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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Noel, Victor; Ryugo, David K.; Delgutte, Bertrand; Hancock, Kenneth E. (Society for Neuroscience, 2010-10)
    Human bilateral cochlear implant users do poorly on tasks involving interaural time differences (ITD), a cue that provides important benefits to the normal hearing, especially in challenging acoustic environments, yet the ...
  • Aldridge, J. Wayne; Tindell, Amy J.; Berridge, Kent C.; Zhang, Jun; Smith, Kyle S. (Public Library of Science, 2009-05)
    Incentive salience is a motivational property with ‘magnet-like’ qualities. When attributed to reward-predicting stimuli (cues), incentive salience triggers a pulse of ‘wanting’ and an individual is pulled toward the cues ...
  • Gershman, Samuel J.; Schapiro, Anna C.; Hupbach, Almut; Norman, Kenneth A. (Society for Neuroscience, 2013-05)
    What causes new information to be mistakenly attributed to an old experience? Some theories predict that reinstating the context of a prior experience allows new information to be bound to that context, leading to source ...
  • Blackburne, Liwei King; Eddy, Marianna D.; Kalra, Priya; Yee, Debbie; Sinha, Pawan; Gabrieli, John D. E. (Public Library of Science, 2014-05)
    Children often make letter reversal errors when first learning to read and write, even for letters whose reversed forms do not appear in normal print. However, the brain basis of such letter reversal in children learning ...
  • Meyers, Ethan M. (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013-04)
    Population decoding is a powerful way to analyze neural data, however, currently only a small percentage of systems neuroscience researchers use this method. In order to increase the use of population decoding, we have ...
  • Saxe, Rebecca R.; Scholz, Jonathan; Young, Liane (Informa UK (Taylor & Francis), 2011-01)
    Moral judgment depends critically on theory of mind (ToM), reasoning about mental states such as beliefs and intentions. People assign blame for failed attempts to harm and offer forgiveness in the case of accidents. Here ...
  • Blackwell, William J. (Springer, 2012-03)
    Neural networks have been widely used to provide retrievals of geophysical parameters from spectral radiance measurements made remotely by air-, ground-, and space-based sensors. The advantages of retrievals based on neural ...
  • Leslie, R. Vincent; Blackwell, William J.; Bickmeier, Laura J.; Jairam, Laura G. (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2008-12)
    We describe a simulation methodology used to develop and validate precipitation retrieval algorithms for current and future passive microwave sounders with emphasis on the NPOESS (National Polar-orbiting Operational ...
  • Bizzi, Emilio; Cheung, Vincent Chi-Kwan (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013-04)
    Muscle synergies are neural coordinative structures that function to alleviate the computational burden associated with the control of movement and posture. In this commentary, we address two critical questions: the explicit ...
  • Hu, Rollin C; Powers, Marissa; Williams, Ziv M; Modir Shanechi, Maryam; Wornell, Gregory W.; Brown, Emery N. (Nature Publishing Group, 2012-11)
    Although brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) have focused largely on performing single-targeted movements, many natural tasks involve planning a complete sequence of such movements before execution. For these tasks, a BMI that ...
  • Wagner, Jennifer B.; Fox, Sharon Elizabeth; Tager-Flusberg, Helen; Nelson, Charles A. (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2011-07)
    An essential aspect of infant language development involves the extraction of meaningful information from a continuous stream of auditory input. Studies have identified early abilities to differentiate auditory input along ...
  • Cadieu, Charles; Hong, Ha; Yamins, Daniel L. K.; Pinto, Nicolas; Majaj, Najib J.; DiCarlo, James (2013)
    A key requirement for the development of effective learning representations is their evaluation and comparison to representations we know to be effective. In natural sensory domains, the community has viewed the brain as ...
  • Chen, Zhe; Gomperts, Stephen N.; Yamamoto, Jun; Wilson, Matthew A. (MIT Press, 2013-12)
    Pyramidal cells in the rodent hippocampus often exhibit clear spatial tuning in navigation. Although it has been long suggested that pyramidal cell activity may underlie a topological code rather than a topographic code, ...
  • Jin, Dezhe Z.; Fujii, Naotaka; Graybiel, Ann M. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2009-10)
    Encoding time is universally required for learning and structuring motor and cognitive actions, but how the brain keeps track of time is still not understood. We searched for time representations in cortico-basal ganglia ...
  • Bohland, Jason W.; Bullock, Daniel; Guenther, Frank H. (MIT Press, 2010-04)
    Speakers plan the phonological content of their utterances before their release as speech motor acts. Using a finite alphabet of learned phonemes and a relatively small number of syllable structures, speakers are able to ...
  • Hsu, Ming; Krajbich, Ian; Zhao, Chen; Camerer, Colin F. (Society for Neuroscience, 2009-02)
    A widely observed phenomenon in decision making under risk is the apparent overweighting of unlikely events and the underweighting of nearly certain events. This violates standard assumptions in expected utility theory, ...
  • Schwer, Bjoern; Schumacher, Bjoern; Lombard, David B.; Xiao, Cuiying; Kurtev, Martin V.; Gao, Jun; Schneider, Jennifer I.; Chai, Hua; Bronson, Roderick T.; Tsai, Li-Huei; Deng, Chu-Xia; Alt, Frederick W. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2010-12)
    In yeast, Sir2 family proteins (sirtuins) regulate gene silencing, recombination, DNA repair, and aging via histone deacetylation. Most of the seven mammalian sirtuins (Sirt1–Sirt7) have been implicated as NAD+-dependent ...
  • Buschman, Tim; Siegel, Markus; Roy, Jefferson; Miller, Earl K. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 2011-06)
    Cognition has a severely limited capacity: Adult humans can retain only about four items “in mind”. This limitation is fundamental to human brain function: Individual capacity is highly correlated with intelligence measures ...
  • Desimone, Robert (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-07)
    A complex visual scene will typically contain many different objects, few of which are currently relevant to behavior. Thus, attentional mechanisms are needed to select the relevant objects from the scene and to reject the ...
  • Hoeft, Fumiko; McCandliss, Bruce D.; Black, Jessica M.; Gantman, Alexander; Zakerani, Nahal; Hulme, Charles; Lyytinen, Heikki; Whitfield-Gabrieli, Susan; Glover, Gary H.; Reiss, Allan L.; Gabrieli, John D. E. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 2010-12)
    Individuals with developmental dyslexia vary in their ability to improve reading skills, but the brain basis for improvement remains largely unknown. We performed a prospective, longitudinal study over 2.5 y in children ...
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