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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Acemoglu, Daron; Robinson, James A.; Garcia-Jimeno, Camilo (2012-08)
    Slavery has been a major institution of labor coercion throughout history. Colonial societies used slavery intensively across the Americas, and slavery remained prevalent in most countries after independence from the ...
  • Miller, Eric D.; Rykoff, Eli S.; Dupke, Renato A.; Mendes de Oliveira, Claudia; Lopes de Oliveira, Raimundo; Proctor, Robert N.; Garmire, Gordon P.; Koester, Benjamin P.; McKay, Timothy A. (IOP Publishing, 2012-02)
    We report the discovery of 12 new fossil groups (FGs) of galaxies, systems dominated by a single giant elliptical galaxy and cluster-scale gravitational potential, but lacking the population of bright galaxies typically ...
  • Anderson, Ross; Ashlagi, Itai; Gamarnik, David; Roth, Alvin E. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2015-01)
    As of May 2014 there were more than 100,000 patients on the waiting list for a kidney transplant from a deceased donor. Although the preferred treatment is a kidney transplant, every year there are fewer donors than new ...
  • Huang, Albert S.; Moore, David C.; Antone, Matthew; Olson, Edwin B.; Teller, Seth (Springer Netherlands, 2009-03)
    This paper describes a system for detecting and estimating the properties of multiple travel lanes in an urban road network from calibrated video imagery and laser range data acquired by a moving vehicle. The system operates ...
  • Shah, Devavrat; Zaman, Tauhid (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012-06)
    We consider the problem of detecting the source of a rumor (information diffusion) in a network based on observations about which set of nodes possess the rumor. In a recent work [10], this question was introduced and ...
  • Near, Joseph Paul; Jackson, Daniel (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016-05)
    We propose a specification-free technique for finding missing security checks in web applications using a catalog of access control patterns in which each pattern models a common access control use case. Our implementation, ...
  • Schwartz, Thomas (eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd., 2014-05)
    The discovery of an ancient protein complex reveals the evolutionary relationships between the proteins that help to form vesicles.
  • Onengut-Gumuscu, Suna; Chen, Wei-Min; Burren, Oliver; Farber, Emily; Szpak, Michal; Schofield, Ellen; Achuthan, Premanand; Guo, Hui; Stevens, Helen; Kundaje, Anshul; Kellis, Manolis; Deloukas, Panos; Wallace, Chris; Concannon, Patrick; Cooper, Nick J.; Quinlan, Aaron R.; Mychaleckyj, Josyf C.; Bonnie, Jessica K.; Fortune, Mary D.; Walker, Neil M.; Ward, Lucas D.; Daly, Mark J.; Barrett, Jeffrey C.; Cooper, Jason D.; Todd, John A.; Rich, Stephen S. (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-03)
    Genetic studies of type 1 diabetes (T1D) have identified 50 susceptibility regions, finding major pathways contributing to risk, with some loci shared across immune disorders. To make genetic comparisons across autoimmune ...
  • Patsopoulos, Nikolaos A.; Barcellos, Lisa F.; Hintzen, Rogier Q.; Schaefer, Catherine; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Noble, Janelle A.; Raj, Towfique; Gourraud, Pierre-Antoine; Stranger, Barbara E.; Oksenberg, Jorge; Olsson, Tomas; Taylor, Bruce V.; Sawcer, Stephen; Hafler, David A.; Carrington, Mary; De Jager, Philip L.; de Bakker, Paul I. W. (Public Library of Science, 2013-11)
    The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region is strongly associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility. HLA-DRB1*15:01 has the strongest effect, and several other alleles have been reported at different levels ...
  • Lu, Rusen; Fish, Vincent L.; Doeleman, Sheperd Samuel; Crew, Geoffrey B.; Cappallo, Roger J.; Titus, Michael A. (IOP Publishing, 2013-06)
    We report results from five day very long baseline interferometry observations of the well-known quasar 3C 279 at 1.3 mm (230 GHz) in 2011. The measured nonzero closure phases on triangles including stations in Arizona, ...
  • Hettiarachchi, Anuruddha; Nanayakkara, Suranga; Yeo, Kian Peen; Shilkrot, Roy; Maes, Patricia (Association for Computing Machinery, 2013-03)
    Research in cognitive science shows that engaging in visual arts has great benefits for children particularly when it allows them to bond with nature [7]. In this paper, we introduce FingerDraw, a novel drawing interface ...
  • Motz, Jason T.; Gardecki, Joseph A.; Bouma, Brett E.; Tearney, Guillermo J.; Chau, Alexandra H.; Waxman, Sergio (SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2008-01)
    Intracoronary Raman spectroscopy could open new avenues for the study and management of coronary artery disease due to its potential to measure the chemical and molecular composition of coronary atherosclerotic lesions. ...
  • Shilkrot, Roy; Maes, Patricia; Huber, Jochen; Wong, Meng Ee; Nanayakkara, Suranga (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-04)
    Accessing printed text in a mobile context is a major challenge for the blind. A preliminary study with blind people reveals numerous difficulties with existing state-of-the-art technologies including problems with alignment, ...
  • Shilkrot, Roy; Huber, Jochen; Nanayakkara, Suranga; Liu, Connie K.; Maes, Patricia (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2014-04)
    Visually impaired people report numerous difficulties with accessing printed text using existing technology, including problems with alignment, focus, accuracy, mobility and efficiency. We present a finger worn device that ...
  • Bertsimas, Dimitris J.; Caramanis, Constantine (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers / IEEE Control Systems Society, 2010-05)
    In multistage problems, decisions are implemented sequentially, and thus may depend on past realizations of the uncertainty. Examples of such problems abound in applications of stochastic control and operations research; ...
  • Yang, Wei; Caire, Giuseppe; Durisi, Giuseppe; Polyanskiy, Yury (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-06)
    This paper investigates the maximal channel coding rate achievable at a given blocklength n and error probability ε, when the codewords are subject to a long-term (i.e., averaged-over-all-codeword) power constraint. The ...
  • Sam, Steven V.; Woods, Kevin M. (Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 2010-04)
    A rational polytope is the convex hull of a finite set of points in R[superscript d] with rational coordinates. Given a rational polytope P⊆R[superscript d], Ehrhart proved that, for t∈Z≥[subscript 0[, the function ...
  • Kim, Do-Nyun; Sharifi Sedeh, Reza; Nguyen, Cong Tri; Bathe, Mark (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2010-02)
    Introducation: The conformational dynamics and mechanical properties of supramolecular protein assemblies play a central role in a broad array of cellular functions ranging from migration and division to transcription ...
  • Low, Guang Hao; Herskind, Peter F.; Chuang, Isaac L. (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-11)
    We model electric field noise from fluctuating patch potentials on conducting surfaces by taking into account the finite geometry of the ion trap electrodes to gain insight into the origin of anomalous heating in ion traps. ...
  • Kochman, Yuval; Wornell, Gregory W. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-04)
    Signals with sparse but otherwise unknown frequency content are well-represented by multi-coset samples, and efficient algorithms can be used to recover the underlying sparsity structure. While such sampling is usually ...
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