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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Busza, Wit; Alver, Burak Han; Ballintijn, Maarten; Decowski, Michael P.; Gulbrandsen, K.; Henderson, C.; Kane, J. L.; Kulinich, Piotr; Li, W.; Loizides, Constantin; Reed, C.; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Stephans, George S. F.; Vale, C.; van Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit Jan; Vaurynovich, Siarhei S.; Verdier, Robin; Veres, Gabor; Wenger, Edward Allen; Wyslouch, Boleslaw (American Physical Society, 2010-04)
    This Letter presents the first measurement of event-by-event fluctuations of the elliptic flow parameter v2 in Au+Au collisions at [sqrt]sNN=200  GeV as a function of collision centrality. The relative nonstatistical ...
  • Zan, Thaw Tar Thein; Lim, Hock Beng; Wong, Kai-Juan; Lee, Bu-Sung; Whittle, Andrew (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-12)
    Urban water supply and distribution infrastructure is aging rapidly and the frequency of pipe burst increases. These events can be very expensive due to water supply disruptions, and damage to surrounding properties and ...
  • Benson, Edward Oscar; Haghighi, Aria; Barzilay, Regina (Association for Computational Linguistics, 2011-06)
    We present a novel method for record extraction from social streams such as Twitter. Unlike typical extraction setups, these environments are characterized by short, one sentence messages with heavily colloquial speech. ...
  • Bugel, Leonard G.; Conrad, Janet; Karagiorgi, Georgia Stelios; Katori, Teppei; Nguyen, V. (American Physical Society, 2010-10)
    The MiniBooNE experiment at Fermilab reports results from a search for ν̅ μ→ν̅ e [nu overscore subscript mu→nu overscore subscript e] oscillations, using a data sample corresponding to 5.66×10 20 [suprscript 20] protons ...
  • Apyan, Aram; Barbieri, Richard Alexander; Baty, Austin Alan; Bierwagen, Katharina; Brandt, Stephanie Akemi; Busza, Wit; Cali, Ivan Amos; Demiragli, Zeynep; Di Matteo, Leonardo; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Gulhan, Doga Can; Iiyama, Yutaro; Innocenti, Gian Michele; Klute, Markus; Kovalskyi, Dmytro; Lai, Yue Shi; Levin, Andrew Michael; Luckey Jr, P David; Marini, Andrea Carlo; McGinn, Christopher Francis; Mironov, Camelia Maria; Narayanan, Siddharth Madhavan; Niu, Xinmei; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E; Roland, Gunther M; Salfeld-Nebgen, Jakob Maxillian Henry; Stephans, George S. F.; Sumorok, Konstanty C; Varma, Mukund Madhav; Velicanu, Dragos Alexandru; Veverka, Jan; Wang, J.; Wang, Ta-Wei; Yang, Mingming; Wyslouch, Victoria (Springer-Verlag, 2016-03)
    New sets of parameters (“tunes”) for the underlying-event (UE) modelling of the pythia8, pythia6 and herwig++ Monte Carlo event generators are constructed using different parton distribution functions. Combined fits to CMS ...
  • Broderick, Avery E.; Narayan, Ramesh; Kormendy, John; Perlman, Eric S.; Rieke, Marcia J.; Doeleman, Sheperd Samuel (IOP Publishing, 2015-06)
    The 6 × 10[superscript 9] M[subscript ⊙] supermassive black hole at the center of the giant elliptical galaxy M87 powers a relativistic jet. Observations at millimeter wavelengths with the Event Horizon Telescope have ...
  • Psaltis, Dimitrios; Narayan, Ramesh; Fish, Vincent L.; Broderick, Avery E.; Loeb, Abraham; Doeleman, Sheperd Samuel (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2014-12)
    Observations of the black hole in the center of the Milky Way with the Event Horizon Telescope at 1.3 mm have revealed a size of the emitting region that is smaller than the size of the black-hole shadow. This can be ...
  • Balewski, Jan T.; Betancourt, Michael Joseph; Corliss, Ross; Hays-Wehle, James Prewitt; Leight, William Axel; Milner, Richard G.; Redwine, Robert P.; Sakuma, T.; Seele, J.; Steadman, Stephen G.; Surrow, Bernd; van Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit Jan; Walker, M. (American Physical Society, 2014-04)
    STAR measurements of dihadron azimuthal correlations (Δϕ) are reported in midcentral (20–60%) Au + Au collisions at √s[subscript NN] = 200 GeV as a function of the trigger particle's azimuthal angle relative to the event ...
  • Holmes, David W.; Williams, John R.; Tilke, Peter (Elsevier ScienceDirect, 2009-10)
    In this paper, a programming model is presented which enables scalable parallel performance on multi-core shared memory architectures. The model has been developed for application to a wide range of numerical simulation ...
