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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M. (American Physical Society, 2011-06)
    Kaons and protons carry large parts of two conserved quantities: strangeness and baryon number. It is argued that their correlation and thus also fluctuations are sensitive to conditions prevailing at the anticipated ...
  • Adamczyk, L.; Adkins, J. K.; Agakishiev, G.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alekseev, I.; Alford, J.; Aparin, A.; Arkhipkin, D.; Aschenauer, E. C.; Averichev, G. S.; Banerjee, A.; Bellwied, R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bhattarai, P.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Bland, L. C.; Bordyuzhin, I. G.; Bouchet, J.; Brandin, A. V.; Bunzarov, I.; Burton, T. P.; Butterworth, J.; Caines, H.; S'anchez, M. Calder'on de la Barca; campbell, J. M.; Cebra, D.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chakaberia, I.; Chaloupka, P.; Chang, Z.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, X.; Chen, J. H.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Christie, W.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Contin, G.; Crawford, H. J.; Das, S.; De Silva, L. C.; Debbe, R. R.; Dedovich, T. G.; Deng, J.; Derevschikov, A. A.; di Ruzza, B.; Didenko, L.; Dilks, C.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Du, C. M.; Dunkelberger, L. E.; Dunlop, J. C.; Efimov, L. G.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Esha, R.; Evdokimov, O.; Eyser, O.; Fatemi, R.; Fazio, S.; Federic, P.; Fedorisin, J.; Feng; Filip, P.; Fisyak, Y.; Flores, C. E.; Fulek, L.; Gagliardi, C. A.; Garand, D.; Geurts, F.; Gibson, A.; Girard, M.; Greiner, L.; Grosnick, D.; Gunarathne, D. S.; Guo, Y.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, S.; Guryn, W.; Hamad, A.; Hamed, A.; Haque, R.; Harris, J. W.; He, L.; Heppelmann, S.; Hirsch, A.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Horvat, S.; Huang, H. Z.; Huang, B.; Huang, X.; Huck, P.; Humanic, T. J.; Igo, G.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jang, H.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kalinkin, D.; Kang, K.; Kauder, K.; Ke, H. W.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Khan, Z. H.; Kikola, D. P.; Kisel, I.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Koetke, D. D.; Kollegger, T.; Kosarzewski, L. K.; Kotchenda, L.; Kraishan, A. F.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Kulakov, I.; Kumar, L.; Kycia, R. A.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; Landry, K. D.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, J. H.; Li, W.; Li, Z. M.; Li, C.; Li, Y.; Li, X.; Li, X.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Lomnitz, M.; Longacre, R. S.; Luo, X.; Ma, L.; Ma, R.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Magdy, N.; Majka, R.; Manion, A.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Masui, H.; Matis, H. S.; McDonald, D.; Meehan, K.; Minaev, N. G.; Mioduszewski, S.; Mohanty, B.; Mondal, M. M.; Morozov, D. A.; Mustafa, M. K.; Nandi, B. K.; Nasim, Md.; Nayak, T. K.; Nigmatkulov, G.; Nogach, L. V.; Noh, S. Y.; Novak, J.; Nurushev, S. B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Oh, K.; Okorokov, V.; Olvitt, D. L.; Page, B. S.; Pan, Y. X.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Pawlik, B.; Pei, H.; Perkins, C.; Peterson, A.; Pile, P.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Poljak, N.; Poniatowska, K.; Porter, J.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Pruthi, N. K.; Putschke, J.; Qiu, H.; Quintero, A.; Ramachandran, S.; Raniwala, S.; Raniwala, R.; Ray, R. L.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Roy, A.; Ruan, L.; Rusnak, J.; Rusnakova, O.; Sahoo, N. R.; Sahu, P. K.; Sakrejda, I.; Salur, S.; Sandacz, A.; Sandweiss, J.; Sarkar, A.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmah, A. M.; Schmidke, W. B.; Schmitz, N.; Seger, J.; Seyboth, P.; Shah, N.; Shahaliev, E.; Shanmuganathan, P. V.; Shao, M.; Sharma, M. K.; Sharma, B.; Shen, W. Q.; Shi, S. S.; Shou, Q. Y.; Sichtermann, E. P.; Sikora, R.; Simko, M.