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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Schlichting, Hilke; Inamdar, Niraj K. (Oxford University Press, 2015-02)
    The majority of discovered exoplanetary systems harbour a new class of planets, bodies that are typically several times more massive than the Earth but that orbit their host stars well inside the orbit of Mercury. The ...
  • Heo, Myoung-Sun; Wang, Tout T.; Christensen, Caleb A.; Rvachov, Timur Michael; Cotta, Dylan Alain; Choi, Jae-Hoon; Lee, Ye-Ryoung; Ketterle, Wolfgang (American Physical Society, 2012-08)
    We describe the formation of fermionic NaLi Feshbach molecules from an ultracold mixture of bosonic [superscript 23]Na and fermionic [superscript 6]Li. Precise magnetic field sweeps across a narrow Feshbach resonance at ...
  • Hin, Celine Nathalie; Neaton, J. B.; Wirth, B. D. (American Physical Society, 2009-10)
    Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations, based on parameters obtained with density-functional theory in the local-density approximation and experimental data, are used to study bulk precipitation of Y[subscript 2]O[subscript 3] ...
  • Jan, Calvin H.; Friedman, Robin Carl; Ruby, J. Graham; Bartel, David (Nature Publishing Group, 2010-11)
    Post-transcriptional gene regulation frequently occurs through elements in mRNA 3′ untranslated regions (UTRs)1, 2. Although crucial roles for 3′UTR-mediated gene regulation have been found in Caenorhabditis elegans3, 4, ...
  • Liang, Xiangdong; Johnson, Steven G. (Optical Society of America, 2013-12)
    We present a technique for large-scale optimization of optical microcavities based on the frequency-averaged local density of states (LDOS), which circumvents computational difficulties posed by previous eigenproblem-based ...
  • Sharqawy, Mostafa H.; Lienhard, John H.; Zubair, Syed M. (ASME International, 2010-11)
    Seawater is a complex electrolyte solution of water and salts with sodium chloride as the major constituent. However, the thermodynamic properties of seawater are considerably different from those of aqueous sodium chloride ...
  • Morar, Mariya; Hoskins, Aaron A.; Stubbe, JoAnne; Ealick, Steven E. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2008-07)
    In the fourth step of the purine biosynthetic pathway, formyl glycinamide ribonucleotide (FGAR) amidotransferase, also known as PurL, catalyzes the conversion of FGAR, ATP, and glutamine to formyl glycinamidine ribonucleotide ...
  • Aaronson, Scott; Ambainis, Andris (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-06)
    We achieve essentially the largest possible separation between quantum and classical query complexities. We do so using a property-testing problem called Forrelation, where one needs to decide whether one Boolean function ...
  • Ma, Jian; Cao, Jianshu (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2015-03)
    We study the Förster resonant energy transfer rate, absorption and emission spectra in multichromophoric systems. The multichromophoric Förster theory (MCFT) is determined from an overlap integral of generalized matrices ...
  • Govern, Christopher C.; Chakraborty, Arup K. (Elsevier B.V., 2010-02)
    Does the affinity or half-life of peptide-MHC-T cell receptor (TCR) interactions determine T cell activation? In this issue of Immunity, Aleksic et al. (2010) propose a role for the on rate through multiple rebindings to ...
  • Boone, Peter; Johnson, Simon (American Economic Association, 2014-05)
    Financial crises frequently increase public sector borrowing and threaten some form of sovereign debt crisis. Until recently, high income countries were thought to have become less vulnerable to severe banking crises that ...
  • Wang, Qiqi (Elsevier, 2012-10)
    This paper describes a forward algorithm and an adjoint algorithm for computing sensitivity derivatives in chaotic dynamical systems, such as the Lorenz attractor. The algorithms compute the derivative of long time averaged ...
  • Bauer, Gerry P.; Bendavid, Joshua L.; Busza, Wit; Butz, Erik M.; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, M.; Dutta, V.; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Hahn, Kristian Allan; Kim, Y.; Klute, Markus; Krajczar, Krisztian F.; Li, Wei; Luckey, P. David, Jr.; Ma, Teng; Nahn, Steven; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Rudolph, M.; Stephans, George S. F.; Stockli, Fabian; Sumorok, Konstanty C.; Sung, Kevin Kai Hong; Velicanu, Dragos Alexandru; Wenger, Edward Allen; Wolf, R.; Wyslouch, Boleslaw; Xie, S.; Yang, M.; Yilmaz, Yetkin; Yoon, A. S.; Zanetti, Marco (Elsevier, 2012-11)
    A measurement of the forward–backward asymmetry (A[subscript FB]) of Drell–Yan lepton pairs in pp collisions at √s = 7 TeV is presented. The data sample, collected with the CMS detector, corresponds to an integrated ...
  • Taylor, Frank E.; ATLAS Collaboration (Springer-Verlag, 2012-07)
    Using inelastic proton-proton interactions at sqrt(s) = 900 GeV and 7 TeV, recorded by the ATLAS detector at the LHC, measurements have been made of the correlations between forward and backward charged-particle multiplicities ...
  • Neve, Rachael L.; Grueter, Brad A.; Robison, Alfred J.; Nestler, Eric J.; Malenka, Robert C. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-01)
    Synaptic modifications in nucleus accumbens (NAc) medium spiny neurons (MSNs) play a key role in adaptive and pathological reward-dependent learning, including maladaptive responses involved in drug addiction. NAc MSNs ...
  • Solomon, Susan; Shaman, Jeffrey; Colwell, Rita R.; Field, Christopher B. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-02)
    Climate science is a vast, multidisciplinary research field with foundations spanning physics, chemistry, biology, geology, mathematics, and more. Cutting-edge climate research often straddles one or more basic disciplines, ...
  • Moran, M. Susan; O'Neill, Peggy E.; Entekhabi, Dara (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-07)
    The NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission will provide global observations of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state from space. We outline how priority applications contributed to the SMAP mission measurement ...
  • Wong, Yi Lin; Siu, Kin Wai Michael (Springer Netherlands, 2014-12)
    Emotions have a significant effect on the processes of designing and creative thinking. In an educational context, some emotions may even be detrimental to creativity. To further explore the link between creativity and ...
  • Ashford, Nicholas A.; Kallis, Giorgos (EBR Media, 2013-04)
    Can working less lead to a healthier economy and better environmental conditions? Which factors should be taken into consideration when forming an answer to this question? In this article Nicholas Ashford and Giorgos Kallis ...
  • Soler, Cyril; Subr, Kartic; Holzschuch, Nicolas; Durand, Fredo; Sillion, Francois (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2009-04)
    Optical systems used in photography and cinema produce depth-of-field effects, that is, variations of focus with depth. These effects are simulated in image synthesis by integrating incoming radiance at each pixel over the ...
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