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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Nguyen, Ha Q.; Goyal, Vivek K.; Varshney, Lav Raj (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-03)
    Frame permutation quantization (FPQ) is a new vector quantization technique using finite frames. In FPQ, a vector is encoded using a permutation source code to quantize its frame expansion. This means that the encoding is ...
  • Das, Dipanjan; Chen, Desai; Martins, André F. T.; Schneider, Nathan; Smith, Noah A. (MIT Press, 2014-03)
    Frame semantics is a linguistic theory that has been instantiated for English in the FrameNet lexicon. We solve the problem of frame-semantic parsing using a two-stage statistical model that takes lexical targets (i.e., ...
  • Klapacz, Joanna; Lingaraju, Gondichatnahalli M.; Guo, Haiwei H.; Shah, Dharini; Moar-Shoshani, Ayelet; Loeb, Lawrence A.; Samson, Leona D. (Elsevier, 2010-03)
    Human alkyladenine DNA glycosylase (hAAG) excises alkylated purines, hypoxanthine, and etheno bases from DNA to form abasic (AP) sites. Surprisingly, elevated expression of hAAG increases spontaneous frameshift mutagenesis. ...
  • Yoshida, Beni; Chuang, Isaac L. (American Physical Society, 2010-05)
    Entanglement, as studied in quantum information science, and nonlocal quantum correlations, as studied in condensed matter physics, are fundamentally akin to each other. However, their relationship is often hard to quantify ...
  • Carrel, Andre; Mishalani, Rabi G.; Wilson, Nigel H. M.; Attanucci, John P (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013-07)
    Transit operations control, the task of implementing the operations plan in daily operations on a metro line, plays a key role in service delivery because it determines the quality of the service experienced by passengers. ...
  • Friedman, Jonathan; Smillie, Chris Scott; Alm, Eric J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2012-06)
    A variety of microbial communities and their genes (the microbiome) exist throughout the human body, with fundamental roles in human health and disease. The National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Human Microbiome Project ...
  • Monier, Erwan; Gao, Xiang; Scott, Jeffery R.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Schlosser, Courtney Adam (Springer Netherlands, 2014-06)
    In this study, we present a new modeling framework and a large ensemble of climate projections to investigate the uncertainty in regional climate change over the United States (US) associated with four dimensions of ...
  • Nag, Sreeja; LeMoigne, Jacqueline; Miller, David W.; de Weck, Olivier L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015-06)
    Distributed Space Missions (DSMs) are gaining momentum in their application to earth science missions owing to their unique ability to increase observation sampling in angular, spatial, spectral and temporal dimensions ...
  • Rogers, Leslie Anne; Seager, Sara (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2010-04)
    Several transiting super-Earths are expected to be discovered in the coming few years. While tools to model the interior structure of transiting planets exist, inferences about the composition are fraught with ambiguities. ...
  • Conrad, Shawn; Clarke-Midura, Jody; Klopfer, Eric (IGI Global, 2014-07)
    Educational games offer an opportunity to engage and inspire students to take interest in science, technology, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) subjects. Unobtrusive learning assessment techniques coupled with machine ...
  • Woon, Wei Lee; Henschel, Andreas; Madnick, Stuart E. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-04)
    This paper presents a novel framework for supporting the development of well-informed research policies and plans. The proposed methodology is based on the use of bibliometrics; i.e., analysis is conducted using information ...
  • Madnick, Stuart E.; Moulton, Allen; Siegel, Michael D.; Sabbouh, Marwan; Zhu, Hongwei; Gannon, Thomas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-01)
    Technological advances such as Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) have increased the feasibility and importance of effectively integrating information from an ever widening number of systems within and across enterprises. ...
  • Harding, Rachael; Khan, Omer; Devadas, Srinivas; Fletcher, Christopher Wardlaw (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-10)
    This paper presents a light-weight dynamic optimization framework for homogeneous multicores. Our system profiles applications at runtime to detect hot program paths, and offloads the optimization of these paths to a Partner ...
  • Albin, Pierre; Melrose, Richard B. (Clay Mathematics Institute, 2010-01)
    We consider two calculi of pseudodifferential operators on manifolds with fibered boundary: Mazzeo’s edge calculus, which has as local model the operators associated to products of closed manifolds with asymptotically ...
  • Ren, Ling; van Dijk, Marten; Devadas, Srinivas; Fletcher, Christopher Wardlaw; Kwon, Young Hyun (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-03)
    Oblivious RAM (ORAM) is a cryptographic primitive that hides memory access patterns as seen by untrusted storage. Recently, ORAM has been architected into secure processors. A big challenge for hardware ORAM schemes is how ...
  • Paradiso, Joseph; Zoran, Amit Shlomo; Paradiso, Joseph A. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012-10)
    We present an approach to combine digital fabrication and craft that is focused on a new fabrication experience. The FreeD is a hand-held, digitally controlled, milling device. It is guided and monitored by a computer while ...
  • Kumar, Vijay; Taylor, Washington (IOP Publishing, 2009-05)
    We consider ``magnetized brane'' compactifications of the type I/heterotic string on K3 with U(1) background fluxes. The gauge group and matter content of the resulting six-dimensional vacua are parameterized by a matrix ...
  • Borodin, Alexei; Corwin, Ivan; Ferrari, Patrik (Wiley Blackwell, 2014-05)
    We consider two models for directed polymers in space-time independent random media (the O'Connell-Yor semidiscrete directed polymer and the continuum directed random polymer) at positive temperature and prove their KPZ ...
  • Wolpert, David (MDPI AG, 2016-04)
    Recent advances in nonequilibrium statistical physics have provided unprecedented insight into the thermodynamics of dynamic processes. The author recently used these advances to extend Landauer’s semi-formal reasoning ...
  • Chan, Michael; Song, Yong-Ak; Celio, Chris; Tannenbaum, Steven Robert; Wishnok, John S.; Han, Jongyoon (American Chemical Society, 2010-02)
    In this paper, we are evaluating the strategy of sorting peptides/proteins based on the charge to mass without resorting to ampholytes and/or isoelectric focusing, using a single- and two-step free-flow zone electrophoresis. ...
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