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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • McCauley, Alexander Patrick; Reid, M. T. Homer; Kruger, Matthias; Johnson, Steven G. (American Physical Society, 2012-04)
    We develop a general numerical method to calculate the nonequilibrium radiative heat transfer between a plate and compact objects of arbitrary shapes, making the first accurate theoretical predictions for the total heat ...
  • Rothstein, Lewis M.; Cullen, John J.; Abbott, Mark; Chassignet, Eric P.; Denman, Ken; Doney, Scott C.; Ducklow, Hugh; Fennel, Katja; Follows, Michael J.; Haidvogel, Dale; Hofmann, Eileen; Karl, David M.; Kindle, John; Lima, Ivan; Maltrud, Mathew; McClain, Chuck; McGillicuddy, Dennis; Olascoaga, M. Josefina; Spitz, Yvette; Wiggert, Jerry; Yoder, James (The Oceanography Society, 2006-03)
    The role of the oceans in Earth systems ecology, and the effects of climate variability on the ocean and its ecosystems, can be understood only by observing, describing, and ultimately predicting the state of the ocean as ...
  • Ren, Zhifeng; McEnaney, Kenneth; Kraemer, Daniel; Chen, Gang (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2011-10)
    The conversion of solar power into electricity is dominated by non-concentrating photovoltaics and concentrating solar thermal systems. Recently, it has been shown that solar thermoelectric generators (STEGs) are a viable ...
  • Sinha, Niraj; Melnik, R. V. N.; Patil, S. (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-08)
    We quantify the influence of thermopiezoelectric effects in nano-sized Al[subscript x]Ga[subscript 1-x]N/GaN heterostructures for pressure sensor applications based on the barrier height modulation principle. We use a ...
  • Weinstein, Lee Adragon; McEnaney, Kenneth; Chen, Gang (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013-04)
    Recent advances in solar thermoelectric generator (STEG) performance have raised their prospect as a potential technology to convert solar energy into electricity. This paper presents an analysis of thin-film STEGs. ...
  • Hasan, Samiul; Choudhury, Charisma F.; Ben-Akiva, Moshe E.; Emmonds, Andy (Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, 2012-01)
    An econometric framework was developed to combine data from various sources to identify the key factors contributing to travel time variations in Central London. Nonlinear latent variable regression models that explicitly ...
  • Barnhart, Cynthia; Fearing, Douglas; Vaze, Vikrant (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2014-04)
    Many of the existing methods for evaluating an airline's on-time performance are based on flight-centric measures of delay. However, recent research has demonstrated that passenger delays depend on many factors in addition ...
  • Pai, Anvisha H.; Guo, Philip J.; Miller, Robert C. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2014-03)
    In large programming classes, MOOCs or online communities, it is challenging to find peers and mentors to help with learning specific programming concepts. In this paper we present first steps towards an automated, scalable ...
  • Magesan, Easwar; Puzzuoli, Daniel; Granade, Christopher E.; Cory2, David G. (American Physical Society, 2013-01)
    Understanding fault-tolerant properties of quantum circuits is important for designing large-scale quantum information processors. In particular, simulating properties of encoded circuits is a crucial tool for investigating ...
  • Newport, Calvin Charles; Lynch, Nancy Ann (Spring Berlin/Heidelberg, 2011-07)
    We describe a modeling framework and collection of foundational composition results for the study of probabilistic distributed algorithms in synchronous radio networks. Though the radio setting has been studied extensively ...
  • Basak, Kakali; Hetu, Seth N.; Azevedo, Carlos Lima; Loganathan, Harish; Toledo, Tomer; Xu, Runmin; Xu, Yan; Peh, Li-Shiuan; Ben-Akiva, Moshe E.; Li, Zhemin (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-10)
    Human reaction time has a substantial effect on modeling of human behavior at a microscopic level. Drivers and pedestrian do not react to an event instantaneously; rather, they take time to perceive the event, process the ...
  • Choucri, Nazli; Goldsmith, Daniel; Mezher, Toufic (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2011-06)
    Modeling technology policy is becoming an increasingly important capability to steer states and societies toward sustainability. This paper presents a simulation-modeling approach to evaluate renewable energy readiness, ...
  • Chisholm, Sallie (Penny); Follows, Michael J.; Jahn, Oliver; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Bragg, Jason G. (Public Library of Science, 2010-03)
    Our view of marine microbes is transforming, as culture-independent methods facilitate rapid characterization of microbial diversity. It is difficult to assimilate this information into our understanding of marine microbe ...
  • Xu, Xinliang; Ge, Hao; Gu, Chan; Gao, Yi Qin; Wang, Siyuan S.; Thio, Beng Joo Reginald; Hynes, James T.; Xie, X. Sunney; Cao, Jianshu (American Chemical Society, 2013-10)
    We report a study of DNA deformations using a coarse-grained mechanical model and quantitatively interpret the allosteric effects in protein–DNA binding affinity. A recent single-molecule study (Kim et al. Science 2013, ...
  • Grácio, Filipe; Cabral, Joaquim; Tidor, Bruce (Public Library of Science, 2013-05)
    Technology for converting human cells to pluripotent stem cell using induction processes has the potential to revolutionize regenerative medicine. However, the production of these so called iPS cells is still quite inefficient ...
  • Zahn, Markus; Hwang, J. George; Liu, Rongsheng; Hjortstam, Olof; Pettersson, Leif A. A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-09)
    This paper presents an electro-thermal hydrodynamic model that explains the development of different streamer modes in transformer oil. The focus is on the difference between the slow 2nd and fast 3rd mode streamers ...
  • Minnich, Austin Jerome; Lee, H.; Wang, X. W.; Joshi, G.; Dresselhaus, Mildred; Ren, Z. F.; Chen, Gang; Vashaee, D. (American Physical Society, 2009-10)
    Nanocomposite thermoelectric materials have attracted much attention recently due to experimental demonstrations of improved thermoelectric properties over those of the corresponding bulk material. In order to better ...
  • Yoong Keok, Lee; Haghighi, Aria; Barzilay, Regina (Association for Computing Machinery, 2011-06)
    The connection between part-of-speech (POS) categories and morphological properties is well-documented in linguistics but underutilized in text processing systems. This paper proposes a novel model for morphological ...
  • Toole, Jameson Lawrence; Cha, Meeyoung; Gonzalez, Marta C. (Public Library of Science, 2012-01)
    While there is a large body of work examining the effects of social network structure on innovation adoption, models to date have lacked considerations of real geography or mass media. In this article, we show these features ...
  • Chisholm, Sallie (Penny); Bragg, Jason G. (Public Library of Science, 2008-10)
    Background: Phages infecting marine picocyanobacteria often carry a psbA gene, which encodes a homolog to the photosynthetic reaction center protein, D1. Host encoded D1 decays during phage infection in the light. Phage ...
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