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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Zahn, Markus; Hwang, J. George; Liu, Rongsheng; Hjortstam, Olof; Pettersson, Leif A. A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-09)
    This paper presents an electro-thermal hydrodynamic model that explains the development of different streamer modes in transformer oil. The focus is on the difference between the slow 2nd and fast 3rd mode streamers ...
  • Minnich, Austin Jerome; Lee, H.; Wang, X. W.; Joshi, G.; Dresselhaus, Mildred; Ren, Z. F.; Chen, Gang; Vashaee, D. (American Physical Society, 2009-10)
    Nanocomposite thermoelectric materials have attracted much attention recently due to experimental demonstrations of improved thermoelectric properties over those of the corresponding bulk material. In order to better ...
  • Yoong Keok, Lee; Haghighi, Aria; Barzilay, Regina (Association for Computing Machinery, 2011-06)
    The connection between part-of-speech (POS) categories and morphological properties is well-documented in linguistics but underutilized in text processing systems. This paper proposes a novel model for morphological ...
  • Toole, Jameson Lawrence; Cha, Meeyoung; Gonzalez, Marta C. (Public Library of Science, 2012-01)
    While there is a large body of work examining the effects of social network structure on innovation adoption, models to date have lacked considerations of real geography or mass media. In this article, we show these features ...
  • Chisholm, Sallie (Penny); Bragg, Jason G. (Public Library of Science, 2008-10)
    Background: Phages infecting marine picocyanobacteria often carry a psbA gene, which encodes a homolog to the photosynthetic reaction center protein, D1. Host encoded D1 decays during phage infection in the light. Phage ...
  • Taracchini, Andrea; Buonanno, Alessandra; Hughes, Scott A.; Khanna, Gaurav (American Physical Society, 2013-08)
    We propose an improved analytical model for the horizon-absorbed gravitational-wave energy flux of a small body in circular orbit in the equatorial plane of a Kerr black hole. Post-Newtonian (PN) theory provides an analytical ...
  • Dahmus, Jeffrey B.; Olivetti, Elsa A.; Fredholm, Susan A.; Gregory, Jeremy; Kirchain, Randolph E., Jr. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-07)
    hrough the development of a general model of electronics recycling systems, the effect of product portfolio choices on economic and environmental system performance is explored. The general model encompasses the three main ...
  • Lei, W.; Li, G.; Molina, Luisa Tan (Copernicus GmbH, 2013-03)
    The local and regional impacts of open fires and trash burning on ground-level ozone (O[subscript 3]) and fine carbonaceous aerosols in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) and surrounding region during two high fire ...
  • Zhang, Lihai; Smith, David W.; Gardiner, Bruce S.; Grodzinsky, Alan J. (Public Library of Science, 2013-06)
    IGF signaling is involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis in a wide range of tissues, both normal and diseased, and so IGF-IR has been the focus of intense interest as a promising drug target. In this ...
  • Winston, Donald; Ferrera, J.; Battistella, L.; Vladar, A. E.; Berggren, Karl K. (Wiley Blackwell, 2011-09)
    We present here a hybrid approach to modeling helium-ion lithography that combines the power and ease-of-use of the Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter (SRIM) software with the results of recent work simulating secondary ...
  • Canizares, Claude R.; Marshall, Herman Lee; Schulz, Norbert S.; Heinz, Sebastian; Hillwig, Todd C.; Mioduszewski, Amy J. (World Scientific, 2008-05)
    We fit Chandra HETGS data obtained for the unusual X-ray binary SS 433. While line strengths and continuum levels hardly change, the jet Doppler shifts show aperiodic variations that probably result from shocks in interactions ...
  • Marcella, Marc P.; Eltahir, Elfatih A. B. (American Meteorological Society, 2012-01)
    Presented is a study on the role of land surface processes in determining the summertime climate over the semiarid region of southwest Asia. In this region, a warm surface air temperature bias of 3.5°C is simulated in the ...
  • Friedle, Simone; Kodanko, Jeremy J.; Morys, Anna J.; Hayashi, Takahiro; Lippard, Stephen J.; Moeenne-Loccoz, Pierre (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2009-09)
    In order to model the syn disposition of histidine residues in carboxylate-bridged non-heme diiron enzymes, we prepared a new dinucleating ligand, H[subscript 2]BPG[subscript 2]DEV, that provides this geometric feature. ...
  • Yu, Winston; Yang, Yi-Chen; Savitsky, Andre; Alford, Donald; Brown, Casey; Wescoat, James; Debowicz, Dario; Robinson, Sherman (The World Bank, 2013-04)
    Describes two models used in the integrated modeling framework designed to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin: (1) the Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR-1012), a hydro-economic ...
  • Donmez, Birsen; Nehme, Carl; Cummings, M. L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-11)
    Discrete-event simulations for futuristic unmanned vehicle (UV) systems enable a cost- and time-effective methodology for evaluating various autonomy and human-automation design parameters. Operator mental workload is an ...
  • Tan, Baris; Gershwin, Stanley B. (Springer, 2009-08)
    In this study, a Markovian fluid flow system with two stages separated by a finite buffer is considered. Fluid flow models have been analyzed extensively to evaluate the performance of production, computer, and ...
  • Epa, V. Chandana; Yang, Jing; Mei, Ying; Hook, Andrew L.; Langer, Robert; Davies, Martyn C.; Alexander, Morgan R.; Winkler, David A.; Anderson, Daniel Griffith (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2012-08)
    Designing materials to control biology is an intense focus of biomaterials and regenerative medicine research. Discovering and designing materials with appropriate biological compatibility or active control of cells and ...
  • Khurana, Vikram; Lindquist, Susan (Nature Publishing Group, 2010-06)
    In ageing populations, neurodegenerative diseases increase in prevalence, exacting an enormous toll on individuals and their communities. Multiple complementary experimental approaches are needed to elucidate the mechanisms ...
  • Velez, Javier J; Huang, Albert S.; Hemann, Garrett A.; Roy, Nicholas; Posner, Ingmar (AI Access Foundation, 2012-07)
    Today, mobile robots are expected to carry out increasingly complex tasks in multifarious, real-world environments. Often, the tasks require a certain semantic understanding of the workspace. Consider, for example, spoken ...
  • Ehinger, Krista A.; Hidalgo-Sotelo, Barbara Irene; Torralba, Antonio; Oliva, Aude (Taylor & Francis Group, 2009-08)
    How predictable are human eye movements during search in real world scenes? We recorded 14 observers’ eye movements as they performed a search task (person detection) in 912 outdoor scenes. Observers were highly consistent ...
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