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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Ritvo, Harriet (Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society, 2014)
    There is no obvious line or boundary that separates wild animals from those that are not wild. Instead, there are expansive grey areas, of which the most conspicuous encompass the domesticated animals that have reverted ...
  • Szell, Michael; Thurner, Stefan (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-02)
    Superpositions of social networks, such as communication, friendship, or trade networks, are called multiplex networks, forming the structural backbone of human societies. Novel datasets now allow quantification and ...
  • Webb, Bryn D.; Shaaban, Sherin; Gaspar, Harald; Cunha, Luis F.; Schubert, Christian R.; Hao, Ke; Robson, Caroline D.; Chan, Wai-Man; Andrews, Caroline; MacKinnon, Sarah; Oystreck, Darren T.; Hunter, David G.; Iacovelli, Anthony J.; Ye, Xiaoqian; Camminady, Anne; Engle, Elizabeth C.; Jabs, Ethylin Wang; Schubert, Christian R. (Elsevier, 2012-07)
    Members of the highly conserved homeobox (HOX) gene family encode transcription factors that confer cellular and tissue identities along the antero-posterior axis of mice and humans. We have identified a founder homozygous ...
  • Patera, Anthony T.; Eftang, Jens L.; Ronquist, Einar M. (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2010-10)
    We present a new “hp” parameter multi-domain certified reduced basis method for rapid and reliable online evaluation of functional outputs associated with parametrized elliptic partial differential equations. We propose, ...
  • Mendillo, Marc L.; Santagata, Sandro; Bell, George W.; Hu, Rong; Tamimi, Rulla M.; Fraenkel, Ernest; Ince, Tan A.; Whitesell, Luke; Lindquist, Susan; Koeva, Martina I. (Elsevier, 2012-08)
    Heat-Shock Factor 1 (HSF1), master regulator of the heat-shock response, facilitates malignant transformation, cancer cell survival, and proliferation in model systems. The common assumption is that these effects are ...
  • Jarosz, Daniel F.; Lindquist, Susan (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2010-12)
    How can species remain unaltered for long periods yet also undergo rapid diversification? By linking genetic variation to phenotypic variation via environmental stress, the Hsp90 protein-folding reservoir might promote ...
  • Whitesell, Luke; Santagata, Sandro; Mendillo, Marc L.; Lin, Nancy U.; Proia, David A.; Lindquist, Susan (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-12)
    The efficacy of hormonal therapies for advanced estrogen receptor-positive breast cancers is limited by the nearly inevitable development of acquired resistance. Efforts to block the emergence of resistance have met with ...
  • Fang, Taotao; Danforth, Charles W.; Buote, David A.; Stocke, John T.; Shull, J. Michael; Gastaldello, Fabio; Canizares, Claude R. (IOP Publishing, 2014-10)
    Weak spectral features in BL Lacertae objects (BL Lacs) often provide a unique opportunity to probe the inner region of this rare type of active galactic nucleus. We present a Hubble Space Telescope/Cosmic Origins Spectrograph ...
  • Roediger, Joel; Veilleux, Sylvain; Ehlert, Steven; McDonald, Michael A. (IOP Publishing, 2014-08)
    We present far-UV spectroscopy from the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph on the Hubble Space Telescope of a cool, star-forming filament in the core of A1795. These data, which span 1025 Å < λrest < 1700 Å, allow for the ...
  • Schawinski, Kevin; Treister, Ezequiel; Urry, C. Megan; Cardamone, Carolin; Simmons, Brooke; Yi, Sukyoung K. (IOP Publishing, 2011-01)
    We present the rest-frame optical morphologies of active galactic nucleus (AGN) host galaxies at 1.5 < z < 3, using near-infrared imaging from the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3, the first such study of AGN ...
  • McDonald, Michael A.; Benson, Bradford A.; Veilleux, Sylvain; Bautz, Marshall W.; Reichardt, Christian L. (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2013-03)
    We present Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3 observations of the core of the Phoenix cluster (SPT-CLJ2344-4243) in five broadband filters spanning rest-frame 1000-5500 Å. These observations reveal complex, filamentary ...
