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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Bandoro, Justin; Solomon, Susan; Donohoe, Aaron; Thompson, David W. J.; Santer, Benjamin D. (American Meteorological Society, 2014-12)
    Over the past three decades, Antarctic surface climate has undergone pronounced changes. Many of these changes have been linked to stratospheric ozone depletion. Here linkages between Antarctic ozone loss, the accompanying ...
  • Shah, Nirav B.; Sussman, Joseph M.; Rhodes, Donna H.; Hastings, Daniel E. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012-07)
    Distributed decision making has been identified as a source of managerial complexity for the SoS engineer. A new framework, AIR (Anticipation-Influence-Reaction), is proposed to capture the feedback relationship between ...
  • Sanyal, Bishwapriya (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014-11-20)
    To propose a policy perspective, on any issue, one must begin with a historical awareness of how such issues have been addressed in the past. This is particularly important in prescribing policies for urban informal real ...
  • Olken, Benjamin A.; Singhal, Monica (American Economic Association, 2011-01)
    Informal payments are a frequently overlooked source of local public fi nance in developing countries. We use microdata from ten countries to establish stylized facts on the magnitude, form, and distributional implications ...
  • Han, Xue; Qian, Xiaofeng; Stern, Patrick; Chuong, Amy S.; Boyden, Edward Stuart (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2009-07)
    Synchronous neural activity occurs throughout the brain in association with normal and pathological brain functions. Despite theoretical work exploring how such neural coordination might facilitate neural computation and ...
  • Shroff, Nemit; Yu, Gwen; Verdi, Rodrigo (American Accounting Association, 2013-10)
    This paper examines how the external information environment in which foreign subsidiaries operate affects the investment decisions of multinational corporations (MNCs). We hypothesize and find that the investment decisions ...
  • Liu, Kesheng; Ge, Hui; Ross, Brian Christopher; Missiuro, Patrycja Vasilyev; Zhao, Guoyan; Liu, Jun S.; Zou, Lihua (Public Library of Science, 2009-04)
    Recent studies of cellular networks have revealed modular organizations of genes and proteins. For example, in interactome networks, a module refers to a group of interacting proteins that form molecular complexes and/or ...
  • Hess, Austin R.; Wack, Edward C.; Dasey, Timothy J.; Glina, Yan; Braun, Jerome J. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-05)
    Information fusion aims at a synergistic exploitation of multiple information sources, to enable decision-making or to enhance its performance. The sources include sensors of various modalities and characteristics, as well ...
  • Duffie, Darrell; Malamud, Semyon; Manso, Gustavo (Econometric Society, 2009-10)
    We solve for the equilibrium dynamics of information sharing in a large population. Each agent is endowed with signals regarding the likely outcome of a random variable of common concern. Individuals choose the effort with ...
  • Levine, Daniel S.; Luders, Brandon Douglas; How, Jonathan P. (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2010-04)
    This paper introduces the Information-rich Rapidly-exploring Random Tree (IRRT), an extension of the RRT algorithm that embeds information collection as predicted using Fisher Information Matrices. The primary contribution ...
  • Jiang, George J.; Lo, Ingrid; Verdelhan, Adrien Frederic (Cambridge University Press, 2011-04)
    In this paper, we identify jumps in U.S. Treasury-bond (T-bond) prices and investigate what causes such unexpected large price changes. In particular, we examine the relative importance of macroeconomic news announcements ...
  • Aral, Sinan; Brynjolfsson, Erik; Van Alstyne, Marshall (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2012-09)
    We econometrically evaluate information worker productivity at a midsize executive recruiting firm and assess whether the knowledge that workers accessed through their electronic communication networks enabled them to ...
  • Montangero, S.; Lloyd, Seth (American Physical Society, 2014-07)
    We study the relations between classical information and the feasibility of accurate manipulation of quantum system dynamics. We show that if an efficient classical representation of the dynamics exists, optimal control ...
  • Holt, Ryan S.; Mastromarino, Peter A.; Kao, Edward K.; Hurley, Michael B. (SPIE, 2010-04)
    Multi-class assignment is often used to aid in the exploitation of data in the Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) community. For example, tracking systems collect detections into tracks and recognition ...
  • Kao, Edward K.; Daggett, Matthew P.; Hurley, Michael B. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-05)
    Automated tracking of vehicles and people is essential for the effective utilization of imagery in wide area surveillance applications. In order to determine the best tracking algorithm and parameters for a given application, ...
  • Ayaso, Ola; Shah, Devavrat; Dahleh, Munther A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers / IEEE Information Theory Society, 2010-12)
    A network of nodes communicate via point-to-point memoryless independent noisy channels. Each node has some realvalued initial measurement or message. The goal of each of the nodes is to acquire an estimate of a given ...
  • Shin, Won-Yong; Lucani, Daniel Enrique; Medard, Muriel; Stojanovic, Milica; Tarokh, Vahid (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-11)
    Information-theoretic throughput scaling laws are analyzed in an underwater acoustic network with n regularly located nodes on a unit square, in which both bandwidth and received signal power can be severely limited. A ...
  • Chang, Hyun Sung; Weiss, Yair; Freeman, William T. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-02)
    The theory of compressed sensing tells a dramatic story that sparse signals can be reconstructed near-perfectly from a small number of random measurements. However, recent work has found the story to be more complicated. ...
  • Leithinger, Daniel; Olwal, Alex; Hogge, Akimitsu; Ishii, Hiroshi; Follmer, Sean Weston (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013-10)
    Past research on shape displays has primarily focused on rendering content and user interface elements through shape output, with less emphasis on dynamically changing UIs. We propose utilizing shape displays in three ...
  • Wang, Xiaoxin; Li, Haofeng; Cai, Yan; Kimerling, Lionel C.; Michel, Jurgen; Liu, Jifeng; Camacho-Aguilera, Rodolfo Ernesto (Optical Society of America, 2013-02)
    We analyze the IR absorption of tensile-strained, n-type Ge for Si-compatible laser applications. A strong intervalley scattering from the indirect L valleys to the direct Γ valley in n[superscript +] Ge-on-Si is reported ...
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