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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Chang, Jessica T.; Sive, Hazel L. (MyJoVE Corporation, 2012-12)
    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a protein rich fluid contained within the brain ventricles. It is present during early vertebrate embryonic development and persists throughout life. Adult CSF is thought to cushion the brain, ...
  • Gutowski, Timothy G. (Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 2011)
    A new area, called Sustainability Science, is engaging large system scientists to address the challenges that face the future of human society on planet earth. In this paper, the methods and frameworks of diverse disciplines ...
  • Stojanovic, Vladimir Marko; Joshi, Ajay J.; Batten, Christopher; Kwon, Yong-Jin; Asanovic, Krste (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-08)
    This paper presents an overview of advances in highly-integrated photonic networks for emerging manycore processors. It explores the tight interaction among logical and physical implementations of all-to-all core-to-core ...
  • Ranjbar, Ahmad; Babamoradi, Mohsen; Saani, Mehdi Heidari; Vesaghi, Mohammad Ali; Kawazoe, Yoshiyuki; Esfarjani, Keivan (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-10)
    Using a generalized Hubbard Hamiltonian, many-electron calculations of energy levels and corresponding wave functions of negatively charged and neutral nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond were reported. The energies, ...
  • Alvarez-Saavedra, Ezequiel; Horvitz, H. Robert (Elsevier B.V., 2010-02)
    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are approximately 23 nt regulatory RNAs that posttranscriptionally inhibit the functions of protein-coding mRNAs. We previously found that most C. elegans miRNAs are individually not essential for ...
  • Presser, Aviva; Guttman, Mitchell; Raj, Arjun; van Oudenaarden, Alexander; Rinn, John L.; Lander, Eric S.; Regev, Aviv; Bernstein, Bradley E.; Thomas, Kelly; Morales, Dianali Rivea; Garber, Manuel; Khalil, Ahmad M.; Huarte, Maite (United States National Academy of Sciences, 2009-05)
    We recently showed that the mammalian genome encodes >1,000 large intergenic noncoding (linc)RNAs that are clearly conserved across mammals and, thus, functional. Gene expression patterns have implicated these lincRNAs in ...
  • Liu, Adrian; Ewall-Wice, Aaron; Hewitt, Jacqueline N.; Morales, Miguel F.; Parsons, Aaron R.; Zheng, Haoxuan; Dillon, Joshua Shane; Tegmark, Max Erik; Neben, Abraham Richard (American Physical Society, 2015-01)
    In order to study the “Cosmic Dawn” and the Epoch of Reionization with 21 cm tomography, we need to statistically separate the cosmological signal from foregrounds known to be orders of magnitude brighter. Over the last ...
  • Lander, Eric S.; Altshuler, David; Daly, Mark J.; Grossman, Sharon Rachel; Jaffe, David B.; Korn, Joshua M. (Nature Publishing Group, 2010-10)
    The 1000 Genomes Project aims to provide a deep characterization of human genome sequence variation as a foundation for investigating the relationship between genotype and phenotype. Here we present results of the pilot ...
  • Kumar, Vijay; Morrison, David R.; Taylor, Washington (Springer / SISSA, 2010-02)
    We develop a systematic framework for realizing general anomaly-free chiral 6D supergravity theories in F-theory. We focus on 6D (1, 0) models with one tensor multiplet whose gauge group is a product of simple factors ...
  • Ernst, Jason M.; Kheradpour, Pouya; Mikkelsen, Tarjei S.; Shoresh, Noam; Ward, Lucas D.; Epstein, Charles B.; Zhang, Xiaolan; Wang, Li; Issner, Robbyn; Coyne, Michael J.; Ku, Manching; Durham, Timothy; Kellis, Manolis; Bernstein, Bradley E. (Nature Publishing Group, 2011-03)
    Chromatin profiling has emerged as a powerful means of genome annotation and detection of regulatory activity. The approach is especially well suited to the characterization of non-coding portions of the genome, which ...
