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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Aaronson, Scott; Ambainis, Andris (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-06)
    We achieve essentially the largest possible separation between quantum and classical query complexities. We do so using a property-testing problem called Forrelation, where one needs to decide whether one Boolean function ...
  • Ma, Jian; Cao, Jianshu (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2015-03)
    We study the Förster resonant energy transfer rate, absorption and emission spectra in multichromophoric systems. The multichromophoric Förster theory (MCFT) is determined from an overlap integral of generalized matrices ...
  • Govern, Christopher C.; Chakraborty, Arup K. (Elsevier B.V., 2010-02)
    Does the affinity or half-life of peptide-MHC-T cell receptor (TCR) interactions determine T cell activation? In this issue of Immunity, Aleksic et al. (2010) propose a role for the on rate through multiple rebindings to ...
  • Boone, Peter; Johnson, Simon (American Economic Association, 2014-05)
    Financial crises frequently increase public sector borrowing and threaten some form of sovereign debt crisis. Until recently, high income countries were thought to have become less vulnerable to severe banking crises that ...
  • Wang, Qiqi (Elsevier, 2012-10)
    This paper describes a forward algorithm and an adjoint algorithm for computing sensitivity derivatives in chaotic dynamical systems, such as the Lorenz attractor. The algorithms compute the derivative of long time averaged ...
  • Bauer, Gerry P.; Bendavid, Joshua L.; Busza, Wit; Butz, Erik M.; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, M.; Dutta, V.; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Hahn, Kristian Allan; Kim, Y.; Klute, Markus; Krajczar, Krisztian F.; Li, Wei; Luckey, P. David, Jr.; Ma, Teng; Nahn, Steven; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Rudolph, M.; Stephans, George S. F.; Stockli, Fabian; Sumorok, Konstanty C.; Sung, Kevin Kai Hong; Velicanu, Dragos Alexandru; Wenger, Edward Allen; Wolf, R.; Wyslouch, Boleslaw; Xie, S.; Yang, M.; Yilmaz, Yetkin; Yoon, A. S.; Zanetti, Marco (Elsevier, 2012-11)
    A measurement of the forward–backward asymmetry (A[subscript FB]) of Drell–Yan lepton pairs in pp collisions at √s = 7 TeV is presented. The data sample, collected with the CMS detector, corresponds to an integrated ...
  • Taylor, Frank E.; ATLAS Collaboration (Springer-Verlag, 2012-07)
    Using inelastic proton-proton interactions at sqrt(s) = 900 GeV and 7 TeV, recorded by the ATLAS detector at the LHC, measurements have been made of the correlations between forward and backward charged-particle multiplicities ...
  • Alver, Burak Han; Bauer, Gerry P; Bendavid, Joshua L.; Busza, Wit; Butz, Erik M.; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, Matthew Hans; Dutta, Valentina; Everaerts, Pieter Bruno Bart; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Hahn, Kristian Allan; Harris, Philip Coleman; Kim, Yongsun; Klute, Markus; Lee, Yen-Jie; Li, Wei; Loizides, Constantinos; Luckey Jr, P David; Ma, Teng; Nahn, Steven; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E; Roland, Gunther M; Rudolph, Matthew Scott; Stephans, George S. F.; Stoeckli, Fabian; Sumorok, Konstanty C; Sung, Kevin Kai Hong; Velicanu, Dragos Alexandru; Wenger, Edward Allen; Wolf, Roger; Xie, Si; Yang, Mingming; Yilmaz, Yetkin; Yoon, A. S.; Zanetti, Marco (Springer-Verlag, 2012-01)
    A study of forward energy flow and central charged-particle multiplicity in events with W and Z bosons decaying into leptons is presented. The analysis uses a sample of 7 TeV pp collisions, corresponding to an integrated ...
  • Neve, Rachael L.; Grueter, Brad A.; Robison, Alfred J.; Nestler, Eric J.; Malenka, Robert C. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-01)
    Synaptic modifications in nucleus accumbens (NAc) medium spiny neurons (MSNs) play a key role in adaptive and pathological reward-dependent learning, including maladaptive responses involved in drug addiction. NAc MSNs ...
  • Solomon, Susan; Shaman, Jeffrey; Colwell, Rita R.; Field, Christopher B. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-02)
    Climate science is a vast, multidisciplinary research field with foundations spanning physics, chemistry, biology, geology, mathematics, and more. Cutting-edge climate research often straddles one or more basic disciplines, ...
  • Moran, M. Susan; O'Neill, Peggy E.; Entekhabi, Dara (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-07)
    The NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission will provide global observations of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state from space. We outline how priority applications contributed to the SMAP mission measurement ...
  • Wong, Yi Lin; Siu, Kin Wai Michael (Springer Netherlands, 2014-12)
    Emotions have a significant effect on the processes of designing and creative thinking. In an educational context, some emotions may even be detrimental to creativity. To further explore the link between creativity and ...
  • Boteanu, Adrian; Chernova, Sonia; Nunez, David Scott; Breazeal, Cynthia L. (Springer Netherlands, 2016-07)
    The development of early literacy skills has been critically linked to a child’s later academic success. In particular, repeated studies have shown that reading aloud to children and providing opportunities for them to ...
  • Ashford, Nicholas A.; Kallis, Giorgos (EBR Media, 2013-04)
    Can working less lead to a healthier economy and better environmental conditions? Which factors should be taken into consideration when forming an answer to this question? In this article Nicholas Ashford and Giorgos Kallis ...
  • Soler, Cyril; Subr, Kartic; Holzschuch, Nicolas; Durand, Fredo; Sillion, Francois (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2009-04)
    Optical systems used in photography and cinema produce depth-of-field effects, that is, variations of focus with depth. These effects are simulated in image synthesis by integrating incoming radiance at each pixel over the ...
  • Belthangady, C.; Zhang, H.; Bar-Gill, N.; DeVience, S. J.; Yacoby, A.; Walsworth, R. L.; Arai, Keigo; Cappellaro, Paola (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-08)
    Optically detected magnetic resonance using nitrogen–vacancy (NV) colour centres in diamond is a leading modality for nanoscale magnetic field imaging, as it provides single electron spin sensitivity, three-dimensional ...
  • Barton, Taylor W.; Dawson, Joel L.; Perreault, David J. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-06)
    This work demonstrates a four-way outphasing and power combining system for microwave power amplification using a novel power combining network. The ideally lossles combining network is implemented using a combination of ...
  • Barton, Taylor W.; Perreault, David J. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-09)
    A lossless multi-way outphasing and power combining system for microwave power amplification is presented. The architecture addresses one of the primary drawbacks of Chireix outphasing; namely, the sub-optimal loading ...
  • Hsu, Allen Long; Hu, Qing; Williams, Benjamin (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-08)
    We demonstrate a novel four-well injectorless design with short wavelength (5.5 mum) and room temperature operation utilizing highly strained Ga[subscript 0.35] In[subscript 0.6] As/Al[subscript 0.70] In[subscript 0.30]As ...
  • Li, Carman Man-Chung; Gocheva, Vasilena; Wang, Shi Yun; Date, Saya R.; Ng, Sheng Rong; Whittaker, Charles A.; Bronson, Roderick T.; Snyder, Eric L.; Oudin, Madeleine Julie; Bhutkar, Arjun (AJ); Gertler, Frank; Jacks, Tyler E. (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2015-09)
    Despite the fact that the majority of lung cancer deaths are due to metastasis, the molecular mechanisms driving metastatic progression are poorly understood. Here, we present evidence that loss of Foxa2 and Cdx2 synergizes ...
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