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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Gonzalez-Andrades, Miguel; Alonso-Pastor, Luis; Cruzat, Andrea; Dohlman, Claes H.; Mauris, Jerome; Argueso, Pablo (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-01)
    The repair of wounds through collective movement of epithelial cells is a fundamental process in multicellular organisms. In stratified epithelia such as the cornea and skin, healing occurs in three steps that include a ...
  • Farhi, Emmanuel; Werning, Ivan (American Economic Association, 2013-05)
    We develop a theory of optimal estate taxation in a model where bequest inequality is driven by differences in parental altruism. We show that a wide range of results are possible, from positive taxes to subsidies. The ...
  • Gordon, Robert; Joulfaian, David; Poterba, James Michael (Institutional Investor Journals, 2016-04)
    Executors of 2010 estates had an unusual choice: either to file an estate tax return and possibly pay a 35% estate tax on amounts above $5 million or instead to choose to have assets pass without an estate tax but with a ...
  • Langton, Rae (Wiley Periodicals, Inc., 2009-12)
  • Wright, Len; Chinowsky, Paul; Jones, Russell; Streeter, Richard; Mayotte, Jean-Marc; Powell, Anthony; Jantarasami, Lesley; Perkins, William; Smith, Joel B.; Strzepek, Kenneth (Springer Netherlands, 2012-02)
    We assessed the potential impacts of increased river flooding from climate change on bridges in the continental United States. Daily precipitation statistics from four climate models and three greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions ...
  • Forget, Gael; Maze, Guillaume O.; Buckley, Martha Weaver; Marshall, John C. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-07)
    The seasonal cycle in the volume and formation rate of Eighteen Degree Water (EDW) in the North Atlantic is quantified over the 3-yr period from 2004 to 2006. The EDW layer is defined as all waters that have a temperature ...
  • Hausmann, Ute; Czaja, Arnaud; Marshall, John C (American Meteorological Society, 2016-01)
    Sea surface temperature (SST) air–sea feedback strengths and associated decay time scales in the Southern Ocean (SO) are estimated from observations and reanalysis datasets of SST, air–sea heat fluxes, and ocean mixed layer ...
  • Schmitt, Raymond W.; Schanze, Julian Johannes (American Meteorological Society, 2013-04)
    Owing to the larger thermal expansion coefficient at higher temperatures, more buoyancy is put into the ocean by heating than is removed by cooling at low temperatures. The authors show that, even with globally balanced ...
  • Tewelde, Yodit; Perron, J. Taylor; Miller, Scott; Ford, Peter Gerald; Black, Benjamin Alexander (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2013-10)
    Titan has few impact craters, suggesting that its surface is geologically young. Titan's surface also has abundant landforms interpreted to be fluvial networks. Here we evaluate whether fluvial erosion has caused significant ...
  • Raymond, Peter A.; Bohlen, W. Frank; Howard-Strobel, Mary M.; Collins, James Robert (Springer-Verlag, 2012-10)
    Biogeochemical cycles in estuaries are regulated by a diverse set of physical and biological variables that operate over a variety of time scales. Using in situ optical sensors, we conducted a high-frequency time-series ...
  • McCaffrey, Katherine; Fox-Kemper, Baylor; Forget, Gael (American Meteorological Society, 2015-07)
    The Argo profiling float network has repeatedly sampled much of the World Ocean. This study uses Argo temperature and salinity data to form the tracer structure function of ocean variability at the macroscale (10–1000 km, ...
  • Bhatia, Gaurav; Patterson, Nick; Sankararaman, Sriram; Price, Alkes L. (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2013-07)
    In a pair of seminal papers, Sewall Wright and Gustave Malécot introduced F[subscript ST] as a measure of structure in natural populations. In the decades that followed, a number of papers provided differing definitions, ...
  • Zhang, Yingzhuo; Malem-Shinitski, Noa; Ba, Demba; Allsop, Stephen Azariah; Tye, Kay M (MIT Press, 2018-03)
    A fundamental problem in neuroscience is to characterize the dynamics of spiking from the neurons in a circuit that is involved in learning about a stimulus or a contingency. A key limitation of current methods to analyze ...
  • Luquette, Lovelace J.; Kharchenko, Peter V.; Day, Daniel Sindt; Park, Peter J. (Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.), 2010-06)
    We describe computational methods for analysis of repetitive elements from short-read sequencing data, and apply them to study histone modifications associated with the repetitive elements in human and mouse cells. Our ...
  • Perron, J. Taylor; Burr, Devon M.; Drummond, Sarah A.; Black, Benjamin Alexander (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2012-08)
    Drainage networks on Titan, Earth, and Mars provide the only known examples of non-volcanic fluvial activity in our solar system. The drainage networks on Titan are apparently the result of a methane-ethane cycle similar ...
  • Marquis, Jared W.; Campbell, James R.; Cummings, James A.; Westphal, Douglas L.; Smith, Nathaniel J.; Zhang, Jianglong; Bogdanoff, Alec Setnor (American Meteorological Society, 2017-09-05)
    Passive longwave infrared radiometric satellite–based retrievals of sea surface temperature (SST) at instrument nadir are investigated for cold bias caused by unscreened optically thin cirrus (OTC) clouds [cloud optical ...
  • Menze, Bjoern Holger; Kelm, Bernd Michael; Nix, Oliver; Zechmann, Christian M.; Hamprecht, Fred A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-09)
    Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (DCE-MR) imaging can be used to study microvascular structure in vivo by monitoring the abundance of an injected diffusible contrast agent over time. The resulting spatially ...
  • Almond, Douglas; Doyle, Joseph J.; Kowalski, Amanda E.; Williams, Heidi L. (MIT Press, 2010-04)
    A key policy question is whether the benefits of additional medical expenditures exceed their costs. We propose a new approach for estimating marginal returns to medical spending based on variation in medical inputs generated ...
  • Yuan, Wenzhen; Srinivasan, Mandayam A; Adelson, Edward H (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016-12)
    Hardness sensing is a valuable capability for a robot touch sensor. We describe a novel method of hardness sensing that does not require accurate control of contact conditions. A GelSight sensor is a tactile sensor that ...
  • Calabrese, Francesco; Di Lorenzo, Giusy; Liu, Liang; Ratti, Carlo (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-04)
    Using an algorithm to analyze opportunistically collected mobile phone location data, the authors estimate weekday and weekend travel patterns of a large metropolitan area with high accuracy.
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