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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Porkolab, Miklos (IOP Publishing, 2013-09)
    Remarkable progress has been made in diagnosing energetic particle instabilities on present-day machines and in establishing a theoretical framework for describing them. This overview describes the much improved diagnostics ...
  • Christensen, Ronald L.; Enriquez, Miriam M.; Wagner, Nicole L.; Peacock-Villada, Alexandra Y.; Scriban, Corina; Polívka, Tomáš; Frank, Harry A.; Birge, Robert R.; Schrock, Richard Royce (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013-01)
    Steady-state and ultrafast transient absorption spectra were obtained for a series of conformationally constrained, isomerically pure polyenes with 5–23 conjugated double bonds (N). These data and fluorescence spectra of ...
  • Stern, Michael C.; Hatton, T. Alan; Eltayeb, Aly Eldeen O.; Herzog, Howard J. (Elsevier, 2014-12)
    Cost-effective, large-scale carbon dioxide capture is a critical technology for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, and current capture technologies are energy intensive and difficult to deploy in existing power plants. ...
  • Kitchaev, Daniil A.; Peng, Haowei; Liu, Yun; Sun, Jianwei; Perdew, John P.; Ceder, Gerbrand (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    We report the energetics and properties of the β, α, R, γ, λ, and δ polymorphs of MnO[subscript 2] within density functional theory, comparing the performance of the recently introduced SCAN functional with that of ...
  • Zeng, Taofang; He, Yi (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-10)
    Electronic and excitonic properties in the silicon cluster Si[subscript 20] are studied using the many-body Green’s function theory. The implementations of the self-consistencies of both the one-particle Green’s function ...
  • Zhou, Leo; Stephans, George S. F. (American Physical Society, 2014-07)
    The centrality dependence of midrapidity charged-particle multiplicities at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV from CMS are compared to PHOBOS data at 200 and 19.6 GeV. The results are first fitted with a ...
  • Balewski, Jan T.; Betancourt, Michael Joseph; Corliss, Ross Cameron; Hays-Wehle, James Prewitt; Leight, William Axel; Milner, Richard G.; Redwine, Robert P.; Seele, J.; Walker, M.; van Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit Jan; Steadman, Stephen G.; Surrow, Bernd (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    We present STAR measurements of azimuthal anisotropy by means of the two- and four-particle cumulants v[subscript 2] (v[subscript 2]{2} and v[subscript 2]{4}) for Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at center-of-mass energies ...
  • Angelopoulos, Georgios; Chandrakasan, Anantha P.; Medard, Muriel (Springer-Verlag, 2011-05)
    In the last few years, Network Coding (NC) has been shown to provide several advantages, both in theory and in practice. However, its applicability to battery-operated systems under strict power constraints has not been ...
  • Philips, Scott M.; Berisha, Visar; Spanias, Andreas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-05)
    Dimensionality reduction algorithms have become an indispensable tool for working with high-dimensional data in classification. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is a popular analysis technique used to project high-dimensional ...
  • Tow, Emily W.; Chung, Hyung Won; Lienhard, John H.; Thiel, Gregory Parker; Banchik, Leonardo David (Elsevier, 2015-01)
    On-site treatment and reuse is an increasingly preferred option for produced water management in unconventional oil and gas extraction. This paper analyzes and compares the energetics of several desalination technologies ...
  • Bogomolov, Andrey; Lepri, Bruno; Larcher, Roberto; Antonelli, Fabrizio; Pianesi, Fabio; Pentland, Alex Paul (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016-03)
    Energy efficiency is a key challenge for building sustainable societies. Due to growing populations, increasing incomes and the industrialization of developing countries, the world primary energy consumption is expected ...
  • Salam, Gavin P.; Thaler, Jesse; Larkoski, Andrew (Springer-Verlag, 2013-06)
    We show how generalized energy correlation functions can be used as a powerful probe of jet substructure. These correlation functions are based on the energies and pair-wise angles of particles within a jet, with (N + 1)-point ...
