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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Rohlfs, Wilko; Lienhard, John H. (Elsevier, 2016-03)
    Self-similarity and scaling laws are powerful tools in engineering and thus useful for the design of apparatus. This self-similarity is well understood for the heat and mass transfer in laminar empty channel flows, including ...
  • Huang, Kenneth G.; Murray, Fiona E. (Elsevier, 2010-06)
    We re-conceptualize the role of science policy makers, envisioning and illustrating their move from being simple investors in scientific projects to entrepreneurs who create the conditions for entrepreneurial experiments ...
  • Chen, Hui; Miao, Jianjun; Wang, Neng (Oxford University Press, 2010-11)
    We develop a dynamic incomplete-markets model of entrepreneurial firms, and demonstrate the implications of nondiversifiable risks for entrepreneurs' interdependent consumption, portfolio allocation, financing, investment, ...
  • Hsu, Wei-Chun; Tong, Jonathan K.; Liao, Bolin; Huang, Yi; Boriskina, Svetlana V; Chen, Gang (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-10)
    A p-n junction maintained at above ambient temperature can work as a heat engine, converting some of the supplied heat into electricity and rejecting entropy by interband emission. Such thermoradiative cells have potential ...
  • Byers, Jeffery A.; Jamison, Timothy F. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-09)
    Despite the myriad of selective enzymatic reactions that occur in water, chemists have rarely capitalized on the unique properties of this medium to govern selectivity in reactions. Here we report detailed mechanistic ...
  • Faghfoor Maghrebi, Mohammad; Kantor, Yacov; Kardar, Mehran (IOP Publishing, 2011-12)
    We consider polymers attached to the tip of a cone, and the resulting force due to entropy loss on approaching a plate (or another cone). At separations shorter than the polymer radius of gyration Rg, the only relevant ...
  • Sinatra, Roberta; Szell, Michael (MDPI AG, 2014-01)
    Using mobile phone records and information theory measures, our daily lives have been recently shown to follow strict statistical regularities, and our movement patterns are, to a large extent, predictable. Here, we apply ...
  • Castelli, Fabio; Castillo, Aldrich Edra; Entekhabi, Dara (American Geophysical Union, 2015-07)
    Basin response and hydrologic fluxes are functions of hydrologic states, most notably of soil moisture. However, characterization of hillslope-scale soil moisture is challenging since it is both spatially heterogeneous and ...
  • Sze, Vivienne; Marpe, Detlev (Springer-Verlag, 2014)
    Context-Based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coding (CABAC) is a method of entropy coding first introduced in H.264/AVC and now used in the latest High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard. While it provides high coding ...
  • Mistry, Karan Hemant; McGovern, Ronan Killian; Thiel, Gregory P.; Summers, Edward K.; Zubair, Syed M.; Lienhard, John H. (MDPI Publishing, 2011-09)
    Increasing global demand for fresh water is driving the development and implementation of a wide variety of seawater desalination technologies. Entropy generation analysis, and specifically, Second Law efficiency, is an ...
  • Chehayeb, Karim Malek; Lienhard, John H. (Elsevier B.V., 2017-03)
    Electrodialysis (ED) is a desalination technology with many applications. In order to better understand how the energetic performance of this technology can be improved, the various losses in the system should be quantified ...
  • Lienhard, John H.; Thiel, Gregory Parker (Elsevier, 2012-05)
    The physical mechanisms of entropy generation in a condenser with high fractions of noncondensable gases are examined using scaling and boundary layer techniques, with the aim of defining a criterion for minimum entropy ...
  • Lienhard, John H.; Zubair, Syed M.; Narayan, G. Prakash (Elsevier, 2010-06)
    This paper details a simple procedure by which the entropy generation in simultaneous heat and mass exchange devices can be minimized. Effectiveness for these devices is defined and a new parameter, ‘modified heat capacity ...
  • Mistry, Karan Hemant; Chung, Hyung; Warsinger, David Elan Martin; Nayar, Kishor Govind; Lienhard, John H.; Chung, Hyung Won (MDPI AG, 2015-10)
    Powering desalination by waste heat is often proposed to mitigate energy consumption and environmental impact; however, thorough technology comparisons are lacking in the literature. This work numerically models the ...
  • Yu, Yun William; Daniels, Noah; Danko, David C.; Berger Leighton, Bonnie (Elsevier, 2015-08)
    Many datasets exhibit a well-defined structure that can be exploited to design faster search tools, but it is not always clear when such acceleration is possible. Here, we introduce a framework for similarity search based ...
  • Buzard, James (Penn State University Press, 2008)
    The Old Curiosity Shop marks a crisis in Dickens’s early career. Overcommitted to projects, a victim of his own success, Dickens soon found his episodic model of fiction, first practiced in Pickwick and devoted to furnishing ...
  • Moon, SangJun; Gurkan, Umut Atakan; Blander, Jeffrey; Fawzi, Wafaie W.; Aboud, Said; Mugusi, Ferdinand; Kuritzkes, Daniel R.; Demirci, Utkan (Public Library of Science, 2011-04)
    Background CD4+ T-lymphocyte count (CD4 count) is a standard method used to monitor HIV-infected patients during anti-retroviral therapy (ART). The World Health Organization (WHO) has pointed out or recommended that a ...
  • Pisania, Anna; Papas, Klearchos K.; Powers, Daryl E.; Rappel, Michael J.; Omer, Abdulkadir; Bonner-Weir, Susan; Weir, Gordon C.; Colton, Clark K. (Nature Publishing Group, 2010-08)
    Islet enumeration in impure preparations by conventional dithizone staining and visual counting is inaccurate and operator dependent. We examined nuclei counting for measuring the total number of cells in islet preparations, ...
  • Cooper, Daniel A; Rossie, Kathleen Eaton; Gutowski, Timothy G (ASME International, 2016-11)
    Little work has been done on quantifying the environmental impacts and costs of sheet metal stamping. In this work, we present models that can be used to predict the energy requirements, global warming potential, human ...
  • Cooper, Daniel R.; Rossie, Kathleen Eaton; Gutowski, Timothy G (American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2016-07)
    Little work has been done on quantifying the environmental impacts and costs of sheet metal stamping. In this work we present models that can be used to predict the energy requirements, global warming potential, human ...
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