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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Benson, Christopher L.; Magee, Christopher L. (Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 2012-12)
    This paper presents a relatively simple, objective and repeatable method for selecting sets of patents that are representative of a specific technological domain. The methodology consists of using search terms to locate ...
  • Homan, Jeroen; Neilsen, Joseph M. G. (IOP Publishing, 2012-04)
    During its 2005 outburst, GRO J1655-40 was observed twice with the Chandra High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer; the second observation revealed a spectrum rich with ionized absorption lines from elements ranging ...
  • Zoran, Amit Shlomo; Buechley, Leah (MIT Press, 2013-02)
    Digital fabrication, and especially 3D printing, is an emerging field that is opening up new possibilities for craft, art and design. The process, however, has important limitations; in particular, digitally designed ...
  • Moix, Jeremy; Cao, Jianshu (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013-10)
    The hierarchical equations of motion technique has found widespread success as a tool to generate the numerically exact dynamics of non-Markovian open quantum systems. However, its application to low temperature environments ...
  • Saini, S.; Hong, Ching-yin; Bernardis, S.; Pfaff, N.; Kimerling, Lionel C.; Michel, Jurgen; Kimerling, Lionel C. (American Institute of Physics, 2009-03)
    A hybrid waveguide based on simultaneous propagation of photonic crystal (PC) and total internal reflection confined optical modes is introduced for a scheme to uniformly pump waveguide optical amplifiers (WOAs). Planar ...
  • Smith, J. David; Meuler, Adam J.; Bralower, Harrison L.; Venkatesan, Rama; Subramanian, Sivakumar; Cohen, Robert E.; McKinley, Gareth H.; Varanasi, Kripa K. (Royal Society of Chemistry, The, 2012-03)
    Clathrate hydrate formation and subsequent plugging of deep-sea oil and gas pipelines represent a significant bottleneck for deep-sea oil and gas operations. Current methods for hydrate mitigation are expensive and energy ...
  • Wang, Zhe; Fratini, Emiliano; Li, Mingda; Le, Peisi; Mamontov, Eugene; Baglioni, Piero; Chen, Sow-Hsin (American Physical Society, 2014-10)
    The characteristic relaxation time τ of protein hydration water exhibits a strong hydration level h dependence. The dynamic crossover is observed when h is higher than the monolayer hydration level h[subscript c] =0.2–0.25 ...
  • Bertrand, Christopher E.; Liu, K.-H.; Mamontov, Eugene; Chen, Sow-Hsin (American Physical Society, 2013-04)
    We have measured the hydration-level dependence of the single-particle dynamics of water confined in the ordered mesoporous silica MCM-41. The dynamic crossover observed at full hydration is absent at monolayer hydration. ...
  • Khaykin, S.; Pommereau, J.-P.; Korshunov, L.; Yushkov, V.; Nielsen, J.; Larsen, N.; Christensen, T.; Garnier, A.; Lukyanov, A.; Williams, Earle R. (European Geosciences Union, 2009-03)
    The possible impact of deep convective overshooting over land has been explored by six simultaneous soundings of water vapour, particles and ozone in the lower stratosphere next to Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCSs) during ...
  • Labousse, M.; Bush, John W. M. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013-09)
    When a falling jet of fluid strikes a horizontal fluid layer, a hydraulic jump arises downstream of the point of impact, provided a critical flow rate is exceeded. We here examine a phenomenon that arises below this jump ...
  • Lee, Sangyeop; Broido, David; Esfarjani, Keivan; Chen, Gang (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-02)
    Recent studies of thermal transport in nanomaterials have demonstrated the breakdown of Fourier’s law through observations of ballistic transport. Despite its unique features, another instance of the breakdown of Fourier’s ...
  • Bouffanais, Roland; Yue, Dick K. P. (American Physical Society, 2010-04)
    Mechanotactic cell motility has recently been shown to be a key player in the initial aggregation of crawling cells such as leukocytes and amoebae. The effects of mechanotactic signaling in the early aggregation of amoeboid ...
  • Nepf, Heidi (Taylor & Francis/International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research, 2012-06)
    This paper highlights some recent trends in vegetation hydrodynamics, focusing on conditions within channels and spanning spatial scales from individual blades, to canopies or vegetation patches, to the channel reach. At ...
  • Bush, John W. M.; Hu, David L. (Cambridge University Press, 2010-02)
    We present the results of a combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the dynamics of water-walking insects and spiders. Using high-speed videography, we describe their numerous gaits, some analogous to those ...
  • Helgeson, Matthew E.; Chapin, Stephen C.; Doyle, Patrick S. (Elsevier, 2011-01)
    In recent years, there has been a surge in methods to synthesize geometrically and chemically complex microparticles. Analogous to atoms, the concept of a “periodic table” of particles has emerged and continues to be ...
  • Camci-Unal, Gulden; Nichol, Jason W.; Bae, Hojae; Tekin, Halil; Bischoff, Joyce; Khademhosseini, Ali (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2013-05)
    Endothelialization of artificial vascular grafts is a challenging process in cardiovascular tissue engineering. Functionalized biomaterials could be promising candidates to promote endothelialization in repair of cardiovascular ...
  • Nicodemus, Rebecca A.; Ramasesha, Krupa; Roberts, Sean Thomas; Tokmakoff, Andrei (American Chemical Society, 2010-03)
    We use temperature-dependent two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy (2D IR) of dilute HOD in H2O to investigate hydrogen bond rearrangements in water. The OD stretching frequency is sensitive to its environment, and loss ...
  • Kleinke, Andrew S.; Jamison, Timothy F. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013-01)
    The first continuous hydrogenation that requires neither H[subscript 2] nor metal catalysis generates diimide by a novel reagent combination. The simple flow reactor employed minimizes residence time by enabling safe ...
  • Sheng, Wenchao; Gasteiger, Hubert A.; Shao-Horn, Yang (The Electrochemical Society, 2010-09)
    The kinetics of the hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) on polycrystalline platinum [Pt(pc)] and high surface area carbon-supported platinum nanoparticles (Pt/C) were studied in 0.1 M ...
  • Sartoretto, Juliano; Kalwa, Hermann; Pluth, Michael D.; Lippard, Stephen J. (National Academy of Sciences, 2011-09)
    Nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide (H(subscript 2)O(subscript 2)) are synthesized within cardiac myocytes and play key roles in modulating cardiovascular signaling. Cardiac myocytes contain both the endothelial (eNOS) ...
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