  • Shah, Parikshit; Parrilo, Pablo A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-12)
    We develop a complete state-space solution to ℋ[subscript 2]-optimal decentralized control of poset-causal systems with state-feedback. Our solution is based on the exploitation of a key separability property of the problem, ...
  • Shah, Parikshit; Parrilo, Pablo A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-09)
    We develop a complete state-space solution to H[subscript 2]-optimal decentralized control of poset-causal systems with state-feedback. Our solution is based on the exploitation of a key separability property of the problem ...
  • Manara, C. F.; Robberto, M.; Da Rio, N.; Lodato, G.; Hillenbrand, L. A.; Soderblom, D. R.; Stassun, Keivan (IOP Publishing, 2012-08)
    The present observational understanding of the evolution of the mass accretion rates ([dot over M][subscript acc]) in pre-main-sequence stars is limited by the lack of accurate measurements of [dot over M][subscript acc] ...
  • Placco, Vinicius M.; Beers, Timothy C.; Ivans, Inese I.; Filler, Dan; Imig, Julie A.; Roederer, Ian U.; Abate, Carlo; Hansen, Terese; Cowan, John J.; Lawler, James E.; Schatz, Hendrik; Sneden, Christopher; Sobeck, Jennifer S.; Aoki, Wako; Smith, Verne V.; Bolte, Michael; Frebel, Anna L. (IOP Publishing, 2015-10)
    We present an elemental-abundance analysis, in the near-ultraviolet (NUV) spectral range, for the bright carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars HD 196944 (V = 8.40, [Fe/H] = −2.41) and HD 201626 (V = 8.16, [Fe/H] = −1.51), ...
  • Placco, Vinicius M.; Beers, Timothy C.; Roederer, Ian U.; Cowan, John J.; Filler, Dan; Ivans, Inese I.; Lawler, James E.; Schatz, Hendrik; Sneden, Christopher; Sobeck, Jennifer S.; Aoki, Wako; Smith, Verne V.; Frebel, Anna L. (IOP Publishing, 2014-06)
    We present an elemental-abundance analysis, in the near-ultraviolet (NUV) spectral range, for the extremely metal-poor star BD+44°493 a ninth magnitude subgiant with [Fe/H] =–3.8 and enhanced carbon, based on data acquired ...
  • Samuels, Richard J.; Michishita, Narushige (Oxford University Press, 2012-10)
    After decades of accepting US supremacy in Asia as the foundation of its foreign and security policies, finding the right distance between the U.S. and China is the most important strategic choice facing Japan today. ...
  • Jeon, Jessie S.; Bersini, Simone; Gilardi, Mara; Dubini, Gabriele; Charest, Joseph L.; Moretti, Matteo; Kamm, Roger Dale (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2015-01)
    A key aspect of cancer metastases is the tendency for specific cancer cells to home to defined subsets of secondary organs. Despite these known tendencies, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here we develop ...
  • Fu, Dragony; Brophy, Jennifer Ann; Chan, Tsz Yan Clement; Atmore, Kyle Aaquil; Dedon, Peter C.; Samson, Leona D.; Begley, Ulrike; Begley, Thomas J.; Paules, Richard S. (American Society for Microbiology, 2010-03)
    tRNA nucleosides are extensively modified to ensure their proper function in translation. However, many of the enzymes responsible for tRNA modifications in mammals await identification. Here, we show that human AlkB homolog ...
  • Santer, Benjamin D.; Painter, Jeffrey F.; Bonfils, Celine; Mears, Carl A.; Solomon, Susan; Wigley, Tom M. L.; Gleckler, Peter J.; Schmidt, Gavin A.; Doutriaux, Charles; Gillett, Nathan P.; Taylor, Karl E.; Thorne, Peter W.; Wentz, Frank J. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-10)
    Since the late 1970s, satellite-based instruments have monitored global changes in atmospheric temperature. These measurements reveal multidecadal tropospheric warming and stratospheric cooling, punctuated by short-term ...
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