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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Fu, Liang; Hsieh, Timothy Hwa-wei (American Physical Society, 2012-03)
    The recently discovered superconductor CuₓBi₂Se₃ is a candidate for three-dimensional time-reversal-invariant topological superconductors, which are predicted to have robust surface Andreev bound states hosting massless ...
  • Wong, Chris L. M.; Liu, Jie; Law, K. T.; Lee, Patrick A. (American Physical Society, 2013-08)
    We show that an in-plane magnetic field can drive a fully gapped p ± ip topological superconductor into a gapless phase which supports Majorana flat bands (MFBs). Unlike previous examples, the MFBs in the gapless regime ...
  • Wilczek, Frank (Nature Publishing Group, 2012-06)
    Elusive theoretical fantasies known as Majorana modes have been observed in a hybrid semiconductor–superconductor system. These emergent exotica open up promising prospects for quantum computation.
  • Ho, Shih-Hao; Lin, Feng-Li; Wen, Xiao-Gang (Springer-Verlag, 2012-12)
    Motivated by the recent Kitaev’s K-theory analysis of topological insulators and superconductors, we adopt the same framework to study the topological phase structure of Jackiw-Rebbi model in 3+1 dimensions. According to ...
  • Li, Cheng; Beroukhim, Rameen; Weir, Barbara A; Winckler, Wendy; Garraway, Levi A; Sellers, William R; Meyerson, Matthew L. (BioMed Central Ltd, 2008-04)
    Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common genetic variations in the human genome and are useful as genomic markers. Oligonucleotide SNP microarrays have been developed for high-throughput ...
  • Garcia-Patron Sanchez, Raul; Navarrete-Benlloch, Carlos; Lloyd, Seth; Shapiro, Jeffrey H.; Cerf, Nicolas J. (American Physical Society, 2012-03)
    A long-standing open problem in quantum information theory is to find the classical capacity of an optical communication link, modeled as a Gaussian bosonic channel. It has been conjectured that this capacity is achieved ...
  • Yamada, Yoshiyuki; Limmon, Gino V.; Zheng, Dahai; Li, Na; Li, Liang; Yin, Lu; Chow, Vincent T. K.; Chen, Jianzhu; Engelward, Bevin P. (Public Library of Science, 2012-02)
    With the incessant challenge of exposure to the air we breathe, lung tissue suffers the highest levels of oxygen tension and thus requires robust antioxidant defenses. Furthermore, following injury or infection, lung tissue ...
  • Nagar, Yiftach; Malone, Thomas W. (Association for Information Systems, 2011-12)
    Computers can use vast amounts of data to make predictions that are often more accurate than those by human experts. Yet, humans are more adept at processing unstructured information and at recognizing unusual circumstances ...
  • Akiyama, Masanori; Newton, Richard C; Mytton, Oliver T; Aggarwal, Rajesh; Runciman, William B; Free, Michael; Fahlgren, Bjorn; Farlow, Barbara; Yaron, Sara; Locke, Gerad; Whittaker, Stuart (BMJ (British Medical Journal) Publishing Group ; British Medical Association, 2010-08)
    Background: Technology, equipment and medical devices are vital for effective healthcare throughout the world but are associated with risks. These risks include device failure, inappropriate use, insufficient user-training ...
  • Zeldovich, Nickolai; Boyd-Wickizer, Silas; Kohler, Eddie; Mazieres, David (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-11)
    HiStar is a new operating system designed to minimize the amount of code that must be trusted. HiStar provides strict information flow control, which allows users to specify precise data security policies without unduly ...
  • Kim, Taesoo; Zeldovich, Nickolai (USENIX Association, 2010-08)
    UserFS provides egalitarian OS protection mechanisms in Linux. UserFS allows any user—not just the system administrator—to allocate Unix user IDs, to use chroot, and to set up firewall rules in order to confine untrusted ...
  • Demaine, Erik D.; Demaine, Martin L.; Hawksley, Andrea; Ito, Hiro; Loh, Po-Ru; Manber, Shelly; Stephens, Omari S. (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2011-11)
    We give an efficient algorithmic characterization of simple polygons whose edges can be aligned onto a common line, with nothing else on that line, by a sequence of all-layers simple folds. In particular, such alignments ...
  • Schmid, Patrick Raphael; Palmer, Nathan Patrick; Kohane, Isaac; Berger, Bonnie (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-03)
    With the rapid growth of publicly available high-throughput transcriptomic data, there is increasing recognition that large sets of such data can be mined to better understand disease states and mechanisms. Prior gene ...
  • Schmid, Patrick Raphael; Palmer, Nathan Patrick; Kohane, Isaac; Berger, Bonnie (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-03)
    With the rapid growth of publicly available high-throughput transcriptomic data, there is increasing recognition that large sets of such data can be mined to better understand disease states and mechanisms. Prior gene ...
  • Perner-Wilson, Hannah Rosamonde; Buechley, Leah (Association for Computing Machinery, 2010-01)
    This workshop will explore the use of low-cost materials and tools to build textile-based interfaces. We will introduce a range of methods for handcrafting textile sensors and circuitry. Participants will learn techniques ...
  • Niles, Jacquin (Elsevier, 2012-06)
    The malarial parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, is an intracellular pathogen and partially dependent on nutrient uptake for survival. In this issue of Chemistry & Biology, Marvin et al. demonstrate that zinc is essential for ...
  • Wang, John M.; Koldewyn, Kami; Hashimoto, Ryu-ichiro; Schneider, Andrea; Le, Lien; Tassone, Flora; Cheung, Katherine; Hagerman, Paul; Hessl, David; Rivera, Susan M. (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2012-10)
    Previous functional MRI (fMRI) studies have shown that fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) fragile X premutation allele carriers (FXPCs) exhibit decreased hippocampal activation during a recall task and lower inferior ...
  • Kaligineedi, Praveen; Khabbazian, Majid; Bhargava, Vijay K. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2011-08)
    Reliable detection of primary users (PUs) is an important task for cognitive radio (CR) systems. Cooperation among a few spectrum sensors has been shown to offer significant gain in the performance of the CR spectrum-sensing ...
  • Goyal, Vivek K.; Varshney, Lav Raj; Kusuma, Julius (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-08)
    A malleable coding scheme considers not only representation length but also ease of representation update, thereby encouraging some form of recycling to convert an old codeword into a new one. We examine the trade-off ...
  • Williams, Richard T.; Jiang, Hai; Pritchard, Justin Robert; Lauffenburger, Douglas A.; Hemann, Michael (Nature Publishing Group, 2010-12)
    Identifying mechanisms of drug action remains a fundamental impediment to the development and effective use of chemotherapeutics. Here we describe an RNA interference (RNAi)–based strategy to characterize small-molecule ...
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