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, D.; Smirnov, N.; Solanki, D.; Song, L.; Sorensen, P.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Stock, R.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Sumbera, M.; Summa, B. J.; Sun, Z.; Sun, Y.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, X.; Surrow, B.; Svirida, D. N.; Szelezniak, M. A.; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarnowsky, T.; Tawfik, A. N.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Tlusty, D.; Tokarev, M.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, R. E.; Tribedy, P.; Tripathy, S. K.; Trzeciak, B. A.; Tsai, O. D.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Upsal, I.; Van Buren, G.; Vandenbroucke, M.; Varma, R.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Vertesi, R.; Videbæk, F.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Vossen, A.; Wang, Y.; Wang, F.; Wang, J. S.; Wang, H.; Wang, G.; Wang, Y.; Webb, J. C.; Webb, G.; Wen, L.; Westfall, G. D.; Wieman, H.; Wissink, S. W.; Witt, R.; Wu, Y. F.; Xiao, Z.; Xie, W.; Xin, K.; Xu, N.; Xu, H.; Xu, Y. F.; Xu, Q. H.; Xu, Z.; Yang, Y.; Yang, S.; Yang, C.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Q.; Ye, Z.; Yepes, P.; Yi, L.; Yip, K.; Yoo, I.-K.; Yu, N.; Zbroszczyk, H.; Zha, W.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, X. P.; Zhang, J. B.; Zhang, J. L.; Zhang, Z.; Zhao, F.; Zhao, J.; Zhong, C.; Zhu, X.; Zoulkarneeva, Y.; Zyzak, M.; van Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit Jan (American Physical Society, 2015-08)
    A search for the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) critical point was performed by the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, using dynamical fluctuations of unlike particle pairs. Heavy ion collisions were ...
  • Balewski, Jan T.; Corliss, Ross; Hays-Wehle, James Prewitt; Leight, William Axel; Stevens, Justin; van Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit Jan; Walker, M. (American Physical Society, 2014-01)
    We report the beam energy (√s[subscript NN] = 7.7–200  GeV) and collision centrality dependence of the mean (M), standard deviation (σ), skewness (S), and kurtosis (κ) of the net-proton multiplicity distributions in Au + ...
  • Veres, Gabor; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M. (American Physical Society, 2009-04)
    We present measurements of the energy dependence of event-by-event fluctuations in the K/pi and (p+p[over-bar])/pi multiplicity ratios in heavy-ion collisions at the CERN SPS. The particle ratio fluctuations were obtained ...
  • Veres, Gabor; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M. (American Physical Society, 2009-04)
    Results are presented on event-by-event fluctuations of transverse momenta pT in central Pb[plus]Pb interactions at 20A, 30A, 40A, 80A, and 158A GeV. The analysis was performed for charged particles at forward center-of-mass ...
  • Sader, John E.; Burg, Thomas P.; Manalis, Scott R. (Cambridge University Press, 2010-03)
    The fluid–structure interaction of resonating microcantilevers immersed in fluid has been widely studied and is a cornerstone in nanomechanical sensor development. In many applications, fluid damping imposes severe limitations ...
  • Sader, John E.; Lee, Jungchul; Manalis, Scott R. (American Institute of Physics, 2010-12)
    Energy dissipation experienced by vibrating microcantilever beams immersed in fluid is strongly dependent on the mode of vibration, with quality factors typically increasing with mode number. Recently, we examined energy ...
  • Sader, John E.; Burg, Thomas P.; Lee, Jungchul; Manalis, Scott R. (American Physical Society, 2011-08)
    Dissipation of mechanical energy underlies the sensitivity of many nanomechanical devices, with environmental effects often having a significant effect. One case of practical relevance is the interaction of elastic beam ...
