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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Yang, Liquan; Chen, Guangchun; Mohanty, Sonali; Scott, Glynis; Fazal, Fabeha; Rahman, Arshad; Begum, Shahinoor; Hynes, Richard O.; Xu, Lei (American Association for Cancer Research, 2011-07)
    Angiogenesis is a critical step during cancer progression. The VEGF is a major stimulator for angiogenesis and is predominantly contributed by cancer cells in tumors. Inhibition of the VEGF signaling pathway has shown ...
  • Prikryl, P.; Ghoddousi-Fard, R.; Kunduri, B. S. R.; Thomas, E. G.; Jayachandran, P. T.; Spanswick, E.; Danskin, D. W.; Coster, Anthea J. (Copernicus GmbH, 2013-05)
    The amplitude and phase scintillation indices are customarily obtained by specialised GPS Ionospheric Scintillation and TEC Monitors (GISTMs) from L1 signal recorded at the rate of 50 Hz. The scintillation indices S[subscript ...
  • Yang, Daiqin; Zhao, Fang; Liu, Kai; Lim, Hock Beng; Frazzoli, Emilio; Rus, Daniela L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012-05)
    Accurate vehicular localization is important for various cooperative vehicle safety (CVS) applications such as collision avoidance, turning assistant, etc. In this paper, we propose a cooperative vehicular distance measurement ...
  • Zubovich, Alexander V.; Wang, Xiao-qiang; Scherba, Yuri G.; Schelochkov, Gennady G.; Reilinger, Robert; Reigber, Christoph; Mosienko, Olga I.; Molnar, Peter H.; Michajljow, Wasili; Makarov, Vladimir I.; Li, Jie; Kuzikov, Sergey I.; Herring, Thomas A.; Hamburger, Michael W.; Hager, Bradford H.; Dang, Ya-min; Bragin, Vitaly D.; Beisenbaev, Rinat T. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2010-12)
    Measurements at ∼400 campaign-style GPS points and another 14 continuously recording stations in central Asia define variations in their velocities both along and across the Kyrgyz and neighboring parts of Tien Shan. They ...
  • Maggioni, Marco; Santambrogio, Marco Domenico; Liang, Jie (Elsevier B.V., 2011)
    The assessment of chemical similarity between molecules is a basic operation in chemoinformatics, a computational area concerning with the manipulation of chemical structural information. Comparing molecules is the basis ...
  • Reis, Pedro Miguel; Hure, Jeremy; Jung, Sungwan; Bush, John W. M.; Clanet, Christophe (Royal Society of Chemistry, The, 2010-10)
    We introduce a novel technique for grabbing water with a flexible solid. This new passive pipetting mechanism was inspired by floating flowers and relies purely on the coupling of the elasticity of thin plates and the ...
  • Nave, Jean-Christophe; Rosales, Rodolfo R.; Seibold, Benjamin (Elsevier, 2010-02)
    The level set approach represents surfaces implicitly, and advects them by evolving a level set function, which is numerically defined on an Eulerian grid. Here we present an approach that augments the level set function ...
  • Calagari, Kiana; Elgharib, Mohamed; Didyk, Piotr; Kaspar, Alexandre; Matusik, Wojciech; Hefeeda, Mohamed (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-10)
    A wide spread adoption of 3D videos and technologies is hindered by the lack of high-quality 3D content. One promising solution to address this problem is to use automated 2D-to-3D conversion. However, current conversion ...
  • Huan, Xun; Marzouk, Youssef M. (Begell House Inc., 2014)
    Optimal experimental design (OED) seeks experiments expected to yield the most useful data for some purpose. In practical circumstances where experiments are time-consuming or resource-intensive, OED can yield enormous ...
  • De Silva, Daniela; Jerison, David S. (Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons), 2010-12)
    We prove an analogue for a one-phase free boundary problem of the classical gradient bound for solutions to the minimal surface equation. It follows, in particular, that every energy-minimizing free boundary that is a graph ...
  • Gershman, Samuel J.; Jones, Carolyn E.; Norman, Kenneth A.; Monfils, Marie-H.; Niv, Yael (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013-11)
    Fear memories are notoriously difficult to erase, often recovering over time. The longstanding explanation for this finding is that, in extinction training, a new memory is formed that competes with the old one for expression ...
  • Murphy, Craig N.; Yates, JoAnne (Cambridge University Press, 2010-09)
    This volume of the History of Technology series focuses on standardization, a subject of increasing interest across a range of disciplines. Editors Graeme Gooday and James Sumner have selected a diverse set of articles on ...
  • Ueland, Stian Melhus; Schuh, Christopher A. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013-08)
    We investigate the role of grain constraint upon martensitic transformation through in situ scanning electron microscope tensile experiments on shape memory microwires with a small number of grains and grain junctions. The ...
  • Raghunathan, Rajamani; Johlin, Eric; Grossman, Jeffrey C. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-06)
    In photovoltaic devices, the bulk disorder introduced by grain boundaries (GBs) in polycrystalline silicon is generally considered to be detrimental to the physical stability and electronic transport of the bulk material. ...
  • Chen, Ying; Schuh, Christopher A. (Wiley Blackwell, 2015-07)
    A local spatial autocorrelation-based modeling method is developed to reconstruct nanoscale grain structures in nanocrystalline materials from atom probe tomography (APT) data, which provide atomic positions and species, ...
  • Rupert, Timothy J.; Trelewicz, Jason R.; Schuh, Christopher A. (Cambridge University Press (Materials Research Society), 2012-03)
    The hardening effect caused by the relaxation of nonequilibrium grain boundary structure has been explored in nanocrystalline Ni–W alloys. First, the kinetics of relaxation hardening are studied, showing that higher annealing ...
  • Trelewicz, Jason R.; Schuh, Christopher A. (American Physical Society, 2009-03)
    A free-energy function for binary polycrystalline solid solutions is developed based on pairwise nearest-neighbor interactions. The model permits intergranular regions to exhibit unique energetics and compositions from ...
  • Marvel, Christopher J.; Cantwell, Patrick R.; Harmer, Martin P.; Schuh, Christopher A.; Huang, Ting Yun Sasha; Christopher A. Schuh (Springer US, 2015-08)
    Among the various preparation methods for nanocrystalline alloys, ionic liquid electrodeposition at low temperature is of interest for its scalability and efficiency. To achieve nanostructures with stabilized structures, ...
  • Mu, Shangshang; Faul, Ulrich (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016-04)
    Samples of Fo[subscript 90] olivine and basaltic melt were annealed at a range of temperatures and a pressure of 1 GPa in a piston cylinder apparatus from 1 to 336 h. Post-run samples have melt contents from 0.3 to 6.8 % ...
  • Almoammer, Alhanouf; Sullivan, Jessica; Donlan, Chris; Marusic, Franc; Zaucer, Rok; O'Donnell, Timothy John; Barner, David (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-11)
    How does cross-linguistic variation in linguistic structure affect children’s acquisition of early number word meanings? We tested this question by investigating number word learning in two unrelated languages that feature ...
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