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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Bertsimas, Dimitris J.; Farias, Vivek F.; Trichakis, Nikolaos (2013-02)
    We propose a scalable, data-driven method for designing national policies for the allocation of deceased donor kidneys to patients on a waiting list in a fair and efficient way. We focus on policies that have the same form ...
  • Jagabathula, Srikanth; Shah, Devavrat (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-03)
    We consider the problem of designing a fair scheduling algorithm for discrete-time constrained queuing networks. Each queue has dedicated exogenous packet arrivals. There are constraints on which queues can be served ...
  • Pi, So-Young; Jackiw, Roman (American Physical Society, 2015-03)
    We examine the local conformal invariance (Weyl invariance) in tensor-scalar theories used in recently proposed conformal cosmological models. We show that the Noether currents associated with Weyl invariance in these ...
  • Burko, Lior M.; Hughes, Scott A. (American Physical Society, 2010-11)
    The goal of much research in relativity is to understand gravitational waves generated by a strong-field dynamical spacetime. Quantities of particular interest for many calculations are the Weyl scalar psi4, which is simply ...
  • Lusztig, George (Mathematical Sciences Publishers, 2014-05)
    We establish a relationship between the known parametrization of a family of irreducible representations of a Weyl group and Springer’s correspondence.
  • Haslanger, Sally (Alliance for the Study of Adoption and Culture, 2009-01)
    In a series of recent papers David Velleman has argued that it is morally wrong to bring a child into existence with the intention that the child will not have contact with one or both biological parents. (Velleman, 2005, ...
  • Perry, Ruth (Wiley-Blackwell Publishers, 2009)
    Families shape the individuals born into them in large and small ways, consciously and unconsciously; but the kinship dynamics that structure power in families are perhaps the most invisible of these forces. I doubt that ...
  • Vyas, Sejal; Matic, Ivan; Uchima, Lilen; Rood, Jenny; Zaja, Roko; Hay, Ronald T.; Ahel, Ivan; Chang, Paul (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-07)
    The poly(adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein family generates ​ADP-ribose (​ADPr) modifications onto target proteins using ​NAD[superscript +] as substrate. Based on the composition of three ...
  • Perry, Ruth (Berg Publishers, 2012-07)
    When one thinks of the Scottish enlightenment, one imagines men striding up the craggy peak adjoining Holyrood Park in Edinburgh, arguing and gesticulating, or reading one another‟s works by candle light, or sitting over ...
  • Schujman, Gustavo E; Paoletti, Luciana; de Mendoza, Diego; Grossman, Alan D. (2003-05)
    Bacterial cells exert exquisite control over the biosynthesis of their membrane lipids, but the mechanisms are obscure. We describe the identification and purification from Bacillus subtilis of a transcription factor, FapR, ...
  • Marsland, Robert Alvin; England, Jeremy L. (American Physical Society, 2015-11)
    A long-standing goal of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics has been to extend the conceptual power of the Boltzmann distribution to driven systems. We report some new progress towards this goal. Instead of writing the ...
  • Yeung, Kitty Y. M.; Chee, Jingyee; Yoon, Hosang; Song, Yi; Kong, Jing; Ham, Donhee (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-03)
    We introduce far-infrared graphene plasmonic crystals. Periodic structural perturbation—in a proof-of-concept form of hexagonal lattice of apertures—of a continuous graphene medium alters delocalized plasmonic dynamics, ...
  • Becla, Piotr; Feng, Zhe Chuan; Tien, Der-Chi; Yang, Yu-Chang; Hou, Fu-Chung; Shih, Yen-Hao; Jhang, Sheng-Hong; Yang, Tzuen-Rong (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-09)
    Far-infrared (FIR) reflectance spectroscopy has been employed to study the optical properties for a series of bulk CdZnxTe1-x and CdSexTe1-x wafers. The zone-centre optical phonons for the ternary alloys show a variety of ...
  • Turitsyn, Konstantin; Kaplunovich, P. A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-01)
    We present a novel selection algorithm for N-2 contingency analysis problem. The algorithm is based on the iterative bounding of line outage distribution factors and successive pruning of the set of contingency pair ...
  • Townsend, Alex John (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2015-08)
    A fast and numerically stable algorithm is described for computing the discrete Hankel transform of order 0 as well as evaluating Schlömilch and Fourier--Bessel expansions in O(N(log N)[superscript 2]/loglog N) operations. ...
  • Wrobel, Alexandra T.; Lippard, Stephen J.; Rivera-Fuentes, Pablo; Johnstone, Timothy; Liang, Alexandria D. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-02)
    The first near-infrared fluorescent turn-on sensor for the detection of nitroxyl (HNO), the one-electron reduced form of nitric oxide (NO), is reported. The new copper-based probe, CuDHX1, contains a dihydroxanthene (DHX) ...
  • Karger, David R.; Levine, Matthew S. (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2015-03)
    Consider an n-vertex, m-edge, undirected graph with integral capacities and max-flow value v. We give a new [~ over O](m + nv)-time maximum flow algorithm. After assigning certain special sampling probabilities to edges ...
  • Bodas, Shreeshankar; Shah, Devavrat (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-10)
    We are interested in the following question: given n numbers x[subscript 1], ..., x[subscript n], what sorts of approximation of average x[subscript ave] = 1overn (x[subscript 1] + ... + x[subscript n]) can be achieved by ...
  • Hu, Jingwei; Fomel, Sergey; Demanet, Laurent; Ying, Lexing (Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 2013-06)
    Generalized Radon transforms, such as the hyperbolic Radon transform, cannot be implemented as efficiently in the frequency domain as convolutions, thus limiting their use in seismic data processing. We have devised a fast ...
  • Uttamapinant, Chayasith; Tangpeerachaikul, Anupong; Grecian, Scott; Clarke, Scott M.; Singh, Upinder; Slade, Peter; Gee, Kyle R.; Ting, Alice Y. (Wiley Blackwell, 2012-05)
    Bring your own copper: Copper-chelating azides undergo much faster click reactions (CuAAC) than nonchelating azides under a variety of biocompatible conditions. This kinetic enhancement allows site-specific protein labeling ...
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