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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Anderson, Adam J.; Fox, Patrick J.; Kahn, Yonatan Frederick; McCullough, Matthew P. (Institute of Physics Publishing/SISSA, 2015-10)
    Results from direct detection experiments are typically interpreted by employing an assumption about the dark matter velocity distribution, with results presented in the mχ−σ[subscript n] plane. Recently methods which are ...
  • Pillepich, Annalisa; Vogelsberger, Mark; Deason, Alis; Rodriguez-Gomez, Vicente; Genel, Shy; Nelson, Dylan; Torrey, Paul; Sales, Laura V.; Marinacci, Federico; Springel, Volker; Sijacki, Debora; Hernquist, Lars (Oxford University Press, 2014-08)
    We use the Illustris simulations to gain insight into the build-up of the outer, low-surface brightness regions which surround galaxies. We characterize the stellar haloes by means of the logarithmic slope of the spherically ...
  • Zhao, Nan; Paradiso, Joseph A. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-09)
    What if lighting were not fixed to our architecture but becomes part of our body? Light would be only where it is needed. Buildings would light up brightly when busy, and dim down when people leave. Lighting would become ...
  • Cappellaro, Paola; Ticozzi, Francesco; Lucchese, Riccardo; Viola, Lorenza (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012-08)
    We consider finite-dimensional Markovian open quantum systems, and characterize the extent to which time-independent Hamiltonian control may allow to stabilize a target quantum state or subspace and optimize the resulting ...
  • Bookatz, Adam D.; Wocjan, Pawel; Viola, Lorenza (Institute of Physics Publishing and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, 2014-04)
    We propose dynamical control schemes for Hamiltonian simulation in many-body quantum systems that avoid instantaneous control operations and rely solely on realistic bounded-strength control Hamiltonians. Each simulation ...
  • Campagnano, Gabriele; Zilberberg, Oded; Gornyi, Igor V.; Feldman, Dmitri E.; Potter, Andrew Cole; Gefen, Yuval (American Physical Society, 2012-09)
    We present a study of a Hanbury Brown–Twiss interferometer realized with anyons. Such a device can directly probe entanglement and fractional statistics of initially uncorrelated particles. We calculate Hanbury Brown–Twiss ...
  • Rottigni, A.; Carminati, M.; Ferrari, G.; Vahey, M. D.; Voldman, Joel; Sampietro, M. (SPIE, 2011-05)
    Lab-on-a-chip systems have been attracting a growing attention for the perspective of miniaturization and portability of bio-chemical assays. Here we present a the design and characterization of a miniaturized, USB-powered, ...
  • Wetzstein, Gordon; Raskar, Ramesh; Heidrich, Wolfgang (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-04)
    We introduce a new approach to capturing refraction in transparent media, which we call Light Field Background Oriented Schlieren Photography (LFBOS). By optically coding the locations and directions of light rays emerging ...
  • Ramos, Joshua D.; Wallace, David Robert (ASME International, 2014-08)
    Online education is becoming more prevalent in every field, especially with the advent of MOOCs and initiatives such as Coursera, Edx, MITx, Khan Academy and more. Product design education involves open-ended problem solving ...
  • Jackiw, Roman (Birkhäuser Basel, 2009-03)
    I sketch my experiences with Hans Bethe (1906–2005) as a teacher at Cornell University, beginning with my doctoral studies in 1961 and continuing with my work with him on a quantum-mechanics textbook.
  • Reiling, Jan H.; Clish, Clary; Carette, Jan E.; Varadarajan, Malini; Brummelkamp, Thijn R.; Sabatini, David M. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 2011-06)
    Tunicamycin (TM) inhibits eukaryotic asparagine-linked glycosylation, protein palmitoylation, ganglioside production, proteoglycan synthesis, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme-A reductase activity, and cell wall biosynthesis ...
  • Ward, Lucas D.; Manolis, Kellis (Oxford University Press, 2011-11)
    The resolution of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) is limited by the linkage disequilibrium (LD) structure of the population being studied. Selecting the most likely causal variants within an LD block is relatively ...
  • Ward, Lucas D.; Kellis, Manolis (Oxford University Press, 2015-12)
    More than 90% of common variants associated with complex traits do not affect proteins directly, but instead the circuits that control gene expression. This has increased the urgency of understanding the regulatory genome ...
  • Devoto, Florencia; Duflo, Esther; Dupas, Pascaline; Pariente, William; Pons, Vincent (American Economic Association, 2012-11)
    Connecting private dwellings to the water main is expensive and typically cannot be publicly financed. We show that households' willingness to pay for a private connection is high when it can be purchased on credit, not ...
  • Wilczek, Frank (Scientific American, a Division of Nature America/Nature Publishing Group, 2012-05)
    The Higgs gets the headlines, but the electron is really physicists’ favorite particle. The electron theory, developed 120 years ago, is an underappreciated bridge from classical to modern physics.
  • Berger, Emily; Yorukoglu, Deniz; Peng, Jian; Berger, Bonnie (Public Library of Science, 2014-03)
    As the more recent next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies provide longer read sequences, the use of sequencing datasets for complete haplotype phasing is fast becoming a reality, allowing haplotype reconstruction ...
  • Engel, Michael; Anderson, Joshua A.; Glotzer, Sharon C.; Isobe, Masaharu; Bernard, Etienne; Krauth, Werner (American Physical Society, 2013-04)
    We report large-scale computer simulations of the hard-disk system at high densities in the region of the melting transition. Our simulations reproduce the equation of state, previously obtained using the event-chain Monte ...
  • Hoang, André H.; Pathak, Aditya; Pietrulewicz, Piotr; Stewart, Iain W. (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015-12)
    Cross sections for top quarks provide very interesting physics opportunities, being both sensitive to new physics and also perturbatively tractable due to the large top quark mass. Rigorous factorization theorems for top ...
  • Shah, Devavrat; Tse, David N. C.; Tsitsiklis, John N. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-12)
    We consider a communication network and study the problem of designing a high-throughput and low-delay scheduling policy that only requires a polynomial amount of computation at each time step. The well-known maximum weight ...
  • Bresler, Guy; Gamarnik, David; Shah, Devavrat (Neural Information Processing Systems Foundation, 2014)
    We consider the problem of learning the canonical parameters specifying an undirected graphical model (Markov random field) from the mean parameters. For graphical models representing a minimal exponential family, the ...
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