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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • McMurry, Andrew J; Fitch, Britt; Savova, Guergana; Reis, Ben Y; Kohane, Isaac (BioMed Central Ltd, 2013-10)
    Background: Physician notes routinely recorded during patient care represent a vast and underutilized resource for human disease studies on a population scale. Their use in research is primarily limited by the need to ...
  • Yang, Yung-Hun; Brigham, Christopher J.; Willis, Laura B.; Rha, ChoKyun; Sinskey, Anthony J. (Springer, 2011-01)
    Extracting polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) polymer from bacterial cells often involves harsh conditions, including use of environmentally harmful solvents. We evaluated different detergents under various conditions to extract ...
  • Orosz, Jerome A.; Steiner, James F.; McClintock, Jeffrey E.; Torres, Manuel A. P.; Bailyn, Charles D.; Miller, Jon M.; Remillard, Ronald Alan (IOP Publishing, 2011-03)
    We present an improved dynamical model of the X-ray binary and microquasar XTE J1550–564 based on new moderate-resolution optical spectroscopy and near-infrared photometry obtained with the 6.5 m Magellan Telescopes at Las ...
  • Urban, Karsten; Patera, Anthony T. (American Mathematical Society (AMS), 2013-10)
    We consider a space-time variational formulation for linear parabolic partial differential equations. We introduce an associated Petrov-Galerkin truth finite element discretization with favorable discrete inf-sup constant ...
  • Tsakraklides, Vasiliki; Brevnova, Elena; Shaw, A. Joe; Stephanopoulos, Gregory (Public Library of Science, 2015-07)
    Gene targeting is a challenge in organisms where non-homologous end-joining is the predominant form of recombination. We show that cell division cycle synchronization can be applied to significantly increase the rate of ...
  • Bansal, Mukul S.; Wu, Yi-Chieh; Alm, Eric J.; Kellis, Manolis (Oxford University Press, 2014-12)
    Motivation: The accurate inference of gene trees is a necessary step in many evolutionary studies. Although the problem of accurate gene tree inference has received considerable attention, most existing methods are only ...
  • Kurosawa, Kazuhiko; Radek, Andreas; Plassmeier, Jens K.; Sinskey, Anthony J. (Biomed Central Ltd., 2015-02)
    Background: Glycerol generated during renewable fuel production processes is potentially an attractive substrate for the production of value-added materials by fermentation. An engineered strain MITXM-61 of the oleaginous ...
  • Glatt, Vaida; Miller, Micah; Ivkovic, Alan; Liu, Fangjun; Parry, Nicola; Griffin, Damian; Vrahas, Mark; Evans, Christopher H. (Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc., 2012-11)
    Background: Large segmental defects in bone do not heal well and present clinical challenges. This study investigated modulation of the mechanical environment as a means of improving bone healing in the presence of bone ...
  • Cowan, Ray Franklin; Dujmic, Denis; Sciolla, Gabriella (American Physical Society, 2012-09)
    We establish improved upper limits on branching fractions for B[superscript 0] decays to final states where the decay products are purely invisible (i.e., no observable final state particles) and for final states where the ...
  • Fisher, Peter H.; Zhao, M.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Spitznagel, M.; Sciolla, Gabriella; Henderson, Shawn Wesley; Dujmic, Denis; Cowan, Ray Franklin (American Physical Society, 2009-07)
    We search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor-violating tau decays τ[over-bar]→ℓ[over-bar]V[superscript 0], where ℓ is an electron or muon and V[superscript 0] is a vector meson reconstructed as ϕ→K[superscript +]K[superscript ...
  • Zhang, Ting; Luo, Haifeng; Cai, Yang (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-09)
    Automata on infinite words (omega-automata) have wide applications in formal language theory as well as in modeling and verifying reactive systems. Complementation of omega-automata is a crucial instrument in many these ...
  • Wang, Ting; Gifford, David K.; Stormo, Gary D.; Fraenkel, Ernest; MacIsaac, Kenzie Daniel; Gordon, D. Benjamin (BioMed Central Ltd, 2006-03)
    Background: The regulatory map of a genome consists of the binding sites for proteins that determine the transcription of nearby genes. An initial regulatory map for S. cerevisiae was recently published using six motif ...
  • Cowan, Ray Franklin; Dujmic, Denis; Henderson, Shawn Wesley; Sciolla, Gabriella; Spitznagel, M.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Zhao, M.; Fisher, Peter H. (American Physical Society, 2009-04)
    We present improved measurements of the branching fraction B, the longitudinal polarization fraction fL, and the direct CP asymmetry ACP in the B meson decay channel B+-->ρ+ρ0. The data sample was collected with the BABAR ...
  • Winn, Joshua Nathan; Narita, Norio; Hirano, Teruyuki; Sato, Bunei; Suto, Yasushi; Turner, Edwin L.; Aoki, Wako; Tamura, Motohide; Yamada, Toru (Astronomical Society of Japan, 2009-10)
    We present an improved measurement of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect for the exoplanetary system HD 17156, based on radial-velocity data gathered with the Subaru 8.2m telescope throughout the planetary transit of UT 2008 ...
  • Conrad, Janet; Spitz, Joshua B.; Terao, K.; Winslow, Lindley (Springer-Verlag, 2014-10)
    The Double Chooz experiment presents improved measurements of the neutrino mixing angle θ[subscript 13] using the data collected in 467.90 live days from a detector positioned at an average distance of 1050 m from two ...
  • Liu, Adrian Chi-Yan; Tegmark, Max Erik; Bowman, Judd D.; Hewitt, Jacqueline N.; Zaldarriaga, Matias (Oxford University Press, 2009-09)
    21-cm tomography is expected to be difficult in part because of serious foreground contamination. Previous studies have found that line-of-sight approaches are capable of cleaning foregrounds to an acceptable level on large ...
  • Barth, Marita C.; Dederich, Debra A.; Dedon, Peter C. (Informa Healthcare, 2009-07)
    A rigorous understanding of the biological function of superhelical tension in cellular DNA requires the development of new tools and model systems for study. To this end, an ethidium bromide–free method has been developed ...
  • Mistry, Karan H.; Antar, Mohamed Abdelkerim; Lienhard, John H. (Desalination Publications, 2012-07)
    Increasing global demand for fresh water is driving research and development of advanced desalination technologies. As a result, a detailed model of multiple effect distillation (MED) is developed that is flexible, simple ...
  • Hirano, Teruyuki; Suto, Yasushi; Winn, Joshua Nathan; Taruya, Atshushi; Narita, Norio; Albrecht, Simon H.; Sato, Bunei (IOP Publishing, 2011-11)
    We present an improved formula for the anomalous radial velocity of the star during planetary transits due to the Rossiter-McLaughlin (RM) effect. The improvement comes from a more realistic description of the stellar ...
  • Veneziano, Daniele; Furcolo, Pierluigi (European Geosciences Union, American Geophysical Union, 2009-11)
    A fundamental problem in the analysis of multifractal processes is to estimate the scaling exponent K(q) of moments of different order q from data. Conventional estimators use the empirical moments μ^[subscript r][superscript ...
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