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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Shen, Yuan; Win, Moe Z. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-09)
    The availability of position information is of great importance in many commercial, public safety, and military applications. The coming years will see the emergence of location-aware networks with submeter accuracy, relying ...
  • Shen, Yuan; Wymeersch, Henk; Win, Moe Z. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-09)
    The availability of position information is of great importance in many commercial, governmental, and military applications. Localization is commonly accomplished through the use of radio communication between mobile devices ...
  • Qiu, W.; DeLacy, Brendan G.; Miller, Owen D.; Hsu, Chia Wei; Reid, M. T. Homer; Joannopoulos, John D.; Soljacic, Marin; Johnson, Steven G. (American Physical Society, 2014-03)
    We show that there are shape-independent upper bounds to the extinction cross section per unit volume of dilute, randomly arranged nanoparticles, given only material permittivity. Underlying the limits are restrictive sum ...
  • Haji Hosseinloo, Ashkan; Turitsyn, Konstantin (American Physical Society, 2015-12)
    Linear and nonlinear vibration energy harvesting has been the focus of considerable research in recent years. However, fundamental limits on the harvestable energy of a harvester subjected to an arbitrary excitation force ...
  • Miller, Owen D.; Polimeridis, Athanasios G.; Hsu, Chia Wei; DeLacy, Brendan G.; Joannopoulos, John D.; Johnson, Steven G.; Reid, M. T. Homer; Soljacic, Marin (Optical Society of America, 2016-02)
    At visible and infrared frequencies, metals show tantalizing promise for strong subwavelength resonances, but material loss typically dampens the response. We derive fundamental limits to the optical response of absorptive ...
  • Chen, Jian; Sickler, Jason; Byun, Hyunil; Ippen, Erich P.; Jiang, Shibin; Kaertner, Franz X. (Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2009)
    Low jitter 500-fs pulse trains at a fundamental repetition rate of 3.2 GHz, from an Erfiber laser with a saturable Bragg reflector. An increase in repetition rate of femtosecond fiberlasers by one order of magnitude.
  • Pavone, Marco; Treleaven, Kyle Ballantyne; Frazzoli, Emilio (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2011-02)
    Transportation-On-Demand (TOD) systems, where users generate requests for transportation from a pick-up point to a delivery point, are already very popular and are expected to increase in usage dramatically as the inconvenience ...
  • Sanchis Ojeda, Roberto (IOP Publishing, 2013-04)
    We have used asteroseismology to determine fundamental properties for 66 Kepler planet-candidate host stars, with typical uncertainties of 3% and 7% in radius and mass, respectively. The results include new asteroseismic ...
  • Loh, Po-Ru; Oskooi, Ardavan; Ibanescu, Mihai; Skorobogatiy, Maksim; Johnson, Steven G. (American Physical Society, 2009-06)
    We demonstrate that the ratio of group to phase velocity has a simple relationship to the orientation of the electromagnetic field. In nondispersive materials, opposite group and phase velocity corresponds to fields that ...
  • Liu, Chang; Chong, Tzyy Haur; Labban, Omar; Lienhard, John H. (Elsevier, 2016-08)
    Recently, a novel class of low-pressure nanofiltration (NF) hollow fiber membranes, particularly suited for water softening and desalination pretreatment have been fabricated in-house using layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition ...
  • Stroock, Daniel W.; Chen, Linan (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2010-03)
    The Wright–Fisher equation, which was introduced as a model to study demography in the presence of diffusion, has had a renaissance as a model for the migration of alleles in the genome. Our goal in this paper is to give ...
  • Schrock, Richard Royce; Jiang, Annie J.; Marinescu, Smaranda C.; Simpson, Jeffrey H.; Muller, Peter (American Chemical Society, 2010-04)
    Addition of ethylene to Mo(NAr)(CHCMe2Ph)(OHIPT)(Pyr) (NAr = N-2,6-i-Pr2C6H3, OHIPT = O-2,6-(2,4,6-i-Pr3C6H2)2C6H3, Pyr = NC4H4) led to the trigonal-bipyramidal metallacyclobutane complex Mo(NAr)(C3H6)(OHIPT)(Pyr), in which ...
  • Gans, Joshua Samuel; Murray, Fiona E. (University of Chicago Press, 2012-03)
    This paper examines argues that while two distinct perspectives characterize the foundations of the public funding of research – filling a selection gap and solving a disclosure problem – in fact both the selection choices ...
  • Esteban, Alexandre; Popp, Maximilian W.; Vyas, Valmik K.; Strijbis, Karin; Ploegh, Hidde; Fink, Gerald R. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2011-08)
    Dectin-1, the major β-glucan receptor in leukocytes, triggers an effective immune response upon fungal recognition. Here we use sortase-mediated transpeptidation, a technique that allows placement of a variety of probes ...
  • Thompson, Dawn Anne; Regev, Aviv (Elsevier B.V., 2009-11)
    Regulatory divergence is likely a major driving force in evolution. Comparative genomics is being increasingly used to infer the evolution of gene regulation. Ascomycota fungi are uniquely suited among eukaryotes for ...
  • Demaine, Erik D.; Demaine, Martin L. (Springer-Verlag, 2014)
    Over the past decade, we have designed five typefaces based on mathematical theorems and open problems, specifically computational geometry. These typefaces expose the general public in a unique way to intriguing results ...
  • Lin, Jinrong; Nowak, Michael A.; Chakrabarty, Deepto (IOP Publishing, 2009-11)
    The low-mass X-ray binary 4U 2129+47 was discovered during a previous X-ray outburst phase and was classified as an accretion disk corona source. A 1% delay between two mid-eclipse epochs measured ~22 days apart was reported ...
  • Schwab, J.; Podsiadlowski, Ph.; Rappaport, Saul A. (IOP Publishing, 2010-07)
    We use a collection of 14 well-measured neutron-star masses to strengthen the case that a substantial fraction of these neutron stars were formed via electron-capture (e-capture) supernovae (SNe) as opposed to Fe core-collapse ...
  • Hirano, Teruyuki; Winn, Joshua Nathan; Sato, Bunei; Aoki, Wako; Tamura, Motohide; Taruya, Atsushi; Suto, Yasushi (Astronomical Society of Japan, 2011-12)
    Abstract: We report on observations of the Rossiter-McLaughlin (RM) effect for the XO-3 exoplanetary system. The RM effect for the system was previously measured by two different groups, but their results were statistically ...
  • Win, Moe Z.; Chiani, Marco; Shin, Hyundong (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-12)
    We review some recent results on the distribution of the eigenvalues of Gaussian quadratic forms and Wishart matrices with arbitrary correlation, in particular including the case where the covariance matrix has eigenvalues ...
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