikram S.; Mak-Jurkauskas, Melody L.; Belenky, Marina; Herzfeld, Judith; Griffin, Robert Guy (National Academy of Sciences, 2009-06)
    Observation and structural studies of reaction intermediates of proteins are challenging because of the mixtures of states usually present at low concentrations. Here, we use a 250 GHz gyrotron (cyclotron resonance maser) ...
  • Jarosiewicz, Beata; Schummers, James; Malik, Wasim Q.; Brown, Emery N.; Sur, Mriganka; Malik, Wasim Q. (Elsevier, 2012-02)
    Background: Visual perception involves information flow from lower- to higher-order cortical areas, which are known to process different kinds of information. How does this functional specialization arise? As a step toward ...
  • Walker, Graham C.; Modia, Sheetal R.; Camacho, Diogo M.; Kohanski, Michael A.; Collins, James J. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 2011-08)
    Small RNAs (sRNAs) are important components of posttranscriptional regulation. These molecules are prevalent in bacterial and eukaryotic organisms, and involved in a variety of responses to environmental stresses. The ...
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