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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Dlugokencky, E.; Ishijima, K.; Dutton, G. S.; Hall, B. D.; Langenfelds, R. L.; Tohjima, Y.; Machida, Toshinobu; Manizza, Manfredi; Rigby, M.; O'Doherty, Simon; Patra, P. K.; Harth, C. M.; Weiss, R. F.; Krummel, P. B.; van der Schoot, M.; Fraser, P. J.; Steele, L. P.; Aoki, S.; Nakazawa, T.; Elkins, J. W.; Saikawa, Eri; Prinn, Ronald G. (Copernicus GmbH, 2014-05)
    We present a comprehensive estimate of nitrous oxide (N[subscript 2]O) emissions using observations and models from 1995 to 2008. High-frequency records of tropospheric N[subscript 2]O are available from measurements at ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G. (Copernicus GmbH, 2016-01)
    High frequency, in situ observations from 11 globally distributed sites for the period 1994–2014 and archived air measurements dating from 1978 onward have been used to determine the global growth rate of 1,1-difluoroethane ...
  • O'Doherty, Simon; Cunnold, D. M.; Miller, Benjamin R.; Muhle, Jens; McCulloch, A.; Simmonds, P. G.; Manning, Alistair J.; Reimann, S.; Vollmer, M. K.; Greally, B. R.; Fraser, P. J.; Steele, L. P.; Krummel, P. B.; Dunse, B. L.; Porter, L. W.; Lunder, Chris R.; Schmidbauer, N.; Hermansen, Ove; Salameh, P. K.; Harth, C. M.; Wang, R. H. J.; Weiss, R. F.; Prinn, Ronald G. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2009-12)
    High-frequency, in situ observations from the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE) and System for Observation of halogenated Greenhouse gases in Europe (SOGE) networks for the period 1998 to 2008, combined ...
  • Kumar, Vijay M. S.; Morrison, David R.; Taylor, Washington (Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 2010-11)
    We develop a systematic framework for realizing general anomaly-free chiral 6D supergravity theories in F-theory. We focus on 6D (1, 0) models with one tensor multiplet whose gauge group is a product of simple factors ...
  • Selin, Noelle Eckley (Wiley Blackwell, 2014-04)
    The Minamata Convention aims to protect human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury. In the present study, the provisions of the Minamata Convention are examined to assess their ...
  • Xu, Yongsheng; Fu, Lee-Lueng; Tulloch, Ross (American Meteorological Society, 2011-08)
    The wavenumber spectra of wind kinetic energy over the ocean from Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT) observations have revealed complex spatial variability in the wavelength range of 1000–3000 km, with spectral slopes varying ...
  • Braha, Dan (Public Library of Science, 2012-10)
    Civil unrest is a powerful form of collective human dynamics, which has led to major transitions of societies in modern history. The study of collective human dynamics, including collective aggression, has been the focus ...
  • Allegra, Michele; Giorda, Paolo; Lloyd, Seth (American Physical Society, 2016-04)
    Assessing the role of interference in natural and artificial quantum dynamical processes is a crucial task in quantum information theory. To this aim, an appropriate formalism is provided by the decoherent histories ...
  • Censor-Hillel, Keren; Haeupler, Bernhard; Maymounkov, Petar Borissov; Kelner, Jonathan Adam (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012-05)
    In this paper, we study the question of how efficiently a collection of interconnected nodes can perform a global computation in the GOSSIP model of communication. In this model, nodes do not know the global topology of ...
  • Jung, Heekyung; Lacombe, Julie; Mazzoni, Esteban O.; Liem, Karel F., Jr.; Grinstein, Jonathan; Mahony, Shaun; Mukhopadhyay, Debnath; Gifford, David K.; Young, Richard A. (Elsevier, 2010-09)
    In the developing spinal cord, regional and combinatorial activities of Hox transcription factors are critical in controlling motor neuron fates along the rostrocaudal axis, exemplified by the precise pattern of limb ...
  • Slotine, Jean-Jacques E.; Russo, Giovanni (American Physical Society, 2010-10)
    In many natural synchronization phenomena, communication between individual elements occurs not directly but rather through the environment. One of these instances is bacterial quorum sensing, where bacteria release signaling ...