  • Song, Justin Chien Wen; Levitov, Leonid (American Physical Society, 2012-12)
    Coulomb coupling in graphene heterostructures results in vertical energy transfer between electrons in proximal layers. We show that, in the presence of correlated density inhomogeneity in the layers, vertical energy ...
  • Narayan, G. Prakash; Mistry, Karan Hemant; Sharqawy, Mostafa H.; Zubair, Syed M.; Lienhard, John H. (Global Digital Central, 2010)
    Simultaneous heat and mass exchange devices such as cooling towers, humidifiers and dehumidifiers are widely used in the power generation, desalination, air conditioning, and refrigeration industries. For design and rating ...
  • Maswadeh, Laith A.; Warsinger, David Elan Martin; Tow, Emily W.; Nayar, Kishor Govind; Lienhard, John H. (Elsevier, 2016-09)
    As reverse osmosis (RO) desalination capacity increases worldwide, the need to reduce its specific energy consumption becomes more urgent. In addition to the incremental changes attainable with improved components such as ...
  • Swaminathan, Jaichander; Chung, Hyung Won; Warsinger, David Elan Martin; Lienhard, John H (Elsevier, 2017-11)
    This study presents a comprehensive analytical framework to design efficient single-stage membrane distillation (MD) systems for the desalination of feed streams up to high salinity. MD performance is quantified in terms ...
  • AlMarzooqi, Faisal A.; Arafat, Hassan A.; Lienhard, John H.; Swaminathan, Jaichander; Chung, Hyung Won; Warsinger, David Elan Martin (Elsevier, 2015-12)
    This work presents numerical modeling results and flux experiments for a novel membrane distillation configuration called conductive gap membrane distillation (CGMD), as well as permeate gap membrane distillation (PGMD). ...
  • Demaine, Erik D; Lynch, Jayson R.; Mirano, Geronimo J.; Tyagi, Nirvan (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016-01)
    We initiate the systematic study of the energy complexity of algorithms (in addition to time and space complexity) based on Landauer's Principle in physics, which gives a lower bound on the amount of energy a system must ...
  • Mercier, Patrick Philip; Daly, Denis C.; Chandrakasan, Anantha P. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-05)
    This paper presents an all-digital, non-coherent, pulsed-UWB transmitter. By exploiting relaxed center frequency tolerances in non-coherent wideband communication, the transmitter synthesizes UWB pulses from an energy-efficient, ...
  • Kwong, Joyce; Chandrakasan, Anantha P. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-09)
    This paper presents an energy-efficient processing platform for wearable sensor nodes, designed to support diverse biological signals and algorithms. The platform features a 0.5V-1.0V 16b microcontroller, SRAM, and ...
  • Paradiso, Joseph A.; Aldrich, Matthew Henry; Zhao, Nan (SPIE, 2010-08)
    Motivated by opportunities in smart lighting, energy efficiency, and ubiquitous sensing, we present the design of polychromatic solid-state lighting controlled using a sensor network. We developed both a spectrally tunable ...
  • Kim, Byungsub; Stojanovic, Vladimir Marko (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-06)
    This work describes the architecture and circuit implementation of a high-data-rate, energy-efficient equalized transceiver for high-loss dispersive channels, such as RC-limited on-chip interconnects or silicon-carrier ...
  • Sze, Vivienne; Suleiman, Amr AbdulZahir (Springer-Verlag, 2015-12)
    A real-time and energy-efficient multi-scale object detector hardware implementation is presented in this paper. Detection is done using Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG) features and Support Vector Machine (SVM) ...
  • Suleiman, Amr AbdulZahir; Sze, Vivienne (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-10)
    In this paper, we present a real-time and energy-efficient multi-scale object detector using Histogram of Oriented Gradient (HOG) features and Support Vector Machine (SVM) classification. Parallel detectors with balanced ...
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