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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Honegger, Thibault; Scott, Mark A.; Voldman, Joel; Yanik, Mehmet Fatih (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2013-01)
    Axons in the developing nervous system are directed via guidance cues, whose expression varies both spatially and temporally, to create functional neural circuits. Existing methods to create patterns of neural connectivity ...
  • Ghaffari, Roozbeh; Page, Scott Lawrence; Farrahi, Shirin; Sellon, Jonathan Blake; Freeman, Dennis M. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-02)
    The tectorial membrane (TM) clearly plays a mechanical role in stimulating cochlear sensory receptors, but the presence of fixed charge in TM constituents suggests that electromechanical properties also may be important. ...
  • Bazant, Martin Z. (Cambridge University Press, 2015-09)
    Despite studying the same subject – electrically induced flow – the fields of electrokinetics (EK) and electrohydrodynamics (EHD) have developed separately, for different types of fluids and interfaces. In colloids or ...
  • Santhanam, Parthiban; Huang, Duanni; Gray, Dodd J.; Ram, Rajeev J. (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), 2013-03)
    Experimental demonstration of net electro-luminescent cooling in a diode, or equivalently electroluminescence with wall-plug efficiency greater than unity, had eluded direct observation for more than five decades. We review ...
  • Yin, Huayi; Chung, Brice Hoani Valentin; Sadoway, Donald Robert (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-08)
    Metals cannot be extracted by electrolysis of transition-metal sulfides because as liquids they are semiconductors, which exhibit high levels of electronic conduction and metal dissolution. Herein by introduction of a ...
  • Kim, Hojong; Paramore, James; Allanore, Antoine; Sadoway, Donald Robert (Electrochemical Society, 2011-08)
    Molten oxide electrolysis (MOE) is a carbon-free, electrochemical technique to decompose a metal oxide directly into liquid metal and oxygen gas. From an environmental perspective what makes MOE attractive is its ability ...
  • Chotorlishvili, L.; Etesami, S. R.; Berakdar, J.; Khomeriki, R.; Ren, Jie (American Physical Society, 2015-10)
    We propose an electromagnetically tunable thermal diode based on a two-phase multiferroic composite. Analytical and full numerical calculations for a prototypical heterojunction composed of iron on barium titanate in the ...
  • Graham, Noah; Emig, Thorsten (American Physical Society, 2016-09)
    Building on work by J. Meixner [Z. Naturforschung 3a, 506 (1948)], we show how to compute the exact scattering amplitude (or T-matrix) for electromagnetic scattering from a perfectly conducting disk. This calculation is a ...
  • Graham, Noah; Shpunt, Alexander Anatoly; Emig, Thorsten; Rahi, Sahand Jamal; Jaffe, Robert L.; Kardar, Mehran (American Physical Society, 2011-06)
    An exact calculation of electromagnetic scattering from a perfectly conducting parabolic cylinder is employed to compute Casimir forces in several configurations. These include interactions between a parabolic cylinder and ...
  • Giovannetti, Vittorio; Lloyd, Seth; Maccone, Lorenzo; Shapiro, Jeffrey H. (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-08)
    What is the maximum rate at which digital information can be communicated without error using electromagnetic signals, such as radio communication? According to Shannon theory this rate is the capacity of the communication ...
  • Zhang, Baile; Wu, Bae-Ian (American Physical Society, 2009-12)
    A perfect invisibility cloak is commonly believed to be undetectable from electromagnetic (EM) detection because it is equivalent to a curved but empty EM space created from coordinate transformation. Based on the intrinsic ...
  • McCullough, Jon W. S.; Williams, John R.; Leonardi, Christopher Ross; Jones, Bruce David (Springer International Publishing, 2015-05)
    This paper describes the development of a computational framework that can be used to describe the electromagnetic excitation of rigid, spherical particles in suspension. In this model the mechanical interaction and kinematic ...
  • Negele, John W.; Alexandrou, Constantia; Korzec, Tomasz; Koutsou, Giannis; Proestos, Y. (American Physical Society, 2010-08)
    We present results on the omega baryon (Ω-) electromagnetic form factors using Nf=2+1 domain-wall fermion configurations for three pion masses in the range of about 350 to 300 MeV. We compare results obtained using domain-wall ...
  • Qiu, Cheng-Wei; Novitsky, Andrey; Ma, Hua; Qu, Shaobo (American Physical Society, 2009-07)
    An analytical method of electromagnetic wave interactions with a general radially anisotropic cloak is established. It is able to deal with arbitrary parameters [ε[subscript r](r), μ[subscript r](r), ε[subscript t](r), and ...
  • Woodfield, E. E.; Horne, R. B.; Glauert, S. A.; Menietti, J. D.; Shprits, Yuri (Copernicus GmbH, 2013-10)
    Jupiter has the most intense radiation belts of all the outer planets. It is not yet known how electrons can be accelerated to energies of 10 MeV or more. It has been suggested that cyclotron-resonant wave-particle ...
  • Taylor, Frank E. (Springer-Verlag, 2014-10)
    This paper presents the electron and photon energy calibration achieved with the ATLAS detector using about 25 fb [superscript −1] of LHC proton–proton collision data taken at centre-of-mass energies of √s = 7 and 8 TeV. ...
  • Becker, Ulrich J.; Behlmann, Matthew Daniel; Burger, Joseph D.; Cai, Xudong; Capell, Michael H.; Chen, Andrew I.; Chen, Hai; Choumilov, Evgueni; Choutko, Vitali; Eline, Alexandre; Eppling, Frederic J.; Fisher, Peter H.; Galaktionov, Y.; Goglov, Pavel; Heil, Melanie; Hsieh, Tsai-hsiu; Kounina, Olga; Kounine, Andrei; Koutsenko, Vladimir; Krafczyk, Matthew Scott; Lebedev, Alexei; Li, Q.; Plyaskin, Vasily; Rozhkov, Andrey B.; Shi, X. Y.; Sun, Wei; Sun, W. H.; Ting, Samuel C. C.; Ting, Susan Marks; Vaurynovich, Siarhei S.; Wang, Xiaozhen; Weng, Zhili; Xie, M.; Xu, Weiwei; Zuccon, Paolo (American Physical Society, 2014-09)
    Precision measurements by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station of the primary cosmic-ray electron flux in the range 0.5 to 700 GeV and the positron flux in the range 0.5 to 500 GeV are presented. ...
  • Shaevitz, M. H.; Conrad, Janet (American Physical Society, 2014-03)
    The IsoDAR antineutrino source, which produces a flux from [superscript 8]Li isotope decay at rest, when paired with the proposed Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory detector, has unprecedented sensitivity to [bar ...
  • Fedynyshyn, Theodore H.; Kingsborough, Richard P.; Goodman, Russell B.; Astolfi, David K. (SPIE, 2010-04)
    We have developed a processing method that employs direct surface imaging of a surface-modified silicon wafer to define a chemical nanopattern that directs material assembly, eliminating most of the traditional processing ...
  • van Oven, J. C.; Berwald, F.; Berggren, Karl K.; Kruit, P.; Hagen, C. W. (American Vacuum Society (AVS), 2011-09)
    This paper demonstrates electron-beam-induced deposition of few-nm-width dense features on bulk samples by using a scanning electron-beam lithography system. To optimize the resultant features, three steps were taken: (1) ...
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