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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Xia, Ling; Boos, J. Brad; Bennett, Brian R.; Ancona, Mario G.; del Alamo, Jesus A. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2011-02)
    The impact of 〈110〉 uniaxial strain on the characteristics of p-channel In[subscript 0.41]Ga[subscript 0.59]Sb quantum-well field-effect transistors (QW-FETs) is studied through chip-bending experiments. Uniaxial strain ...
  • Buonassisi, Tonio; Grossman, Jeffrey C.; Johlin, Eric Carl; Simmons, Christie B. (American Physical Society, 2014-09)
    Low hole mobility currently limits the efficiency of amorphous silicon photovoltaic devices. We explore three possible phenomena contributing to this low mobility: coordination defects, self-trapping ionization displacement ...
  • Follows, Michael J.; Karsenti, Eric; Acinas, Silvia G.; Bork, Peer; Bowler, Chris; Vargas, Colomban De; Raes, Jeroen; Sullivan, Matthew; Arendt, Detlev; Benzoni, Francesca; Claverie, Jean-Michel; Gorsky, Gaby; Hingamp, Pascal; Iudicone, Daniele; Jaillon, Olivier; Kandels-Lewis, Stefanie; Krzic, Uros; Not, Fabrice; Ogata, Hiroyuki; Pesant, Stéphane; Reynaud, Emmanuel Georges; Sardet, Christian; Sieracki, Michael E.; Speich, Sabrina; Velayoudon, Didier; Weissenbach, Jean; Wincker, Patrick (Public Library of Science, 2011-10)
    With biology becoming quantitative, systems-level studies can now be performed at spatial scales ranging from molecules to ecosystems. Biological data generated consistently across scales can be integrated with physico-chemical ...
  • Pereira, Francisco; Oliveirinha, Joao; Gerber, Alexandre; Vaccari, Andrea; Liu, Liang; Biderman, Assaf; Ratti, Carlo (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-11)
    Pervasive systems produce massive amounts of data as by-products of their interaction with users. Cell phone calls can inform us on how many people are present in a given area and how many are entering or leaving it. ...
  • Lee, Won Gu; Ortmann, Daniel; Hancock, Matthew J.; Bae, Hojae; Khademhosseini, Ali (Mary Ann Liebert, 2010-04)
    In conventional hanging drop (HD) methods, embryonic stem cell aggregates or embryoid bodies (EBs) are often maintained in small inverted droplets. Gravity limits the volumes of these droplets to less than 50 μL [mu L], ...
  • Brown, Adam R.; Susskind, Leonard; Swingle, Brian; Zhao, Ying; Roberts, Daniel Adam (American Physical Society, 2016-05)
    We conjecture that the quantum complexity of a holographic state is dual to the action of a certain spacetime region that we call a Wheeler-DeWitt patch. We illustrate and test the conjecture in the context of neutral, ...
  • McGreevy, John (Hindawi Publishing, 2010-01)
    These are notes based on a series of lectures given at the KITP workshop Quantum Criticality and the AdS/CFT Correspondence in July, 2009. The goal of the lectures was to introduce condensed matter physicists to the AdS/CFT ...
  • Faulkner, Thomas; Iqbal, Nabil; Liu, Hong; McGreevy, John; Vegh, David (Royal Society, The, 2011-04)
    Techniques arising from string theory can be used to study assemblies of strongly interacting fermions. Via this ‘holographic duality’, various strongly coupled many-body systems are solved using an auxiliary theory of ...
  • Sonner, Julian (American Physical Society, 2013-11)
    We show that the recently proposed bulk dual of an entangled pair of a quark and an antiquark corresponds to the Lorentzian continuation of the tunneling instanton describing Schwinger pair creation in the dual field theory. ...
  • Stergiou, Andreas; Rajagopal, Srivatsan; Zhu, Elton (Springer/SISSA, 2015-11)
    The Hamilton-Jacobi method in holography has produced important results both at a renormalization group (RG) fixed point and away from it. In this paper we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to compute the holographic trace ...
  • Adams, Allan; Chesler, Paul Michael; Liu, Hong (American Physical Society, 2014-04)
    We construct turbulent black holes in asymptotically AdS[subscript 4] spacetime by numerically solving Einstein’s equations. Using the AdS/CFT correspondence we find that both the dual holographic fluid and bulk geometry ...
  • Anninos, Dionysios; Anous, Tarek; Denef, Frederik; Peeters, Lucas (Springer-Verlag, 2015-04)
    We establish the existence of stable and metastable stationary black hole bound states at finite temperature and chemical potentials in global and planar four-dimensional asymptotically anti-de Sitter space. We determine ...
  • Chesler, Paul Michael; Liu, Hong; Adams, Allan (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013-07)
    Superfluid turbulence is a fascinating phenomenon for which a satisfactory theoretical framework is lacking. Holographic duality provides a systematic approach to studying such quantum turbulence by mapping the dynamics ...
  • Chesler, Paul Michael; Yaffe, Laurence (American Physical Society, 2011-01)
    Using holography, we study the collision of planar shock waves in strongly coupled N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. This requires the numerical solution of a dual gravitational initial value problem in asymptotically ...
  • Iqbal, Nabil; Anninos, Dionysios; Hartnoll, Sean A. (American Physical Society, 2010-09)
    In 2+1 dimensions at finite temperature, spontaneous symmetry breaking of global symmetries is precluded by large thermal fluctuations of the order parameter. The holographic correspondence implies that analogous effects ...
  • Bobev, Nikolay; Elvang, Henriette; Freedman, Daniel Z.; Pufu, Silviu (Springer-Verlag, 2014-07)
    We find the gravity dual of N = 2[superscript *] super-Yang-Mills theory on S [superscript 4] and use holography to calculate the universal contribution to the corresponding S [superscript 4] free energy at large N and ...
  • Freedman, Daniel Z.; Pufu, Silviu S. (Springer-Verlag/International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), 2014-03)
    We find new supersymmetric backgrounds of N = 8 gauged supergravity in four Euclidean dimensions that are dual to deformations of ABJM theory on S 3. The deformations encode the most general choice of U(1) R symmetry used ...
  • Ferrari, Frank; Rovai, Antonin (Elsevier, 2015-06)
    In many instances of holographic correspondences between a d -dimensional boundary theory and a (d+1)-dimensional bulk, a direct argument in the boundary theory implies that there must exist a simple and precise relation ...
  • Sivarajah, Prasahnt; Teo, Stephanie M; Werley, Christopher A; Ofori-Okai, Benjamin Kwasi; Nelson, Keith Adam (IOP Publishing, 2015-01)
    Electromagnetic homogenization approximation calculates an effective refractive index of a composite material as a weighted average of its components, and has found uses in gradient refractive index and transformation ...
  • Schmuck, Markus; Bazant, Martin Z. (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2015-06)
    Effective Poisson--Nernst--Planck (PNP) equations are derived for ion transport in charged porous media under forced convection (periodic flow in the frame of the mean velocity) by an asymptotic multiscale expansion with ...
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