  • Haataja, Ritva; Karjalainen, Minna K.; Luukkonen, Aino; Teramo, Kari; Puttonen, Hilkka; Ojaniemi, Marja; Varilo, Teppo; Chaudhari, Bimal P.; Murray, Jeffrey C.; McCarroll, Steven A.; Peltonen, Leena; Muglia, Louis J.; Palotie, Aarno; Hallman, Mikko; Plunkett, Jevon (Public Library of Science, 2011-02)
    Preterm birth is the major cause of neonatal death and serious morbidity. Most preterm births are due to spontaneous onset of labor without a known cause or effective prevention. Both maternal and fetal genomes influence ...
  • Sasangohar, Farzan; Thornburg, Kristopher; Cummings, M. L.; D'Agostino, Amy (Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2010-09)
    Understanding the sources of complexity in advanced Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) control rooms and their effects on human reliability is critical for ensuring safe performance of both operators and the entire system. New ...
  • Leedekerken, Jacques C.; Fallon, Maurice Francis; Leonard, John Joseph (Springer-Verlag, 2010-12)
    This paper presents a novel marine mapping system using an Autonomous Surface Craft (ASC). The platform includes an extensive sensor suite for mapping environments both above and below the water surface. A relatively ...
  • Militino, A. F.; Ugarte, M. D.; Iribas, J.; Lizarraga-Garcia, Enrique (Springer-Verlag, 2013-05)
    Nowadays, GPS receivers are very reliable because of their good accuracy and precision; however, uncertainty is also inherent in geospatial data. Quality of GPS measurements can be influenced by atmospheric disturbances, ...
  • Forget, Gael (American Meteorological Society, 2010-06)
    This paper exploits a new observational atlas for the near-global ocean for the best-observed 3-yr period from December 2003 through November 2006. The atlas consists of mapped observations and derived quantities. Together ...
  • Pipa, Gordon; Chen, Zhe; Neuenschwander, Sergio; Lima, Bruss; Brown, Emery N. (MIT Press, 2012-06)
    The moving bar experiment is a classic paradigm for characterizing the receptive field (RF) properties of neurons in primary visual cortex (V1). Current approaches for analyzing neural spiking activity recorded from these ...
  • Zheng, Haoxuan; Tegmark, Max Erik; Buza, Victor; Dillon, Joshua Shane; Gharibyan, Hrant; Kunz, Eben; Liu, Adrian Chi-Yan; Losh, Jon; Lutomirksi, Andy; Morrison, Scott; Narayanan, Sruthi A.; Perko, Ashley; Rosner, Devon; Sanchez, Nevada; Schutz, Katelin; Tribiano, Shana; Valdez, Michael; Zelko, Ioana; Zheng, Kevin; Ewall-Wice, Aaron; Matejek, Michael; Morgan, Edward; Neben, Abraham; Pan, Qinxuan; Penna, Robert; Su, Meng; Villasenor, Joel; Williams, Christopher Leigh; Yang, Hung-I; Zhu, Yan (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-10)
    Mapping our universe in 3D by imaging the redshifted 21 cm line from neutral hydrogen has the potential to overtake the cosmic microwave background as our most powerful cosmological probe, because it can map a much larger ...
  • Menze, Bjoern H.; Ur, Jason A. (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-03)
    The landscapes of the Near East show both the first settlements and the longest trajectories of settlement systems. Mounding is a characteristic property of these settlement sites, resulting from millennia of continuing ...
  • Fan, Yue; Osetskiy, Yuri N.; Yip, Sidney; Yildiz, Bilge (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-10)
    Probing the mechanisms of defect–defect interactions at strain rates lower than 10[superscript 6] s[superscript −1] is an unresolved challenge to date to molecular dynamics (MD) techniques. Here we propose an original ...
  • Maznev, Alexei; Wright, O. B.; Matsuda, O. (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2011-01)
    We map the band structure of surface acoustic modes of a periodic array of copper lines embedded in a SiO2 film on a silicon substrate by means of the laser-induced transient grating technique. A detailed map of the lowest ...
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