  • Johansson, Karl H.; Dimarogonas, Dimos V. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-01)
    Event-driven strategies for multi-agent systems are motivated by the future use of embedded microprocessors with limited resources that will gather information and actuate the individual agent controller updates. The control ...
  • Demanet, Laurent; Zhang, Xiangxiong (2015-05)
    We provide a simple analysis of the Douglas-Rachford splitting algorithm in the context of ℓ[superscript 1] minimization with linear constraints, and quantify the asymptotic linear convergence rate in terms of principal ...
  • Fondi, Marco; Karkman, Antti; Tamminen, Manu V.; Bosi, Emanuele; Virta, Marko; Fani, Renato; McInerney, James O.; Alm, Eric J (Oxford University Press, 2016-04)
    The spatial distribution of microbes on our planet is famously formulated in the Baas Becking hypothesis as “everything is everywhere but the environment selects.” While this hypothesis does not strictly rule out patterns ...
  • Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Paus, Christoph M. E. (American Physical Society, 2013-10)
    Using data from proton-antiproton collisions at s√ = 1.96  TeV recorded by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, evidence for the excited resonance state Λ[*0 over b] is presented in its Λ[0 over b]π[superscript ...
  • Hubbard, B. P.; Gomes, A. P.; Dai, H.; Li, J.; Case, A. W.; Considine, T.; Riera, T. V.; Lee, J. E.; Yen, E. Sook; Lamming, D. W.; Schuman, E. R.; Stevens, L. A.; Ling, A. J. Y.; Armour, S. M.; Michan, S.; Zhao, H.; Jiang, Y.; Sweitzer, S. M.; Blum, C. A.; Disch, J. S.; Ng, Pui Yee; Howitz, K. T.; Rolo, A. P.; Hamuro, Y.; Moss, Joel; Perni, R. B.; Ellis, J. L.; Vlasuk, G. P.; Sinclair, D. A.; Pentelute, Bradley L. (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013-03)
    A molecule that treats multiple age-related diseases would have a major impact on global health and economics. The SIRT1 deacetylase has drawn attention in this regard as a target for drug design. Yet controversy exists ...
  • Mainali, Ramesh; Kollmeier, Juna A.; Stark, Daniel P.; Walth, Gregory; Newman, Andrew B.; Simcoe, Robert A; Miller, Daniel Robert (IOP Publishing, 2017-02)
    We present the Magellan/FIRE detection of highly ionized C iv λ1550 and O iii]λ1666 in a deep infrared spectrum of the z = 6.11 gravitationally lensed low-mass galaxy RXC J2248.7-4431-ID3, which has previously known Lyα. ...
  • Bauer, Gerry P.; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Makhoul, K.; Paus, Christoph M. E. (American Physical Society, 2011-06)
    We present a new measurement of the inclusive forward-backward tt[over-bar] production asymmetry and its rapidity and mass dependence. The measurements are performed with data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of ...
  • Vander Heiden, Matthew G.; Locasale, Jason W.; Swanson, Kenneth D.; Sharfi, Hadar; Heffron, Gregory J.; Amador-Noguez, Daniel; Christofk, Heather R.; Wagner, Gerhard; Rabinowitz, Joshua D.; Asara, John M.; Cantley, Lewis C. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2010-09)
    Proliferating cells, including cancer cells, require altered metabolism to efficiently incorporate nutrients such as glucose into biomass. The M2 isoform of pyruvate kinase (PKM2) promotes the metabolism of glucose by ...
  • Xie, Si; Henderson, C.; Hahn, Kristian Allan; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Knuteson, Bruce O.; Choudalakis, Georgios; Makhoul, K.; Bauer, Gerry P.; Paus, Christoph M. E. (American Physical Society, 2009-06)
    Evidence is reported for a narrow structure near the J/ψϕ threshold in exclusive B+→J/ψϕK+ decays produced in (p)over-bar p collisions at √s=1.96  TeV. A signal of 14±5 events, with statistical significance in excess of ...
  • Cowan, Ray Franklin; Dujmic, Denis; Sciolla, Gabriella (American Physical Society, 2012-09)
    Based on the full BABAR data sample, we report improved measurements of the ratios R(D[superscript(*)])=B(B̅→D[superscript (*)][bar over τ]ν̅[subscript τ])/B(B̅→D[superscript (*)]ℓ[subscript bar over ℓ]ν̅[subscript ℓ]), ...
  • Li, Zhiyuan; Morris, Mark R.; Baganoff, Frederick K. (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2013-12)
    Despite strong physical reasons that they should exist and decades of searching, jets from the Galactic center black hole, Sgr A*, have not yet been convincingly detected. Based on high-resolution Very Large Array images ...
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