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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Bautz, Marshall W.; Foster, Richard F.; Murray, Stephen S.; WFXT Team (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-06)
    The three X-ray imaging focal planes of the Wide-Field X-ray Telescope (WFXT) Mission will each have a field of view up to 1 degree square, pixel pitch smaller than 1 arcsec, excellent X-ray detection efficiency and spectral ...
  • Yao, Lining; DeVincenzi, Anthony; Pereira, Anna; Ishii, Hiroshi (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013-07)
    We introduce FocalSpace, a video conferencing system that dynamically recognizes relevant activities and objects through depth sensing and hybrid tracking of multimodal cues, such as voice, gesture, and proximity to surfaces. ...
  • Maimone, Andrew; Wetzstein, Gordon; Hirsch, Matthew Waggener; Lanman, Douglas R.; Raskar, Ramesh; Fuchs, Henry (Association for Computing Machinery, 2013-09)
    We present a glasses-free 3D display design with the potential to provide viewers with nearly correct accommodative depth cues, as well as motion parallax and binocular cues. Building on multilayer attenuator and directional ...
  • Dooley, William C.; Vargas, Hernan I.; Fenn, Alan J.; Tomaselli, Mary Beth; Harness, Jay K. (Springer New York, 2009-12)
    Background: Preoperative focused microwave thermotherapy (FMT) is a promising method for targeted treatment of breast cancer cells. Results of four multi-institutional clinical studies of preoperative FMT for treating ...
  • Leitenstorfer, Alfred; Nelson, Keith Adam; Reimann, Klaus; Tanaka, Koichiro (Institute of Physics Publishing and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, 2014-04)
    Resulting from the availability of improved sources, research in the terahertz (THz) spectral range has increased dramatically over the last decade, leading essentially to the disappearance of the so-called 'THz gap'. While ...
  • Lecuyer, Sigolene; Stocker, Roman; Rusconi, Roberto (IOP Publishing, 2015-03)
    Bacteria are the smallest and most abundant form of life. They have traditionally been considered as primarily planktonic organisms, swimming or floating in a liquid medium, and this view has shaped many of the approaches ...
  • Li, Lan; Zhang, Ping; Wang, Wei-Ming; Lin, Hongtao; Zerdoum, Aidan B.; Geiger, Sarah J.; Liu, Yangchen; Xiao, Nicholas; Zou, Yi; Ogbuu, Okechukwu; Du, Qingyang; Jia, Xinqiao; Li, Jingjing; Hu, Juejun (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-09)
    Integrated photonics provides a miniaturized and potentially implantable platform to manipulate and enhance the interactions between light and biological molecules or tissues in in-vitro and in-vivo settings, and is thus ...
  • Demaine, Erik D.; Konjevod, Goran; Demaine, Martin L.; Lang, Robert J. (Springer, 2009-01)
    Folding an n ×n checkerboard pattern from a square of paper that is white on one side and black on the other has been thought for several years to require a paper square of semiperimeter n 2 [superscript 2]. Indeed, within ...
  • Abel, Zachary Ryan; Demaine, Erik D.; Demaine, Martin L.; Eisenstat, Sarah Charmian; Lynch, Jayson R.; Schardl, Tao Benjamin; Shapiro-Ellowitz, Isaac (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2011-12)
    We consider two types of folding applied to equilateral plane graph linkages. First, under continuous folding motions, we show how to reconfigure any linear equilateral tree (lying on a line) into a canonical configuration. ...
  • Jones, Kevin C.; Peng, C. S.; Tokmakoff, A. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-02)
    We provide a time- and structure-resolved characterization of the folding of the heterogeneous β-hairpin peptide Tryptophan Zipper 2 (Trpzip2) using 2D IR spectroscopy. The amide I′ vibrations of three Trpzip2 isotopologues ...
  • Hemachandra, Sachithra Madhaw; Kollar, Thomas Fleming; Roy, Nicholas; Teller, Seth (IEEE Robotics & Automation Society, 2011-05)
    We describe a robotic tour-taking capability enabling a robot to acquire local knowledge of a human-occupied environment. A tour-taking robot autonomously follows a human guide through an environment, interpreting the ...
  • Ackerman, Joshua; Shapiro, Jenessa R.; Neuberg, Steven L.; Maner, Jon K.; Becker, D. Vaughn; Kenrick, Douglas T. (Sage Publications, 2009-07)
    Does seeing a scowling face change your impression of the next person you see? Does this depend on the race of the two people? Across four studies, White participants evaluated neutrally expressive White males as less ...
  • Ypodimatopoulos, Polychronis; Lippman, Andrew B. (Association for Computing Machinery, 2010-04)
    We leverage the ubiquity of bluetooth-enabled devices and propose a decentralized, web-based architecture that allows users to share their location by following each other in the style of Twitter. We demonstrate a prototype ...
  • Tian, Hanqin; Lu, Chaoqun; Melillo, Jerry M.; Ren, Wei; Huang, Yao; Xu, Xiaofeng; Liu, Mingliang; Zhang, Chi; Chen, Guangsheng; Pan, Shufen; Liu, Jiyuan; Reilly, John M. (IOP Publishing, 2012-10)
    Chemical nitrogen (N) fertilizer has long been used to help meet the increasing food demands in China, the top N fertilizer consumer in the world. Growing concerns have been raised on the impacts of N fertilizer uses on ...
  • McLaughlin, Dennis; Kinzelbach, Wolfgang (American Geophysical Union (Wiley platform), 2015-07)
    The projected growth in global food demand until mid-century will challenge our ability to continue recent increases in crop yield and will have a significant impact on natural resources. The water and land requirements ...
  • Juanes, Ruben; MacMinn, Christopher W.; Szulczewski, Michael Lawrence (Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 2009-06)
    We study a sharp-interface mathematical model of CO[subscript 2] migration in deep saline aquifers, which accounts for gravity override, capillary trapping, natural groundwater flow, and the shape of the plume during the ...
  • Deits, Robin Lloyd Henderson; Tedrake, Russell Louis (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-11)
    We present a new method for planning footstep placements for a robot walking on uneven terrain with obstacles, using a mixed-integer quadratically-constrained quadratic program (MIQCQP). Our approach is unique in that it ...
  • Mazloff, Matthew R.; Ferrari, Raffaele; Schneider, Tapio (American Meteorological Society, 2013-06)
    The Southern Ocean (SO) limb of the meridional overturning circulation (MOC) is characterized by three vertically stacked cells, each with a transport of about 10 Sv (Sv ≡ 10[superscript 6] m[superscript 3] s[superscript ...
  • Hogan, Neville (Springer-Verlag, 2006)
    The advantages and challenges of producing and controlling force with a mechanism like the human skeleton driven by actuators like mammalian muscles are considered. Some counter-intuitive subtleties of musculo-skeletal ...
  • Chen, Haoliang; Tkalich, Pavel; Rizzoli, Paola M.; Wei, Jun (Springer-Verlag, 2011-12)
    Non-tidal sea level anomalies (SLAs) can be produced by many different dynamical phenomena over many time scales, and they can induce serious damages in coastal regions especially during extreme events. In this work, we ...
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