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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Banerjee, Abhijit; Duflo, Esther (American Economic Association, 2010-06)
    This paper shows how the productive interplay of theory and experimental work has furthered our understanding of credit markets in developing countries. Descriptive facts motivated a body of theory, which in turned ...
  • Muentener, Paul Jason; Friel, Daniel; Schulz, Laura E. (Public Library of Science, 2012-08)
    Adults recognize that if event A predicts event B, intervening on A might generate B. Research suggests that young children have difficulty making this inference unless the events are initiated by goal-directed actions. ...
  • Waterhouse, Robert M. (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-09)
    Previous studies have reported that chromosome synteny in Lepidoptera has been well conserved, yet the number of haploid chromosomes varies widely from 5 to 223. Here we report the genome (393 Mb) of the Glanville fritillary ...
  • Baumer, Richard E.; Demkowicz, Michael J. (American Physical Society, 2013-04)
    We use molecular dynamics simulations to show that glass transition in a model phase separating amorphous alloy, Cu50Nb50, occurs by gelation. At the glass transition, a mechanically stiff, percolating network of atoms ...
  • Adams, Allan; Anous, Tarek; Lee, Jaehoon; Yaida, Sho (American Physical Society, 2015-03)
    Glass-forming liquids exhibit a dramatic dynamical slowdown as the temperature is lowered. This can be attributed to relaxation proceeding via large structural rearrangements whose characteristic size increases as the ...
  • Reygers, Klaus; Sanders, Stephen J.; Steinberg, Peter; Miller, Michael L. (Annual Reviews, 2007-05)
    We review the theoretical background, experimental techniques, and phenomenology of what is known in relativistic heavy ion physics as the Glauber model, which is used to calculate geometric quantities. A brief history of ...
  • Liu, Adrian Chi-Yan; Pritchard, Jonathan R.; Tegmark, Max Erik; Loeb, Abraham (American Physical Society, 2013-02)
    The global (i.e., spatially averaged) spectrum of the redshifted 21 cm line has generated much experimental interest lately, thanks to its potential to be a direct probe of the epoch of reionization and the dark ages, ...
  • Andoni, Alexandr; Daskalakis, Constantinos; Hassidim, Avinatan; Roch, Sebastien (Institute for Theoretical Computer Science (ITCS), 2010)
    Molecular phylogenetic techniques do not generally account for such common evolutionary events as site insertions and deletions (known as indels). Instead tree building algorithms and ancestral state inference procedures ...
  • Nam, Jin-Wu; Rissland, Olivia S.; Abreu-Goodger, Cei; Jan, Calvin H.; Agarwal, Vikram; Yildirim, Muhammed A.; Rodriguez, Antony; Koppstein, David Neal Pira; Bartel, David; Rissland, Olivia S.; Jan, Calvin H.; Yildirim, Muhammed A. (Elsevier, 2014-03)
    MicroRNA (miRNA) regulation clearly impacts animal development, but the extent to which development—with its resulting diversity of cellular contexts—impacts miRNA regulation is unclear. Here, we compared cohorts of genes ...
  • Hurt, Jessica A.; Robertson, Alex De Jong; Burge, Christopher B. (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2013-06)
    UPF1 is a DNA/RNA helicase with essential roles in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) and embryonic development. How UPF1 regulates target abundance and the relationship between NMD and embryogenesis are not well understood. ...
  • Penterman, Jon; Walker, Graham C.; De Nisco, Nicole J.; Abo, Ryan; Wu, C. Max (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-02)
    In α-proteobacteria, strict regulation of cell cycle progression is necessary for the specific cellular differentiation required for adaptation to diverse environmental niches. The symbiotic lifestyle of Sinorhizobium ...
  • Aidala, Christine A.; Ellinghaus, Frank; Sassot, Rodolfo; Seele, Joseph Patrick; Stratmann, Marco (American Physical Society, 2011-02)
    Fragmentation functions for eta mesons are extracted at next-to-leading order accuracy of QCD in a global analysis of data taken in electron-positron annihilation and proton-proton scattering experiments. The obtained ...
  • Sapsis, Themistoklis; Ueckermann, Mattheus; Lermusiaux, Pierre F. J. (Cambridge University Press, 2013-10)
    We provide a new framework for the study of fluid flows presenting complex uncertain behaviour. Our approach is based on the stochastic reduction and analysis of the governing equations using the dynamically orthogonal ...
  • Caballero, J. A.; Gonzalez-Jimenez, R.; Donnelly, T. William (American Physical Society, 2014-08)
    We perform a statistical analysis of the full set of parity-violating asymmetry data for elastic electron scattering including the most recent high precision measurement from Q-weak. Given the basis of the present analysis, ...
  • Saikawa, Eri; Rigby, Matthew; Prinn, Ronald G. (Copernicus GmbH, 2012-11)
    HCFC-22 (CHClF[subscript 2], chlorodifluoromethane) is an ozone-depleting substance (ODS) as well as a significant greenhouse gas (GHG). HCFC-22 has been used widely as a refrigerant fluid in cooling and air-conditioning ...
  • Dlugokencky, E.; Ishijima, K.; Dutton, G. S.; Hall, B. D.; Langenfelds, R. L.; Tohjima, Y.; Machida, Toshinobu; Manizza, Manfredi; Rigby, M.; O'Doherty, Simon; Patra, P. K.; Harth, C. M.; Weiss, R. F.; Krummel, P. B.; van der Schoot, M.; Fraser, P. J.; Steele, L. P.; Aoki, S.; Nakazawa, T.; Elkins, J. W.; Saikawa, Eri; Prinn, Ronald G. (Copernicus GmbH, 2014-05)
    We present a comprehensive estimate of nitrous oxide (N[subscript 2]O) emissions using observations and models from 1995 to 2008. High-frequency records of tropospheric N[subscript 2]O are available from measurements at ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G. (Copernicus GmbH, 2016-01)
    High frequency, in situ observations from 11 globally distributed sites for the period 1994–2014 and archived air measurements dating from 1978 onward have been used to determine the global growth rate of 1,1-difluoroethane ...
  • O'Doherty, Simon; Cunnold, D. M.; Miller, Benjamin R.; Muhle, Jens; McCulloch, A.; Simmonds, P. G.; Manning, Alistair J.; Reimann, S.; Vollmer, M. K.; Greally, B. R.; Fraser, P. J.; Steele, L. P.; Krummel, P. B.; Dunse, B. L.; Porter, L. W.; Lunder, Chris R.; Schmidbauer, N.; Hermansen, Ove; Salameh, P. K.; Harth, C. M.; Wang, R. H. J.; Weiss, R. F.; Prinn, Ronald G. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2009-12)
    High-frequency, in situ observations from the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE) and System for Observation of halogenated Greenhouse gases in Europe (SOGE) networks for the period 1998 to 2008, combined ...
  • Kumar, Vijay M. S.; Morrison, David R.; Taylor, Washington (Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 2010-11)
    We develop a systematic framework for realizing general anomaly-free chiral 6D supergravity theories in F-theory. We focus on 6D (1, 0) models with one tensor multiplet whose gauge group is a product of simple factors ...
  • Selin, Noelle Eckley (Wiley Blackwell, 2014-04)
    The Minamata Convention aims to protect human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury. In the present study, the provisions of the Minamata Convention are examined to assess their ...
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