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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Kleindienst, Siân; Bodart, Magali; Andersen, Marilyne (Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, 2008-07)
    Many conventional daylighting design tools are limited in that each simulation represents only one time of year and time of day (or a single, theoretical overcast sky condition). Since daylight is so variable – due to the ...
  • Jindal, Alekh; Madden, Samuel R. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-10)
    Graph analytics is becoming increasingly popular, driving many important business applications from social network analysis to machine learning. Since most graph data is collected in a relational database, it seems natural ...
  • Fukushima, Tomohiro; Drisdell, Walter; Yano, Junko; Surendranath, Yogesh (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2015-08)
    Condensation of ortho-phenylenediamine derivatives with ortho-quinone moieties at edge planes of graphitic carbon generates graphite-conjugated pyrazines (GCPs) that are active for oxygen reduction electrocatalysis in ...
  • Blanchard, R.; Menzel, S.; Pflugl, C.; Diehl, L.; Wang, Christine A.; Huang, Y.; Ryou, J.-H.; Dupuis, R. D.; Negro, L. Dal; Capasso, Federico (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2011-11)
    We propose a new class of gratings having multiple spatial frequencies. Their design relies on the use of small aperiodic grating sequences as unit cells whose repetition forms a superlattice. The superlattice provides ...
  • Castelli, F.; Castillo, Aldrich; Entekhabi, Dara (Copernicus GmbH, 2015-04)
    Distributed and continuous catchment models are used to simulate water and energy balance and fluxes across varied topography and landscape. The landscape is discretized into computational plan elements at resolutions of ...
  • Kaspi, Yohai; Hubbard, William B.; Showman, Adam P.; Flierl, Glenn Richard (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2010-01)
    Telescopic observations and space missions to Jupiter have provided vast information about Jupiter's cloud level winds, but the depth to which these winds penetrate has remained an ongoing mystery. Scheduled to be launched ...
  • Hughes, Scott A. (Elsevier, 2014-10)
    The first direct observation of gravitational waves’ action upon matter has recently been reported by the BICEP2 experiment. Advanced ground-based gravitational-wave detectors are being installed. They will soon be ...
  • Regimbau, T.; Hughes, Scott A. (American Physical Society, 2009-03)
    Increasing the sensitivity of a gravitational-wave (GW) detector improves our ability to measure the characteristics of detected sources. It also increases the number of weak signals that contribute to the data. Because ...
  • Evans, Matthew J. (Springer US, 2014-10)
    There are great expectations for the world-wide network of gravitational wave detectors currently under construction in United States, Europe and Japan. These multi-kilometer interferometers are seeking to make the first ...
  • Dwyer, Sheila Elizabeth; Sigg, Daniel; Ballmer, Stefan W.; Barsotti, Lisa; Mavalvala, Nergis; Evans, Matthew J. (American Physical Society, 2015-04)
    Twenty years ago, construction began on the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO). Advanced LIGO, with a factor of 10 better design sensitivity than Initial LIGO, will begin taking data this year, and ...
  • Aggarwal, Nancy; Barnum, Sam; Barsotti, Lisa; Bodiya, Timothy Paul; Donovan, Frederick J.; Essick, Reed Clasey; Evans, Matthew J.; Foley, S.; Fritschel, Peter K.; Gras, Slawek; Isogai, Tomoki; Katsavounidis, Erotokritos; Kissel, Jeffrey S.; Kwee, Patrick; Lee, J.; MacInnis, Myron E.; Mason, Kenneth R.; Matichard, Fabrice; Mavalvala, Nergis; Mittleman, Richard K.; Oelker, Eric Glenn; Shoemaker, David H.; Vaulin, Ruslan; Vitale, S.; Waldman, S. J.; Weiss, Rainer; Wipf, C. C.; Zhang, F.; Zucker, Michael E. (IOP Publishing, 2014-04)
    We present the results of searches for gravitational waves from a large selection of pulsars using data from the most recent science runs (S6, VSR2 and VSR4) of the initial generation of interferometric gravitational wave ...
  • Hughes, Scott A. (Annual Reviews, 2009-09)
    Largely motivated by the development of highly sensitive gravitational-wave detectors, our understanding of merging compact binaries and the gravitational waves they generate has improved dramatically in recent years. ...
  • Yunes, Nicolas; Cornish, N.; Sampson, Laura; Pretorius, Frans (American Physical Society (APS), 2011-09)
    Gravitational wave astronomy has tremendous potential for studying extreme astrophysical phenomena and exploring fundamental physics. The waves produced by binary black hole mergers will provide a pristine environment in ...
  • Diorio, James D.; Cho, Yeunwoo; Duncan, James H.; Akylas, Triantaphyllos R. (American Physical Society, 2009-09)
    The nonlinear wave pattern generated by a localized pressure source moving over a liquid free surface at speeds below the minimum phase speed (c [subscript min]) of linear gravity-capillary waves is investigated experimentally ...
  • Tanino, Yukie; Nepf, Heidi; Kulis, P. S. (American Geophysical Union, 2005-12)
    A lock exchange experiment is used to investigate the propagation of gravity currents through a random array of rigid, emergent cylinders which represents a canopy of aquatic plants. As canopy drag increases, the propagating ...
  • McGreevy, John; Balasubramanian, Koushik (American Physical Society, 2008-08)
    We attempt to generalize the anti–de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence to nonrelativistic conformal field theories which are invariant under Galilean transformations. Such systems govern ultracold atoms at ...
  • Jafferis, Daniel L.; Suh, Sunok Josephine (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016-09)
    In this work, we investigate modular Hamiltonians defined with respect to arbitrary spatial regions in quantum field theory states which have semi-classical gravity duals. We find prescriptions in the gravity dual for ...
  • Neumann, Gregory A.; Goossens, Sander; Andrews-Hanna, Jeffrey C.; Head, James W.; Kiefer, Walter S.; Asmar, Sami W.; Konopliv, Alexander S.; Lemoine, Frank G.; Matsuyama, Isamu; Melosh, H. Jay; McGovern, Patrick J.; Nimmo, Francis; Phillips, Roger J.; Solomon, Sean C.; Taylor, G. Jeffrey; Watkins, Michael M.; Wieczorek, Mark A.; Williams, James G.; Jansen, Johanna C.; Keane, James T.; Mazarico, Erwan; Park, Ryan S.; Yuan, Dah-Ning; Zuber, Maria; Smith, David E.; Johnson, Brandon C.; Miljkovic, Katarina; Soderblom, Jason (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2016-10)
    The Orientale basin is the youngest and best-preserved major impact structure on the Moon. We used the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) spacecraft to investigate the gravitational field of Orientale at 3- ...
  • Mazarico, Erwan Matias; Genova, Antonio; Goossens, Sander; Lemoine, Frank G.; Neumann, Gregory A.; Solomon, Sean C.; Zuber, Maria; Smith, David Edmund (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2014-12)
    We have analyzed 3 years of radio tracking data from the MESSENGER spacecraft in orbit around Mercury and determined the gravity field, planetary orientation, and ephemeris of the innermost planet. With improvements in ...
  • Lehman, David H.; Hoffman, Tom L.; Asmar, Sami W.; Watkins, Michael M.; Smith, David Edmund; Zuber, Maria (Springer Netherlands, 2013-01)
    The Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) is a spacecraft-to-spacecraft tracking mission that was developed to map the structure of the lunar interior by producing a detailed map of the gravity field. The resulting ...
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