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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Kronheimer, Peter; Mrowka, Tomasz S. (Mathematical Sciences Publishers, 2010-08)
    The instanton Floer homology of a knot in the three-sphere is a vector space with a canonical mod 2 grading. It carries a distinguished endomorphism of even degree, arising from the 2–dimensional homology class represented ...
  • Thelen, Kathleen; Palier, Bruno (Sage Publications, 2010-02)
    The French and German political economies have been significantly reconfigured over the past two decades. Although the changes have often been more piecemeal than revolutionary, their cumulative effects are profound. The ...
  • Osterman, Paul (New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University, 2011-07)
    The author illustrates the utility of institutional labor economics and makes a case for a reconsideration of it. Two recent developments motivate this effort: the rise of New Personnel Economics (NPE) as a significant ...
  • Temin, Peter (MIT Press, 2009-10)
    This is an intelligent and important book. Economists have discovered that institutions (a.k.a. histories) are important determinants of economic growth. The chapters in this volume provide a clear view of the current ...
  • Acemoglu, Daron (American Economic Association, 2010-05)
    While in a few societies economic institutions are designed to provide property rights protection, a level playing field, and basic public goods necessary for economic growth, in many they are structured to maximize ...
  • Ajith, Parameswaran; Isogai, Tomoki; Christensen, Nelson; Adhikari, Rana X.; Pearlman, Aaron B.; Wein, Alex; Weinstein, Alan J.; Yuan, Ben (American Physical Society, 2014-06)
    The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo recently completed searches for gravitational waves at their initial target sensitivities, and soon Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo will commence ...
  • Kohane, Isaac; Murphy, Shawn; Churchill, Susanne; Bry, Lynn; Chueh, Henry; Weiss, Scott; Lazarus, Ross; Zeng, Qing; Dubey, Anil; Gainer, Vivian; Mendis, Michael; Glaser, John (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2009-07)
    Tens of thousands of subjects may be required to obtain reliable evidence relating disease characteristics to the weak effects typically reported from common genetic variants. The costs of assembling, phenotyping, and ...
  • Ertekin, Elif; Winkler, Mark Thomas; Recht, Daniel; Said, Aurore J.; Aziz, Michael J.; Buonassisi, Tonio; Grossman, Jeffrey C. (American Physical Society, 2012-01)
    Hyperdoping has emerged as a promising method for designing semiconductors with unique optical and electronic properties, although such properties currently lack a clear microscopic explanation. Combining computational and ...
  • Ganim, Ziad; Jones, Kevin C.; Tokmakoff, Andrei (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2010-02)
    The monomer–dimer transition of insulin has been probed with two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy and related infrared spectroscopies to isolate spectral signatures of the conformational changes concomitant with dissociation. ...
  • Cheng, Mingyu; Moretti, Matteo; Engelmayr, George C.; Freed, Lisa E. (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2008-08)
    Biochemical and mechanical signals enabling cardiac regeneration can be elucidated using in vitro tissue-engineering models. We hypothesized that insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF) and slow, bi-directional perfusion could ...
  • Piecewicz, Stephanie M.; Pandey, Ambarish; Roy, Bhaskar; Xiang, Soh Hua; Zetter, Bruce R.; Sengupta, Shiladitya (Public Library of Science, 2012-02)
    The ability of embryonic stem cells to differentiate into endothelium and form functional blood vessels has been well established and can potentially be harnessed for therapeutic angiogenesis. However, after almost two ...
  • Werning, Ivan; Farhi, Emmanuel (Oxford University Press, 2013-01)
    We consider a dynamic Mirrlees economy in a life-cycle context and study the optimal insurance arrangement. Individual productivity evolves as a Markov process and is private information. We use a first-order approach in ...
  • Finkelstein, Amy; Brown, Jeffrey R. (American Economic Association, 2011-01)
    Long-term care expenditures constitute one of the largest uninsured financial risks facing the elderly in the United States and thus play a central role in determining the retirement security of elderly Americans. In this ...
  • Ploegh, Hidde; Tafesse, Fikadu G.; Sanyal, Sumana; Ashour, Joseph; Guimaraes, Carla P.; Hermansson, Martin; Somerharju, Pentti (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-04)
    Cells genetically deficient in sphingomyelin synthase-1 (SGMS1) or blocked in their synthesis pharmacologically through exposure to a serine palmitoyltransferase inhibitor (myriocin) show strongly reduced surface display ...
  • Meyers, Carol A.; Schulz, Andreas S. (Elsevier Science, 2009-03)
    The integer equal flow problem is an NP-hard network flow problem, in which all arcs in given sets R1,…,R[subscript ℓ] must carry equal flow. We show that this problem is effectively inapproximable, even if the cardinality ...
  • Demaine, Erik D.; Fekete, Sándor P.; Rote, Günter; Schweer, Nils; Schymura, Daria; Zelke, Mariano (Elsevier B.V., 2010-09)
    An n-town, n[is an element of]N , is a group of n buildings, each occupying a distinct position on a 2-dimensional integer grid. If we measure the distance between two buildings along the axis-parallel street grid, then ...
  • Orlin, James B.; Punnen, Abraham P.; Schulz, Andreas S. (Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 2009-01)
    We show that if one can find the optimal value of an integer linear programming problem in polynomial time, then one can find an optimal solution in polynomial time. We also present a proper generalization to (general) ...
  • Todadri, Senthil; Levin, Michael (American Physical Society, 2013-01)
    A simple physical realization of an integer quantum Hall state of interacting two dimensional bosons is provided. This is an example of a symmetry-protected topological (SPT) phase which is a generalization of the concept ...
  • Perron, J. Taylor; Royden, Leigh H. (Wiley Blackwell, 2012-08)
    Bedrock river profiles are often interpreted with the aid of slope–area analysis, but noisy topographic data make such interpretations challenging. We present an alternative approach based on an integration of the steady-state ...
  • Crounse, B. C.; Wannamaker, E. J.; Adams, E. Eric (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2007-01)
    The writers present a one-dimensional integral model to describe multiphase plumes discharged to quiescent stratified receiving waters. The model includes an empirical submodel for detrainment, and the capability to include ...
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