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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Fenning, David P.; Hofstetter, J.; Bertoni, Mariana I.; Hudelson, S.; Rinio, M.; Lelievre, J. F.; Lai, B.; del Canizo, C.; Buonassisi, Tonio (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2011-04)
    The evolution during silicon solar cell processing of performance-limiting iron impurities is investigated with synchrotron-based x-ray fluorescence microscopy. We find that during industrial phosphorus diffusion, bulk ...
  • Parsons, Andrew T.; Senecal, Todd D.; Buchwald, Stephen Leffler (Wiley Blackwell, 2012-02)
    Exchanging BF[subscript 3] by CF[subscript 3]: The title reaction proceeds under exceedingly mild reaction conditions and provides 2-arylvinyl- and 2-heteroarylvinyl-substituted substrates with E/Z selectivities of more ...
  • Niu, Yunyun; Wang, Hong; Wiktor-Brown, Dominika; Rugo, Rebecca; Shen, Hongmei; Huq, Saiful; Engelward, Bevin P.; Epperley, Michael; Greenberger, Joel S. (Radiation Research Society, 2010-04)
    Radiation-induced DNA damage is a precursor to mutagenesis and cytotoxicity. During radiotherapy, exposure of healthy tissues can lead to severe side effects. We explored the potential of mitochondrial SOD (MnSOD) gene ...
  • Han, Weizhong; Fu, E.G.; Demkowicz, Michael J.; Wang, Yongqiang; Misra, Amit (Cambridge University Press (Materials Research Society), 2013-10)
    The irradiation damage behaviors of single crystal (SC), coarse-grained (CG), and nanograined (NG) copper (Cu) films were investigated under Helium (He) ion implantation at 450 °C with different ion fluences. In irradiated ...
  • Davis, Diane E. (Springer Netherlands, 2010-05)
    Historically, the study of state formation has involved a focus on the urban and national conditions under which states monopolize the means of coercion, generate legitimacy, and marshal sufficient economic resources to ...
  • Matthews, H. D.; Solomon, Susan (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013-03)
    Understanding how decreases in CO[subscript 2] emissions would affect global temperatures has been hampered in recent years by confusion regarding issues of committed warming and irreversibility. The notion that there will ...
  • Nishida, Yusuke (American Physical Society, 2010-04)
    A fully gapped state of matter, whether insulator or superconductor, can be asked if it is topologically trivial or nontrivial. Here we investigate topological properties of superconducting Dirac fermions in 3D having a ...
  • Kaess, Michael; Johannsson, Hordur; Roberts, Richard; Ila, Viorela; Leonard, John Joseph; Dellaert, Frank (Sage Publications, 2011-12)
    We present a novel data structure, the Bayes tree, that provides an algorithmic foundation enabling a better understanding of existing graphical model inference algorithms and their connection to sparse matrix factorization ...
  • Kaess, Michael; Johannsson, Hordur; Roberts, Richard; Ila, Viorela; Leonard, John Joseph; Dellaert, Frank (IEEE Robotics & Automation Society, 2011-05)
    We present iSAM2, a fully incremental, graph-based version of incremental smoothing and mapping (iSAM). iSAM2 is based on a novel graphical model-based interpretation of incremental sparse matrix factorization methods, ...
  • Karp, Peter D.; Berger, Bonnie; Kovats, Diane; Lengauer, Thomas; Linial, Michal; Sabeti, Pardis; Hide, Winston; Rost, Burkhard (Public Library of Science, 2015-01)
    Speed is of the essence in combating Ebola; thus, computational approaches should form a significant component of Ebola research. As for the development of any modern drug, computational biology is uniquely positioned to ...
  • Seneff, Stephanie; Davidson, Robert M.; Liu, Jingjing (MDPI AG, 2012-11)
    In a recent paper, we proposed that a contributing factor in autism is a deficiency in cholesterol sulfate supply. In this paper, we investigate a link between preeclampsia and subsequent autism in the child, and we ...
  • Tree, Douglas R.; Muralidhar, Abhiram; Doyle, Patrick S.; Dorfman, Kevin D. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013-10)
    The details surrounding the crossover from wormlike-specific to universal polymeric behavior has been the subject of debate and confusion even for the simple case of a dilute, unconfined wormlike chain. We have directly ...
  • Gregory, Jeremy; Fredholm, Susan A.; Kirchain, Randolph E., Jr. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-07)
    This paper uses economic value metrics to evaluate the retention of value of secondary materials and provides a framework for characterizing value throughout a material and product life-cycle. These economic value metrics ...
  • Seneff, Stephanie; Lauritzen, Ann; Davidson, Robert M.; Lentz-Marino, Laurie (MDPI AG, 2013-01)
    This paper makes two claims: (1) autism can be characterized as a chronic low-grade encephalopathy, associated with excess exposure to nitric oxide, ammonia and glutamate in the central nervous system, which leads to ...
  • Seneff, Stephanie; Lauritzen, Ann; Davidson, Robert M.; Lentz-Marino, Laurie (MDPI AG, 2012-12)
    Theoretical inferences, based on biophysical, biochemical, and biosemiotic considerations, are related here to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other degenerative conditions. We suggest that the ...
  • Kitamura, Takashi; Pignatelli di Spinazzola, Mich; Suh, Junghyup; Kohara, Keigo; Tonegawa, Susumu; Yoshiki, Atsushi; Abe, Kuniya (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2014-01)
    Episodic memory requires associations of temporally discontiguous events. In the entorhinal-hippocampal network, temporal associations are driven by a direct pathway from layer III of the medial entorhinal cortex (MECIII) ...
  • Papas, Klearchos K.; Suszynski, Thomas M.; Colton, Clark K. (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009-12)
    Purpose of review: There is a critical need for meaningful viability and potency assays that characterize islet preparations for release prior to clinical islet cell transplantation (ICT). Development, testing, and ...
  • Lohith, Talakad G; Osterweil, Emily K; Fujita, Masahiro; Jenko, Kimberly J; Bear, Mark; Innis, Robert B (BioMed Central Ltd, 2013-05)
    Abstract Background: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a common inherited form of intellectual disability caused by loss of function of the fragile X mental retardation protein. Recent animal ...
  • Johnson, Simon; Larson, William; Papageorgiou, Chris; Subramanian, Arvind (Elsevier B.V., 2013-03)
    This paper sheds light on two problems in the Penn World Table (PWT) GDP estimates. First, we show that these estimates vary substantially across different versions of the PWT despite being derived from very similar ...
  • Park, Daniel Kyu; Singh, Rohit; Baym, Michael Hartmann; Liao, Chung-Shou; Berger, Bonnie (Oxford University Press, 2011-01)
    We describe IsoBase, a database identifying functionally related proteins, across five major eukaryotic model organisms: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans, Mus musculus and Homo ...
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