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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Reis, Pedro Miguel; Hure, Jeremy; Jung, Sungwan; Bush, John W. M.; Clanet, Christophe (Royal Society of Chemistry, The, 2010-10)
    We introduce a novel technique for grabbing water with a flexible solid. This new passive pipetting mechanism was inspired by floating flowers and relies purely on the coupling of the elasticity of thin plates and the ...
  • Nave, Jean-Christophe; Rosales, Rodolfo R.; Seibold, Benjamin (Elsevier, 2010-02)
    The level set approach represents surfaces implicitly, and advects them by evolving a level set function, which is numerically defined on an Eulerian grid. Here we present an approach that augments the level set function ...
  • Calagari, Kiana; Elgharib, Mohamed; Didyk, Piotr; Kaspar, Alexandre; Matusik, Wojciech; Hefeeda, Mohamed (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-10)
    A wide spread adoption of 3D videos and technologies is hindered by the lack of high-quality 3D content. One promising solution to address this problem is to use automated 2D-to-3D conversion. However, current conversion ...
  • Huan, Xun; Marzouk, Youssef M. (Begell House Inc., 2014)
    Optimal experimental design (OED) seeks experiments expected to yield the most useful data for some purpose. In practical circumstances where experiments are time-consuming or resource-intensive, OED can yield enormous ...
  • De Silva, Daniela; Jerison, David S. (Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons), 2010-12)
    We prove an analogue for a one-phase free boundary problem of the classical gradient bound for solutions to the minimal surface equation. It follows, in particular, that every energy-minimizing free boundary that is a graph ...
  • Gershman, Samuel J.; Jones, Carolyn E.; Norman, Kenneth A.; Monfils, Marie-H.; Niv, Yael (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013-11)
    Fear memories are notoriously difficult to erase, often recovering over time. The longstanding explanation for this finding is that, in extinction training, a new memory is formed that competes with the old one for expression ...
  • Murphy, Craig N.; Yates, JoAnne (Cambridge University Press, 2010-09)
    This volume of the History of Technology series focuses on standardization, a subject of increasing interest across a range of disciplines. Editors Graeme Gooday and James Sumner have selected a diverse set of articles on ...
  • Ueland, Stian Melhus; Schuh, Christopher A. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013-08)
    We investigate the role of grain constraint upon martensitic transformation through in situ scanning electron microscope tensile experiments on shape memory microwires with a small number of grains and grain junctions. The ...
  • Raghunathan, Rajamani; Johlin, Eric; Grossman, Jeffrey C. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-06)
    In photovoltaic devices, the bulk disorder introduced by grain boundaries (GBs) in polycrystalline silicon is generally considered to be detrimental to the physical stability and electronic transport of the bulk material. ...
  • Chen, Ying; Schuh, Christopher A. (Wiley Blackwell, 2015-07)
    A local spatial autocorrelation-based modeling method is developed to reconstruct nanoscale grain structures in nanocrystalline materials from atom probe tomography (APT) data, which provide atomic positions and species, ...
  • Rupert, Timothy J.; Trelewicz, Jason R.; Schuh, Christopher A. (Cambridge University Press (Materials Research Society), 2012-03)
    The hardening effect caused by the relaxation of nonequilibrium grain boundary structure has been explored in nanocrystalline Ni–W alloys. First, the kinetics of relaxation hardening are studied, showing that higher annealing ...
  • Trelewicz, Jason R.; Schuh, Christopher A. (American Physical Society, 2009-03)
    A free-energy function for binary polycrystalline solid solutions is developed based on pairwise nearest-neighbor interactions. The model permits intergranular regions to exhibit unique energetics and compositions from ...
  • Almoammer, Alhanouf; Sullivan, Jessica; Donlan, Chris; Marusic, Franc; Zaucer, Rok; O'Donnell, Timothy John; Barner, David (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-11)
    How does cross-linguistic variation in linguistic structure affect children’s acquisition of early number word meanings? We tested this question by investigating number word learning in two unrelated languages that feature ...
  • Hamrahi, Victoria; Hamblin, Michael R.; Jung, Walter; Benjamin, John B.; Paul, Kasie W.; Fischman, Alan J.; Tompkins, Ronald G.; Carter, Edward A. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012-04)
    Sepsis remains the major cause of death in patients with major burn injuries. In the present investigation we evaluated the interaction between burn injuries of varying severity and preexisting distant infection. We used ...
  • Ferng, Jennifer H. (MIT Press, 2009-04)
    The spectacular display of industrial products showcased at the Great Exhibition of 1851 in the Crystal Palace is familiar to most enthusiasts of 19thcentury Victorian culture. Using the Great Exhibition as a backdrop ...
  • Kim, Sanggyun; Putrino, David; Ghosh, Soumya; Brown, Emery N. (Public Library of Science, 2011-03)
    The ability to identify directional interactions that occur among multiple neurons in the brain is crucial to an understanding of how groups of neurons cooperate in order to generate specific brain functions. However, an ...
  • Shattuck, M. D.; Ingale, R. A.; Reis, Pedro Miguel (American Institute of Physics, 2009-06)
    We present experimental evidence for a strong analogy between quasi-2D uniform non-equilibrium steady states (NESS) of excited granular materials and equilibrium thermodynamics. Under isochoric conditions we find that the ...
  • Park, Boyoun; Buti, Ludovico; Lee, Sungwook; Matsuwaki, Takashi; Spooner, Eric; Brinkmann, Melanie M.; Nishihara, Masugi; Ploegh, Hidde (Elsevier, 2011-04)
    Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling plays a critical role in innate and adaptive immune responses and must be tightly controlled. TLR4 uses LPS binding protein, MD-2, and CD14 as accessories to respond to LPS. We therefore ...
  • Beigi, Salman; Chuang, Isaac L.; Grassl, Markus; Zeng, Bei; Shor, Peter W. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2011-02)
    Graphs are closely related to quantum error-correcting codes: every stabilizer code is locally equivalent to a graph code and every codeword stabilized code can be described by a graph and a classical code. For the ...
  • Garaj, S.; Hubbard, W.; Branton, D.; Golovchenko, J. A.; Reina, Alfonso; Kong, Jing (Nature Publishing Group, 2010-08)
    Isolated, atomically thin conducting membranes of graphite, called graphene, have recently been the subject of intense research with the hope that practical applications in fields ranging from electronics to energy science ...
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