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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Finchelstein, D. F.; Sze, Vivienne; Chandrakasan, Anantha P. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-10)
    Performance requirements for video decoding will continue to rise in the future due to the adoption of higher resolutions and faster frame rates. Multicore processing is an effective way to handle the resulting increase ...
  • Bond, Robert A.; Kim, Hahn G. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-10)
    Multicore architectures require parallel computation and explicit management of the memory hierarchy, both of which add programming complexity and are unfamiliar to most programmers. While MPI and OpenMP still have a place ...
  • Williams, John R.; Holmes, David W.; Tilke, Peter G. (Queen Mary, University of London, 2010-08)
    This paper discusses the implementation of particle based numerical methods on multi-core machines. In contrast to cluster computing, where memory is distributed across machines, multi-core machine can share memory across ...
  • Malakis, A.; Berker, A. Nihat; Hadjiagapiou, I.A.; Fytas, N.G.; Papakonstantinou, T. (American Physical Society, 2010-04)
    The effects of bond randomness on the phase diagram and critical behavior of the square lattice ferromagnetic Blume-Capel model are discussed. The system is studied in both the pure and disordered versions by the same ...
  • Han, Qing; Bradshaw, Elizabeth M.; Nilsson, Björn; Hafler, David A.; Love, J. Christopher; Nilsson, Bjorn (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2010-04)
    The large diversity of cells that comprise the human immune system requires methods that can resolve the individual contributions of specific subsets to an immunological response. Microengraving is process that uses a ...
  • Ranger, Manon; Celeste Johnston, C.; Rennick, Janet E.; Limperopoulos, Catherine; Heldt, Thomas; du Plessis, Adre J. (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013-07)
    Objectives: Inferring the pain level of a critically ill infant is complex. The ability to accurately extract the appropriate pain cues from observations is often jeopardized when heavy sedation and muscular blocking agents ...
  • McBee, Megan E.; Su, Dan; Pang, Yan Ling Joy; Gu, Chen; Prestwich, Erin; Dedon, Peter C.; Chionh, Yok Hian; Ho, Chia-Hua; Pruksakorn, Dumnoensun; Indrakanti, Ramesh Babu; Ng, Chee Sheng; Hia, Fabian; Dong, Hongping; Shi, Pei-Yong; Preiser, Peter Rainer; Alonso, Sylvie (Oxford University Press, 2013-08)
    A renewed interest in non-coding RNA (ncRNA) has led to the discovery of novel RNA species and post-transcriptional ribonucleoside modifications, and an emerging appreciation for the role of ncRNA in RNA epigenetics. ...
  • Kewlani, Gaurav; Iagnemma, Karl (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-12)
    The ability of mobile robots to quickly and accurately analyze their dynamics is critical to their safety and efficient operation. In field conditions, significant uncertainty is associated with terrain and/or vehicle ...
  • Doherty, Kathleen M; Nakka, Priyanka; King, Bracken M; Rhee, Soo-Yon; Holmes, Susan P; Shafer, Robert W; Radhakrishnan, Mala L (BioMed Central Ltd., 2011-12)
    Background Great strides have been made in the effective treatment of HIV-1 with the development of second-generation protease inhibitors (PIs) that are effective against historically multi-PI-resistant HIV-1 variants. ...
  • Greenwood, Ross N.; Kaiser, David I.; Sfakianakis, Evangelos I. (American Physical Society, 2013-03)
    Higgs inflation is a simple and elegant model in which early-universe inflation is driven by the Higgs sector of the Standard Model. The Higgs sector can support early-universe inflation if it has a large nonminimal coupling ...
  • Schutz, Katelin; Sfakianakis, Evangelos I.; Kaiser, David I. (American Physical Society, 2014-03)
    Recent measurements by the Planck experiment of the power spectrum of temperature anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background radiation reveal a deficit of power in low multipoles compared to the predictions from ...
  • Kaiser, David I.; Sfakianakis, Evangelos (American Physical Society, 2014-01)
    Multifield models of inflation with nonminimal couplings are in excellent agreement with the recent results from Planck. Across a broad range of couplings and initial conditions, such models evolve along an effectively ...
  • Feizi- Khankandi, Soheil; Medard, Muriel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-03)
    In this paper, we consider the problem of multifunctional compression with side information. The problem is how we can compress a source X so that the receiver is able to compute some deterministic functions f[subscript ...
  • Englot, Brendan J.; Hover, Franz S. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-02)
    A new algorithm for solving multi-goal planning problems in the presence of obstacles is introduced. We extend ant colony optimization (ACO) from its well-known application, the traveling salesman problem (TSP), to that ...
  • Kim, MinJi; Medard, Muriel; Barros, Joao (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-09)
    In our previous work (`An Algebraic Watchdog for Wireless Network Coding'), we proposed a new scheme in which nodes can detect malicious behaviors probabilistically, police their downstream neighbors locally using overheard ...
  • Shin, Won-Yong; Lucani, Daniel Enrique; Medard, Muriel; Stojanovic, Milica; Tarokh, Vahid (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-07)
    Capacity scaling laws are analyzed in an underwater acoustic network with n regularly located nodes. A narrow-band model is assumed where the carrier frequency is allowed to scale as a function of n. In the network, we ...
  • Xiao, Rong; Chu, Kuang-Han; Wang, Evelyn N. (American Institute of Physics, 2009-05)
    A phenomenon is presented where a propagating liquid on an array of nanopillars with scalloped features can separate into multiple layers of liquid films. The scallops were found to act as energy barriers that favor liquid ...
  • Wei, Jun; Zheng, Haining; Chen, Haoliang; Ooi, Boon Hooi; Dao, M. H.; Cho, Wonjoon; Rizzoli, Paola M.; Tkalich, P.; Patrikalakis, Nicholas M. (International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers, 2010-06)
    In June of 2009, a sea trial was carried out around Singapore to study and monitor physical, biological and chemical oceanographic parameters. Temperature, salinity and velocities were collected from multiple vehicles. ...
  • Fors, Brett P.; Buchwald, Stephen Leffler (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010-10)
    An alternative approach to catalyst development, which led to a Pd catalyst based on two biarylphosphine ligands for C−N cross-coupling reactions, is reported. By effectively being able to take the form of multiple catalysts ...
  • Naseem, Tahira; Snyder, Benjamin; Eisenstein, Jacob; Barzilay, Regina (AI Access Foundation, 2009-11)
    We demonstrate the effectiveness of multilingual learning for unsupervised part-of-speech tagging. The central assumption of our work is that by combining cues from multiple languages, the structure of each becomes more ...
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