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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Wetzstein, Gordon; Raskar, Ramesh; Heidrich, Wolfgang (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-04)
    We introduce a new approach to capturing refraction in transparent media, which we call Light Field Background Oriented Schlieren Photography (LFBOS). By optically coding the locations and directions of light rays emerging ...
  • Ramos, Joshua D.; Wallace, David Robert (ASME International, 2014-08)
    Online education is becoming more prevalent in every field, especially with the advent of MOOCs and initiatives such as Coursera, Edx, MITx, Khan Academy and more. Product design education involves open-ended problem solving ...
  • Jackiw, Roman (Birkhäuser Basel, 2009-03)
    I sketch my experiences with Hans Bethe (1906–2005) as a teacher at Cornell University, beginning with my doctoral studies in 1961 and continuing with my work with him on a quantum-mechanics textbook.
  • Reiling, Jan H.; Clish, Clary; Carette, Jan E.; Varadarajan, Malini; Brummelkamp, Thijn R.; Sabatini, David M. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 2011-06)
    Tunicamycin (TM) inhibits eukaryotic asparagine-linked glycosylation, protein palmitoylation, ganglioside production, proteoglycan synthesis, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme-A reductase activity, and cell wall biosynthesis ...
  • Ward, Lucas D.; Manolis, Kellis (Oxford University Press, 2011-11)
    The resolution of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) is limited by the linkage disequilibrium (LD) structure of the population being studied. Selecting the most likely causal variants within an LD block is relatively ...
  • Ward, Lucas D.; Kellis, Manolis (Oxford University Press, 2015-12)
    More than 90% of common variants associated with complex traits do not affect proteins directly, but instead the circuits that control gene expression. This has increased the urgency of understanding the regulatory genome ...
  • Devoto, Florencia; Duflo, Esther; Dupas, Pascaline; Pariente, William; Pons, Vincent (American Economic Association, 2012-11)
    Connecting private dwellings to the water main is expensive and typically cannot be publicly financed. We show that households' willingness to pay for a private connection is high when it can be purchased on credit, not ...
  • Wilczek, Frank (Scientific American, a Division of Nature America/Nature Publishing Group, 2012-05)
    The Higgs gets the headlines, but the electron is really physicists’ favorite particle. The electron theory, developed 120 years ago, is an underappreciated bridge from classical to modern physics.
  • Berger, Emily; Yorukoglu, Deniz; Peng, Jian; Berger, Bonnie (Public Library of Science, 2014-03)
    As the more recent next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies provide longer read sequences, the use of sequencing datasets for complete haplotype phasing is fast becoming a reality, allowing haplotype reconstruction ...
  • Engel, Michael; Anderson, Joshua A.; Glotzer, Sharon C.; Isobe, Masaharu; Bernard, Etienne; Krauth, Werner (American Physical Society, 2013-04)
    We report large-scale computer simulations of the hard-disk system at high densities in the region of the melting transition. Our simulations reproduce the equation of state, previously obtained using the event-chain Monte ...
  • Hoang, André H.; Pathak, Aditya; Pietrulewicz, Piotr; Stewart, Iain W. (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015-12)
    Cross sections for top quarks provide very interesting physics opportunities, being both sensitive to new physics and also perturbatively tractable due to the large top quark mass. Rigorous factorization theorems for top ...
  • Shah, Devavrat; Tse, David N. C.; Tsitsiklis, John N. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-12)
    We consider a communication network and study the problem of designing a high-throughput and low-delay scheduling policy that only requires a polynomial amount of computation at each time step. The well-known maximum weight ...
  • Bresler, Guy; Gamarnik, David; Shah, Devavrat (Neural Information Processing Systems Foundation, 2014)
    We consider the problem of learning the canonical parameters specifying an undirected graphical model (Markov random field) from the mean parameters. For graphical models representing a minimal exponential family, the ...
  • Bizzi, Emilio; Ajemian, Robert J. (MIT Press, 2015-01)
    In this article we explore the complexities of what goes on in the brain when one wishes to perform even the simplest everyday movements. In doing so, we describe experiments indicating that the spinal cord interneurons ...
  • Qiang, Y.; Sparveris, N.; Zhan, X. (American Physical Society, 2013-06)
    We have measured cross sections for the γ[superscript 3]He→pd reaction at photon energies of 0.4–1.4 GeV and a center-of-mass angle of 90°. We observe dimensional scaling above 0.7 GeV at this center-of-mass angle. This ...
  • Sinangil, Mahmut E.; Chandrakasan, Anantha P.; Sze, Vivienne; Zhou, Minhua; Sinangil, Mahmut (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012-09)
    This work presents a hardware-aware search algorithm for HEVC motion estimation. Implications of several decisions in search algorithm are considered with respect to their hardware implementation costs (in terms of area ...
  • Iannucci, Peter A.; Fleming, Kermin Elliott; Perry, Jonathan; Balakrishnan, Hari; Shah, Devavrat (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012-10)
    Spinal codes are a recently proposed capacity-achieving rateless code. While hardware encoding of spinal codes is straightforward, the design of an efficient, high-speed hardware decoder poses significant challenges. We ...
  • Chakrabarty, Deepto; Tomsick, John A.; Grefenstette, Brian W.; Psaltis, Dimitrios; Bachetti, Matteo; Barret, Didier; Boggs, Steven E.; Christensen, Finn E.; Craig, William W.; Furst, Felix; Hailey, Charles J.; Harrison, Fiona A.; Kaspi, Victoria; Miller, Jon M.; Nowak, Michael A.; Rana, Vikram; Stern, Daniel; Wik, Daniel R.; Wilms, Jörn; Zhang, William W. (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2014-12)
    The low-mass X-ray binary (LMXB) Cen X-4 is the brightest and closest (<1.2 kpc) quiescent neutron star transient. Previous 0.5-10 keV X-ray observations of Cen X-4 in quiescence identified two spectral components: soft ...
  • Evans, Daniel A.; Reeves, J. N.; Hardcastle, M. J.; Kraft, Ralph P.; Lee, J. C.; Virani, S. N. (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2010-02)
    We present results from Suzaku and Swift observations of the nearby radio galaxy 3C 33, and investigate the nature of absorption, reflection, and jet production in this source. We model the 0.5-100 keV nuclear continuum ...
  • Gruenwald, Charles; Sironi, Filippo; Kaashoek, M. Frans; Zeldovich, Nickolai (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-04)
    Hare is a new file system that provides a POSIX-like interface on multicore processors without cache coherence. Hare allows applications on different cores to share files, directories, and file descriptors. The challenge ...
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