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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Monteiro, Fanny Meline; Follows, Michael J.; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2010-09)
    We employ a global three-dimensional model to simulate diverse phytoplanktonic diazotrophs (nitrogen fixers) in the oceans. In the model, the structure of the marine phytoplankton community self-assembles from a large ...
  • Ferrari, Raffaele; Wunsch, Carl (Co-Action Publishing, 2010-03)
    Understanding of the major sources, sinks, and reservoirs of energy in the ocean is briefly updated in a diagram. The nature of the dominant kinetic energy reservoir, that of the balanced variablity, is then found to be ...
  • De Simone, Andrea; Salem, Michael P. (American Physical Society, 2010-04)
    Our Universe may be contained in one among a diverging number of bubbles that nucleate within an eternally inflating multiverse. A promising measure to regulate the diverging spacetime volume of such a multiverse is the ...
  • Beavan, J.; Denys, P.; Denham, M.; Molnar, P.; Hager, Bradford H; Herring, Thomas A (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2010-08)
    We use ten years of GPS data from nine continuous and six semi-continuous GPS stations in a transect across the Southern Alps to measure rates of relative vertical movement with typical 1σ uncertainties of 0.3–0.5 mm/yr. ...
  • Schuh, Christopher A.; Rodney, David (American Physical Society, 2009-06)
    The potential energy landscape of a flowing metallic glass is revealed using the activation-relaxation technique. For a two-dimensional Lennard-Jones system initially deformed into a steady-state condition through quasistatic ...
  • Song, Yale; Morency, Louis-Philippe; Davis, Randall (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-04)
    Many real-world face and gesture datasets are by nature imbalanced across classes. Conventional statistical learning models (e.g., SVM, HMM, CRY), however, are sensitive to imbalanced datasets. In this paper we show how ...
  • Church, Matthew J.; Wai, Brenner; Karl, David M.; DeLong, Edward (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010-03)
    Planktonic Crenarchaea are thought to play a key role in chemolithotrophic ammonia oxidation, a critical step of the marine nitrogen (N) cycle. In this study, we examined the spatial distributions of ammonia-oxidizing ...
  • Apyan, Aram; Barbieri, Richard Alexander; Busza, Wit; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, Matthew Hans; Di Matteo, Leonardo; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Gulhan, Doga Can; Klute, Markus; Lai, Yue Shi; Levin, Andrew Michael; Luckey Jr, P David; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E; Roland, Gunther M; Stephans, George S. F.; Sumorok, Konstanty C; Velicanu, Dragos Alexandru; Veverka, Jan; Wyslouch, Boleslaw; Yang, Mingming; Zanetti, Marco; Wyslouch, Victoria; Lee, Y.-J. (Springer-Verlag, 2015-06)
    This paper presents distributions of topological observables in inclusive three- and four-jet events produced in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7TeV with a data sample collected by the CMS experiment corresponding ...
  • Liu, Fu; Stanley, Richard P (Springer US, 2014-10)
    Let T be a collection of 3-element subsets S of {1,…,n} with the property that if i<j<k and a<b<c are two 3-element subsets in S, then there exists an integer sequence x[subscript 1]<x[subscript 2]<⋯<x[subscript n] such ...
  • Price, Paul A.; Griffitts, Joel S.; Shabab, Mohammed; Arnold, Markus; Penterman, Jon; Bocker, Hartmut Thomas; Walker, Graham C; Wommack, Andrew; Nolan, Elizabeth Marie (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2016-09)
    Interactions of rhizobia with legumes establish the chronic intracellular infection that underlies symbiosis. Within nodules of inverted repeat-lacking clade (IRLC) legumes, rhizobia differentiate into nitrogen-fixing ...
  • Gentine, Pierre; Entekhabi, Dara; Polcher, Jan (American Meteorological Society, 2011-12)
    The components of the land surface energy balance respond to periodic incoming radiation forcing with different amplitude and phase characteristics. Evaporative fraction (EF), the ratio of latent heat to available energy ...
  • Panday, Arnico K.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Schär, Christoph (American Geophysical Union, 2009-11)
    After completing a 9-month field experiment studying air pollution and meteorology in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, we set up the mesoscale meteorological model MM5 to simulate the Kathmandu Valley's meteorology with a ...
  • Panday, Arnico K.; Prinn, Ronald G. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-05)
    During the dry season of 2004–2005 we carried out field measurements of air pollution and meteorology in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, a bowl-shaped urban basin in the Himalayan foothills of Nepal. We measured the trace ...
  • Doherty, P.; Ariyibi, E. A.; Joshua, E. O.; Coster, Anthea J. (Springer-Verlag, 2013-02)
    Ile-Ife lies on the equatorial anomaly region where the ionospheric current is greatly influenced by the existence of the equatorial electrojet. The dual frequency SCINDA NovAtel GSV 4004B GPS receiver recently installed ...
  • Liu, Chuntao; Williams, Earle R.; Zipser, Edward J.; Burns, Gary (American Meteorological Society, 2010-02)
    The long-standing mainstay of support for C. T. R. Wilson’s global circuit hypothesis is the similarity between the diurnal variation of thunderstorm days in universal time and the Carnegie curve of electrical potential ...
  • Lin, Binhua; Cui, Bianxiao; Xu, Xinliang; Zangi, Ronen; Diamant, Haim; Rice, Stuart A. (American Physical Society, 2014-02)
    We report the results of experimental studies of the short-time–long-wavelength behavior of collective particle displacements in quasi-one-dimensional (q1D) and quasi-two-dimensional (q2D) colloid suspensions. Our results ...
  • Kong, Sek; Sahin, Mustafa; Krueger, Dilja; Collins, Christin D.; Wertz, Mary H.; Campbell, Malcolm G.; Leech, Jarrett D.; Bear, Mark; Kunkel, Louis M.; Kohane, Isaac S. (Biomed Central Ltd., 2014-02)
    Background Fragile X syndrome and tuberous sclerosis are genetic syndromes that both have a high rate of comorbidity with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Several lines of evidence suggest that these two monogenic disorders ...
  • Ryan, Katherine S.; Drennan, Catherine L. (Elsevier, 2009-04)
    Two molecules of the amino acid L-tryptophan are the biosynthetic precursors to a class of natural products named the “bisindoles.” Hundreds of these bisindole molecules have been isolated from natural sources, and many ...
  • Beyeler, Anna; Namburi, Praneeth; Glober, Gordon; Simonnet, Clemence; Calhoon, Gwendolyn G; Conyers, Garrett F.; Luck, Robert; Wildes, Craig P; Tye, Kay M (Elsevier/Cell Press, 2016-03)
    Although the basolateral amygdala (BLA) is known to play a critical role in the formation of memories of both positive and negative valence, the coding and routing of valence-related information is poorly understood. Here, ...
  • Wu, Xuebing; Sharp, Phillip A (Elsevier, 2013-11)
    The mammalian genome is extensively transcribed, a large fraction of which is divergent transcription from promoters and enhancers that is tightly coupled with active gene transcription. Here, we propose that divergent ...
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