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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Weber, Joseph P.; Beatty, Anne; Liao, Scott (American Accounting Association, 2010-06)
    A flourishing stream of research suggests that liquidity-constrained firms with low accounting quality have limited access to capital for investments. We extend this research by investigating whether these firms are more ...
  • Townsend, Robert (Annual Reviews, 2010-06)
    This review provides a common framework for researchers thinking about the next generation of micro-founded macro models of growth, inequality, and financial deepening, as well as direction for policy makers targeting ...
  • Fagnan, David Erik; Gromatzky, Austin A.; Stein, Roger Mark; Fernandez, Jose-Maria; Lo, Andrew W. (Elsevier B.V., 2014-05)
    Recently proposed ‘megafund’ financing methods for funding translational medicine and drug development require billions of dollars in capital per megafund to de-risk the drug discovery process enough to issue long-term ...
  • Fagnan, David E.; Yang, N. Nora; McKew, John C.; Lo, Andrew W. (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2015-02)
    The portfolio of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) rare-diseases therapeutic development program comprises 28 research projects initiated at the preclinical stage. Historical data reveal ...
  • Van Kleek, Max G.; Styke, Wolfe B.; Karger, David R.; schraefel, mc (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-05)
    Mainstream PIM tools capture only a portion of the information that people need to manage. Many information scraps seem to exist that don't make their way into these tools, instead being relegated to sticky notes, text ...
  • Li, Ju; Lenosky, Thomas J.; Sarkar, Sanket; Cox, William T.; Bitzek, Erik; Wang, Yunzhi (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    The majority of solid-state deformation and transformation processes involve coupled displacive-diffusional mechanisms, of which a detailed atomic picture does not exist. We present here a complete atomistic description ...
  • Abel, Zachary Ryan; Demaine, Erik D.; Demaine, Martin L.; Eisenstat, Sarah Charmian; Lynch, Jayson R.; Schardl, Tao Benjamin (Information Processing Society of Japan, 2013-07)
    We prove the NP-completeness of finding a Hamiltonian path in an N × N × N cube graph with turns exactly at specified lengths along the path. This result establishes NP-completeness of Snake Cube puzzles: folding a chain ...
  • Urban, Alexander; Luo, Chuan; Huang, Wenxuan; Kitchaev, Daniil Andreevich; Dacek, Stephen Thomas; Cao, Shan; Ceder, Gerbrand; Rong, Ziqin (American Physical Society, 2016-10)
    Lattice models, also known as generalized Ising models or cluster expansions, are widely used in many areas of science and are routinely applied to the study of alloy thermodynamics, solid-solid phase transitions, magnetic ...
  • Belenky, Alexander S. (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015-03)
    A game with a finite (more than three) number of players on a polyhedron of connected player strategies is studied. This game describes the interaction among (a) the base load power plant (the generator), (b) all the large ...
  • Acemoglu, Daron; Robinson, James A.; Garcia-Jimeno, Camilo (2012-08)
    Slavery has been a major institution of labor coercion throughout history. Colonial societies used slavery intensively across the Americas, and slavery remained prevalent in most countries after independence from the ...
  • Miller, Eric D.; Rykoff, Eli S.; Dupke, Renato A.; Mendes de Oliveira, Claudia; Lopes de Oliveira, Raimundo; Proctor, Robert N.; Garmire, Gordon P.; Koester, Benjamin P.; McKay, Timothy A. (IOP Publishing, 2012-02)
    We report the discovery of 12 new fossil groups (FGs) of galaxies, systems dominated by a single giant elliptical galaxy and cluster-scale gravitational potential, but lacking the population of bright galaxies typically ...
  • Anderson, Ross; Ashlagi, Itai; Gamarnik, David; Roth, Alvin E. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2015-01)
    As of May 2014 there were more than 100,000 patients on the waiting list for a kidney transplant from a deceased donor. Although the preferred treatment is a kidney transplant, every year there are fewer donors than new ...
  • Huang, Albert S.; Moore, David C.; Antone, Matthew; Olson, Edwin B.; Teller, Seth (Springer Netherlands, 2009-03)
    This paper describes a system for detecting and estimating the properties of multiple travel lanes in an urban road network from calibrated video imagery and laser range data acquired by a moving vehicle. The system operates ...
  • Shah, Devavrat; Zaman, Tauhid (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012-06)
    We consider the problem of detecting the source of a rumor (information diffusion) in a network based on observations about which set of nodes possess the rumor. In a recent work [10], this question was introduced and ...
  • Near, Joseph Paul; Jackson, Daniel (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016-05)
    We propose a specification-free technique for finding missing security checks in web applications using a catalog of access control patterns in which each pattern models a common access control use case. Our implementation, ...
  • Schwartz, Thomas (eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd., 2014-05)
    The discovery of an ancient protein complex reveals the evolutionary relationships between the proteins that help to form vesicles.
  • Onengut-Gumuscu, Suna; Chen, Wei-Min; Burren, Oliver; Farber, Emily; Szpak, Michal; Schofield, Ellen; Achuthan, Premanand; Guo, Hui; Stevens, Helen; Kundaje, Anshul; Kellis, Manolis; Deloukas, Panos; Wallace, Chris; Concannon, Patrick; Cooper, Nick J.; Quinlan, Aaron R.; Mychaleckyj, Josyf C.; Bonnie, Jessica K.; Fortune, Mary D.; Walker, Neil M.; Ward, Lucas D.; Daly, Mark J.; Barrett, Jeffrey C.; Cooper, Jason D.; Todd, John A.; Rich, Stephen S. (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-03)
    Genetic studies of type 1 diabetes (T1D) have identified 50 susceptibility regions, finding major pathways contributing to risk, with some loci shared across immune disorders. To make genetic comparisons across autoimmune ...
  • Patsopoulos, Nikolaos A.; Barcellos, Lisa F.; Hintzen, Rogier Q.; Schaefer, Catherine; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Noble, Janelle A.; Raj, Towfique; Gourraud, Pierre-Antoine; Stranger, Barbara E.; Oksenberg, Jorge; Olsson, Tomas; Taylor, Bruce V.; Sawcer, Stephen; Hafler, David A.; Carrington, Mary; De Jager, Philip L.; de Bakker, Paul I. W. (Public Library of Science, 2013-11)
    The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region is strongly associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility. HLA-DRB1*15:01 has the strongest effect, and several other alleles have been reported at different levels ...
  • Lu, Rusen; Fish, Vincent L.; Doeleman, Sheperd Samuel; Crew, Geoffrey B.; Cappallo, Roger J.; Titus, Michael A. (IOP Publishing, 2013-06)
    We report results from five day very long baseline interferometry observations of the well-known quasar 3C 279 at 1.3 mm (230 GHz) in 2011. The measured nonzero closure phases on triangles including stations in Arizona, ...
  • Hettiarachchi, Anuruddha; Nanayakkara, Suranga; Yeo, Kian Peen; Shilkrot, Roy; Maes, Patricia (Association for Computing Machinery, 2013-03)
    Research in cognitive science shows that engaging in visual arts has great benefits for children particularly when it allows them to bond with nature [7]. In this paper, we introduce FingerDraw, a novel drawing interface ...
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