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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Taylor, Frank E.; ATLAS Collaboration (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2014-08)
    A likelihood-based discriminant for the identification of quark- and gluon-initiated jets is built and validated using 4.7 fb −1 of proton–proton collision data at s√=7 TeV collected with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. ...
  • Park, YongKeun; Dasari, Ramachandra Rao; Best-Popescu, Catherine A.; Popescu, Gabriel (Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2011-01)
    We present the light scattering properties of individual human red blood cells (RBCs). We show that both the RBC static and dynamic scattering signals are altered by adenosine 5’-triphosphate (ATP)-driven membrane metabolic ...
  • Sheng, Xing; Hu, Juejun; Michel, Jurgen; Kimerling, Lionel C. (Optical Society of America, 2012-07)
    We analytically investigate the light trapping performance in plasmonic solar cells with Si/metallic structures. We consider absorption enhancements for surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) at planar Si/metal interfaces and ...
  • Goguen, Brenda N.; Hoffman, Brenton D.; Sellers, James R.; Schwartz, Martin A.; Imperiali, Barbara (Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2011-06)
    Shining light on myosin: The incorporation of a caging group onto the essential phosphoserine residue of myosin by protein semisynthesis enables light-triggered activation of the protein (see picture). Caging eliminates ...
  • Liu, Jifeng; Michel, Jurgen; Beals, Mark A.; Kimerling, Lionel C. (The Electrochemical Society, 2009)
    For decades, the performance of Si microprocessors has increased exponentially following "Moore's Law" by shrinking the dimensions of transistors. However, the progress in microchip performance has become stagnant since ...
  • Yu, Meng-Day (Mandel); M’Raihi, David; Sowell, Richard; Devadas, Srinivas (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2011-09)
    A lightweight and secure key storage scheme using silicon Physical Unclonable Functions (PUFs) is described. To derive stable PUF bits from chip manufacturing variations, a lightweight error correction code (ECC) encoder ...
  • Near, Joseph Paul; Milicevic, Aleksandar; Kang, Eunsuk; Jackson, Daniel (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-05)
    A dependability case is an explicit, end-to-end argument, based on concrete evidence, that a system satisfies a critical property. We report on a case study constructing a dependability case for the control software of a ...
  • Adida, Ben; Chau, David; Hohenberger, Susan; Rivest, Ronald L. (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006)
    We present Lightweight Email Signatures (LES), a simple cryptographic architecture for authenticating email. LES is an extension of DKIM, the recent IETF effort to standardize domain-based email signatures. LES shares ...
  • Cutler, Mark Johnson; Michini, Bernard J.; How, Jonathan P. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013-05)
    A lightweight solution for estimating position and velocity relative to a known marker is presented. The marker consists of three infrared (IR) LEDs in a fixed pattern. Using an IR camera with a 100 Hz update rate, the ...
  • Citi, Luca; Brown, Emery N.; Barbieri, Riccardo; Ba, Demba E. (MIT Press, 2014-01)
    Likelihood-based encoding models founded on point processes have received significant attention in the literature because of their ability to reveal the information encoded by spiking neural populations. We propose an ...
  • Biswas, Rahul; Brady, Patrick R.; Burguet-Castell, Jordi; Cannon, Kipp; Clayton, Jessica; Dietz, Alexander; Fotopoulos, Nickolas; Goggin, Lisa M.; Keppel, Drew; Pankow, Chris; Price, Larry R.; Vaulin, Ruslan (American Physical Society, 2012-06)
    We describe a general approach to detection of transient gravitational-wave signals in the presence of non-Gaussian background noise. We prove that under quite general conditions, the ratio of the likelihood of observed ...
  • Donoghue, John F.; Dutta, Koushik; Ross, Andreas; Tegmark, Max Erik (American Physical Society, 2010-04)
    We make an estimate of the likelihood function for the Higgs vacuum expectation value (vev) by imposing anthropic constraints on the existence of atoms while allowing the other parameters of the standard model to also be ...
  • Ghisalberti, M.; Nepf, Heidi (American Geophysical Union, 2004-07)
    In contrast to free shear layers, which grow continuously downstream, shear layers generated by submerged vegetation grow only to a finite thickness. Because these shear layers are characterized by coherent vortex structures ...
  • Berggren, Karl K.; Cord, Bryan M.; Yang, Joel K. W.; Duan, Huigao; Joy, David C.; Klingfus, Joseph (American Vacuum Society (AVS), 2009-12)
    Achieving the highest possible resolution using scanning-electron-beam lithography (SEBL) has become an increasingly urgent problem in recent years, as advances in various nanotechnology applications [ F. S. Bates and G. ...
  • Fravel, M. Taylor (Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, 2010-05)
    The diversionary hypothesis offers a powerful alternative to rationalist explanations of war based on the state as a unitary actor. Most recently, it has been used to explain why democratizing states are more likely to ...
  • Gamarnik, David; Sudan, Madhu (Association for Computing Machinery, 2014-01)
    Local algorithms on graphs are algorithms that run in parallel on the nodes of a graph to compute some global structural feature of the graph. Such algorithms use only local information available at nodes to determine local ...
  • Yang, Yingxiang; Herrera, Carlos; Eagle, Nathan; Gonzalez, Marta C. (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-07)
    The estimation of commuting flows at different spatial scales is a fundamental problem for different areas of study. Many current methods rely on parameters requiring calibration from empirical trip volumes. Their values ...
  • Pentland, Alex Paul; Rutherford, Alex; Cebrian, Manuel; Dsouza, Sohan; Moro, Esteban; Rahwan, Iyad (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-04)
    The Internet and social media have enabled the mobilization of large crowds to achieve time-critical feats, ranging from mapping crises in real time, to organizing mass rallies, to conducting search-and-rescue operations ...
  • Bauer, Gerry P.; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Makhoul, K.; Paus, Christoph M. E. (American Physical Society, 2011-07)
    Using Zγ candidate events collected by the CDF detector at the Tevatron Collider, we search for potential anomalous (non-standard-model) couplings between the Z boson and the photon. Zγ couplings vanish at tree level and ...
  • Conrad, Janet; Shaevitz, M. H. (American Physical Society, 2012-01)
    This paper presents a combined analysis of the KARMEN and LSND ν[subscript e]-carbon cross section measurements within the context of a search for ν[subscript e] disappearance at high Δm[superscript 2]. KARMEN and LSND ...
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