  • Grassani, Davide; Simbula, Angelica; Pirotta, Stefano; Galli, Matteo; Menotti, Matteo; Harris, Nicholas Christopher; Baehr-Jones, Tom; Hochberg, Michael; Galland, Christophe; Liscidini, Marco; Bajoni, Daniele (Springer Nature, 2016-04)
    Compact silicon integrated devices, such as micro-ring resonators, have recently been demonstrated as efficient sources of quantum correlated photon pairs. The mass production of integrated devices demands the implementation ...
  • Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M. (American Physical Society, 2011-06)
    Kaons and protons carry large parts of two conserved quantities: strangeness and baryon number. It is argued that their correlation and thus also fluctuations are sensitive to conditions prevailing at the anticipated ...
  • Adamczyk, L.; Adkins, J. K.; Agakishiev, G.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alekseev, I.; Alford, J.; Aparin, A.; Arkhipkin, D.; Aschenauer, E. C.; Averichev, G. S.; Banerjee, A.; Bellwied, R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bhattarai, P.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Bland, L. C.; Bordyuzhin, I. G.; Bouchet, J.; Brandin, A. V.; Bunzarov, I.; Burton, T. P.; Butterworth, J.; Caines, H.; S'anchez, M. Calder'on de la Barca; campbell, J. M.; Cebra, D.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chakaberia, I.; Chaloupka, P.; Chang, Z.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, X.; Chen, J. H.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Christie, W.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Contin, G.; Crawford, H. J.; Das, S.; De Silva, L. C.; Debbe, R. R.; Dedovich, T. G.; Deng, J.; Derevschikov, A. A.; di Ruzza, B.; Didenko, L.; Dilks, C.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Du, C. M.; Dunkelberger, L. E.; Dunlop, J. C.; Efimov, L. G.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Esha, R.; Evdokimov, O.; Eyser, O.; Fatemi, R.; Fazio, S.; Federic, P.; Fedorisin, J.; Feng; Filip, P.; Fisyak, Y.; Flores, C. E.; Fulek, L.; Gagliardi, C. A.; Garand, D.; Geurts, F.; Gibson, A.; Girard, M.; Greiner, L.; Grosnick, D.; Gunarathne, D. S.; Guo, Y.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, S.; Guryn, W.; Hamad, A.; Hamed, A.; Haque, R.; Harris, J. W.; He, L.; Heppelmann, S.; Hirsch, A.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Horvat, S.; Huang, H. Z.; Huang, B.; Huang, X.; Huck, P.; Humanic, T. J.; Igo, G.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jang, H.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kalinkin, D.; Kang, K.; Kauder, K.; Ke, H. W.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Khan, Z. H.; Kikola, D. P.; Kisel, I.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Koetke, D. D.; Kollegger, T.; Kosarzewski, L. K.; Kotchenda, L.; Kraishan, A. F.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Kulakov, I.; Kumar, L.; Kycia, R. A.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; Landry, K. D.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, J. H.; Li, W.; Li, Z. M.; Li, C.; Li, Y.; Li, X.; Li, X.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Lomnitz, M.; Longacre, R. S.; Luo, X.; Ma, L.; Ma, R.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Magdy, N.; Majka, R.; Manion, A.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Masui, H.; Matis, H. S.; McDonald, D.; Meehan, K.; Minaev, N. G.; Mioduszewski, S.; Mohanty, B.; Mondal, M. M.; Morozov, D. A.; Mustafa, M. K.; Nandi, B. K.; Nasim, Md.; Nayak, T. K.; Nigmatkulov, G.; Nogach, L. V.; Noh, S. Y.; Novak, J.; Nurushev, S. B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Oh, K.; Okorokov, V.; Olvitt, D. L.; Page, B. S.; Pan, Y. X.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Pawlik, B.; Pei, H.; Perkins, C.; Peterson, A.; Pile, P.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Poljak, N.; Poniatowska, K.; Porter, J.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Pruthi, N. K.; Putschke, J.; Qiu, H.; Quintero, A.; Ramachandran, S.; Raniwala, S.; Raniwala, R.; Ray, R. L.