  • Van Damme, M.; Clarisse, L.; Hurtmans, D. R.; Ngadi, Y.; Clerbaux, C.; Dolman, A. J.; Erisman, J. W.; Coheur, P. -F.; Heald, Colette L. (Copernicus GmbH, 2014-03)
    Ammonia (NH[subscript 3]) emissions in the atmosphere have increased substantially over the past decades, largely because of intensive livestock production and use of fertilizers. As a short-lived species, NH[subscript 3] ...
  • Ivy, Diane J.; Rigby, Matthew; Baasandorj, M.; Burkholder, J. B.; Prinn, Ronald G. (Copernicus GmbH, 2012-08)
    Global emission estimates based on new atmospheric observations are presented for the acylic high molecular weight perfluorocarbons (PFCs): decafluorobutane (C[subscript 4]F[subscript 10]), dodecafluoropentane (C[subscript ...
  • Xiang, Bin; Patra, Prabir K.; Montzka, Stephen A.; Miller, Scot M.; Elkins, J. W.; Moore, Fred L.; Atlas, Elliot L.; Miller, Benjamin R.; Weiss, Ray F.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Wofsy, Steven C. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-12)
    HCFC-22 (CHClF[subscript 2]) and HFC-134a (CH[subscript 2]FCF[subscript 3]) are two major gases currently used worldwide in domestic and commercial refrigeration and air conditioning. HCFC-22 contributes to stratospheric ...
  • Nikurashin, Maxim Anatolevich; Ferrari, Raffaele (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2011-04)
    A global estimate of the energy conversion rate from geostrophic flows into internal lee waves in the ocean is presented. The estimate is based on a linear theory applied to bottom topography at O(1–10) km scales obtained ...
  • Ploegh, Hidde; Yuan, Bingbing B.; Carette, Jan E.; Guimaraes, Carla P.; Wuethrich, Irene; Blomen, Vincent A.; Varadarajan, Malini; Sun, Chong; Bell, George W.; Muellner, Markus K.; Nijman, Sebastian M.; Brummelkamp, Thijn R. (Nature Publishing Group, 2011-05)
    Insertional mutagenesis in a haploid background can disrupt gene function[superscript 1]. We extend our earlier work by using a retroviral gene-trap vector to generate insertions in >98% of the genes expressed in a human ...
  • Wunsch, Carl; Heimbach, Patrick; Ponte, Rui M.; Fukumori, Ichiro; ECCO-GODAE Consortium (Oceanography Society (Virginia Beach, Va.), 2009-06)
    Following on the heels of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment, the Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean (ECCO) consortium has been directed at making the best possible estimates of ocean circulation ...
  • Chirkov, M.; Stiller, G. P.; Laeng, A.; Kellmann, S.; von Clarmann, T.; Boone, C. D.; Elkins, J. W.; Engel, A.; Glatthor, N.; Grabowski, U.; Harth, C. M.; Kiefer, M.; Kolonjari, F.; Krummel, P. B.; Linden, A.; Lunder, C. R.; Miller, B. R.; Montzka, S. A.; Mühle, J.; Orphal, J.; Toon, G.; Vollmer, M. K.; Walker, K. A.; Weiss, R. F.; Wiegele, A.; Young, D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; O'Doherty, S. (Copernicus GmbH, 2016-03)
    We report on HCFC-22 data acquired by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) in the reduced spectral resolution nominal observation mode. The data cover the period from January 2005 to April ...
  • Selin, Noelle Eckley; Wu, S.; Nam, Kyung-min; Reilly, J. M.; Paltsev, Sergey; Prinn, Ronald G.; Webster, Mort David (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2009-12)
    We assess the human health and economic impacts of projected 2000–2050 changes in ozone pollution using the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis - Health Effects (EPPA-HE) model, in combination with results from ...
  • Caballero, Ricardo J.; Krishnamurthy, Arvind (American Economic Association, 2009-05)
    The United States is currently engulfed in the most severe financial crisis since the Great Depression. The crisis was triggered by the crash in the real estate “bubble” and amplified by the extreme concentration of ...
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