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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Doherty, Kathleen M; Nakka, Priyanka; King, Bracken M; Rhee, Soo-Yon; Holmes, Susan P; Shafer, Robert W; Radhakrishnan, Mala L (BioMed Central Ltd., 2011-12)
    Background Great strides have been made in the effective treatment of HIV-1 with the development of second-generation protease inhibitors (PIs) that are effective against historically multi-PI-resistant HIV-1 variants. ...
  • Greenwood, Ross N.; Kaiser, David I.; Sfakianakis, Evangelos I. (American Physical Society, 2013-03)
    Higgs inflation is a simple and elegant model in which early-universe inflation is driven by the Higgs sector of the Standard Model. The Higgs sector can support early-universe inflation if it has a large nonminimal coupling ...
  • Schutz, Katelin; Sfakianakis, Evangelos I.; Kaiser, David I. (American Physical Society, 2014-03)
    Recent measurements by the Planck experiment of the power spectrum of temperature anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background radiation reveal a deficit of power in low multipoles compared to the predictions from ...
  • Kaiser, David I.; Sfakianakis, Evangelos (American Physical Society, 2014-01)
    Multifield models of inflation with nonminimal couplings are in excellent agreement with the recent results from Planck. Across a broad range of couplings and initial conditions, such models evolve along an effectively ...
  • Feizi- Khankandi, Soheil; Medard, Muriel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-03)
    In this paper, we consider the problem of multifunctional compression with side information. The problem is how we can compress a source X so that the receiver is able to compute some deterministic functions f[subscript ...
  • Zang, Jianfeng; Ryu, Seunghwa; Pugno, Nicola; Wang, Qiming; Tu, Qing; Buehler, Markus J.; Zhao, Xuanhe (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-01)
    Crumpled graphene films are widely used, for instance in electronics, energy storage, composites and biomedicine. Although it is known that the degree of crumpling affects graphene’s properties and the performance of ...
  • Englot, Brendan J.; Hover, Franz S. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-02)
    A new algorithm for solving multi-goal planning problems in the presence of obstacles is introduced. We extend ant colony optimization (ACO) from its well-known application, the traveling salesman problem (TSP), to that ...
  • Kim, MinJi; Medard, Muriel; Barros, Joao (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-09)
    In our previous work (`An Algebraic Watchdog for Wireless Network Coding'), we proposed a new scheme in which nodes can detect malicious behaviors probabilistically, police their downstream neighbors locally using overheard ...
  • Shin, Won-Yong; Lucani, Daniel Enrique; Medard, Muriel; Stojanovic, Milica; Tarokh, Vahid (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-07)
    Capacity scaling laws are analyzed in an underwater acoustic network with n regularly located nodes. A narrow-band model is assumed where the carrier frequency is allowed to scale as a function of n. In the network, we ...
  • Xiao, Rong; Chu, Kuang-Han; Wang, Evelyn N. (American Institute of Physics, 2009-05)
    A phenomenon is presented where a propagating liquid on an array of nanopillars with scalloped features can separate into multiple layers of liquid films. The scallops were found to act as energy barriers that favor liquid ...
  • Wei, Jun; Zheng, Haining; Chen, Haoliang; Ooi, Boon Hooi; Dao, M. H.; Cho, Wonjoon; Rizzoli, Paola M.; Tkalich, P.; Patrikalakis, Nicholas M. (International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers, 2010-06)
    In June of 2009, a sea trial was carried out around Singapore to study and monitor physical, biological and chemical oceanographic parameters. Temperature, salinity and velocities were collected from multiple vehicles. ...
  • Fors, Brett P.; Buchwald, Stephen Leffler (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010-10)
    An alternative approach to catalyst development, which led to a Pd catalyst based on two biarylphosphine ligands for C−N cross-coupling reactions, is reported. By effectively being able to take the form of multiple catalysts ...
  • Naseem, Tahira; Snyder, Benjamin; Eisenstein, Jacob; Barzilay, Regina (AI Access Foundation, 2009-11)
    We demonstrate the effectiveness of multilingual learning for unsupervised part-of-speech tagging. The central assumption of our work is that by combining cues from multiple languages, the structure of each becomes more ...
  • Sorin, Fabien; Fink, Yoel (SPIE, 2010-09)
    Recent discoveries have enabled the integration of metals, insulators and semiconductors structures into extended length of polymer fibers. This has heralded a novel path and platform towards sensing of different physical ...
  • Sorin, Fabien; Fink, Yoel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2011-09)
    Recent discoveries have enabled the integration of metals, insulators and semiconductors structures into extended length of polymer fibers. The challenges and opportunities associated with this new class of fiber devices ...
  • Abouraddy, Ayman F.; Fink, Yoel (International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-05)
    The process of optical imaging and the use of a glass lens have been hitherto inseparable since it is the lens that is responsible for mapping incoming rays to form an image. While performing this critical role, the lens, ...
  • Egusa, S.; Wang, Z.; Chocat, Noemie; Ruff, Z. M.; Stolyarov, Alexander Mark; Shemuly, D.; Sorin, F.; Rakich, P. T.; Joannopoulos, John D.; Fink, Yoel (Nature Publishing Group, 2010-07)
    Fibre materials span a broad range of applications ranging from simple textile yarns to complex modern fibre-optic communication systems. Throughout their history, a key premise has remained essentially unchanged: fibres ...
  • Sano, Akane; Deprey, Jean; Picard, Rosalind W.; Hernandez Rivera, Javier; Eckhardt, Micah Rye; Goodwin, Matthew (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012-09)
    Individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often have challenging behaviors (CB's), such as self-injury or emotional outbursts, which can negatively impact the quality of life of themselves and those around ...
  • Ou, Wanmei; Nummenmaa, Aapo; Golland, Polina; Hamalainen, Matti S (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-11)
    We propose a novel method, fMRI-informed regional estimation (FIRE), which utilizes information from fMRI in E/MEG source reconstruction. FIRE takes advantage of the spatial alignment between the neural and the vascular ...
  • Song, Yale; Morency, Louis-Philippe; Davis, Randall (2012-10)
    Multimodal human behavior analysis is a challenging task due to the presence of complex nonlinear correlations and interactions across modalities. We present a novel approach to this problem based on Kernel Canonical ...
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