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Roy, A.; Ruan, L.; Rusnak, J.; Rusnakova, O.; Sahoo, N. R.; Sahu, P. K.; Sakrejda, I.; Salur, S.; Sandacz, A.; Sandweiss, J.; Sarkar, A.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmah, A. M.; Schmidke, W. B.; Schmitz, N.; Seger, J.; Seyboth, P.; Shah, N.; Shahaliev, E.; Shanmuganathan, P. V.; Shao, M.; Sharma, M. K.; Sharma, B.; Shen, W. Q.; Shi, S. S.; Shou, Q. Y.; Sichtermann, E. P.; Sikora, R.; Simko, M.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, D.; Smirnov, N.; Solanki, D.; Song, L.; Sorensen, P.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Stock, R.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Sumbera, M.; Summa, B. J.; Sun, Z.; Sun, Y.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, X.; Surrow, B.; Svirida, D. N.; Szelezniak, M. A.; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarnowsky, T.; Tawfik, A. N.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Tlusty, D.; Tokarev, M.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, R. E.; Tribedy, P.; Tripathy, S. K.; Trzeciak, B. A.; Tsai, O. D.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Upsal, I.; Van Buren, G.; Vandenbroucke, M.; Varma, R.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Vertesi, R.; Videbæk, F.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Vossen, A.; Wang, Y.; Wang, F.; Wang, J. S.; Wang, H.; Wang, G.; Wang, Y.; Webb, J. C.; Webb, G.; Wen, L.; Westfall, G. D.; Wieman, H.; Wissink, S. W.; Witt, R.; Wu, Y. F.; Xiao, Z.; Xie, W.; Xin, K.; Xu, N.; Xu, H.; Xu, Y. F.; Xu, Q. H.; Xu, Z.; Yang, Y.; Yang, S.; Yang, C.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Q.; Ye, Z.; Yepes, P.; Yi, L.; Yip, K.; Yoo, I.-K.; Yu, N.; Zbroszczyk, H.; Zha, W.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, X. P.; Zhang, J. B.; Zhang, J. L.; Zhang, Z.; Zhao, F.; Zhao, J.; Zhong, C.; Zhu, X.; Zoulkarneeva, Y.; Zyzak, M.; van Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit Jan (American Physical Society, 2015-08)
    A search for the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) critical point was performed by the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, using dynamical fluctuations of unlike particle pairs. Heavy ion collisions were ...
  • Balewski, Jan T.; Corliss, Ross; Hays-Wehle, James Prewitt; Leight, William Axel; Stevens, Justin; van Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit Jan; Walker, M. (American Physical Society, 2014-01)
    We report the beam energy (√s[subscript NN] = 7.7–200  GeV) and collision centrality dependence of the mean (M), standard deviation (σ), skewness (S), and kurtosis (κ) of the net-proton multiplicity distributions in Au + ...
  • Veres, Gabor; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M. (American Physical Society, 2009-04)
    We present measurements of the energy dependence of event-by-event fluctuations in the K/pi and (p+p[over-bar])/pi multiplicity ratios in heavy-ion collisions at the CERN SPS. The particle ratio fluctuations were obtained ...
  • Veres, Gabor; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M. (American Physical Society, 2009-04)
    Results are presented on event-by-event fluctuations of transverse momenta pT in central Pb[plus]Pb interactions at 20A, 30A, 40A, 80A, and 158A GeV. The analysis was performed for charged particles at forward center-of-mass ...
  • Sader, John E.; Burg, Thomas P.; Manalis, Scott R. (Cambridge University Press, 2010-03)
    The fluid–structure interaction of resonating microcantilevers immersed in fluid has been widely studied and is a cornerstone in nanomechanical sensor development. In many applications, fluid damping imposes severe limitations ...
  • Sader, John E.; Lee, Jungchul; Manalis, Scott R. (American Institute of Physics, 2010-12)
    Energy dissipation experienced by vibrating microcantilever beams immersed in fluid is strongly dependent on the mode of vibration, with quality factors typically increasing with mode number. Recently, we examined energy ...
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